Ahtopol

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Ahtopol
Ахтопол
Ahtopol's beach
Ahtopol's beach
Ahtopol is located in Bulgaria
Ahtopol
Ahtopol
Location of Ahtopol
Coordinates: 42°6′N 27°57′E / 42.100°N 27.950°E / 42.100; 27.950Coordinates: 42°6′N 27°57′E / 42.100°N 27.950°E / 42.100; 27.950
CountryBulgaria
Provinces
(Oblast)
Burgas
Government
 • MayorBiser Kolev
Elevation0 m (0 ft)
Population (2005-09-13)
 • Total1,316
Time zoneEET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST)EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code8280
Area code(s)0590
 
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Ahtopol
Ахтопол
Ahtopol's beach
Ahtopol's beach
Ahtopol is located in Bulgaria
Ahtopol
Ahtopol
Location of Ahtopol
Coordinates: 42°6′N 27°57′E / 42.100°N 27.950°E / 42.100; 27.950Coordinates: 42°6′N 27°57′E / 42.100°N 27.950°E / 42.100; 27.950
CountryBulgaria
Provinces
(Oblast)
Burgas
Government
 • MayorBiser Kolev
Elevation0 m (0 ft)
Population (2005-09-13)
 • Total1,316
Time zoneEET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST)EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code8280
Area code(s)0590

Ahtopol (Bulgarian: Ахтопол, Greek: Αγαθόπολις, Agathopolis) is a town and seaside resort on the southern Bulgarian Black Sea Coast. It is located on a headland in the southeastern part of Burgas Province and is close to the border with European Turkey. It is the southernmost town on the Bulgarian coast.

History[edit]

The town lies on the site of an ancient Thracian settlement, with the earliest traces of human settlement dating to the Neolithic. It was probably colonized by the Ancient Greeks around 430 BC. The Romans called it Peronticus, while the Byzantine leader Agathon reconstructed the town after barbarian invasions and possibly gave it his own name, Agathopolis. According to other sources, it was named thus as early as 323 BC.

In the Middle Ages, the town frequently changed hands between the Byzantine Empire and the Bulgarian Empire. Medieval sources mention Ahtopol as a lively merchant port where many Byzantine, Italian and other ships arrived. With the invasion of the Ottoman troops at the end of the 14th century, the town was called Ahtenbolu. The town ultimately fell under Ottoman rule as late as 1453. An Ottoman tax register of 1498 lists 158 Christian families in Ahtopol, most of which have Greek names but others evidently Slavic (Bulgarian). In 1898, Ahtopol was a town of 410 houses, of which 300 Greek and 110 Bulgarian. In the 19th century, it was still a thriving centre of fishery and overseas trade, with many locals owning their own ships and selling goods all around the Black Sea and the Mediterranean. Viticulture was also well-developed.

Ahtopol has been burnt down and devastated by sea pirates (often the Caucasian Lazi) many times, with the most recent fire being in 1918, when the town was almost destroyed. Remains of the town's fortress (reaching up to 8 m in height and 3.5 m in width), the 12th-century monastery of St Yani and a fountain with a carved horseman are the only traces left from ancient times. Another landmark is the Church of the Ascension from 1796. Ahtopol was a kaza centre in Kırkkilise sanjak of Edirne Vilayet between 1878-1912 as "Ahtabolu"[1] (Ahtopol was referred as Agathoupolis in reference page). Also, Evliya Çelebi passed from here in 1663 and referred as "Ahtabolu" in 6th volume (English of "6. Cilt") of Seyahatname.[2]

After the Balkan Wars, when the area was ceded to Bulgaria by the Ottoman Empire, the town's predominantly Greek population gradually moved to Greece and was replaced by Bulgarian refugees, mostly from Eastern Thrace, specifically Bunarhisar (150 families). The Greek name of the town was Achtòpolis, Αχτοπολις or Agathùpolis, Αγαθουπολις.

Historical population figures[edit]

Historical population
YearPopulation
1920770
1934972
19461,079
19561,058
1965947
1975945
19851,137
19921,204
20051,316

Gallery[edit]

Climate[edit]

Ahtopol has a mediterranean climate with very limited continental effects.

Climate data for Ahtopol (2000-)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)8.7
(47.7)
9.3
(48.7)
11.5
(52.7)
16.0
(60.8)
21.2
(70.2)
25.0
(77)
28.2
(82.8)
28.3
(82.9)
24.5
(76.1)
20.1
(68.2)
14.0
(57.2)
11.0
(51.8)
18.2
(64.8)
Daily mean °C (°F)5.0
(41)
5.7
(42.3)
8.4
(47.1)
12.5
(54.5)
17.0
(62.6)
21.1
(70)
23.6
(74.5)
23.9
(75)
20.2
(68.4)
16.0
(60.8)
10.6
(51.1)
7.2
(45)
14.3
(57.7)
Average low °C (°F)1.2
(34.2)
2.1
(35.8)
5.2
(41.4)
9.0
(48.2)
12.8
(55)
17.1
(62.8)
19.0
(66.2)
19.3
(66.7)
15.8
(60.4)
11.8
(53.2)
7.1
(44.8)
3.3
(37.9)
10.3
(50.5)
Precipitation mm (inches)70.2
(2.764)
55.5
(2.185)
44.0
(1.732)
25.1
(0.988)
28.7
(1.13)
27.2
(1.071)
30.4
(1.197)
16.6
(0.654)
60.4
(2.378)
71.9
(2.831)
53.4
(2.102)
78.2
(3.079)
561.6
(22.11)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1 mm)9.08.36.64.13.74.72.82.74.96.65.09.467.9
Mean monthly sunshine hours1141381702252642823223102402071361232,521
Source: Stringmeteo.org

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]