Adobe Premiere Pro

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Adobe Premiere Pro
Adobe Premiere Pro CS6 Icon.png
Adobe Premiere Pro CS6.png
Adobe Premiere Pro CS6 running on Windows 8
Developer(s)Adobe Systems
Stable releaseCC (7.0.0)[1] (June 17, 2013; 6 months ago (2013-06-17)) [±]
Preview releaseNone [±]
Operating systemWindows 8 Windows 7 or Mac OS X Snow Leopard and later[2]
TypeVideo editing software
LicenseCommercial proprietary software
Websitewww.adobe.com/products/premiere.html
 
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Adobe Premiere Pro
Adobe Premiere Pro CS6 Icon.png
Adobe Premiere Pro CS6.png
Adobe Premiere Pro CS6 running on Windows 8
Developer(s)Adobe Systems
Stable releaseCC (7.0.0)[1] (June 17, 2013; 6 months ago (2013-06-17)) [±]
Preview releaseNone [±]
Operating systemWindows 8 Windows 7 or Mac OS X Snow Leopard and later[2]
TypeVideo editing software
LicenseCommercial proprietary software
Websitewww.adobe.com/products/premiere.html

Adobe Premiere Pro is a timeline-based video editing software application. It is part of the Adobe Creative Suite, a suite of graphic design, video editing and web development programs.

Premiere Pro is used by broadcasters such as the BBC[3] and The Tonight Show.[4] It has been used in feature films, such as The Social Network,[5] Captain Abu Raed,[6] and Monsters,[7] and other venues such as Madonna's Confessions Tour.[8]

History[edit]

Premiere Pro is the redesigned successor to Adobe Premiere, and was launched in 2003. Premiere Pro refers to versions released in 2003 and later, whereas Premiere refers to the earlier releases. Premiere was one of the first computer-based NLEs (non-linear editing system), with its first release on Mac in 1991. Up until version Premiere Pro 2.0 (CS2), the software packaging featured a galloping horse, in a nod to Eadweard Muybridge's work, "Sallie Gardner at a Gallop".

Features[edit]

Premiere Pro supports high resolution video editing at up to 10,240 × 8,192[9] resolution, at up to 32-bits per channel color, in both RGB and YUV. Audio sample-level editing, VST audio plug-in support, and 5.1 surround sound mixing are available. Premiere Pro's plug-in architecture enables it to import and export formats beyond those supported by QuickTime or DirectShow, supporting a wide variety of video and audio file formats and codecs on both MacOS and Windows. When used with Cineform's Neo line of plug-ins, it supports 3D editing with the ability to view 3D material using 2D monitors, while making individual left and right eye adjustments.

Workflow integration[edit]

After Effects
Through Adobe Dynamic Link, compositions from Adobe After Effects may be imported and played back directly on the Premiere Pro timeline. The After Effects composition can be modified, and after switching back to Premiere Pro, the clip will update with the changes. Likewise, Premiere Pro projects can be imported into After Effects. Clips can be copied between the two applications while preserving clip attributes. Premiere Pro also supports many After Effects plug-ins.
Photoshop
Adobe Photoshop files can be opened directly from Premiere Pro to be edited in Photoshop. Any changes will immediately be updated when the Photoshop file is saved and focus returns to Premiere Pro.
Adobe Story, OnLocation and Prelude
The Premiere Pro workflow takes advantage of metadata in the script of a video production. The script is created in or brought into Adobe Story, then passed to Adobe OnLocation to capture footage and attach any relevant metadata from the script to that footage. Finally, in Premiere Pro, speech recognition can match the audio to the dialogue from the script in the metadata. Clips can be searched based on their dialogue in Premiere Pro, and can be sent to Adobe Encore to make searchable web DVDs. Adobe Prelude replaces OnLocation in CS6 and above.[10]
Others
There are other integration functions, such as Edit in Adobe Audition, Dynamic Link to Encore, and Reveal in Adobe Bridge.

Advantages over Premiere Elements[edit]

An entry-level version, Adobe Premiere Elements, is available for the consumer market on Windows and Mac. Some of the notable advantages of Premiere Pro over Premiere Elements are multiple sequence support, high bit-depth rendering, multicamera editing, time remapping, scopes, color correction tools, advanced audio mixer interface, and bezier keyframing. Premiere Pro CS3, CS4, CS5, CS5.5 and CS6 also include Encore for more elaborate DVD menu authoring and Blu-ray Disc authoring, and OnLocation for direct-to-disk recording. Adobe Creative Cloud subscribers can install Encore by installing Premiere Pro CS6, which is possible since CS6 is also available to them. However, Encore has been discontinued following the CS6 release.

Release history[edit]

VersionPlatformRelease dateSignificant changes
Adobe Premiere 1.0MacDecember 1991[11]
  • First release of Premiere
  • QuickTime multimedia and VideoSpigot format support
  • PICT image support
  • Supported up to 160 x 120 pixels movie creation
  • Supported 8-bit audio
  • Supported output to video tape[11][12]
Adobe Premiere 2.0MacSeptember 1992[13]
  • QuickTime video and audio capture support
  • Title creation
  • Title, Sequence, and Construction windows
  • Slow/fast motion support
  • 5 audio and 41 movie/still-image filters
  • 49 special effects
  • 16-bit, 44 kHz audio support
  • Filmstrip file format introduced
  • Numbered PICT sequence support
  • EDL support
  • Illustrator text import
  • SMPTE timecode support[13][14]
Adobe Premiere 3.0MacAugust 1993[15]
  • 99 stereo audio tracks
  • 97 video tracks
  • Video waveform monitor
  • Sub-pixel motion and field rendering
  • Batch digitizing
  • Full framerate preview from disk
  • Enhanced title window[15]
Adobe Premiere 1.0WindowsSeptember 1993[16]
  • First release of Premiere application for Windows platform
  • 24-bit AVI and QuickTime video format support
  • Autodesk Animator file support
  • AVI, AIFF, and WAV audio format support
  • Still image support (Photoshop, BMP, DIB, PCX, PICT, PCX, and TIFF formats)
  • Two video tracks, three audio tracks, and one transition and superimpose track
  • No EDL, titling, and motion and device control available in then current Mac (v3.0) release[17][18][19]
Adobe Premiere 1.1WindowsFebruary 1994[20]
  • AdobeCap video capture module
  • Expanded graphics and audio file support
  • TARGA and ADPCM file support
  • Image sequence import support[20][21]
Adobe Premiere 4.0MacJuly 1994[22]
  • Support for 97 superimposition tracks plus two A/B tracks
  • Trim window
  • Dynamic previewing
  • Custom filter and transition creation
  • Time variable filters
  • Batch capture
  • Time-lapse capture
  • NTSC 29.97 frame rate support[22][23][24]
Adobe Premiere 4.0WindowsDecember 1994[25]
  • Adobe moves Windows platform release of Premiere directly from v1.1 to v4.0
  • Premiere 4.0 for Windows matches capabilities of Premiere 4.0 for Macintosh[26]
Adobe Premiere 4.2MacOctober 1995[27]
  • CD-ROM Movie Maker Plug-in
  • Data rate analysis tool
  • Power Macintosh-native Sound Manager 3.1[27]
Adobe Premiere 4.2WindowsApril 1996[28]
  • 32-bit architecture
  • Long File Names support
  • Background compiling
  • Batch movie maker
  • 4K output support
  • Right-mouse button support
  • Uninstaller utility[29]
Adobe Premiere 4.2 for Silicon GraphicsUNIX/SGIJuly 1997[30]
  • SGI O2 platform exclusive release
  • IRIX 6.3 integration
  • OpenGL accelerated versions of transition and special effects plug-ins
  • Platform-specific plug-ins by Silicon Graphics for combining 3D and video content[31]
Adobe Premiere 5.0Windows and MacMay 1998[32]
  • Source/Program editing
  • Title window editor
  • Keyframeable audio and video filters
  • Collapsible tracks
  • Up to three hour project length support[32][33]
Adobe Premiere 5.1Windows and MacOctober 1998[34]
  • QuickTime 3.0 support
  • DPS Perception support
  • Preview to RAM
  • "Smart" Preview file Timeline export
  • Multi-threaded, dual processor support[34]
Adobe Premiere 6.0Windows and MacJanuary 2001[35]
  • Support for web video and DV formats
  • OHCI support
  • Title editor
  • Storyboard
  • Audio mixer
  • Timeline video track keyframes
Adobe Premiere 6.5Windows and MacAugust 2002
  • Real-time preview
  • Adobe Title Designer
  • Exporting to DVD as MPEG-2
Adobe Premiere Pro 1.0
(Adobe Premiere 7.0)
WindowsAugust 21, 2003
  • Rewritten source code for the whole program
  • Multiple nested timelines
  • Color correction tools
  • Sample-level audio editing
  • Track-based audio effects
  • 5.1 surround sound support
  • VST audio filters and ASIO audio hardware support
  • AAF export
  • Customizable keyboard shortcuts
  • Adobe Media Encoder
  • First inclusion of SurCode for Dolby Digital® 5.1 Encoder for Adobe Premiere Pro bundle into Premiere Pro
Adobe Premiere Pro 1.5WindowsMay 24, 2004
  • Project Manager
  • Panasonic 24p support
  • Effects favorites
  • Project-ready Photoshop file creation
  • Automatic loading of built-in After Effects plug-ins
  • After Effects clipboard support
  • One-click color correction
  • AAF and EDL import and export
  • New DeEsser and DeHummer audio filters
  • New GPU effects
  • Bézier keyframe controls
Adobe Premiere Pro 1.5.1WindowsMarch 1, 2005
  • HDV support
Adobe Premiere Pro 2.0WindowsJanuary 17, 2006
  • Docking Workspaces
  • Multicam editing
  • Adobe Clip Notes
  • Dynamic Link with After Effects projects
  • DVD authoring from the timeline
  • Native HDV editing
  • Native SD and HD support
  • Enhanced color-correction tools
  • 10-bit and 16-bit color resolution support
  • 32-bit internal color processing
  • GPU-accelerated rendering
Adobe Premiere Pro CS3Windows and Mac OS XJuly 2, 2007
  • Output to DVD, Blu-ray Disc, and Flash
  • High-quality slow motion with time remapping
  • Direct-to-disc recording and professional on-set monitoring
  • Publish Adobe Encore projects to the web
  • Multiple project panels with smart file search
  • Improved editing efficiency
  • Output for mobile devices
  • Help documentation available online
Adobe Premiere Pro CS3 v3.1.0Windows and Mac OS XOctober 18, 2007
Adobe Premiere Pro CS3 v3.2.0Windows and Mac OS XApril 14, 2008
Adobe Premiere Pro CS4Windows and Mac OS XSeptember 23, 2008[36]
Adobe Premiere Pro CS4 icon
  • Speech Search
  • Batch encoding using Adobe Media Encoder
  • Over 50 enhancements to editing efficiency (apply filters/transitions to multiple clips, sync lock, smart zoom)
  • Media Browser panel to efficiently browse file-based recording media (e.g. Panasonic P2 and XDCAM)
  • Project intelligence with new XMP metadata support
  • Blending modes
  • Sequence-level settings
  • Dynamic Link to open Premiere Pro sequences directly in Adobe Encore
  • Enhanced Photoshop file import
  • Mac support for OnLocation
  • AVCHD support (not available in the trial version)
Adobe Premiere Pro CS4 v4.0.1Windows and Mac OS XNovember 20, 2008[37]
Adobe Premiere Pro CS4 v4.1.0Windows and Mac OS XMay 29, 2009[38]
  • Additional support for REDCODE
  • Performance improvements to project load time
  • Improvements to AVCHD support
  • Performance enhancements for DV/HDV playback
  • Support for Avid-captured DV or IMX footage
  • New 16 channel audio tracks for playout
  • Export media to a still format now bypasses the AME render queue
  • Enabled .VOB extension support
Adobe Premiere Pro CS4 v4.2.0Windows and Mac OS XNovember 10, 2009[39]
  • Panasonic P2 AVC-Intra support (including new sequence presets)
Adobe Premiere Pro CS4 v4.2.1Windows and Mac OS XDecember 8, 2009[40]
  • Fixed memory issue that occurred when importing large numbers of AVC-Intra files into Adobe Premiere Pro
Adobe Premiere Pro CS5Windows and Mac OS XApril 30, 2010
  • 64-bit native application (32-bit OS no longer supported)
  • Mercury Playback Engine, which supports GPU-accelerated rendering using qualified nVidia CUDA graphics cards[41]
  • Ultra keyer for chroma keying
  • Final Cut Pro XML export
  • DPX format import and export
  • Metadata integration with Adobe Story and Adobe OnLocation
  • Face detection and improved speech-to-text
  • Direct export option, bypassing Adobe Media Encoder
  • Fractional resolution options
  • Audio capture metering
Adobe Premiere Pro CS5 v5.0.1Windows and Mac OS XMay 26, 2010[42]
  • Mercury Playback Engine supports additional layers on the NVIDIA GeForce GTX 285 GPU card
Adobe Premiere Pro CS5 v5.0.2Windows and Mac OS XSeptember 1, 2010[43]
  • Windows-based Mercury Playback Engine support for new NVIDIA cards (GTX 470, Quadro 4000, Quadro 5000)
  • Import and export of RED RMD files to and from REDCINE-X software
  • XD-CAM HD export
  • Source timecode in XDCAM 4:2:2 footage
  • Support QuickTime files from JVC solid-state cameras
  • RED Rocket cards support
  • Broadcast Wave audio file format support
  • Broadcast Wave in OMF export support
  • 10-bit DisplayPort support for NVIDIA Quadro cards (Windows only)
Adobe Premiere Pro CS5 v5.0.3Windows and Mac OS XDecember 7, 2010[44]
  • Mercury Playback Engine support for the NVIDIA Quadro 5000m card (Windows) and the NVIDIA Quadro 4000 card (Mac)
Adobe Premiere Pro CS5.5Windows and Mac OS XMay 3, 2011
  • Mercury Playback Engine support for more NVIDIA cards (Geforce GTX 570, 580, Quadro FX 3700M, FX 3800M, 2000, 2000D, 2000M, 3000M, 4000M, 5010M, 6000)
  • MPE acceleration of more video effects
  • Merge clips for dual system audio
  • Closed captioning playout to firewire and third-party hardware
  • Adobe Audition CS5.5 integration
  • Improved speech-to-text using Adobe Story scripts
  • Canon XF metadata support
  • New Film Dissolve effect, Subtract and Divide blend modes
  • Create new sequences based on clip properties
Adobe Premiere Pro CS5.5.1Windows and Mac OS XSeptember 12, 2011
  • Bug fixes, including some for Mac OSX v10.7 (Lion) compatibility
Adobe Premiere Pro CS5.5.2Windows and Mac OS XNovember 1, 2011
  • nVidia Maximus functionality and bug fixes
Adobe Premiere Pro CS6Windows and Mac OS XMay 7, 2012
Adobe Premiere Pro CS6 icon
  • Redesigned Interface, including customizable Monitor panels, larger thumbnails with Resizing and Hover Scrubbing
  • Over 50 new editing enhancements
  • Improved Mercury Playback Engine, including OpenCL support for specific GPU cards
  • Uninterrupted playback while editing
  • Unlimited Multicam tracks
  • Adjustment layers
  • Warp Stabilizer effect
  • Rolling Shutter Repair effect
  • Updated Three-Way Color Corrector
  • New Export Preset Browser
  • 16-channel audio export
  • Adobe Prelude CS6 integration
  • Adobe SpeedGrade CS6 integration
  • Adobe Encore CS6 integration
Adobe Premiere Pro CS6.0.1Windows and Mac OS XMay 25, 2012
  • Bug fixes and improved OpenCL performance
Adobe Premiere Pro CS6.0.2Windows and Mac OS XSeptember 6, 2012
  • HiDPI for Retina Display, bug fixes, and new supported GPUs
Adobe Premiere Pro CC7.0.0Windows and Mac OS XJune 17, 2013
  • Creative Cloud application (Creative Suite discontinued)
  • Sync workspace and keyboard shortcuts over the Creative Cloud
  • Integration with Behance
  • Redesigned timeline interface
  • Lumetri Deep Color Engine
  • Mezzanine codecs built in
  • Native support for Apple Prores and Avid DNxHD codecs
  • Advanced Link and Locate
  • Updated Close Captioning tool
  • Updated Avid and Final Cut Pro project importer and exporter
Adobe Premiere Pro CC7.0.1[45]Windows and Mac OS XJuly, 2013
  • Create a unique title by duplicating a sequence title
  • Enhancements to "Lift or Extract" feature
  • Copy, Cut, Clear works on In/Out points
  • Enable/disable clips using Enable Clip command
  • Frame matching using clip selection
  • Relink all the media used in a specific sequence without having to relink all the media in the project
  • Enhanced EDL Export dialog
  • Reveal in Project from Source Monitor
  • Linked Selection toggle button available from Timeline
  • Reveal in Finder from Timeline
  • Default start timecode preference
  • Drag and drop files directly from Explorer/Finder into the Source Monitor
  • Match Frame enhancements
  • Offline clips in the timeline are now always red
  • New Bars and Tone creation dialog
  • Source Settings (RAW/REDRAW) dialog accessible from Timeline
  • Auto-save improvements
  • Improved timelapse support when adding clips to a sequence
  • Updated keyboard shortcuts

Films edited on Adobe Premiere Pro[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Premiere Pro CC is Available Now!". 
  2. ^ "System requirements". Adobe Premiere Pro CS6 Tech specs. Adobe Systems. Retrieved 25 July 2012. 
  3. ^ "Adobe Creative Suite 3 Production Premium Wins in Broadcasting", Adobe Systems Incorporated, April 16, 2007, retrieved 2008-05-02 
  4. ^ "'Tonight Show' Upgrades Graphics to HD with Apella HDS and Matrox Axio", TV Technology, April 11, 2008, retrieved 2008-05-02 
  5. ^ a b "The Social Network: Friends of filmmaking". Hollywood, California: Adobe System. 15 October 2010. Retrieved 25 July 2012. 
  6. ^ a b Frazer, Bryant (January 31, 2008), "Conforming a D-20 Feature in Adobe Premiere Pro", studiodaily 
  7. ^ a b "Monsters". Customer Stories: Video, Film, and Audio. Adobe Systems. 14 January 2011. Retrieved 25 July 2012. 
  8. ^ "Madonna's Confessions Tour Uses a Flexible, Fast HP Workstation", Digital Content Producer, August 2, 2006, retrieved 2007-07-06 
  9. ^ "maximum dimensions in Premiere Pro CS5", Adobe Systems Incorporated, July 20, 2010, retrieved 2010-08-25 
  10. ^ Script-to-screen workflows, Adobe Systems Incorporated, retrieved 2010-08-25 
  11. ^ a b Sullivan, Eamonn (January 27, 1992), "Adobe multimedia tool makes nimble partner for QuickTime", PC Week 9 (4): 34 
  12. ^ Thompson, Tom (June 1992), "Two tools of the QuickTime trade", Byte 17 (6): 336 
  13. ^ a b Chadbourne, Teri. "Adobe Premiere Version 2.0 Now Available", Business Wire. New York, 18 September 1992.
  14. ^ Green, Doug; Green, Denise (November 16, 1992), "Premier holds its place as the best multimedia editor", InfoWorld 14 (46): 142(2) 
  15. ^ a b Pane, Patricia J. "Adobe Premiere 3.0 for the Macintosh now available", Business Wire. New York, 2 August 1993.
  16. ^ Peck, LaVon. "Adobe Premiere 1.0 for Windows now available", Business Wire, New York, 10 September 1993.
  17. ^ Rosenbaum, Daniel J. (January 1992), "Premiere 1.0 for Windows: digital video production on the PC", Computer Shopper 14 (1): 869(2) 
  18. ^ Safi, Quabidur R. (October 11, 1993), "Premiere 1.0 for Windows", PC Week 10 (40): 92(1) 
  19. ^ Taft, Darryl K.; Georgianis, Maria V. (August 16, 1993), "Adobe builds presence across multiple platforms", Computer Reseller News (540): 16(1) 
  20. ^ a b "Adobe Systems ships Adobe Premiere 1.1 for Windows", Schaefer, Sonya. Business Wire, New York, 7 February 1994.
  21. ^ Simone, Louisa (April 26, 1994), "Adobe Premiere", PC Magazine 13 (8): 233(2) 
  22. ^ a b Pane, Patricia J. "Version 4.0 of Adobe Premiere for the Macintosh now available", Business Wire, New York, 25 July 1994.
  23. ^ Andy, Fischer (April 1995), "Adobe Premiere version 4.0", Computer Life 2 (4): 118(1) 
  24. ^ Jordan, Lawrence (December 1994), "Adobe Premiere 4.0", Macworld 
  25. ^ Pane, Patricia J. "Adobe Premiere Version 4.0 for Windows now available", Business Wire, New York, 21 December 1994.
  26. ^ Simone, Luisa (March 14, 1995), "Adobe Premiere 4.0: video the professional way", PC Magazine 14 (5): 50 
  27. ^ a b "Adobe Premiere 4.2 for Macintosh and Power Macintosh Now Available" (Press release). Adobe Systems Incorporated. October 20, 1995. Retrieved 2007-07-06. 
  28. ^ "Adobe Premiere 4.2 for Windows 95 & Windows NT Now Available" (Press release). Adobe Systems Incorporated. April 24, 1996. Retrieved 2007-07-06. 
  29. ^ Adobe Premiere New Feature Highlights, Adobe Systems Incorporated, February 27, 1996, retrieved 2007-07-06 
  30. ^ "Adobe ships Premiere 4.2 for SGI O2 workstations", What's New at Adobe - July, 1997 (Adobe Systems Incorporated), July 21, 1997, retrieved 2007-07-06 
  31. ^ "Adobe Systems to Deliver Silicon Graphics Version Of Adobe Premiere Non-linear Editing Software" (Press release). Adobe Systems Incorporated. October 7, 1996. Retrieved 2007-07-06. 
  32. ^ a b "Adobe Premiere 5.0 Now Shipping" (Press release). Adobe Systems Incorporated. May 18, 1998. Retrieved 2007-07-06. 
  33. ^ Adobe Premiere 5.0 New Features, Adobe Systems Incorporated, retrieved 2007-06-06 
  34. ^ a b "Adobe Announces Update to Premiere 5.0" (Press release). Adobe Systems Incorporated. October 14, 1998. Retrieved 2007-07-06. 
  35. ^ "Adobe Ships Premiere 6.0" (Press release). Adobe Systems Incorporated. January 8, 2001. Retrieved 2007-07-06. 
  36. ^ "Adobe Introduces CS4" (Press release). Adobe Systems Incorporated. September 23, 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-04. 
  37. ^ "Adobe Introduces CS4" (Press release). Adobe Systems Incorporated. November 20, 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-04. 
  38. ^ Adobe Premiere Pro v4.1.0, Adobe Systems Incorporated 
  39. ^ Adobe Premiere Pro v4.2.0, Adobe Systems Incorporated 
  40. ^ Adobe Premiere Pro v4.2.1, Adobe Systems Incorporated 
  41. ^ Adobe Premiere Pro v5 announced, Adobe Systems Incorporated 
  42. ^ Adobe Premiere Pro v5.0.1, Adobe Systems Incorporated 
  43. ^ Adobe Premiere Pro v5.0.2, Adobe Systems Incorporated 
  44. ^ Adobe Premiere Pro v5.0.3, Adobe Systems Incorporated 
  45. ^ Adobe Premiere Pro CC7.0.1
  46. ^ "Popular switches to Adobe Premiere Pro CS6 for latest Burton Snowboards film-"13"", Pro Video Coalition, November 8, 2012, retrieved 2013-01-25 
  47. ^ ""A Liar’s Autobiography" Filmmakers Switch to All Adobe Workflow for Tribute to Monty Python Member", Pro Video Coalition, September 8, 2012, retrieved 2013-01-25 
  48. ^ "Adobe Premiere Pro used to Cut Dust to Glory", Digital Media Net, January 24, 2005, retrieved 2012-08-27 
  49. ^ "Coen Brothers Switched from Final Cut Pro to Adobe Premiere with 'Inside Llewyn Davis'", No Film School, May 10, 2013, retrieved 2013-05-10 
  50. ^ "Tom Lowe breaks technological and creative bounds with TimeScapes", Pro Video Coalition, October 12, 2012, retrieved 2013-01-25 
  51. ^ Restuccio, Daniel (June 1, 2006), "'SUPERMAN RETURNS'", Post 
  52. ^ "Lightning strikes with new Danny Way documentary created by Jacob Rosenberg", Pro Video Coalition, December 6, 2012, retrieved 2013-01-25 
  53. ^ http://wwwimages.adobe.com/www.adobe.com/content/dam/Adobe/en/customer-success/pdfs/hugo-case-study.pdf
  54. ^ http://wwwimages.adobe.com/www.adobe.com/content/dam/Adobe/en/customer-success/pdfs/act-of-valor-case-study.pdf
  55. ^ http://wwwimages.adobe.com/www.adobe.com/content/dam/Adobe/en/casestudies/creativesuite/production/avatar/pdfs/avatar-casestudy.pdf

External links[edit]