Agrawal

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Agrawal
Regions with significant populations
India
Languages
Hindi, Marwari, English, Punjabi, Haryanavi
Religion
Hinduism  · Jainism
 
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Agrawal
Regions with significant populations
India
Languages
Hindi, Marwari, English, Punjabi, Haryanavi
Religion
Hinduism  · Jainism

Agrawal (Agarwal, Agrawala, Agarwala, Aggarwal) is a community found throughout northern India, including in Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan, Delhi, and Uttar Pradesh. Other related communities include Maheshwaris, Khandelwals, and Oswals.[1]

Most Agrawals follow Hinduism, although some are Jains. The texts and legends of the Agrawal community trace the origin of Agrawals to the legendary king Agrasena of the Solar Dynasty who adopted Vanika dharma. Literally, Agrawal means the "children of Agrasena" or the "people of Agroha", a city in ancient Kuru Panchala, near Hisar in Haryana region said to be founded by Agrasena.

Members of the Agrawal community have for many years been influential and prosperous in India.[2]

Legend[edit]

Main article: Agrasena

The Agrawals claim descent from king Agrasena of the mythological Solar Dynasty who adopted Vanika dharma for the benefit of his people.[3][a] Literally, Agrawal means the "children of Agrasena" or the "people of Agroha", a city in ancient Kuru Panchala, near Hisar in Haryana said to be founded by Agrasena.[4]

History[edit]

Agrasen ki Baoli in Delhi. It is believed that it was originally built by the Agrasen[3] during the Mahabharat epic era[5][6] and rebuilt in the 14th century by the Agrawal community

Migration to Delhi[edit]

The Agrawal merchant Nattal Sahu, and the Agrawal poet Vibudh Shridhar lived during the reign of the Tomara King Anangapal of Yoginipur (now Mehrauli, near Delhi).[7]

In 1354, Firuz Shah Tughluq had started the construction of a new city near Agroha, called Hisar-e-Feroza ("the fort of Firuz"). Most of the raw material for building the town was brought from Agroha.[8] The town later came to be called Hisar. Hisar became a major center of the Agrawal community.[citation needed]

Migration to Eastern India[edit]

Later, during the Mughal rule, and during the British East India Company administration, some Agrawals migrated to Bihar and Calcutta, who became the major component of the Marwaris.[9]

Agrawals during the Mughal era[edit]

Some Agrawals rose to prominent positions in this period. Sahu Todar was a supervisor of the royal mint at Agra, who had rebuilt the 514 Jain stupas at Mathura in 1573, during the rule of Akbar.[10]

Sah Ranveer Singh was a royal treasurer during the rule of Akbar. He was awarded a jagir in western UP, where he established the town Saharanpur. His father as well as son and grandson had built several Jain temples,[10] including the one at Kucha Sukhanand in Delhi.

Lala Ratan Chand became the diwan of Mughal emperor Farrukhsiyar (1713–1719) in 1712, and was given the title of Raja. He was associated with the Saiyid Brothers, who served as the king makers for several years, and became involved in the court intrigues. He was executed during the battle of Hasanpur by the order of the new emperor Muhammad Shah (1719–1748) in 1719. He became the founder of the Rajvanshi Agrawals.[11]

Categories[edit]

According to the legend, the Agrawal community developed twenty rules of conduct. Those who followed all the twenty rules were called Bisa Agrawal, those who followed only ten rules were called Dassa Agrawals,those who followed only five were called Punj Agrawals and so on.[12]

In his book Agarwalon ki Utpatti, Bhartendu Harishchandra categorised Agrawals in four branches according to their places or inhabitation:[12][13]

  1. Marwaris
  2. Deswal
  3. Easterners
  4. Westerners

Religion[edit]

See also: Agrawal Jain

Most Agrawals follow Hinduism, although some are Jains.[citation needed]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ J. P. Mittal considers Agrasen to be an actual historical figure, not mythological

Citations

  1. ^ Gore, M. S. (1990). Urbanization and Family Change. Popular Prakashan. p. 70. ISBN 9780861322626. 
  2. ^ Julka, Harsimran; Radhika P. Nair (12 February 2013). "Why young Aggarwals dominate India's e-commerce start-ups". The Economic Times (Delhi). 
  3. ^ a b Mittal, J. P. (2006). History of Ancient India: From 4250 BC to 637 AD. Atlantic Publishers. p. 675. ISBN 9788126906161. 
  4. ^ Sarda, Har Bilas (1935). Speeches and Writings. Ajmer: Vedic Yantralaya. p. 120. 
  5. ^ "Agrasen Ki Baoli, un oasis au coeur de la capitale | Inde Information". Aujourdhuilinde.com. 22 August 2007. Retrieved 2011-11-03. 
  6. ^ "Monuments – Delhi Monuments – Tourist Information of India – Lakes, Waterfalls, Beaches, Monuments, Museums, Places, Cities – By". Tripsguru.com. Retrieved 2011-11-03. 
  7. ^ An Early Attestation of the Toponym Ḍhillī, by Richard J. Cohen, Journal of the American Oriental Society, 1989, p. 513-519
  8. ^ The story of Hisar
  9. ^ Anne Hardgrove, Community and Public Culture: The Marwaris in Calcutta, New Delhi, Oxford University Press (2004) ISBN 0-19-566803-0
  10. ^ a b Jyotiprasad Jain, Pramukh Jain Etihasik Purush aur mahilayen, Bharatiya Jnanapitha, 1975
  11. ^ History of Origin of Some Clans in India, Mangal Sen Jindal, Pub. Sarup and Sons, 1992
  12. ^ a b "Evolution of Agrawal Samaj". Retrieved 2007-04-19. 
  13. ^ Bharatendu Harishchandra, Agrawalon ki Utpatti, 1871, reprinted in Hemant Sarma, Bharatendu Samgrah, Varanasi, Hindi Pracharak Samsthan, 1989.