Agadir

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Agadir
ⴰⴳⴰⴷⵉⵔ
أڭادير
View over Agadir, taken from the kasbah

Coat of arms
Agadir is located in Morocco
Agadir
Location in Morocco
Coordinates: 30°26′N 9°36′W / 30.433°N 9.6°W / 30.433; -9.6
CountryFlag of Morocco.svg Morocco
RegionSouss-Massa-Drâa
Elevation75 ft (23 m)
Population (2004)
 • Total678,596
 
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Agadir
ⴰⴳⴰⴷⵉⵔ
أڭادير
View over Agadir, taken from the kasbah

Coat of arms
Agadir is located in Morocco
Agadir
Location in Morocco
Coordinates: 30°26′N 9°36′W / 30.433°N 9.6°W / 30.433; -9.6
CountryFlag of Morocco.svg Morocco
RegionSouss-Massa-Drâa
Elevation75 ft (23 m)
Population (2004)
 • Total678,596

Agadir (Berber: Agadir, ⴰⴳⴰⴷⵉⵔ, Moroccan Arabic: أڭادير‎) is a major city in southwest Morocco, capital of the Agadir province (MA-AGD) and the Souss-Massa-Drâa economic region. A majority of its inhabitants speak Berber as a mother tongue.

Contents

Etymology

The word Agadir means in Berber "wall enclosing a fortress or town".[1]

Description

Agadir has a population of 678,596 (2004; census figures for the agglomeration include the nearby cities of Inezgane and Aït Melloul). The population of the city proper is estimated at 200,000. The mild winter climate (January average midday temperature 20.5°C/69°F)[2] and good beaches have made it a major "winter sun" destination for Northern Europeans. The mayor is Tariq Kabbaj.

The city is located on the shore of the Atlantic Ocean, near the foot of the Atlas Mountains, just north of the point where the Souss River flows into the ocean.

Agadir is an important fishing and commercial port, the first sardine port in the world, (exporting cobalt, manganese, zinc and citrus).It is also a seaside resort with a long sandy beach. Because of its large buildings, wide roads, modern hotels, and European-style cafés, Agadir is not a typical city of traditional Morocco, but a modern, busy and dynamic town.

Agadir is famous for its sea food and agriculture.

The city's main neighborhoods are:

Agadir seen by SPOT satellite

It is served by the Al Massira Airport.

History

During medieval times, there was only a fishing village there, Agadir el-arba`. In 1505 the Portuguese established a trading post named Santa Cruz do Cabo de Gué, under a governor. In 1541, the city came under Saadian control in the Fall of Agadir, and a stronghold was built on the top of the hill overlooking the bay, the in Kasbah. Agadir became prosperous for two centuries. But in 1731, the town was completely destroyed by an earthquake.[3] The harbour of Agadir was then ordered to be closed when Essaouira was established further north.

In 1911, the arrival of a German gunboat (the Panther), officially to protect the local German community, triggered the Agadir Crisis between France and Germany which allowed France, in 1913, to occupy nearly the whole kingdom of Morocco.

At 15 minutes to midnight on February 29, 1960, Agadir was almost totally destroyed by an earthquake that lasted 15 seconds, burying the city and killing thousands.[4] The death toll is estimated at 15,000. The earthquake destroyed the ancient Kasbah.

On seeing the destruction in Agadir, King Muhammad V of Morocco declared: "If Destiny decided the destruction of Agadir, its rebuilding depends of our Faith and Will." Reconstruction began in 1961, two kilometers south of the earthquake epicentre.

Climate

Agadir features a subtropical-semiarid climate with warm summers and mild winters. Located along the Atlantic Ocean, Agadir has a very temperate climate. The daytime temperature generally stays in the 20s °C (70s °F) every day, with the winter highs typically reaching 20.7°C (70°F) in December–January (see weather-table below). The annual temperatures[2] are very similar to Nairobi, Kenya, but with much less rainfall -about 10 inches annually- and the mid-year nights are less chilly than the Kenyan Capital.

Climate data for Agadir
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)20.4
(68.7)
21.0
(69.8)
22.4
(72.3)
21.9
(71.4)
23.2
(73.8)
24.0
(75.2)
26.1
(79.0)
26.1
(79.0)
26.4
(79.5)
25.3
(77.5)
23.5
(74.3)
20.7
(69.3)
23.4
(74.1)
Daily mean °C (°F)14.1
(57.4)
15.2
(59.4)
16.7
(62.1)
17.0
(62.6)
18.7
(65.7)
20.2
(68.4)
22.0
(71.6)
22.2
(72.0)
21.9
(71.4)
20.3
(68.5)
17.9
(64.2)
14.6
(58.3)
18.4
(65.1)
Average low °C (°F)7.9
(46.2)
9.4
(48.9)
10.9
(51.6)
12.0
(53.6)
14.2
(57.6)
16.4
(61.5)
18.0
(64.4)
18.2
(64.8)
17.3
(63.1)
15.2
(59.4)
12.3
(54.1)
8.5
(47.3)
13.4
(56.1)
Precipitation mm (inches)45.5
(1.791)
42.4
(1.669)
31.1
(1.224)
25.9
(1.02)
3.5
(0.138)
1.1
(0.043)
0.1
(0.004)
0.2
(0.008)
3.0
(0.118)
25.8
(1.016)
52.6
(2.071)
60.7
(2.39)
291.9
(11.492)
Avg. precipitation days5.45.65.13.71.41.30.20.41.64.15.35.339.4
Mean monthly sunshine hours229.4232.0269.7282.0294.5270.0269.7254.2243.0244.9219.0229.43,037.8
Source: Hong Kong Observatory[5]

Museums

Mosque Loubnan in Agadir

Subdivisions

The prefecture is divided administratively into the following communes:[6]

NameGeographic codeTypeHouseholdsPopulation (2004)Foreign populationMoroccan populationNotes
Agadir001.01.01.Municipality774853461061925344181
Amskroud001.05.01.Rural commune168710020010020
Aourir001.05.03.Rural commune557127483552742821810 residents live in the center, called Aourir; 5673 residents live in rural areas.
Aqesri001.05.05.Rural commune857487304873
Aziar001.05.07.Rural commune688380303803
Drargua001.05.09.Rural commune69103711513711417071 residents live in the center, called Drargua; 20044 residents live in rural areas.
Idmine001.05.11.Rural commune671427904279
Imouzzer001.05.13.Rural commune1153635106351
Imsouane001.05.15.Rural commune1704935309353
Tadrart001.05.21.Rural commune1008570305703
Taghazout001.05.23.Rural commune9995348165332
Tamri001.05.25.Rural commune292717442817434
Tiqqi001.05.29.Rural commune173510078010078

Economy

Agadir's economy relies mainly on tourism and fisheries. Agricultural activities are based around the city.[7]

Agadir has the biggest Souk in Morocco (Souk Lhed)

Transportation

Agadir is served by Al Massira Airport, located 22 kilometers from the city. With the opening of the new Casablanca–Agadir expressway in June 2010, that runs from Casablanca via Marrakech to Agadir access to the region is much improved.

For freight there is also a port, and for pleasure-craft there is a marina in Agadir.

Notable natives and residents

Education

Universities and postgraduates schools :

High schools :

Sport

Botola side Hassania Agadir are the local football team of Agadir. They play their home matches at the Stade Al Inbiaâte.

Beaches

Agadir beach

North of Agadir entourage Taghazout village, dozens of clean, great beach and Smaller ones along the costs agadir-essaouira: Agadir beach,Tamaounza ( 12 km), aitswal-beach, imouran(km 17), Taghazout (km 19), bouyirdn( km 20), timzguida 3lal (km 22), Aghroud (30 km), Imiouadar(27 km),Aghroud (30 km).[8]

Parks and gardens

Sister cities

Agadir has five sister cities :

See also

References

  1. ^ E.J. Brill's First Encyclopaedia of Islam, 1913-1936 (Brill, 1987), p. 179.
  2. ^ a b "Climatological Information for Agadir, Morocco", Hong Kong Observatory, 2003, web: HKO-Agadir.
  3. ^ "Historic Earthquakes". Earthquake.usgs.gov. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/world/events/1960_02_29.php. Retrieved 2012-03-14. 
  4. ^ Bensimon, Jacques. "Once ... Agadir". Documentary film. National Film Board of Canada. Archived from the original on 26 November 2010. http://www.nfb.ca/film/once_agadir. Retrieved 1 November 2010. 
  5. ^ "Climatological Information for Agadir, Morocco" - Hong Kong Observatory
  6. ^ "Recensement général de la population et de l'habitat de 2004". Haut-commissariat au Plan, Lavieeco.com. http://www.lavieeco.com/documents_officiels/Recensement%20population.pdf. Retrieved 22 April 2012. 
  7. ^ "Agadir". UN-Habitat. http://ww2.unhabitat.org/programmes/agenda21/Agadir.asp. Retrieved 2009-08-06. 
  8. ^ ait ider mohamed. "Taghazout beaches Agadir| the best beaches of Agadir Morocco| taghazoute, Aghroud beach, Tamraght beach". Taghazout.biz. http://taghazout.biz/agadir-beaches.html. Retrieved 2012-03-14. 

External links

External list

Coordinates: 30°26′N 9°36′W / 30.433°N 9.6°W / 30.433; -9.6