Adam Heller

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Adam Heller
President George W. Bush presents the 2007 National Medal for Technology and Innovation to Dr. Adam Heller of the University of Texas at Austin at a ceremony in September of 2008.
Born25 June 1933
Cluj, Transylvania, Romania
ResidenceTexas, United States
NationalityAmerican
FieldsChemical Engineering
InstitutionsBell Laboratories
GTE Laboratories
University of Texas at Austin
Alma materHebrew University
Doctoral advisorErnst David Bergmann
 
Jump to: navigation, search
Adam Heller
President George W. Bush presents the 2007 National Medal for Technology and Innovation to Dr. Adam Heller of the University of Texas at Austin at a ceremony in September of 2008.
Born25 June 1933
Cluj, Transylvania, Romania
ResidenceTexas, United States
NationalityAmerican
FieldsChemical Engineering
InstitutionsBell Laboratories
GTE Laboratories
University of Texas at Austin
Alma materHebrew University
Doctoral advisorErnst David Bergmann

Adam Heller (born 1933) is an Israeli-American engineer and Research Professor of the John J. McKetta Department of Chemical Engineering at the University of Texas at Austin. He formerly held the Ernest Cockrell Sr. Chair in Engineering of the Cockrell School of Engineering at the University of Texas. As of 2013, he was granted 209 US patents with 350 patent applications pending. He consults to Abbott Diabetes Care, Inc. of Alameda, CA, the maker of the Freestyle line of products. He also serves as Chief Scientific Officer of Synagile Corporation, a venture developing continuous infusion systems for managing Parkinson's disease.

Biography[edit]

Holocaust[edit]

Adam Heller was born in 1933 to Jewish parents in the Romanian city of Cluj (now Cluj-Napoca). In 1944, following the Second Vienna Award, the Hungarian administration confiscated his family's property, and they were forcibly relocated along with more than 18,000 other Jews to the Kolozsvár Ghetto within the walls of the Iris Brickyard.[1] In late May of the same year, the prisoners of the ghetto at Kolozsvár were transported out of the ghetto as part of the Nazi Final Solution. Heller and his immediate family survived on Kasztner's Train.[2][3] In 1945, he arrived in British Mandate Palestine, which became the State of Israel in 1948.

Academia[edit]

Heller received his M.Sc. and Ph.D. from Hebrew University in 1961, where he studied under Ernst David Bergmann.[4] After post-doctoral research at the University of California, Berkeley (1962-1963) and at Bell Laboratories in Murray Hill, NJ (1963-1964), he worked at GTE Laboratories in Bayside, NY and in Waltham, MA (1964-1975), then returned to Bell Laboratories (1975-1988),[5] heading its Electronic Materials Research Department (1977-1988). Under his stewardship, a team lead by King L. Tai, developed key parts of the high speed, high density chip-to-chip interconnect technology of mobile electronic systems.[6]

Abbott Diabetes Inc.[edit]

While a professor of engineering at the University of Texas at Austin (1988-to date)[7] he and his son Ephraim Heller co-founded TheraSense in 1996, now part of Abbott Diabetes Care, Inc. He was the first Chief Technical Officer of the company.[8] The FreeStyle™ system of TheraSense, a micro-coulometer released in 2000, made the monitoring of blood glucose painless by accurately monitoring the glucose concentration in 300 nanoliters of blood.[9] With more than a billion units produced annually, FreeStyle™ is the highest impact nanotechnology or micro-fluidic device to-date.[10] The FreeStyle Navigator™ system of Abbott Diabetes Care continuously and accurately monitors subcutaneous glucose levels in diabetic patients.[11] It is based on the electrical wiring of enzymes, the science and technology of which were created by Heller.[12]

Research[edit]

His study of the physical chemistry of inorganic oxyhalide solutions resulted in the first neodymium liquid lasers (1964-1967).[13] It also resulted in one of the earliest lithium batteries, the globally manufactured lithium thionyl chloride battery (1973) used in implanted medical and in defense systems where greater than a 20 year shelf life, high energy density, or operation at any temperature encountered on Earth are required.[14]

His studies of photoelectrochemical solar cells resulted in 11.5% efficient solar cells (1980)[15] and in 12% efficient hydrogen evolving photoelectrodes.[16] His related studies with Heinz Gerischer of photoelectrocatalysis established that the rate of photo-assisted oxidation of organic matter on photocatalytic titanium dioxide particles was controlled by the rate of reduction of adsorbed oxygen by trapped electrons.[17]

He established the field of electrical wiring of enzymes (1988-2005),[18] a methodology to of electrical connections between electrodes and enzymes' catalytic redox centers. This development in electrical wiring enables miniature subcutaneously implanted glucose sensors.[19] His wired enzymes became the core technology of the FreeStyle Navigator™ system of Abbott Diabetes Care; the device continuously and accurately monitors subcutaneous glucose levels in diabetic people.[20]

Awards[edit]

In 2008, he was awarded the National Medal of Technology and Innovation for the year 2007, the highest technology award in the United States.[21] Earlier, in 1987 he was elected to the U.S. National Academy of Engineering[22] and in 2009 to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.[23] He was named Guest Professor of the Collège de France in 1982 and received honorary doctorates from Uppsala University in Sweden in 1991 and from Queen’s College of the City University of New York in 2008.[5] His medals include the Spiers Medal and the Faraday Medal of the Royal Society of Chemistry, UK,[24] the Vittorio De Nora Gold Medal of The Electrochemical Society[25] and the Fresenius Gold Medal and Prize of the Society of German Chemists[26] and the Torbern Bergman Medal of the Swedish Chemical Society, which he shared with Allen J. Bard.[27] His awards include the Battery Research Award and the Grahame Award of The Electrochemical Society,[28] and the Chemistry of Materials and Creative Invention Awards of the American Chemical Society[29] and the American Institute of Chemical Engineers Award in Chemical Engineering Practice.[30]

Curriculum Vitae[edit]

File:Heller-Issued_US_Patents.pdf

File:Heller-Publications.pdf

References[edit]

  1. ^ Braham, Randolph (2000). The Politics of Genocide: The Holocaust in Hungary. Detroit: Wayne State University Press. p. 129. 
  2. ^ Löb, Ladislaus (2009). Rezso Kasztner: The Daring Rescue of Hungarian Jews: A Survivor's Account. New York: Pimlico. p. 97. 
  3. ^ United State Memorial Holocaust Museum; JewishGen.org (1943-1945). Jews for Sale: The Rudolph Kasztner Transports. USHMM File RG 39.013M reel 10 http://www.jewishgen.org/databases/holocaust/0172_Kasznter_Jews.html |url= missing title (help). Retrieved 21 November 2013. 
  4. ^ Society for Electroanalytical Chemistry. "Adam Heller - 2004 Reilly Award". Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  5. ^ a b Michael J. Fox Foundation. "Parkinson's Researcher Profile: Adam Heller, PhD". Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  6. ^ Heller, Adam; King L. Tai; Richard G. Vadimsky (30 June 1981). "Photoinduced Migration of Silver into Chalcogenide Layers". United States Patent. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  7. ^ The University of Texas at Austin. "Experts Guide: Adam Heller". Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  8. ^ Bloomberg Businessweek. "Executive Profile: Adam Heller, PhD". Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  9. ^ Abbott Laboratories. "Freestyle Lite FAQs". Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  10. ^ Abbott Laboratories. "Abbott Medical Devices: Overview". Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  11. ^ Abbott Diabetes Care. "FreeStyle Navigator II". Retrieved 21 November 2013. 
  12. ^ The University of Texas at Austin, Cockrell School of Engineering. "A Patented Success". Retrieved 21 November 2013. 
  13. ^ Heller, Adam (1968). "Liquid lasers—Design of neodymium-based inorganic ionic systems". Journal of Molecular Spectroscopy 28: 101. doi:10.1016/0022-2852(68)90112-4. 
  14. ^ Heller, Adam (25 November 1975). "Electrochemical Cell". United States Patent. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  15. ^ Heller, Adam; Vadimsky, Richard (1981). "Efficient Solar to Chemical Conversion: 12% Efficient Photoassisted Electrolysis in the [p-type InP(Ru)]/HCl-KCl/Pt(Rh) Cell". Physical Review Letters 46 (17): 1153. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.46.1153. 
  16. ^ Heller, Adam (1984). "Hydrogen Evolving Solar Cells". Catalysis Reviews 26 (3–4): 655. doi:10.1080/01614948408064730. 
  17. ^ Gerischer, Heinz; Heller, Adam (1991). "The role of oxygen in photooxidation of organic molecules on semiconductor particles". The Journal of Physical Chemistry 95 (13): 5261. doi:10.1021/j100166a063. 
  18. ^ Heller, Adam (1990). "Electrical wiring of redox enzymes". Accounts of Chemical Research 23 (5): 128. doi:10.1021/ar00173a002. 
  19. ^ Heller, A (1999). "Implanted electrochemical glucose sensors for the management of diabetes". Annual review of biomedical engineering 1: 153–75. doi:10.1146/annurev.bioeng.1.1.153. PMID 11701486. 
  20. ^ United States Food and Drug Administration. "FreeStyle Navigator® Continuous Glucose Monitoring System - P050020". Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  21. ^ United States Patent and Trademark Office. "2007 Laureates". Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  22. ^ National Academy of Engineering. "Member Directory". Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  23. ^ American Academy of Arts and Sciences. "Index of Active Members". Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  24. ^ Royal Academy of Chemistry. "Previous Winners". Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  25. ^ The Electrochemical Society. "Vittorio de Nora Award Recipients". Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  26. ^ The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Chemical Engineering. "Faculty Directory: Adam Heller, PhD". Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  27. ^ The Swedish Chemical Society. "Analysdagarna 2014". Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  28. ^ The Electrochemical Society. "Battery Division Research Award Recipients". Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  29. ^ American Chemical Society. "ACS Award for Creative Invention". Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  30. ^ American Institute of Chemical Engineers. "Lawrence B. Evans Award in Chemical Engineering Practice". Retrieved 18 November 2013. 

External links[edit]