House of Khalifa

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Al Khalifa
Emblem of Bahrain.svg
CountryBahrain
Parent house`AnizzahBani Utbah
TitlesKing of Bahrain
Founded1766[1]
FounderKhalifa bin Mohammed[2]
Current headHamad bin Isa Al Khalifa
 
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Al Khalifa
Emblem of Bahrain.svg
CountryBahrain
Parent house`AnizzahBani Utbah
TitlesKing of Bahrain
Founded1766[1]
FounderKhalifa bin Mohammed[2]
Current headHamad bin Isa Al Khalifa

The House of Khalifa (Arabic: آل خليفةĀl Khalīfah) is the ruling family of Bahrain. The Al Khalifas profess Sunni Islam and belong to the Utub confederation that migrated from Najd to Kuwait in the early 18th century. The current head of the family is Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa, who became the Emir of Bahrain in 1999 and proclaimed himself King of Bahrain in 2002.

As of 2010, roughly half of the serving cabinet ministers of Bahrain have been selected from the Al Khalifa royal family,[3] while the country's only Prime Minister, Khalifah bin Salman al-Khalifah, (serving since independence in 1971) is also from the Al Khalifa family and is the uncle of the current King.

List of monarchs of Bahrain of the Al Khalifa family[edit]

NameYears as rulerTitle
Ahmed bin Muhammad bin Khalifa1783–1796Hakim
Abdullah bin Ahmad Al-Khalifa, ruling jointly with
Salman bin Ahmad Al-Khalifa
Khalifah bin Sulman Al-Khalifa
1796–1843
1796–1825
1825–1834
Hakim
Hakim
Hakim
Muhammad bin Khalifah Al-Khalifa1834–1842
1849–1868
1869-1869
Hakim
Ali bin Khalifah Al-Khalifa1868–1869Hakim
Muhammad bin Abdullah Al-Khalifa1869-1869Hakim
Isa bin Ali Al-Khalifa1869–1932Hakim
Hamad bin Isa Al-Khalifa1932–1942Hakim
Salman bin Hamad Al-Khalifa1942–1961Hakim
Isa Bin Salman Al-Khalifa1961–1971
1971–1999
Hakim
Amir
Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa1999–2002
2002 -
Amir
King

Ruling Family Council[edit]

Decisions pertaining to the Al Khalifa family, as well as disputes between family members are arbitrated by the Ruling Family Council (Arabic: مجلس العائلة الحاكمة‎).[4][5][6] The council attends to internal family disputes particularly those related to appropriation of land, sale of real estate and other properties. Members of the ruling family are not allowed to refer these or other disputes to ordinary law courts.[4]

Relations between the political leadership and the rest of the "rank and file" members of the Al Khalifa ruling family have been formally managed by the council since 1932. However, on the eve of the 1973 parliamentary elections, then the Amir Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa issued a decree restructuring the Ruling Family Council to become a formal organ of the state, and giving the administrative head of the council the rank of minister.[4]

The Ruling Family Council is currently chaired by King Hamad,[7] its Deputy Chairman is Mohammed bin Khalifa bin Hamad Al Khalifa,[8] and the Director General is Ibrahim bin Khalid bin Mohammed Al Khalifa.[9]

The King appoints the members of the board of the Ruling Family Council as recognised representatives of various kingship lines and factional alliances within the Al Khalifa family.[4]

Members of the Ruling Family Council since 1974[edit]

NameYear appointed
Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa1974[10]
Khalifa bin Mohammed bin Abdullah Al Khalifa1974[10]
Abdullah bin Khalid Al Khalifa1974[10]
Khalid bin Mohammed bin Abdullah Al Khalifa1974[10]
Mohammed bin Mubarak bin Hamad Al Khalifa1974[10]
Mohammed bin Khalifa bin Hamad Al Khalifa1974[10]
Abdul Rahman bin Ibrahim bin Hamad Al Khalifa1974[10]
Duaij bin Khalifa bin Mohammed Al Khalifa1974[10]
Khalid Bin Abdullah Bin Khalid Al Khalifa1981[11]
Isa bin Ibrahim bin Mohammed bin Isa Al Khalifa1993[12]
Abdullah bin Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa1997[13]
Khalifa bin Ahmed bin Salman Al Khalifa2006[14]
Khalifa bin Rashid bin Abdulla Al Khalifa2006[14]
Fawaz bin Mohammed bin Khalifa Al Khalifa2006[14]
Ahmed bin Mohammed bin Hamad Al Khalifa2006[14]
Rashid bin Abdullah bin Ahmed Al Khalifa2008[15]
Rashid bin Sabah bin Hamoud bin Sabah Al Khalifa2010[16]

In public office[edit]

Public offices in Bahrain currently occupied by Al Khalifa family members:


OfficeName
Prime MinisterKhalifa ibn Salman Al Khalifa (Uncle of King Hamad)
Minister of Foreign AffairsKhalid ibn Ahmad Al Khalifah
Minister of DefenceKhalifa bin Ahmed Al Khalifa
Minister of InteriorRashid bin Abdullah Al Khalifa
Minister of InformationFawaz bin Mohammed Al Khalifa
Minister of FinanceAhmed bin Mohammed Al Khalifa
Minister of Justice & Islamic AffairsKhalid bin Ali Al Khalifa
Minister of CultureMai bint Mohammed Al Khalifa
Minister of Transport (also Deputy Prime Minister)Ali bin Khalifa Al Khalifa
Minister of the Royal CourtKhalid bin Ahmed Al Khalifa
Minister of the Royal Court for Followup AffairsAhmed bin Ateyatalla Al Khalifa
Minister of Royal Court AffairsAli bin Isa Al Khalifa
Deputy Prime Minister for Ministerial CommitteesMuhammad ibn Mubarak ibn Hamad Al Khalifah
Deputy Prime MinisterKhalid bin Abdullah Al Khalifa
Minister of State for Defence AffairsMohammed bin Abdullah Al Khalifa
Supreme Commander of Armed ForcesHamad bin Isa Al Khalifa (King)
Deputy Supreme Commander of Armed ForcesSalman bin Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa (Crown Prince)
Chief of Staff of Bahrain Defence ForceKhalifa bin Ahmad Al Khalifa
Advisor to Prime Minister for Security AffairsAbdulaziz bin Ateyatallah Al Khalifa
Chairman of the Supreme Judicial CouncilHamad bin Isa Al Khalifa (King)
Chief Justice of Bahrain (President of the Court of Cassation)Khalifa bin Rashid Al Khalifa
Commander of the National GuardMohammed bin Isa Al Khalifa (brother of King Hamad)
National Guard Staff DirectorMohammed bin Abdulaziz Al Khalifa
Commander of the Royal Bahraini Air ForceHamad bin Abdullah Al Khalifa
Director of the National Security AgencyKhalifa bin Abdullah Al Khalifa
Chief of the Information Affairs AuthorityFawaz bin Mohammed Al Khalifa (2010–present)[17]
Ambassador to LondonKhalifa bin Ali bin Rashid Al Khalifa
Commander of the Royal GuardShaikh Nasser bin Hamad Al Khalifa (son of King Hamad)
Advisor to the Prime MinisterSalman bin Khalifa Al Khalifa (son of Prime Minister)
Chairman of the Supreme Council for Islamic AffairsAbdullah bin Khalid Al Khalifa
Chairman of the Supreme Council for Youth and SportShaikh Nasser bin Hamad Al Khalifa (son of King Hamad)
First Deputy Chairman of the Supreme Council for Youth and SportKhalid bin Hamad Al Khalifa (son of King Hamad)
Secretary General of the Supreme Council for Youth and SportSalman bin Ebrahim Al Khalifa
President of the Bahrain Olympic CommitteeShaikh Nasser bin Hamad Al Khalifa (son of King Hamad)
Secretary General of the Bahrain Olympic CommitteeAhmed bin Hamad Al Khalifa (son of King Hamad)
CEO of the Bahrain Olympic CommitteeKhalid bin Abdullah Al Khalifa
First Vice President of the Bahrain Olympic CommitteeSalman bin Ebrahim Al Khalifa
President Bahrain Football AssociationSalman bin Ebrahim Al Khalifa
President of the Bahrain Royal Equestrian and Endurance FederationKhalid bin Hamad Al Khalifa (son of King Hamad)
President Bahrain Tennis FederationAhmed bin Mohammed Al Khalifa
President Bahrain Table Tennis AssociationAhmed bin Hamad Al Khalifa (son of King Hamad)
Chairman of Bahrain Volleyball AssociationAli bin Mohammed Al Khalifa
President of Bahrain Motor FederationAbdullah bin Isa Al Khalifa
President of Bahrain Cycling AssociationKhalid bin Hamad Al Khalifa
President of Bahrain Swimming AssociationHashim bin Mohammed bin Salman Al Khalifa
Chairman of Bahrain Shooting Sports AssociationSalman bin Khalifa Al Khalifa
Deputy Chairman of Bahrain Shooting Sports AssociationHamad bin Mohammed Al Khalifa
Head of Women's Sports CommitteeHayat bint Abdulaziz Al Khalifa
President of the Supreme Council for WomenQueen Sabika bint Ibrahim Al Khalifa (wife of King Hamad)
Deputy President of the Supreme Council for WomenMariam bint Hassan Al Khalifa
Director-General of Women Empowerment Programmes at Supreme Council for WomenAzza bint Abdul Rahman Al Khalifa
Head of Survey and Land Registration BureauSalman bin Abdullah Al Khalifa
Undersecretary for Port AffairsDaij bin Salman bin Daij Al Khalifa
CEO of Bahrain International CircuitSalman bin Isa Al Khalifa
Head of Investor Relations at Bahrain Economic Development BoardSaqer bin Salman Al Khalifa
President of Juvenile Public ProsecutionNoora bint Abdullah Al Khalifa
Media counsellor to the Bahraini Embassy in LondonFahad bin Ahmed Al Khalifa
International media adviser to the Information Affairs AuthorityAbdul Aziz bin Mubarak Al Khalifa
Board member of Telecom Regulations AuthorityHamad bin Mohammed bin Hamad Al Khalifa
General Director of Urban Planning at Ministry of Municipality Affairs & Urban PlanningHamad bin Mohammed bin Hamad Al Khalifa
Director of Finance & Administration at Telecom Regulations AuthorityNasser bin Mohammed Al Khalifa
Director of Bahrain Royal Medical ServicesKhalid bin Ali Al Khalifa
Head of IT department at Bahrain Royal Medical ServicesKhalid bin Hamad Al Khalifa
Chairman of Bahrain Mumtalakat Holding CompanyKhalid bin Abdullah Al Khalifa
Chairman of Hawar Islands Development CommitteeKhalid bin Abdullah Al Khalifa
Deputy Head of Civil Service BureauKhalid bin Abdullah Al Khalifa
Chairman of Ministerial Committee for Services and InfrastructureKhalid bin Abdullah Al Khalifa
Chairman of Committee for Studying, Building Materials SupplyKhalid bin Abdullah Al Khalifa
Chairman of Committee for Organizing TourismKhalid bin Abdullah Al Khalifa
Chairman of Tamkeen (Labour Fund)Mohammed bin Isa Al Khalifa
Chairman of Bahrain PolytechnicHisham bin Abdul Aziz Al Khalifa
Chairman of Bahrain Development BankMohammed bin Isa Al Khalifa
Undersecretary at Ministry of EducationHisham bin Abdul Aziz Al Khalifa
Assistant Undersecretary at Ministry of EducationLulwa bint Khalifa Isa Al Khalifa
Assistant Undersecretary at Ministry of Foreign AffairsRana bint Isa Al Khalifa
First Secretary at Ministry of Foreign AffairsAisha bint Ahmed bin Saqr Al Khalifa
President of Bahrain Children & Mothers Welfare SocietyLulwa bint Mohammed Al Khalifa
Diplomatic Attaché at Ministry of Foreign AffairsMohammed bin Khalifa Al Khalifa
President of Customs Affairs (Ministry of Interior)Mohammed bin Ali Al Khalifa
Undersecretary for Nationality, Passports and Residence Affairs at Ministry of InteriorRashid bin Khalifa Al Khalifa
Undersecretary at Ministry of HousingNawaf bin Ebrahim Al Khalifa[18]
Chief Executive of Bahrain National Gas CompanyMohammed bin Khalifa Al Khalifa
President of the Bahrain Athletics AssociationTalal bin Mohammed Al Khalifa
Executive Director at Central Bank of BahrainSalman bin Isa Al Khalifa
Undersecretary at Ministry of TransportationBader bin Khalifa Al Khalifa
Chief Prosecutor for JuvenilesNoura Abdulla Al-Khalifa[19][20]
Social Media Editor at Information Affairs AuthorityMaryam H. Al-Khalifa
Ambassador to Saudi ArabiaHumood bin Abdulla Al Khalifa
Governor of the Southern GovernorateAbdullah bin Rashid Al Khalifa
Governor of the Capital GovernorateHisham bin Abdulrahman Al Khalifa [21]
Chairman of BatelcoHamad bin Abdullah Al Khalifa
CEO of Batelco GroupMohammed bin Isa Al Khalifa
General Manager of Manager Human Resources & Development at Batelco GroupAhmed bin Khalifa Al Khalifa
Chairman of Bahrain International AirshowAbdullah bin Hamad Al Khalifa
Board member of National Oil and Gas AuthorityMohammed bin Khalifa bin Ahmed Al Khalifa
Board member of Aluminum BahrainMohammed bin Khalifa bin Ahmed Al Khalifa
Chairman of Bahrain Ardha SocietySalman bin Mohammed bin Ali Al Khalifa [22]
Chairman of Bahrain Internet ExchangeSalman bin Mohammed Al Khalifa [23]

Other notable members[edit]

Note: contrary to the standard transcription of the name Al Khalifa, Meriam Al-Khalifa's surname constitutes a primary transcription and should be rendered Al-Khalifa.

Transcription[edit]

Al Khalifa is commonly mistranscribed al-Khalifa. The Al (آل) particle here (written with the long (madda) alif and unconnected to the following word) means house, in the sense of family or dynasty, and is not the definite article particle al-.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The year the family settled in Zubarah
  2. ^ History of the Ruling Family of Bahrain
  3. ^ Bahrain Shia demand cabinet change, Aljazeera.net, 5 March 2010
  4. ^ a b c d Khalaf, Abdulhadi. "Contentious Politics in Bahrain, From Ethnic to National and Vice Versa". The Fourth Nordic Conference on Middle Eastern Studies: The Middle East in a Globalizing World, Oslo, 13–16 August 1998. Retrieved 6 September 2011. 
  5. ^ Moran, Dominic (7 February 2007). "Sectarian tensions simmer in Bahrain". International Relations and Security Network. "The trio's relationship to their primary political support base, the wider royal family, is managed by the Family Council." 
  6. ^ Radhi, Hassan Ali (2003). Judiciary and Arbitration in Bahrain: A Historical and Analytical Study. BRILL. p. 130. ISBN 978-90-411-2217-9. 
  7. ^ "HM King Hamad Chairs Ruling Family Council". Bahrain News Agency. 30 March 2011. Retrieved 6 September 2011. 
  8. ^ "Royal Order No. 23 of the Year 2004 on the Appointment of the Deputy Chairman of the Ruling Family Council". Official Gazette of the Kingdom of Bahrain. 22 May 2004. 
  9. ^ "Amiri Order No. 46 of the Year 2000 on the Appointment of the Director General of the Ruling Family Council". Official Gazette of the Kingdom of Bahrain. 20 December 2000. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h "Amiri Order No. 4 of the Year 1974 on the Formation of the Ruling Family Council". Official Gazette of the Kingdom of Bahrain. 26 June 1974. 
  11. ^ "Amiri Order No. 2 of the Year 1981 on the Appointment of a Member of the Ruling Family Council". Official Gazette of the Kingdom of Bahrain. 2 March 1981. 
  12. ^ "Amiri Order No. 8 of the Year 1993 on the Appointment of a Member of the Ruling Family Council". Official Gazette of the Kingdom of Bahrain. 11 December 1993. 
  13. ^ "Amiri Order No. 10 of the Year 1997 on the Appointment of a Member of the Ruling Family Council". Official Gazette of the Kingdom of Bahrain. 4 May 1997. 
  14. ^ a b c d "Royal Order No. 12 of the Year 2006 on the Appointment of Members of the Ruling Family Council". Official Gazette of the Kingdom of Bahrain. 29 March 2006. 
  15. ^ "Royal Order No. 9 of the Year 2008 on the Appointment of a Member of the Ruling Family Council". Official Gazette of the Kingdom of Bahrain. 16 March 2008. 
  16. ^ "Royal Order No. 3 of the Year 2010 on the Appointment of a Member of the Ruling Family Council". Official Gazette of the Kingdom of Bahrain. 2 February 2010. 
  17. ^ Singh, Ranjit. "Ghostwriter for the Arab Leader" The Islamic Monthly (Winter/Spring 2012). pp. 86-91. http://onlinedigeditions.com/article/International%3A+Ghostwriter+for+the+Arab+Leader/1006305/0/article.html
  18. ^ "Housing undersecretary meets Tunisian businessmen delegation". Bahrain News Agency. 29 January 2012. Retrieved 18 June 2012.
  19. ^ "Child freed in Bahrain after weeks in jail". Al Jazeera English. 12 June 2012. Retrieved 12 June 2012.
  20. ^ (Arabic) "البحرين: إخلاء سبيل الطفل علي حسن ومحاكمته في العشرين من هذا الشهر". BBC Arabic. 12 June 2012. Retrieved 13 June 2012.
  21. ^ "Shaikh Hisham bin Abdul-Rahman Al Khalifa appointed governor for Capital governorate". Bahrain News Agency. 24 October 2011 Retrieved 18 June 2012.
  22. ^ "Son of HRH Crown Prince Patronises Ardha Festival". Bahrain News Agency. 17 December 2011. Retrieved 18 June 2012.
  23. ^ "HRH the Prime Minister issues a number of resolutions". Bahrain News Agency. 27 December 2011. Retrieved 18 June 2012.

External links[edit]