Aircraft registration

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Aircraft registration
Vans.rv-7.g-kels.arp.jpg
A Van's Aircraft RV-7 displaying registration G-KELS. The G prefix denotes a civil aircraft registered in the United Kingdom
 
Jump to: navigation, search
Aircraft registration
Vans.rv-7.g-kels.arp.jpg
A Van's Aircraft RV-7 displaying registration G-KELS. The G prefix denotes a civil aircraft registered in the United Kingdom

An aircraft registration is a unique alphanumeric string that identifies a civil aircraft, in similar fashion to a licence plate on an automobile. In accordance with the Convention on International Civil Aviation all aircraft must be registered with a national aviation authority and they must carry proof of this registration in the form of a legal document called a Certificate of Registration at all times when in operation. Most countries also require the aircraft registration to be imprinted on a permanent fireproof plate mounted on the fuselage for the purposes of post-fire/post-crash aircraft accident investigation.

Because aeroplanes/airplanes (See British and American spelling differences) typically display their registration numbers on the aft fuselage just forward of the tail, in earlier times, more often on the tail itself, the registration is often referred to as the "tail number".

Although each aircraft registration is unique, some countries allow it to be re-used when the aircraft has been sold, destroyed or retired. For example, N3794N is assigned to a Mooney M20F.[1] It had been previously assigned to a Beechcraft Bonanza (specifically, the aircraft in which Buddy Holly was killed). Also note that an individual aircraft may be assigned different registrations during its existence. This can be because the aircraft changes ownership, jurisdiction of registration, or in some cases for vanity reasons.

International standards[edit]

Close up of registration JA8089 on a Japan Airlines Boeing 747-400.

The first use of aircraft registrations was based on the radio callsigns allocated at the London International Radiotelegraphic Conference in 1913. This was modified by agreement by the International Bureau at Berne and published on April 23, 1913. Although initial allocations were not specifically for aircraft but for any radio user, the International Air Navigation Convention held in Paris in 1919 made allocations specifically for aircraft registrations, based on the 1913 callsign list. The agreement stipulated that the nationality marks were to be followed by a hyphen then a group of four letters that must include a vowel (and for the convention Y was considered to be a vowel).

At the International Radiotelegraph Convention at Washington in 1927, the list of markings was revised and adopted from 1928; these allocations are the basis of the currently used registrations. The markings have been amended and added to over the years, and the allocations and standard are managed by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO).

Article 20 of the Chicago Convention on International Civil Aviation (signed in 1944) requires that all signatory countries register aircraft over a certain weight with a national aviation authority. Upon registration, the aircraft receives its unique "registration", which must be displayed prominently on the aircraft.

Annex 7 to the Convention on International Civil Aviation describes the definitions, location, and measurement of nationality and registration marks. The aircraft registration is made up of a prefix selected from the country's callsign prefix allocated by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) (making the registration a quick way of determining the country of origin) and the registration suffix. Depending on the country of registration, this suffix is a numeric or alphanumeric code, and consists of one to five digits or characters respectively.

The ICAO provides a supplement to Annex 7 which provides an updated list of approved Nationality and Common Marks used by various countries.

Country-specific usage[edit]

A commercial airliner displaying registration F-GUGJ on the wing undersurface and the last two letters of the registration, GJ, on the nose wheel doors.

When painted on the fuselage, the prefix and suffix are usually separated by a dash (for example, YR-BMA). When entered in a flight plan, the dash is omitted (for example, YRBMA). In countries that use a number suffix rather than letters, like the United States (N), South Korea (HL), and Japan (JA), the prefix and suffix are connected without a dash. Aircraft flying privately usually use their registration as their radio callsign, but many aircraft flying in commercial operations (especially charter, cargo, and airlines) use the ICAO airline designator or a company callsign. In some instances, it may be sufficient to simply display the suffix letters, with the country prefix omitted. For example, gliders registered in Australia would omit the VH prefix and simply display the suffix. Obviously, this is only suitable where the aircraft does not fly in the airspace of another country.

Even if the suffix usually consists of alphabetical characters in a certain country, gliders and ultralights may sometimes use digits instead. For example, in Germany, D-ABCD will be a powered airplane while D-1234 is a glider. In Australia, early glider registration suffixes began with the letters "G-AU", and it is not uncommon to find such gliders only displaying the last two letters of the suffix, as they lacked the range to travel internationally. For example, VH-GIQ would simply be displayed as IQ.

Different countries have different registration prefixes: Canadian registrations start with C, British with G, German with D, and so forth. A comprehensive list is tabulated below.

United States[edit]

In the United States, the registration number is commonly referred to as an "N" number, because all aircraft registered there have a number starting with the letter N. An alphanumeric system is used because of the large numbers of aircraft registered in the United States. An N-number may only consist of one to five characters, must start with a digit other than zero, and cannot end in a run of more than two letters. In addition, N-numbers may not contain the letters I or O, due to their similarities with the numerals 1 and 0.[2]

Each alphabetic character in the suffix can have one of 24 discrete values, while each numeric digit can be one of 10, except the first, which can take on only nine values. This yields a total of 915,399 possible registration numbers in the namespace, though certain combinations are reserved either for government use or for other special purposes.[2] With so many possible calls, radio shortcuts are used. Normally when flying entirely within the United States, an aircraft would not identify itself starting with "N", since that is assumed. Also, after initial contact is made with an aircraft control site, only the last two or three characters are typically used.

The following are the combinations that could be used:

An older aircraft (registered before 31 December 1948) may have a second letter in its identifier, identifying the category of aircraft. This additional letter is not actually part of the aircraft identification (e.g. NC12345 is the same registration as N12345). Aircraft category letters have not been included on any registration numbers issued since 1 January 1949, but they still appear on antique aircraft for authenticity purposes. The categories were:

For example, N-X-211, the Ryan NYP aircraft flown by Charles Lindbergh as the Spirit of St. Louis, was registered in the experimental category.

Decolonisation and independence[edit]

The impact of decolonisation and independence on aircraft registration schemes has varied from place to place. Most countries, upon independence, have had a new allocation granted, taken from either an existing ITU allocation or the former country's ITU allocation. For example, after partition in 1947, India retained the VT designation used by the British Raj, while Pakistan adopted the AP designation from the newly allocated ITU callsigns APA-ASZ. Hong Kong, which formerly used the VR-H designation, had the "VR" replaced with the Chinese "B" upon the 1997 Handover to China, resulting in aircraft designations with only four letters in total (as opposed to the international norm of five letters).

List of countries/regions and their registration prefixes and patterns[edit]

Country / RegionRegistration PrefixPresentation
AfghanistanYAYA-AAA to YA-ZZZ
AlbaniaZAZA-AAA to ZA-ZZZ
Algeria7T7T-AAA to 7T-ZZZ
AndorraC3C3-AAA to C3-ZZZ
AngolaD2D2-AAA to D2-ZZZ
AnguillaVP-AVP-AAA to VP-AZZ
Antigua and BarbudaV2V2-AAA to V2-ZZZ
ArgentinaLV
LQ
LV-AAA to LV-ZZZ
LQ-AAA to LQ-ZZZ (official use)
ArmeniaEKEK-10000 to EK-99999
ArubaP4P4-AAA to P4-ZZZ
AustraliaVHVH-AAA to VH-ZZZ
AustriaOEOE-AAA to OE-KZZ
OE-BAA to OE-BZZ (official use)
OE-LAA to OE-LZZ (airlines operating scheduled flights)
OE-VAA to OE-VZZ (test registrations)
OE-WAA to OE-WZZ (amphibian and sea planes)
OE-XAA to OE-XZZ (helicopters)
OE-0001 to OE-5999 (gliders)
OE-9000 to OE-9999 (motor gliders)
Azerbaijan4K4K-AZ1 to 4K-AZ999
4K-10000 to 4K-99999
BahamasC6C6-AAA to C6-ZZZ
BahrainA9CA9C-AA to A9C-ZZ
BangladeshS2S2-AAA to S2-ZZZ
Barbados8P8P-AAA to 8P-ZZZ
BelarusEWEW-10000 to EW-99999 (ex-Soviet Union registrations)
EW-100AA to EW-999ZZ (aircraft in general, except those listed below)
EW-200PA to EW-299PA (reserved for Boeing 737 aircraft)
EW-100PJ to EW-299PJ (reserved for CRJ aircraft)
EW-001DA, EW-001PA, EW-001PB, EW-85815 (reserved for official use)
EW-0001L to EW-9999L (reserved for balloons)
BelgiumOOOO-AAA to OO-PZZ
OO-RAA to OO-ZZZ
OO-BAA to OO-BZZ (preferred for Balloons)
OO-YAA to OO-ZAA (preferred for gliders)
OO-01 to OO-499 (Homebuilt aircraft)
OO-501 to OO-999 & OO-A01 to OO-Z99 (Microlights)
BelizeV3V3-AAA to V3-ZZZ
BeninTYTY-AAA to TY-ZZZ
BermudaVP-B, VQ-BVP-BAA to VP-BZZ, VQ-BAA to VQ-BZZ
BhutanA5A5-AAA to A5-ZZZ
BoliviaCPCP-1000 to CP-9999
Bosnia and HerzegovinaT9T9-AAA to T9-ZZZ
Bosnia and HerzegovinaE7E7-AAA to E7-ZZZ
BotswanaA2A2-AAA to A2-ZZZ
BrazilPP
PR
PT
PU
PP-AAA to PP-ZZZ
PR-AAA to PR-ZZZ (PR-ZAA to PR-ZZZ is reserved to experimental non-LSA aircraft)
PT-AAA to PT-ZZZ (PT-ZAA to PT-ZZZ is reserved to experimental non-LSA aircraft)
PU-AAA to PU-ZZZ (Microlights and experimental LSA aircraft)
British Virgin IslandsVP-LVP-LAA to VP-LZZ
BruneiV8V8-AAA to V8-ZZZ
V8-AA1 to V8-ZZ9
V8-001 to V8-999
BulgariaLZLZ-AAA to LZ-ZZZ
Burkina FasoXTXT-AAA to XT-ZZZ
Burundi9U9U-AAA to 9U-ZZZ
CambodiaXUXU-AAA to XU-ZZZ
CameroonTJTJ-AAA to TJ-ZZZ
CanadaCC-FAAA to C-FZZZ (Vintage aircraft may be registered CF- instead of C-F)[3]
C-GAAA to C-GZZZ
C-IAAA to C-IZZZ (ultralight aeroplanes only)
Cape VerdeD4D4-AAA to D4-ZZZ
Cayman IslandsVP-CVP-CAA to VP-CZZ
Central African RepublicTLTL-AAA to TL-ZZZ
ChadTTTT-AAA to TT-ZZZ
ChileCCCC-AAA to CC-ZZZ from July 1 2009 onwards.
Between December 31 1945, to June 30 2009, the system was:

CC-CAA to CC-CZZ (commercial aircraft)


CC-DAA to CC-DZZ (Chile's Aviation directorate planes, includying those from the Aviation Museum)
CC-EAA to CC-EZZ (government aircraft)
CC-NAA to CC-NZZ (aero clubes, northern zone)
CC-KAA to CC-KZZ and CC-LAA to CC-LZZ (aero clubes, central zone)
CC-SAA to CC-SZZ and CC-TAA to CC-TZZ (aero clubes, southern zone)
CC-MAA to CC-MZZ (aero clubes, Patagonian area)
CC-PAA to CC-PZZ (private aircraft)
Gliders had numbers in between registrations (i.e. CC-K14W) and some balloons too (i.e. CC-P1)
Ultralights are registered with the markings ULM-number.
Republic of China (Taiwan)BB-00001 to B-99999 (Except B-1900 to B-9999)
People's Republic of ChinaBB-1900 to B-9999
Hong Kong, ChinaB-H (formerly VR-H)
B-K
B-L
B-HAA to B-HZZ
B-KAA to B-KZZ
B-LAA to B-LZZ
Macau, ChinaB-M (formerly CS- during Portuguese rule before 1999)B-MAA to B-MZZ
ColombiaHJ
HK
HJ-1000A to HJ-9999Z (Microlights)
HK-1000A to HK-9999Z
ComorosD6D6-AAA to D6-ZZZ
Congo, Republic ofTNTN-AAA to TN-ZZZ
Cook IslandsE5E5-AAA to E5-ZZZ
Congo, Democratic Republic of9Q9Q-AAA to 9Q-ZZZ
Costa RicaTITI-AAA to TI-ZZZ
TI-000 to TI-999 (Ultralight aircraft)
Côte d'IvoireTUTU-AAA to TU-ZZZ
Croatia9A9A-AAA to 9A-ZZZ
9A-GAA to 9A-GZZ (Gliders)
9A-HAA to 9A-HZZ (Helicopters)
9A-OAA to 9A-OZZ (Ballons)
9A-UAA to 9A-UZZ (Ultralights)
CubaCUCU-A1000 to CU-A1999 (Agricultural Aircraft)[4]
CU-C1000 to CU-C1999 (Airlines, cargo operations)[5][6]
CU-H1000 to CU-H1999 (Helicopters)
CU-N1000 to CU-N1999 (Private Aircraft)[7]
CU-T1000 to CU-T1999 (Airlines, passenger flights)
CU-U1000 to CU-U1999 (Ultralights)[8]
Cyprus, Republic of5B5B-AAA to 5B-ZZZ
Czech RepublicOKOK-AAA to OK-ZZZ
OK-AAA 00 to OK-ZZZ 99 (Microlights)
OK-0000 to OK-9999 (Gliders & balloons)
OK-A000 to OK-A999 (Ultralight gliders)[9]
DenmarkOYOY-AAA to OY-ZZZ
OY-HAA to OY-HZZ (Helicopters)
OY-XAA to OY-XZZ (Gliders)
OY-BAA to OY-BZZ (preferred for hot-air balloons)
DjiboutiJ2J2-AAA to J2-ZZZ
DominicaJ7J7-AAA to J7-ZZZ
Dominican RepublicHIHI-100AA to HI-999ZZ
East Timor4W N14W-AAA to 4W-ZZZ[10]
EcuadorHCHC-AAA to HC-ZZZ
EgyptSUSU-AAA to SU-XXZ
SU-ZAA to SU-ZZZ
SU-001 to SU-999 (Gliders and balloons)
El SalvadorYSYS-AAA to YS-ZZZ
Equatorial Guinea3C3C-AAA to 3C-ZZZ
EritreaE3E3-AAAA to E3-ZZZZ
EstoniaESES-AAA to ES-ZZZ
EthiopiaETET-AAA to ET-ZZZ
Falkland IslandsVP-FVP-FAA to VP-FZZ
Faroe Islands(See Denmark)
Fiji IslandsDQDQ-AAA to DQ-ZZZ
FinlandOHOH-AAA to OH-ZZZ
OH-001 to OH-999 (gliders)
OH-G001 to OH-G999 (autogyros)
OH-U001 to OH-U999 (ultralights)
FranceFF-AAAA to F-ZZZZ
F-AZAA to F-AZZZ (Historic aircraft)
F-CAAA to F-CZZZ (Gliders)
F-OAAA to F-OZZZ (Overseas Territories and aircraft on long-term lease to foreign operators)
F-PAAA to F-PZZZ (Homebuilt)
F-WAAA to F-WZZZ (Test and Delivery)
F-ZAAA to F-ZZZZ (State owned)
"department number"-AA to -ZZ & -AAA to -ZZZ (Ultralights)[e.g.: 59-ABC]
French West IndiesF-OGF-OGAA to F-OGZZ
French GuyanaF-OF-OAAA to F-OZZZ
GabonTRTR-AAA to TR-ZZZ
GambiaC5C5-AAA to C5-ZZZ
Georgia4L4L-AAA to 4L-ZZZ
4L-10000 to 4L-99999
GermanyDD-AAAA to D-AZZZ for aircraft with more than 20t MTOW
D-BAAA to D-BZZZ for aircraft with 14t-20t MTOW
D-CAAA to D-CZZZ for aircraft with 5,7t-14t MTOW
D-EAAA to D-EZZZ for single engine aircraft up to 2t MTOW
D-FAAA to D-FZZZ for single engine aircraft from to 2t-5,7t MTOW
D-GAAA to D-GZZZ for multi-engine aircraft up to 2t MTOW
D-IAAA to D-IZZZ for multi-engine aircraft from 2t-5,7t MTOW
D-HAAA to D-HZZZ for rotorcraft
D-KAAA to D-KZZZ for powered gliders
D-LAAA to D-LZZZ for airships
D-MAAA to D-MZZZ for powered ultralight aircraft
D-NAAA to D-NZZZ for non-powered ultralight aircraft
D-OAAA to D-OZZZ for manned free ballons
D-0001 to D-9999 for Gliders
Ghana9G9G-AAA to 9G-ZZZ
GibraltarVP-GVP-GAA to VP-GZZ
GreeceSXSX-AAA to SX-ZZZ
Greenland(See Denmark)
GrenadaJ3J3-AAA to J3-ZZZ
GuatemalaTGTG-AAA to TG-ZZZ
Guernsey22-AAAA to 2-ZZZZ
Guinea3X3X-AAA to 3X-ZZZ
Guinea BissauJ5J5-AAA to J5-ZZZ
Guyana8R8R-AAA to 8R-ZZZ
HaitiHHHH-AAA to HH-ZZZ
HondurasHRHR-AAA to HR-ZZZ
HungaryHAHA-AAA to HA-ZZZ
HA-1111 to HA-9999 (Gliders)
HA-AAAA to HA-ZZZZ (Ultralights and Motor-Gliders)
IcelandTFTF-AAA to TF-ZZZ
TF-100 to TF-999 (Microlights)
IndiaVTVT-AAA to VT-ZZZ
IndonesiaPKPK-AAA to PK-ZZZ
IranEPEP-AAA to EP-ZZZ
IraqYIYI-AAA to YI-ZZZ
IrelandEIEI-AAA to EI-ZZZ
Israel4X4X-AAA to 4X-ZZZ
ItalyII-AAAA to I-ZZZZ
Jamaica6Y6Y-AAA to 6Y-ZZZ
JapanJAJA0001 to JA9999
JA001A to JA999Z
JA01AA to JA99ZZ
JAA001 to JAA999 (Balloons)
JordanJYJY-AAA to JY-ZZZ
Kosovo, Republic ofZ6[11]Z6-AAA to Z6-ZZZ
KazakhstanUPUP-AAA01 to UP-ZZZ99 (Suffix letters refer to aircraft type)
Kenya5Y5Y-AAA to 5Y-ZZZ
KiribatiT3T3-AAA to T3-ZZZ
Korea, People's Democratic Rep.PP-500 to P-999
Korea, Republic ofHL[12]HL0000 to HL0599 for glider
HL0600 to HL0799 for airship
HL1000 to HL1799 for piston engine
HL2000 to HL2099 for piston engine
HL5100 to HL5499 for turbo prop
HL6100 to HL6199
HL6200 to HL6299
HL7100 to HL7199 for single turbojet
HL7200 to HL7299, HL7500 to HL7599, HL7700 to HL7799, HL8200 to HL8299 for twin-jet aircraft
HL7300 to HL7399 for tri-jet aircraft
HL7400 to HL7499, HL7600 to HL7699 for quad-jet aircraft
HL8600 to HL8699
HL9100 to HL9699 for turboshaft helicopter
Kuwait9K9K-AAA to 9K-ZZZ
KyrgyzstanEXEX-100 to EX-999
EX-10000 to EX-99999
LaosRDPLRDPL-10000 to RDPL-99999
LatviaYLYL-AAA to YL-ZZZ
LebanonODOD-AAA to OD-ZZZ
Lesotho7P7P-AAA to 7P-ZZZ
LiberiaA8A8-AAA to A8-ZZZ
Libya5A5A-AAA to 5A-ZZZ
LiechtensteinHBHB-AAA to HB-ZZZ (shares allocation with Switzerland)
LithuaniaLYLY-AAA to LY-ZZZ
LuxembourgLXN4LX-AAA to LX-ZZZ
LX-BAA to LX-BZZ (Balloons)
LX-CAA to LX-CZZ (Glider & Motorglider)
LX-HAA to LX-HZZ (Helicopters)
LX-N90442 to LX-N90459 (NATO AWACS)N4
LX-XAA to LX-XZZ (Ultralights)
Macedonia, Republic ofZ3Z3-AAA to Z3-ZZZ
Z3-HAA to Z3-HZZ (Helicopters)
Z3-UA-001 to Z3-UA-999 (Ultralight)
Z3-OAA to Z3-OZZ (Hot air balloons)
Madagascar5R5R-AAA to 5R-ZZZ
Malawi7Q7Q-AAA to 7Q-ZZZ
Malaysia9M9M-AAA to 9M-ZZZ
9M-EAA to 9M-EZZ (Amateur-built)
9M-UAA to 9M-UZZ (Microlight)
Maldives8Q8Q-AAA to 8Q-ZZZ
MaliTZTZ-AAA to TZ-ZZZ
Malta9H9H-AAA to 9H-ZZZ
Isle of Man[13]MM-AAAA to M-ZZZZ
Marshall IslandsV7V7-0001 to V7-9999
Mauritania5T5T-AAA to 5T-ZZZ
Mauritius3B3B-AAA to 3B-ZZZ
MexicoXA
XB
XC
XA-AAA to XA-ZZZ (Commercial)
XB-AAA to XB-ZZZ (Private)
XC-AAA to XC-ZZZ (Government)[14]
Micronesia, Federated States ofV6V6-AAA to V6-ZZZ
MoldovaERER-AAA to ER-ZZZ
ER-10000 to ER-99999
Monaco3A3A-AAA to 3A-ZZZ
3A-HAA to 3A-HZZ (Helicopters)
MongoliaJUJU-1000 to JU-9999
Montenegro4O4O-AAA to 4O-ZZZ
MontserratVP-MVP-MAA to VP-MZZ
MoroccoCNCN-AAA to CN-ZZZ
MozambiqueC9C9-AAA to C9-ZZZ
MyanmarXY
XZ
XY-AAA to XY-ZZZ
XZ-AAA to XZ-ZZZ (Not Used)
NamibiaV5V5-AAA to V5-ZZZ
NauruC2C2-AAA to C2-ZZZ
Nepal9N9N-AAA to 9N-ZZZ
NetherlandsPHPH-AAA to PH-ZZZ
PH-1A1 to PH-9Z9 (Microlights)
PH-100 to PH-9999 (Gliders)
Netherlands AntillesPJPJ-AAA to PJ-ZZZ
New ZealandZKZK-A**, ZK-B**, ZK-GA*, ZK-HA* reserved for historical aircraft including helicopters and gliders since 1987
ZK-FA*, ZK-FB* balloons
ZK-G** gliders
ZK-H**, ZK-I** helicopters
ZK-RA*, ZK-RB*, ZK-RC*, ZK-RD* gyrocopters
ZK-Q** marks are prohibited by ICAO
Remainder for fixed-wing aircraft[15]
NicaraguaYNYN-AAA to YN-ZZZ
Niger5U5U-AAA to 5U-ZZZ
Nigeria5N5N-AAA to 5N-ZZZ
NorwayLNLN-AAA to LN-ZZZ Aircraft in general, except:
LN-G**, Gliders
LN-O**, Helicopters
LN-C**, Balloons
LN-Y**, Ultralight Aircraft
OmanA4OA4O-AA to A4O-ZZ
PakistanAP, ARAP-AAA to AP-ZZZ, civil aircraft
AR-***, certain military aircraft
PalestineSU-Y
E4
SU-YAA to SU-YZZ
N1
PanamaHPHP-1000AA to HP-9999ZZ
Papua New GuineaP2P2-AAA to P2-ZZZ
ParaguayZPZP-AAA to ZP-ZZZ
PeruOBOB-1000 to OB-9999
PhilippinesRP-C
RP-G
RP-R
RP-X
RP-S
RP-C0001 to RP-C9999 (Aircraft with complete registrations)
RP-G0001 to RP-G9999 (Gliders)
RP-R0001 to RP-R9999 (Limited registrations)
RP-X0001 to RP-X9999 (Experimental certificate)
RP-S0001 to RP-S9999 (Non-type certificated aircraft)
PolandSP,SNSP-AAA to SP-ZZZ
SP-1000 to SP-3000, SP-8000 (gliders)
SP-SAAA to SP-SZZZ (ultralights)
SN-00AA (police and border guard)
PortugalCR,CSCR-AAA to CR-ZZZ
CS-AAA to CS-ZZZ Aircraft in general, except:
CS-T**, Airliners
CS-H**, Helicopters
CS-X**, Experimental
CS-U**, Ultralight Aircraft
CS-P**, Gliders
CS-B**, Ballons
QatarA7A7-AAA to A7-ZZZ
A7-HAA to A7-HZZ & A7-MAA to A7-MZZ (official use)
Réunion IslandF-ODF-ODAA to F-ODZZ
RomaniaYRYR-AAA to YR-ZZZ
YR-1000 to YR-9999 (Gliders)
Russian FederationRA, RFRA-00001 to RA-99999
FLA RF-00001 to FLA RF-99999 or ФЛА РФ-00001 to ФЛА РФ-99999 (private - no longer valid)
RA-0001K to RA-9999K (private - no longer valid)
RA-0001G to RA-9999G (private - current series)
RA-0001A to RA-9999A (private - new series?)
RF-00001 to RF-99999 (state-owned aircraft; first two digits indicate owner)
Rwanda9XR9XR-AA to 9XR-ZZ
Saint Helena/AscensionVQ-HVQ-HAA to VQ-HZZ
Saint Kitts and NevisV4V4-AAA to V4-ZZZ
Saint LuciaJ6J6-AAA to J6-ZZZ
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesJ8J8-AAA to J8-ZZZ
Samoa5W5W-AAA to 5W-ZZZ
San MarinoT7T7-AAA to T7-ZZZ
T7-001 to T7-999 (Microlights)
São Tomé and PríncipeS9S9-AAA to S9-ZZZ
Saudi ArabiaHZHZ-AAA to HZ-ZZZ
HZ-AA1 to HZ-ZZ99
HZ-AAA1 to HZ-ZZZ99
HZ-AAAA to HZ-ZZZZ
Senegal6V6V-AAA to 6V-ZZZ
SerbiaYUYU-AAA to YU-ZZZ
SeychellesS7S7-AAA to S7-ZZZ
Sierra Leone9L9L-AAA to 9L-ZZZ
Singapore9V9V-AAA to 9V-ZZZ
SlovakiaOMOM-AAA to OM-ZZZ
OM-AAAA to OM-ZZZZ (Ultralight)
OM-M000 to OM-M999 (Microlights)
OM-0000 to OM-9999 (Gliders)
SloveniaS5S5-AAA to S5-9999
S5-DAA to S5-DZZ (General)
S5-HAA to S5-HZZ (Helicopters)
S5-PAA to S5-PZZ (Ultralights)
S5-MAA to S5-MZZ (Amatuer builds)
S5-JAA to S5-JZZ (Gyrocopters)
S5-1000 to S5-1999 (Old timer gliders)
S5-3000 to S5-3999 (Singleseater gliders)
S5-7000 to S5-7999 (Doubleseater gliders)
S5-KAA to S5-KZZ (Motorgliders/sustainers)
S5-OAA to S5-OZZ (Hot air baloons)
Solomon IslandsH4H4-AAA to H4-ZZZ
Somalia6O6O-AAA to 6O-ZZZ
South AfricaZS
ZT
ZU
ZS-AAA to ZS-ZZZ (type certified aircraft)
ZT-AAA to ZT-ZZZ (not used)
ZU-AAA to ZU-ZZZ (non-type certified aircraft)
South Sudan
SpainECEC-AAA to EC-WZZ
EC-YAA to EC-ZZZ (Homebuilt aircraft)
EC-AA0 to EC-ZZ9 (Ultralight)
EC-001 to EC-999 (Test and delivery)
Sri Lanka4R4R-AAA to 4R-ZZZ
SudanSTST-AAA to ST-ZZZ
SurinamPZPZ-AAA to PZ-ZZZ
Swaziland3D3D-AAA to 3D-ZZZ
SwedenSESE-AAA to SE-ZZZ
SE-AAA to SE-CZZ (prop aircraft, general use)
SE-DAA to SE-DZZ (jets)
SE-EAA to SE-GZZ (prop aircraft, general use)
SE-HAA to SE-HZZ (helicopters)
SE-IAA to SE-IZZ (prop aircraft, general use)
SE-JAA to SE-JZZ (helicopters)
SE-KAA to SE-LZZ (prop aircraft, general use)
SE-RAA to SE-RZZ (jets)
SE-SAA to SE-UZZ (sailplanes and gliders)
SE-VAA to SE-VZZ (ultralights)
SE-XAA to SE-XZZ (homebuilts)
SE-ZAA to SE-ZZZ (lighter than air)
SE-A01 to SE-Z99 (test and delivery)
SwitzerlandHBHB-AAA to HB-ZZZ
HB-1 to HB-9999 for Gliders and Motorgliders
SyriaYKYK-AAA to YK-ZZZ
TahitiF-OHF-OHAA to F-OHZZ
TajikistanEYEY-10000 to EY-99999
Tanzania5H5H-AAA to 5H-ZZZ
ThailandHSHS-AAA to HS-ZZZ
Togo5V5V-AAA to 5V-ZZZ
TongaA3A3-AAA to A3-ZZZ
Trinidad and Tobago9Y9Y-AAA to 9Y-ZZZ
TunisiaTSTS-AAA to TS-ZZZ
TurkeyTCTC-AAA to TC-ZZZ
TurkmenistanEZEZ-A100 to EZ-Z999
Turks and CaicosVQ-TVQ-TAA to VQ-TZZ
TuvaluT2T2-AAA to T2-ZZZ
Uganda5X5X-AAA to 5X-ZZZ
UkraineURUR-AAA to UR-ZZZ
UR-10000 to UR-99999
UR-AAAA to UR-ZZZZ (private aircraft)
United Arab EmiratesA6A6-AAA to A6-ZZZ
United KingdomGG-AAAA to G-ZZZZ
G-1-1 to G-99-99 (Test and delivery)
United NationsN34U4U-AAA to 4U-ZZZ
United States of AmericaNN1 to N99999
N1A to N9999Z
N1AA to N999ZZ
UruguayCXCX-AAA to CX-ZZZ
UzbekistanUKUK-10000 to UK-99999
VanuatuYJYJ-AA1 to YJ-ZZ99
VenezuelaYVYV0001 to YV9999
YV-0001A to YV-9999P
YV-AAA1 to YV-ZZZ9 (Official use)
VietnamVNVN-1000 to VN-9999
VN-A100 to VN-A999 (turbo jet engine)
VN-B100 to VN-B999 (turbo prop engine)
VN-C100-C999 (internal combustion engine)
Yemen7O7O-AAA to 7O-ZZZ
Zambia9J9J-AAA to 9J-ZZZ
ZimbabweZZ-AAA to Z-ZZZ

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Has not been used on any aircraft previously.
  2. ^ Besides the United Nations, intergovernmental organizations (IGOs) such as the European Union and NATO do not have the power to create aircraft registrations.
  3. ^ NATO has registered its aircraft with Luxembourg.

Pre-1928 Allocations[edit]

Note: in the suffix pattern, n represents a number, x represents a letter

Country / RegionRegistration PrefixSuffix Pattern1913 radio call letters
AbyssiniaA-B[Note 11]A-Bxxx
AfghanistanY-A[Note 13]Y-Axxx
AlbaniaB-A[Note 6]B-Axxx
ArgentinaR-A[Note 9]R-AxxxLIA to LRZ
AustraliaG-AU[16]G-AUxxVHA to VKZ
Austria-Hungary and Bosnia-HerzegovinaHAA to HFZ, OGA to OMZ and UNA to UZZ
BelgiumO-B[Note 1]O-BxxxONA to OTZ
BoliviaC-B[Note 1]C-Bxxxnone
BrazilP-B[Note 1]P-BxxxSNA to STZ
CanadaG-C[16]G-Cxxx, except G-CYxxVAA to VGZ (Newfoundland: VOA to VOZ)
G-CY (military aircraft)[16]G-CYxx
BulgariaB-B[Note 6]B-BxxxLXA to LZZ
ChileB-C[Note 10]B-CxxxCOA to CPZ
ChinaX-C[Note 1]X-Cxxxnone
ColombiaC-C-n to C-nnnnone
Costa RicaK-C[Note 6]K-Cxxx
CubaC-C[Note 1]C-Cxxxnone
CzechoslovakiaL-B[Note 1]L-Bxxx
Danzig
Y-M[Note 11]Y-MxxxNot applicable
Dz-Dz-nnn
DenmarkT-D[Note 4]T-DxxxOUA to OZZ
DominicaZ-D[Note 13]Z-Dxxx
EcuadorE-E[Note 1][Note 5]E-Exxx
EgyptSUA to SUZ
El SalvadorY-S[Note 12]Y-Sxxx
EstoniaE-A[Note 8]E-Axxx
FinlandK-S[Note 8]K-Sxxx
FranceF-[Note 1]F-xxxxF and UAA to UMZ
GermanyD-D-nnnnA, D and KAA to KCZ
GreeceS-G[Note 1]S-GxxxSVA to SZZ
GuatemalaL-G[Note 1]L-Gxxx
HaitiH-H[Note 1][Note 5]H-Hxxx
HedjazA-H[Note 1]A-Hxxx
HondurasX-H[Note 1]X-Hxxx
Hungary
H-H[Note 4]H-Hxxx
H-O[Note 7]H-Oxxx
IndiaG-I[16]G-IxxxVTA to VWZ
ItalyI-[Note 1]I-xxxxI
JapanJ-[Note 1]J-xxxxJ
LatviaB-L[Note 3]B-Lxxx
LiberiaL-L[Note 1]L-Lxxx
LithuaniaZ-L[Note 8]Z-Lxxx
LuxembourgL-U[Note 3]L-Uxxx
MexicoXAA to XCZ
MonacoM-M[Note 4]M-MxxxCQA to CQZ
M-O[Note 7]M-Oxxx
MoroccoCNA to CNZ
NetherlandsH-N[Note 2]H-NxxxPAA to PMZ
New ZealandG-NZ[16]G-NZxxVLA to VMZ
NicaraguaA-N[Note 1]A-Nxxx
NorwayLAA to LHZ
PanamaS-P[Note 1]S-Pxxx
PersiaP-I[Note 11]P-Ixxx
PeruO-P[Note 1]O-Pxxx
PolandP-P[Note 1]P-Pxxx
PortugalC-P[Note 1]C-PxxxCRA to CTZ
RomaniaC-R[Note 1]C-RxxxCVA to CVZ
RussiaR-RR-Rxxx, RR-xxxR
Serbia-Croatia-SlavoniaX-S[Note 1]X-Sxxx
SiamH-S[Note 1]H-SxxxHGA to HHZ
South AfricaG-UA[16]G-UAxxVNA to VNZ
SpainM-[Note 2]M-xxxxEAA to EGZ
SwedenS-A[Note 6]S-AxxxSAA to SMZ
SwitzerlandC-H[Note 2]C-Hnnn
United States of AmericaN[Note 1]N-xxxxKDA to KZZ, N and W
United KingdomK[17]K-nnnB, G and M (British colonies not autonomous: VPA to VSZ)
G-EG-EAxx, G-EBxx, G-EDCA
G-F (lighter than air craft)G-FAAx
G-G (gliders)G-GAAx
UruguayC-U[Note 1][Note 5]C-UxxxCWA to CWZ
Notes
  1. ^ Adopted at the International Commission for Air Navigation (ICAN) meeting of 13 October 1919.[18]
  2. ^ Adopted at the ICAN meeting of 13 July 1922.[19]
  3. ^ Adopted at the ICAN meeting of 25 October 1922.[19]
  4. ^ Adopted at the ICAN meeting of 28 February 1923.[19]
  5. ^ The ICAN meeting of 28 February 1923 amended Ecuador's marks to E-U, Haiti's to H-E, and Uruguay's marks to C-M. They were restored to their original marks at the following meeting on 26 June.[19]
  6. ^ Adopted at the ICAN meeting of 26 June 1923.[19]
  7. ^ Amended at the ICAN meeting of 26 June 1923.[19]
  8. ^ Adopted at the ICAN meeting of 3 March 1924.[19]
  9. ^ Adopted at the ICAN meeting of 14 October 1924.[19]
  10. ^ Adopted at the ICAN meeting of 6 April 1925.[19]
  11. ^ Adopted at the ICAN meeting of 6 October 1925.[19]
  12. ^ Adopted at the ICAN meeting of 3 November 1926.[19]
  13. ^ Adopted at the ICAN meeting of 25 April 1927.[19]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "N3794N". Registry.faa.gov. Retrieved 2012-02-17. 
  2. ^ a b c d "FAA registration numbering scheme". Faa.gov. 2011-08-08. Retrieved 2012-02-17. 
  3. ^ "Chapter 4 - Aircraft Identification". Transport Canada. 2010-05-20. Retrieved 2013-07-18. 
  4. ^ "Photos: Antonov An-2 Aircraft Pictures". Airliners.net. 2011-06-25. Retrieved 2013-07-01. 
  5. ^ "Photos: Tupolev Tu-204CE Aircraft Pictures". Airliners.net. 2007-08-02. Retrieved 2012-02-17. 
  6. ^ "Photos: Mil Mi-8P Aircraft Pictures". Airliners.net. 2001-03-03. Retrieved 2012-02-17. 
  7. ^ "Photos: Cessna 337 Super Skymaster Aircraft Pictures". Airliners.net. 2001-02-24. Retrieved 2012-02-17. 
  8. ^ "Photos: Polarismotor FIB 582 Aircraft Pictures". Airliners.net. Retrieved 2012-02-17. 
  9. ^ Decree No. 155/2005 Coll. of the Ministry of Informatics of the Czech Republic, § 9 (3)h)
  10. ^ Aeronautical Information Publication of East Timor, see GEN 2 1-1, § 4.1
  11. ^ Civil Aviation Authority of the Republic of Kosovo Regulation no 11/2011 amending and supplementing Regulation no 2/2009 on aircraft registration and marking
  12. ^ Civil Aircraft Safety Authority (in Korean)
  13. ^ ITU code 'M' is registered to the United Kingdom. The Isle of Man is not a sovereign entity in international law.
  14. ^ http://www.airliners.net/aviation-forums/general_aviation/read.main/3594568/
  15. ^ "Allocation of Aircraft Registration Marks". Civil Aviation Authority of New Zealand. Archived from the original on 2 May 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-22. 
  16. ^ a b c d e f Appleton, John; Cave, Ian G. British Civil Aircraft Registers 1919-1978. Earl Shilton: Midland Counties Publications. p. p7. ISBN 0-904597-15-6. 
  17. ^ Used 1919-20, K-100 to K-175 allocated, reallocated to G-EAxx series in 1920. Appleton, John; Cave, Ian G. British Civil Aircraft Registers 1919-1978. Earl Shilton: Midland Counties Publications. p. p3. ISBN 0-904597-15-6. 
  18. ^ "1919 Country Prefixes". Golden Years of Aviation. Retrieved 11 February 2011. 
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Additions to Registration marks 1919-1927". Golden Years of Aviation. Retrieved 11 February 2011. 

External links[edit]