Adelaide Oval

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Adelaide Oval
Completed Adelaide Oval 2014 - cropped and rotated.jpg
Aerial view of the Oval in April 2014
LocationNorth Adelaide, South Australia
Coordinates34°54′56″S 138°35′46″E / 34.91556°S 138.59611°E / -34.91556; 138.59611Coordinates: 34°54′56″S 138°35′46″E / 34.91556°S 138.59611°E / -34.91556; 138.59611
Opened1871
OwnerSouth Australian Government
OperatorAdelaide Oval SMA Ltd
Capacity53,583 (3,500 standing on hill)[1]
Field size167 x 124 metres (Australian rules football) [2]
Websitewww.adelaideoval.com.au
Tenants
S.A Cricket Association (1871–present)
South Australia cricket team (1877 – present)
Australian cricket team (1884 – present)
Adelaide Strikers (BBL) (2011–present)
S.A National Football League (1975–1976, 2014–present)
Port Adelaide Football Club (AFL) (1975-76, 2011, 2014–present)
Adelaide Football Club (AFL) (2014–present)

South Adelaide Football Club (SANFL) (1882–03, 1905–94)
West Adelaide Football Club (SANFL) (1940–57)
Sturt Football Club (SANFL) (1987–97)
Adelaide Rams (SL/NRL) (1997-98)
 
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Adelaide Oval
Completed Adelaide Oval 2014 - cropped and rotated.jpg
Aerial view of the Oval in April 2014
LocationNorth Adelaide, South Australia
Coordinates34°54′56″S 138°35′46″E / 34.91556°S 138.59611°E / -34.91556; 138.59611Coordinates: 34°54′56″S 138°35′46″E / 34.91556°S 138.59611°E / -34.91556; 138.59611
Opened1871
OwnerSouth Australian Government
OperatorAdelaide Oval SMA Ltd
Capacity53,583 (3,500 standing on hill)[1]
Field size167 x 124 metres (Australian rules football) [2]
Websitewww.adelaideoval.com.au
Tenants
S.A Cricket Association (1871–present)
South Australia cricket team (1877 – present)
Australian cricket team (1884 – present)
Adelaide Strikers (BBL) (2011–present)
S.A National Football League (1975–1976, 2014–present)
Port Adelaide Football Club (AFL) (1975-76, 2011, 2014–present)
Adelaide Football Club (AFL) (2014–present)

South Adelaide Football Club (SANFL) (1882–03, 1905–94)
West Adelaide Football Club (SANFL) (1940–57)
Sturt Football Club (SANFL) (1987–97)
Adelaide Rams (SL/NRL) (1997-98)

Adelaide Oval is a stadium in Adelaide, South Australia, located in the parklands between the city centre and North Adelaide. The stadium dates back to 1871; among those responsible for its construction were John Pickering and Henry Yorke Sparks.[3]

The stadium is mostly used for cricket and football, but also plays host to rugby league, rugby union, soccer, and concerts. Its record crowd for cricket was 50,962 during the Bodyline Third Test in 1933, and its overall record attendance was 62,543 at the 1965 SANFL Grand Final between the Port Adelaide and Sturt Football Clubs.

The Oval has been headquarters to the South Australian Cricket Association (SACA) since 1871 and South Australian National Football League (SANFL) since 2014.[4] The stadium is managed by the Adelaide Oval Stadium Management Authority (AOSMA). Redevelopments between 2008 and 2014, costing $575 million, increased the stadium's seating capacity from 34,000[5] to 53,583 (including standing room).[1][6] The Adelaide and Port Adelaide Football Clubs also returned to the stadium, leaving Football Park.[7]

In 2010, Austadiums.com called the Adelaide Oval "one of the most picturesque Test cricket grounds in Australia, if not the world."[8] After the redevelopment, sports journalist Gerard Whatley described it as "the most perfect piece of modern architecture because it's a thoroughly contemporary stadium with all the character that it's had in the past."[9]

History[edit]

Australia vs England during the third test in 1902
View of the Oval in 2006
Chappell stands packed for Australia v England December 2006
Sir Donald Bradman Stand, 2007
West stand during the 2010–11 Ashes Series

Oval layout[edit]

The Oval in December 2010

The oval dimensions were originally 190m x 125m,[17] both unusually long and unusually narrow for an Australian cricket/football ground. The arrangement was highly favourable for batsmen who played square of the wicket, and heavily penalised bowlers who delivered the ball short or wide so that the batsman could play cut, hook or pull shots. Before the far ends in front of and behind the wicket were roped off, making the playing area shorter, it was not uncommon for batsmen to hit an all-run four or even occasionally a five.[18]

Historically, the Adelaide Oval's integral pitch was generally very good for batting, and offering little assistance to bowlers until the last day of a match. Since the redevelopment in 2013, a drop-in pitch has been used at the venue.[19]

Development[edit]

Western stand construction at Adelaide Oval on 10 July 2010

Western stand redevelopment[edit]

In August 2008 the South Australian Cricket Association (SACA) announced that it had approved plans to redevelop the ground, involving expanding its capacity to 40,000. Development plans showed a reconfiguration of the playing surface and a remodelled western stand. The redevelopment would make the ground a viable option for hosting Australian Football League games as well as international soccer and rugby. The state and federal Governments each pledged $25m to the project, leaving the SACA to raise at least $45m. The SACA planned for the new stand to be ready in time for the 2010–11 Ashes series.[20] The Western grandstands were torn down in June 2009[21] and a single Western stand was developed in its place ahead of the 2010-11 Ashes series.[22] The new Western stand incorporates 14,000 individual seats and features improved shading conditions and amenities for SACA members.[23]

2010 state election proposals[edit]

In the lead up to the 2010 South Australian state election, the opposition Liberal Party announced that, if elected, it would build with a new stadium with a roof, located at Riverside West at the site of the state government's new hospital location.[24][25] The incumbent Labor Party subsequently announced it would fund a $450 million upgrade and redevelopment of the whole of Adelaide Oval, rather than just the Western Grand Stand.[26] Labor narrowly won re-election at the 2010 state election, resulting in its Adelaide Oval upgrade policy going ahead though eventually for a steeper $535 million.

SACA and SANFL joint redevelopment[edit]

New Western Stands during Day 3 of the second 2010–11 Ashes Series Test match.
Demolition of the Sir Donald Bradman stand as part of redevelopment, April 2012

The Adelaide Oval Stadium Management Authority (AOSMA), a joint venture of SACA and the South Australian National Football League (SANFL), was registered as a company on 23 December 2009 following the re-announcement of the plan.[27] The AOSMA has eight directors, four associated with SACA (Ian McLachlan-Chair, John Harnden, Creagh O’Connor & John Bannon) and four with SANFL (Leigh Whicker-CEO, Rod Payze, Philip Gallagher & Jamie Coppins).[28]

However, in early-mid-2010, prior to the election, it became clear that $450m would be inadequate. Following the 2010 state election, SA Premier Mike Rann capped the State Government's commitment, saying: "It's $450 million – and not a penny more", and set a deadline for the parties to agree.[29] In May, Treasurer Kevin Foley announced that "the Government's final offer to the SANFL and SACA for the redevelopment" was $535 million, and the deadline was extended to August 2010.[30] Simultaneously, the SACA and the SANFL were in the process of negotiating an agreement that would enable Australian Rules Football (AFL) to use Adelaide Oval during the AFL season as their home ground.[31][32][33][34] In August 2010, SANFL and SACA representatives signed letters of intent committing to the project, including the capped $535 million offer from the state government.[35]

The redevelopment included a $40 million pedestrian bridge across the River Torrens to link the Adelaide railway station precinct with the Adelaide Oval precinct, which was partially completed for the Ashes cricket series in December 2013 and fully completed ahead of the 2014 AFL season.[36][37]

Debate continued on whether the Adelaide Crows would move from Football Park (AAMI Stadium) to Adelaide Oval, or continue to use AAMI Stadium as their home ground. With the move to Adelaide Oval, it is expected that AAMI will withdraw their sponsorship, and the land around Football Park will be rezoned to allow the SANFL (the owners of Football Park) to profit from the rezoning.[38]

The stands at Football Park will be demolished, but the Adelaide Football Club Administrative offices, CrowsMania (Adelaide Football Clubs merchandise store), the Oval itself and the surrounding area will stay.[39] In early 2011, the AFL, SANFL, SACA, the SA Government and the Australian Government reached an agreement to upgrade Adelaide Oval. The SACA and the SANFL proposed, if SACA members vote yes on the upgrade in early May, that the whole Stadium will undergo redevelopment, except for the Northern Mound, the Moreton Bay Fig trees and the scoreboard, which will stay as it is because of it being under heritage listing. A two-thirds majority of SACA members were required to vote in favour of the proposed upgrade for it to ahead, with a successful vote resulting in the SANFL and AFL having control over the stadium for 7 months of the year and SACA having control for 5 months of the year.

SACA members had the choice of voting online on 28 April 2011 or attending in person an Extraordinary Meeting at the Adelaide Showgrounds on 2 May 2011. At 6pm, 28 April 2011, It was announced that 60% of SACA members that voted online voted yes, 15% short of the Majority vote needed for the upgrade to go ahead. At 10.15pm, on 2 May 2011, at the Adelaide Showgrounds, the final result was announced. 80.37% of total votes cast were in favour of Adelaide Oval being redeveloped, resulting in the upgrade and stadium reconfiguration being approved.[40] The upgrade commenced in April 2012, and was finished in time for the 2014 AFL season.[1]

All stands of the Oval were redeveloped and upgraded except for the already rebuilt Western grandstand (SACA and SANFL members only stand), the Northern Mound, the Historic Scoreboard and the Moreton Bay fig trees. The Northern Mound, the Moreton Bay fig trees and the Scoreboard are all heritage listed and will likely never be demolished unless damaged beyond repair.[41]

SACA Members Vote[42]
Concerns redevelopment of Adelaide Oval†
ChoiceVotes %
Referendum passed Yes10,07880.37%
No2,46119.63%
Total votes12,539100.00%

† Note that a 75% threshold was required in order for approval to be granted

Uses[edit]

Sporting events[edit]

The Oval seen from the west, 2012
Statue of Donald Bradman outside the Oval

Adelaide Oval hosts the following major sporting events:

17 sports have been played at one time or another at the oval: archery, athletics, baseball, cycling, gridion, highland games, hockey, lacrosse, lawn tennis, rugby league, rugby union, quoits, soccer and Motorcycle racing.

Concerts[edit]

Adelaide Oval has hosted major concerts during its time, with some of the most famous acts including Fleetwood Mac (1977 & 2004), David Bowie (1978 & 1983), KISS (1980), Madonna and Paul McCartney (1993), Michael Jackson (1996), Billy Joel and Elton John (1998),[43] P!nk (2002), Pearl Jam (2009), AC/DC and Wolfmother (2010) and Foo Fighters (2011).[44]

The Rolling Stones were due to play a concert at the Adelaide Oval on 22 March 2014.[45] This would have been the first major event at the fully redeveloped venue, but it was postponed due to the death of lead singer Mick Jagger's girlfriend L'Wren Scott in New York on 17 March.

Transport Access[edit]

Public transport access
ServiceStation/StopLine/RouteWalking Distance
from Adelaide Oval
Adelaide Metro Buses Aiga bus trans.svgKing William Rd West
Montefiore Rd West
26 Routes
7 Routes
300 m (4 mins)
550m (7 mins)
Adelaide Metro Trains BSicon BAHN.svgAdelaide6 Lines550 m (7 mins)
Adelaide Metro Trams BSicon TRAM.svgAdelaideGlenelg650 m (8 mins)

AFL Records[edit]

Attendance records[edit]

Top 10 Sports Attendance Records

DateTeamsSportCompetitionCrowd
12 October 1965Port Adelaide def. SturtAustralian rules footballSANFL (Grand Final)62,543[46]
21 October 1966Sturt def. Port AdelaideAustralian rules footballSANFL (Grand Final)59,417
328 September 1957Port Adelaide def. NorwoodAustralian rules footballSANFL (Grand Final)58,924
430 September 1967Sturt def. Port AdelaideAustralian rules footballSANFL (Grand Final)58,849
528 September 1968Sturt def. Port AdelaideAustralian rules footballSANFL (Grand Final)57,811
629 September 1973Glenelg def. North AdelaideAustralian rules footballSANFL (Grand Final)56,525
730 October 1964South Adelaide def. Port AdelaideAustralian rules footballSANFL (Grand Final)56,353
830 September 1972North Adelaide def. Port AdelaideAustralian rules footballSANFL (Grand Final)55,709
94 October 1969Sturt def. GlenelgAustralian rules footballSANFL (Grand Final)55,600
102 October 1954Port Adelaide def. West AdelaideAustralian rules footballSANFL (Grand Final)54,282

Top 10 Sports Attendances (Post 2014 Redevelopment)

DateTeamsSportCompetitionCrowd
124 May 2014Port Adelaide def. HawthornAustralian rules football2014 AFL season52,233
229 March 2014Port Adelaide def. AdelaideAustralian rules football2014 AFL season50,397
315 May 2014Adelaide def. CollingwoodAustralian rules football2014 AFL season50,051
42 June 2014Adelaide def. Gold CoastAustralian rules football2014 AFL season49,069
55 April 2014Sydney def. AdelaideAustralian rules football2014 AFL season47,426
627 April 2014Port Adelaide def. GeelongAustralian rules football2014 AFL season47,007
720 April 2014Adelaide def. Greater Western SydneyAustralian rules football2014 AFL season44,770
83 May 2014Melbourne def. AdelaideAustralian rules football2014 AFL season44,216
910 May 2014Port Adelaide def. FremantleAustralian rules football2014 AFL season38,234
1012 April 2014Port Adelaide def. BrisbaneAustralian rules football2014 AFL season36,231

Top 5 non-Australian Rules Football or Cricket Sports Attendance Records

DateTeamsSportCompetitionCrowd
126 October 2003Ireland def. ArgentinaRugby Union2003 Rugby World Cup30,203
228 June 1991St. George Dragons def. Balmain TigersRugby League1991 NSWRL season28,884
325 October 2003Australia def. NamibiaRugby Union2003 Rugby World Cup28,196
414 March 1997Adelaide Rams def. Hunter MarinersRugby League1997 Super League season27,435
528 December 2007Sydney FC def. Adelaide UnitedSoccer2007–08 A-League25,039

Top 5 Musical Acts/Events Attendance Records

DateName Of Tour/EventBand/SingerCrowd
12 March 2010Black Ice World TourAC/DC41,569
21 December 1993The Girlie Show World TourMadonna40,000
318 March 1998Face to FaceElton John/Billy Joel37,500
426 November 1996HIStory World TourMichael Jackson30,000
518 November 1980Unmasked TourKISS20,000*

* Estimated attendance

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Voss, Cameron (29 March 2014). "Adelaide Oval ready for showdown". Austadiums.com. Retrieved 19 May 2014. 
  2. ^ Oval retains unique size (afc.com.au)
  3. ^ "Out Among the People". The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1931 - 1954) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 16 January 1951. p. 4. Retrieved 13 June 2013. 
  4. ^ "The End of Football Park" Austadiums.com, 11 October 2013. Retrieved 19 May 2014
  5. ^ Adelaide Oval (ESPN Cricinfo)
  6. ^ "ADELAIDE OVAL – EDUCATION RESOURCE". Adelaideoval.com.au. Retrieved 19 May 2014. 
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ "Adelaide Oval" (Updated 10/11/2010) Austadiums.com, 10 November 2010. Retrieved 19 May 2014
  9. ^ "Gerard Whateley's Monologue Transcript" Bigfooty.com, April 29, 2014. Retrieved May 19, 2014
  10. ^ "South Australia vs. Tasmania, 1877–78". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN Inc. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  11. ^ "A Worthy Citizen". The Register (Adelaide, SA : 1901 – 1929) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 20 September 1926. p. 9. Retrieved 4 September 2012. 
  12. ^ p69, Mark Peel, England Expects, A biography of Ken Barrington, The Kingswood Press, 1992
  13. ^ The Australian, 3 December 2009
  14. ^ Michael Owen, The Australian, 3 December 2009
  15. ^ AAP, Sydney Morning Herald, 2 May 2011
  16. ^ Adelaide Oval: Fast Facts
  17. ^ SACA Seating Plan
  18. ^ Ryan, Christian (9 December 2013). "A cricket ground's song". 
  19. ^ Valentina Changarathil (11 March 2013). "Beginning of changes to Adelaide Oval's surface". The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA). Retrieved 5 December 2013. 
  20. ^ New-look Adelaide Oval to chase AFL, The Australian, 2 August 2008
  21. ^ Adelaide Oval history lies in ruins (Sunday Mail)
  22. ^ New Western stand mostly grand
  23. ^ Western grandstand (SACA.com.au)
  24. ^ Mike Rann rejected SANFL's 'Liberal' stadium proposal (The Australian - January 2010)
  25. ^ The SA Liberals' Plan for a New Stadium at Riverside West (Official Party Policy Document: PDF - April 2009
  26. ^ Labor proposes $450 million Oval upgrade (December 2009)
  27. ^ "Re: Adelaide Oval Redevelopment inc. $450 million 'extension". Sensational Adelaide. Retrieved 27 May 2011. "The "Adelaide Oval Stadium Management Authority" was registered as a company on 23 Dec 2009 following the re-announcement of the plan (now $450 million) by Mike Rann, in time for the March 2010 election." 
  28. ^ Adelaide Oval SMA Limited ABN 46 141 259 538. "Adelaide Oval Stadium Management Authority Organisation Chart" (PDF). Retrieved 27 May 2011. 
  29. ^ Rann caps State Government's commitment, Advertiser, 7 April 2010: SA Premier Mike Rann has capped the State Government's commitment to any redevelopment of Adelaide Oval for AFL football at $450 million. "It's $450 million – and not a penny more", said Mr Rann today ruling out the government underwriting any cost over-runs at Adelaide Oval.
  30. ^ Adelaide Oval plan still short by $50m, 27 May 2010, Adelaidenow.com.au
  31. ^ AFL at Adelaide Oval, SACA website
  32. ^ Stadium Management Authority promotional brochure, 13 August 2010, SACA website
  33. ^ Stadium Management Authority official website, www.adelaideovalredevelopment.com.au
  34. ^ SMA Design Briefing, 18 June 2010, SANFL website
  35. ^ "New Adelaide Oval plans revealed". sportsnewsfirst.com.au. 17 September 2010. Retrieved February 25, 2014. 
  36. ^ "Ashes fans Test new footbridge over River Torrens in Adelaide". ABC News Australia. 5 December 2013. Retrieved February 25, 2014. 
  37. ^ "Construction begins on Torrens footbridge". 7 News (Yahoo7). 1 May 2013. Retrieved February 25, 2014. 
  38. ^ "70 developers register their interest in AAMI Stadium land at West Lakes". Adelaide Now. 13 February 2014. Retrieved February 25, 2014. 
  39. ^ "Footy finale for West Lakes stadium". AdelaideNow. 4 October 2013. Retrieved February 25, 2014. 
  40. ^ SACA votes yes for Adelaide Oval redevelopment (NovaFM)
  41. ^ Adelaide Oval Redvelopment Overview (Austadiums)
  42. ^ SACA Members Vote Results
  43. ^ U2 to lead the charge, The Advertiser, 10 November 2006
  44. ^ http://www.cricketsa.com.au/Article/EventDetail.aspx?p=285&id=110
  45. ^ http://www.smh.com.au/entertainment/music/the-rolling-stones-tour-confirmed-for-australia-20131120-2xunp.html
  46. ^ "Adelaide Oval Venue Information". Retrieved 29 September 2013. 

External links[edit]