Acremonium

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Acremonium
Acremonium falciforme PHIL 4167 lores.jpg
Plate culture of Acremonium falciforme
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Fungi
Phylum:Ascomycota
Order:Hypocreales
Family:Hypocreaceae
Genus:Acremonium
Fr.
Type species
Acremonium alternatum
Link
Synonyms

Cephalosporium

 
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Acremonium
Acremonium falciforme PHIL 4167 lores.jpg
Plate culture of Acremonium falciforme
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Fungi
Phylum:Ascomycota
Order:Hypocreales
Family:Hypocreaceae
Genus:Acremonium
Fr.
Type species
Acremonium alternatum
Link
Synonyms

Cephalosporium

Acremonium is a genus of fungi in the Hypocreaceae family; it was previously known as "Cephalosporium".

Description[edit]

Acremonium species are usually slow-growing and are initially compact and moist. Their hyphae are fine and hyaline, and produce mostly simple phialides. Their conidia are usually one-celled (i.e. ameroconidia), hyaline or pigmented, globose to cylindrical, and mostly aggregated in slimy heads at the apex of each phialide.

Clinical significance[edit]

The genus Acremonium currently contains about 100 species, of which most are saprophytic, being isolated from dead plant material and soil. Many species are recognized as opportunistic pathogens of man and animals, causing mycetoma, onychomycosis, and hyalohyphomycosis. Infections of humans by fungi of this genus are rare,[1] but clinical manifestations of hyalohyphomycosis caused by Acremonium may include arthritis, osteomyelitis, peritonitis, endocarditis, pneumonia, cerebritis, and subcutaneous infection.[citation needed]

The cephalosporins, a class of β-lactam antibiotics, were originally derived from Acremonium (which was previously known as "Cephalosporium").

Species[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fincher, RM; Fisher, JF; Lovell, RD; Newman, CL; Espinel-Ingroff, A; Shadomy, HJ (November 1991). "Infection due to the fungus Acremonium (cephalosporium).". Medicine 70 (6): 398–409. doi:10.1097/00005792-199111000-00005. PMID 1956281. 

External links[edit]