Adams County, Pennsylvania

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Adams County, Pennsylvania
Adams PA Courthouse 1.JPG
Seal of Adams County, Pennsylvania
Seal
Map of Pennsylvania highlighting Adams County
Location in the state of Pennsylvania
Map of the United States highlighting Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania's location in the U.S.
FoundedJanuary 22, 1800
Named forJohn Adams
SeatGettysburg
Largest boroughGettysburg
Area
 • Total522 sq mi (1,352 km2)
 • Land520 sq mi (1,347 km2)
 • Water2 sq mi (5 km2), 0.29%
Population
 • (2010)101,407
 • Density194.27/sq mi (75/km²)
Congressional district4th
Time zoneEastern: UTC-5/-4
Websitewww.adamscounty.us
 
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Adams County, Pennsylvania
Adams PA Courthouse 1.JPG
Seal of Adams County, Pennsylvania
Seal
Map of Pennsylvania highlighting Adams County
Location in the state of Pennsylvania
Map of the United States highlighting Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania's location in the U.S.
FoundedJanuary 22, 1800
Named forJohn Adams
SeatGettysburg
Largest boroughGettysburg
Area
 • Total522 sq mi (1,352 km2)
 • Land520 sq mi (1,347 km2)
 • Water2 sq mi (5 km2), 0.29%
Population
 • (2010)101,407
 • Density194.27/sq mi (75/km²)
Congressional district4th
Time zoneEastern: UTC-5/-4
Websitewww.adamscounty.us

Adams County is a county in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 101,407.[1] Its county seat is Gettysburg.[2] The county was created on January 22, 1800, from part of York County and named in honor of the second President of the United States, John Adams.

Adams County comprises the Gettysburg, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Harrisburg-York-Lebanon, PA Combined Statistical Area.

Law and government[edit]

Pennsylvania State Senate[edit]

Pennsylvania House of Representatives[edit]

DistrictRepresentativeParty
91Dan MoulRepublican
193Will TallmanRepublican

United States House of Representatives[edit]

DistrictRepresentativeParty
4Scott PerryRepublican

United States Senate[edit]

Geography[edit]

Eternal Light Peace Memorial at Gettysburg Battlefield

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 522 square miles (1,350 km2), of which 519 square miles (1,340 km2) is land and 3 square miles (7.8 km2) (0.6%) is water.[3] The Bourough of Gettysburg is located at the center of Adams County. This county seat community is surrounded on three sides by the Gettysburg National Military Park (GNMP). The Eisenhower National Historic Site adjoins GNMP on its southwest edge. Most of Adams County's rural landscapes and its mid-19th century roadway pattern remain intact today. Thirteen historic roadways converge at or near Gettysburg Borough. Two circular rings of towns surround Gettysburg; the first ring is typically found at a distance of about 7 miles (11 km) from Gettysburg. The second ring is found at a distance of 12 to 15 miles (24 km) from the County Seat. This "spokes and wheel" pattern represents one of the few examples of Central Place Theory in the Eastern United States.

The county is in the watershed of the Chesapeake Bay and is drained by the Susquehanna River and Potomac River.

Metropolitan and Combined Statistical Area[edit]

The United States Office of Management and Budget[4] has designated Adams County as the Gettysburg, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA). As of the 2010 U.S. Census[5] the metropolitan area ranked 19th most populous in the State of Pennsylvania and the 349th most populous in the United States with a population of 101,407. Adams County is also a part of the larger Harrisburg-York-Lebanon, PA Combined Statistical Area (CSA), which combines the populations of Adams County as well as Cumberland, Dauphin, Lebanon, Perry and York Counties in Pennsylvania. The Combined Statistical Area ranked 5th in the State of Pennsylvania and 43rd most populous in the United States with a population of 1,219,422.

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
180013,172
181015,15215.0%
182019,37027.8%
183021,37910.4%
184023,0447.8%
185025,98112.7%
186028,0067.8%
187030,3158.2%
188032,4557.1%
189033,4863.2%
190034,4963.0%
191034,319−0.5%
192034,5830.8%
193037,1287.4%
194039,4356.2%
195044,19712.1%
196051,90617.4%
197056,9379.7%
198068,29219.9%
199078,27414.6%
200091,29216.6%
2010101,40711.1%
Est. 2012101,4820.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
2012 Estimate[1]

As of the census[7] of 2010, there were 101,407 people, 33,652 households, and 24,767 families residing in the county. The population density was 194 people per square mile (75/km²). There were 35,831 housing units at an average density of 69 per square mile (27/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.39% White, 1.21% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.49% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.71% from other races, and 0.97% from two or more races. 3.64% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 42.7% were of German, 14.1% American, 8.5% Irish and 7.1% English ancestry according to Census 2000. 95.0% spoke English and 3.6% Spanish as their first language.

There were 33,652 households out of which 33.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.10% were married couples living together, 8.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.40% were non-families. 21.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.90% under the age of 18, 9.20% from 18 to 24, 28.90% from 25 to 44, 23.00% from 45 to 64, and 13.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 96.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.80 males. Adams County is one of two counties in Pennsylvania where Latter-Day Saints make up 1% of the population.

Municipalities[edit]

Map of Adams County, Pennsylvania with Municipal Labels showing Boroughs (red), Townships (white), and Census-designated places (blue).

Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: cities, boroughs, townships, and, in at most two cases, towns. The following boroughs and townships are located in Adams County:

Boroughs[edit]

Townships[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Census-designated places are geographical areas designated by the U.S. Census Bureau for the purposes of compiling demographic data, but are not actual jurisdictions under Pennsylvania law. Other unincorporated communities, such as villages, may be listed here as well.


County Population Ranking[edit]

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Adams County.[5]

county seat

RankCity/Town/etc.Population (2010 Census)Municipal typeIncorporated
1Gettysburg7,620Borough1806
2Littlestown4,434Borough1864
3Carroll Valley3,876Borough1974
4McSherrystown3,038Borough1882
5Lake Meade2,563CDP
6Midway2,125CDP
7Bonneauville1,800Borough1961
8New Oxford1,783Borough1874
9East Berlin1,521Borough1879
10Lake Heritage1,333CDP
11Biglerville1,200Borough1903
12Abbottstown1,011Borough1835
13Arendtsville952Borough1896
14York Springs833Borough1868
15Heidlersburg707CDP
16Bendersville641Borough1866
17Hampton632CDP
18Hunterstown547CDP
19Fairfield507Borough1896
20Cashtown459CDP
21Aspers350CDP
22McKnightstown226CDP
23Idaville177CDP
24Orrtanna173CDP
25Gardners150CDP
26Table Rock62CDP
27Floradale38CDP

Education[edit]

Map of Adams County, Pennsylvania School Districts

Colleges and universities[edit]

Community, Junior and Technical Colleges[edit]

Public School Districts[edit]

The 498 school districts of Pennsylvania, that have high schools, were ranked for student academic achievement as demonstrated by three years of math, reading, writing and science PSSA results by the.[8]

Public Charter Schools[edit]

Private Schools[edit]

As reported by Pennsylvania Department of Education April 2012.

Intermediate Unit[edit]

Lincoln Intermediate Unit (IU#12) region includes: Adams County, Franklin County and York County. The agency offers school districts, home schooled students and private schools many services including: Special education services, combined purchasing, and instructional technology services. It runs Summer Academy which offers both art and academic strands designed to meet the individual needs of gifted, talented and high achieving students. Additional services include: Curriculum Mapping, Professional Development for school employees, Adult Education, Nonpublic School Services, Business Services, Migrant & ESL (English as a Second Language), Instructional Services, Special Education, Management Services, and Technology Services. It also provides a GED program to adults who want to earn a high school diploma and literacy programs. The Lincoln Intermediate Unit is governed by a 13 member Board of Directors, each a member of a local school board from the 25 school districts. Board members are elected by school directors of all 25 school districts for three-year terms that begin July 1.[9] There are 29 intermediate units in Pennsylvania. They are funded by school districts, state and federal program specific funding and grants. IUs do not have the power to tax.

Transportation[edit]

Air transportation[edit]

There are currently no scheduled commercial flights into Adams County, and travel is limited to general aviation airfields. The nearest airports with regular commercial service are in Hagerstown, Maryland (Hagerstown Regional Airport), Harrisburg, Pennsylvania (Harrisburg International Airport), and Lancaster, Pennsylvania (Lancaster Airport).

Bus transportation[edit]

Public bus service in Adams County is available through the Adams County Transit Authority.

Roads[edit]

U.S. Route 15 enters Adams County, Pennsylvania south of Gettysburg. Business Route 15 (Emmitsburg Road) goes through Gettysburg, while US 15 bypasses the borough. The bypass continues to York Springs. US 15 then leaves Adams County and passes through Dillsburg in York County.

Pennsylvania Highway System[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Recreation[edit]

There is one Pennsylvania state park in Adams County.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 16, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011. 
  4. ^ http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb
  5. ^ a b http://www.census.gov/2010census/popmap/ipmtext.php?fl=41:42001
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 16, 2013. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008. 
  8. ^ Pittsburgh Business Times (April 6, 2012). "Statewide School District Rankings". 
  9. ^ Lincoln Intermediate Unit 12 website accessed April 2010
  10. ^ a b c Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607–1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°52′N 77°13′W / 39.87°N 77.22°W / 39.87; -77.22