Academy Award for Best Actress

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Academy Award for Best Actress
Awarded forBest Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role
CountryUnited States
Presented byAcademy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
Currently held byJennifer Lawrence,
Silver Linings Playbook (2012)
Official websiteoscars.org
 
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Academy Award for Best Actress
Awarded forBest Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role
CountryUnited States
Presented byAcademy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
Currently held byJennifer Lawrence,
Silver Linings Playbook (2012)
Official websiteoscars.org

Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role is one of the Academy Awards of merit presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) to recognize an actress who has delivered an outstanding performance while working within the film industry. Prior to the 49th Academy Awards ceremony (1976), this award was known as the Academy Award of Merit for Performance by an Actress. Since its inception, however, the award has commonly been referred to as the Oscar for Best Actress. While actresses are nominated for this award by Academy members who are actors and actresses themselves, winners are selected by the Academy membership as a whole.

History[edit]

Throughout the past 85 years, accounting for ties and repeat winners, AMPAS has presented a total of 86 Best Actress awards to 71 different actresses. Winners of this Academy Award of Merit receive the familiar Oscar statuette, depicting a gold-plated knight holding a crusader's sword and standing on a reel of film. The first recipient was Janet Gaynor, who was honored at the 1st Academy Awards ceremony (1929) for her performances in Seventh Heaven, Street Angel, and Sunrise. The most recent recipient was Jennifer Lawrence, who was honored at the 85th Academy Awards ceremony (2012) for her performance in Silver Linings Playbook.

In the first three years of the Academy Awards, individuals such as actors and directors were nominated as the best in their categories. Then all of their work during the qualifying period (as many as three films, in some cases) was listed after the award. However, during the 3rd Academy Awards ceremony (1930), only one of those films was cited in each winner's final award, even though each of the acting winners had had two films following their names on the ballots. For the 4th Academy Awards ceremony (1931), this unwieldy and confusing system was replaced by the current system in which an actress is nominated for a specific performance in a single film. Such nominations are limited to five per year. Until the 8th Academy Awards ceremony (1936), nominations for the Best Actress award were intended to include all actresses, whether the performance was in either a leading or supporting role. At the 9th Academy Awards ceremony (1937), however, the Best Supporting Actress category was specifically introduced as a distinct award following complaints that the single Best Actress category necessarily favored leading performers with the most screen time. Currently, Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role, Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role, Performance by an Actor in a Supporting Role, and Performance by an Actress in a Supporting Role constitute the four Academy Awards of Merit for acting annually presented by AMPAS.

Other awards for acting[edit]

Actors have also received special awards, or Academy Honorary Awards, for acting in specific films (such as in the case of James Baskett, who received a special honorary award for Disney's Song of the South). Child actors have also been awarded the Academy Juvenile Award.

Winners and nominees[edit]

Following the Academy's practice, the films below are listed by year of their Los Angeles qualifying run, which is usually (but not always) the film's year of release. For example, the Oscar for Best Actress of 1999 was announced during the award ceremony held in 2000.

For the first six ceremonies, the eligibility period spanned two calendar years. For example, the 2nd Academy Awards presented on April 3, 1930, recognized films that were released between August 1, 1928 and July 31, 1929. Starting with the 7th Academy Awards, held in 1935, the period of eligibility became the full previous calendar year from January 1 to December 31.

Winners are listed first in colored row, followed by the other nominees.

1920s[edit]

YearActressFilmCharacter
1927/28
1st Academy Awards
Janet GaynorSeventh Heaven / Street Angel / SunriseDiane / Angela / The Wife - Indre
Louise DresserA Ship Comes InMrs. Pleznik
Gloria SwansonSadie ThompsonSadie Thompson
1928/29
2nd Academy Awards
Mary PickfordCoquetteNorma Besant
Ruth ChattertonMadame XJacqueline Floriot
Betty CompsonThe BarkerCarrie
Jeanne Eagels (posthumous nomination)The LetterLeslie Crosbie
Corinne GriffithThe Divine LadyEmma, Lady Hamilton
Bessie LoveThe Broadway MelodyHank Mahoney

1930s[edit]

YearActressFilmCharacter
1929/30
3rd Academy Awards
Norma ShearerThe DivorceeJerry Bernard Martin
Nancy CarrollThe Devil's HolidayHallie Hobart
Ruth ChattertonSarah and SonSarah Storm
Greta GarboAnna Christie / RomanceAnna Christie / Madame Rita Cavallini
Norma ShearerTheir Own DesireLucia 'Lally' Marlett
Gloria SwansonThe TrespasserMarion Donnell
1930/31
4th Academy Awards
Marie DresslerMin and BillMin Divot
Marlene DietrichMoroccoMademoiselle Amy Jolly
Irene DunneCimarronSabra Cravat
Ann HardingHolidayLinda Seton
Norma ShearerA Free SoulJan Ashe
1931/32
5th Academy Awards
Helen HayesThe Sin of Madelon ClaudetMadelon Claudet
Marie DresslerEmmaEmma Thatcher Smith
Lynn FontanneThe GuardsmanThe Actress
1932/33
6th Academy Awards
Katharine HepburnMorning GloryEva Lovelace
May Robson (2nd)Lady for a DayApple Annie
Diana Wynyard (3rd)CavalcadeJane Marryot
1934
7th Academy Awards
Claudette ColbertIt Happened One NightEllie Andrews
Grace MooreOne Night of LoveMary Barrett
Norma Shearer (2nd)The Barretts of Wimpole StreetElizabeth Barrett
Bette Davis (write-in) (3rd)Of Human BondageMildred Rogers
1935
8th Academy Awards
Bette DavisDangerousJoyce Heath
Elisabeth Bergner (3rd)Escape Me NeverGemma Jones
Claudette ColbertPrivate WorldsJane Everest
Katharine Hepburn (2nd)Alice AdamsAlice Adams
Miriam HopkinsBecky SharpBecky Sharp
Merle OberonThe Dark AngelKitty Vane
1936
9th Academy Awards
Luise RainerThe Great ZiegfeldAnna Held
Irene DunneTheodora Goes WildTheodora Lynn
Gladys GeorgeValiant Is the Word for CarrieCarrie Snyder
Carole LombardMy Man GodfreyIrene Bullock
Norma ShearerRomeo and JulietJuliet – Daughter to Capulet
1937
10th Academy Awards
Luise RainerThe Good EarthO-Lan
Irene DunneThe Awful TruthLucy Warriner
Greta GarboCamilleMarguerite Gautier
Janet GaynorA Star Is BornEsther Victoria Blodgett, aka Vicki Lester
Barbara StanwyckStella DallasStella Martin Dallas
1938
11th Academy Awards
Bette DavisJezebelJulie Marsden
Fay BainterWhite BannersHannah Parmalee
Wendy HillerPygmalionEliza Doolittle
Norma ShearerMarie AntoinetteMarie Antoinette
Margaret SullavanThree ComradesPatricia 'Pat' Hollmann
1939
12th Academy Awards
Vivien LeighGone with the WindScarlett O'Hara
Bette DavisDark VictoryJudith Traherne
Irene DunneLove AffairTerry McKay
Greta GarboNinotchkaNina Yakushova 'Ninotchka' Ivanoff
Greer GarsonGoodbye, Mr. ChipsKatherine

1940s[edit]

YearActressFilmCharacter
1940
13th Academy Awards
Ginger RogersKitty FoyleKitty Foyle
Bette DavisThe LetterLeslie Crosbie
Joan FontaineRebeccaThe Second Mrs. de Winter
Katharine HepburnThe Philadelphia StoryTracy Lord
Martha ScottOur TownEmily Webb
1941
14th Academy Awards
Joan FontaineSuspicionLina McLaidlaw Aysgarth
Bette DavisThe Little FoxesRegina Giddens
Olivia de HavillandHold Back the DawnEmmy Brown
Greer GarsonBlossoms in the DustEdna Gladney
Barbara StanwyckBall of FireKatherine 'Sugarpuss' O'Shea
1942
15th Academy Awards
Greer GarsonMrs. MiniverKay Miniver
Bette DavisNow, VoyagerCharlotte Vale
Katharine HepburnWoman of the YearTess Harding
Rosalind RussellMy Sister EileenRuth Sherwood
Teresa WrightThe Pride of the YankeesEleanor Twitchell Gehrig
1943
16th Academy Awards
Jennifer JonesThe Song of BernadetteBernadette Soubirous
Jean ArthurThe More the MerrierConstance "Connie" Milligan
Ingrid BergmanFor Whom the Bell TollsMaría
Joan FontaineThe Constant NymphTessa Sanger
Greer GarsonMadame CurieMarie Curie
1944
17th Academy Awards
Ingrid BergmanGaslightPaula Alquist Anton
Claudette ColbertSince You Went AwayAnne Hilton
Bette DavisMr. SkeffingtonFanny Trellis
Greer GarsonMrs. ParkingtonSusie 'Sparrow' Parkington
Barbara StanwyckDouble IndemnityPhyllis Dietrichson
1945
18th Academy Awards
Joan CrawfordMildred PierceMildred Pierce Beragon
Ingrid BergmanThe Bells of St. Mary'sSister Mary Benedict
Greer GarsonThe Valley of DecisionMary Rafferty
Jennifer JonesLove LettersSingleton
Gene TierneyLeave Her to HeavenEllen Berent Harland
1946
19th Academy Awards
Olivia de HavillandTo Each His OwnJosephine 'Jody' Norris
Celia JohnsonBrief EncounterLaura Jesson
Jennifer JonesDuel in the SunPearl Chavez
Rosalind RussellSister KennyElizabeth Kenny
Jane WymanThe YearlingOrry Baxter
1947
20th Academy Awards
Loretta YoungThe Farmer's DaughterKatie Holstrom
Joan CrawfordPossessedLouise Howell
Susan HaywardSmash-Up, the Story of a WomanAngelica Evans Conway
Dorothy McGuireGentleman's AgreementKathy Lacy
Rosalind RussellMourning Becomes ElectraLavinia Mannon
1948
21st Academy Awards
Jane WymanJohnny BelindaBelinda McDonald
Ingrid BergmanJoan of ArcJoan of Arc
Olivia de HavillandThe Snake PitVirginia Stuart Cunningham
Irene DunneI Remember MamaMartha Hanson
Barbara StanwyckSorry, Wrong NumberLeona Stevenson
1949
22nd Academy Awards
Olivia de HavillandThe HeiressCatherine Sloper
Jeanne CrainPinkyPatricia 'Pinky' Johnson
Susan HaywardMy Foolish HeartEloise Winters
Deborah KerrEdward, My SonEvelyn Boult
Loretta YoungCome to the StableSister Margaret

1950s[edit]

YearActressFilmCharacter
1950
23rd Academy Awards
Judy HollidayBorn YesterdayEmma 'Billie' Dawn
Anne BaxterAll About EveEve Harrington
Bette DavisAll About EveMargo Channing
Eleanor ParkerCagedMarie Allen
Gloria SwansonSunset BoulevardNorma Desmond
1951
24th Academy Awards
Vivien LeighA Streetcar Named DesireBlanche DuBois
Katharine HepburnThe African QueenRose Sayer
Eleanor ParkerDetective StoryMary McLeod
Shelley WintersA Place in the SunAlice Tripp
Jane WymanThe Blue VeilLouise Mason
1952
25th Academy Awards
Shirley BoothCome Back, Little ShebaLola Delaney
Joan CrawfordSudden FearMyra Hudson
Bette DavisThe StarMargaret Elliot
Julie HarrisThe Member of the WeddingFrances 'Frankie' Addams
Susan HaywardWith a Song in My HeartJane Froman
1953
26th Academy Awards
Audrey HepburnRoman HolidayPrincess Ann
Leslie CaronLiliLili Daurier
Ava GardnerMogamboEloise "Honey Bear" Kelly
Deborah KerrFrom Here to EternityKaren Holmes
Maggie McNamaraThe Moon Is BluePatty O'Neill
1954
27th Academy Awards
Grace KellyThe Country GirlGeorgie Elgin
Dorothy DandridgeCarmen JonesCarmen Jones
Judy GarlandA Star Is BornVicki Lester / Esther Blodgett
Audrey HepburnSabrinaSabrina Fairchild
Jane WymanMagnificent ObsessionHelen Phillips
1955
28th Academy Awards
Anna MagnaniThe Rose TattooSerafina Delle Rose
Susan HaywardI'll Cry TomorrowLillian Roth
Katharine HepburnSummertimeJane Hudson
Jennifer JonesLove Is a Many-Splendored ThingHan Suyin
Eleanor ParkerInterrupted MelodyMarjorie 'Margie' Lawrence
1956
29th Academy Awards
Ingrid BergmanAnastasiaAnna Koreff / Anastasia
Carroll BakerBaby DollBaby Doll Meighan
Katharine HepburnThe RainmakerLizzie Curry
Nancy KellyThe Bad SeedChristine Penmark
Deborah KerrThe King and IAnna Leonowens
1957
30th Academy Awards
Joanne WoodwardThe Three Faces of EveEve White / Eve Black / Jane
Deborah KerrHeaven Knows, Mr. AllisonSister Angela
Anna MagnaniWild Is the WindGioia
Elizabeth TaylorRaintree CountySusanna Drake
Lana TurnerPeyton PlaceConstance MacKenzie
1958
31st Academy Awards
Susan HaywardI Want to Live!Barbara Graham
Deborah KerrSeparate TablesSibyl Railton-Bell
Shirley MacLaineSome Came RunningGinnie Moorehead
Rosalind RussellAuntie MameMame Dennis
Elizabeth TaylorCat on a Hot Tin RoofMargaret 'Maggie the Cat' Pollitt
1959
32nd Academy Awards
Simone SignoretRoom at the TopAlice Aisgill
Doris DayPillow TalkJan Morrow
Audrey HepburnThe Nun's StorySister Luke (Gabrielle van der Mal)
Katharine HepburnSuddenly, Last SummerViolet Venable
Elizabeth TaylorSuddenly, Last SummerCatherine Holly

1960s[edit]

YearActressFilmCharacter
1960
33rd Academy Awards
Elizabeth TaylorBUtterfield 8Gloria Wandrous
Greer GarsonSunrise at CampobelloEleanor Roosevelt
Deborah KerrThe SundownersIda Carmody
Shirley MacLaineThe ApartmentFran Kubelik
Melina MercouriNever on SundayIlya
1961
34th Academy Awards
Sophia LorenTwo WomenCesira
Audrey HepburnBreakfast at Tiffany'sHolly Golightly
Piper LaurieThe HustlerSarah Packard
Geraldine PageSummer and SmokeAlma Winemiller
Natalie WoodSplendor in the GrassWilma Dean 'Deanie' Loomis
1962
35th Academy Awards
Anne BancroftThe Miracle WorkerAnnie Sullivan
Bette DavisWhat Ever Happened to Baby Jane?Baby Jane Hudson
Katharine HepburnLong Day's Journey Into NightMary Tyrone
Geraldine PageSweet Bird of YouthAlexandra Del Lago
Lee RemickDays of Wine and RosesKirsten Arnesen Clay
1963
36th Academy Awards
Patricia NealHudAlma Brown
Leslie CaronThe L-Shaped RoomJane Fossett
Shirley MacLaineIrma la DouceIrma La Douce
Rachel RobertsThis Sporting LifeMargaret Hammond
Natalie WoodLove with the Proper StrangerAngie Rossini
1964
37th Academy Awards
Julie AndrewsMary PoppinsMary Poppins
Anne BancroftThe Pumpkin EaterJo Armitage
Sophia LorenMarriage Italian-StyleFilumena Marturano
Debbie ReynoldsThe Unsinkable Molly BrownMolly Brown
Kim StanleySéance on a Wet AfternoonMyra Savage
1965
38th Academy Awards
Julie ChristieDarlingDiana Scott
Julie AndrewsThe Sound of MusicMaria von Trapp
Samantha EggarThe CollectorMiranda Grey
Elizabeth HartmanA Patch of BlueSelina D'Arcy
Simone SignoretShip of FoolsLa Contessa
1966
39th Academy Awards
Elizabeth TaylorWho's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?Martha
Anouk AiméeA Man and a WomanAnne Gauthier
Ida KaminskaThe Shop on Main StreetRozalie Lautmann
Lynn RedgraveGeorgy GirlGeorgina 'Georgy' Parkin
Vanessa RedgraveMorgan!Leonie Delt
1967
40th Academy Awards
Katharine HepburnGuess Who's Coming to DinnerChristina Drayton
Anne BancroftThe GraduateMrs. Robinson
Faye DunawayBonnie and ClydeBonnie Parker
Edith EvansThe WhisperersMaggie Ross
Audrey HepburnWait Until DarkSusy Hendrix
1968
41st Academy Awards
Katharine Hepburn (tie)The Lion in WinterEleanor of Aquitaine
Barbra Streisand (tie)Funny GirlFanny Brice
Patricia NealThe Subject was RosesNettie Cleary
Vanessa RedgraveIsadoraIsadora Duncan
Joanne WoodwardRachel, RachelRachel Cameron
1969
42nd Academy Awards
Maggie SmithThe Prime of Miss Jean BrodieJean Brodie
Geneviève BujoldAnne of the Thousand DaysAnne Boleyn
Jane FondaThey Shoot Horses, Don't They?Gloria Beatty
Liza MinnelliThe Sterile CuckooMary Ann 'Pookie' Adams
Jean SimmonsThe Happy EndingMary Wilson

1970s[edit]

YearActressFilmCharacter
1970
43rd Academy Awards
Glenda JacksonWomen in LoveGudrun Brangwen
Jane AlexanderThe Great White HopeEleanor Backman
Ali MacGrawLove StoryJennifer Cavalleri
Sarah MilesRyan's DaughterRosy Ryan
Carrie SnodgressDiary of a Mad HousewifeBettina "Tina" Balser
1971
44th Academy Awards
Jane FondaKluteBree Daniels
Julie ChristieMcCabe & Mrs. MillerConstance Miller
Glenda JacksonSunday Bloody SundayAlex Greville
Vanessa RedgraveMary, Queen of ScotsMary, Queen of Scots
Janet SuzmanNicholas and AlexandraEmpress Alexandra / Alix of Hesse Darmstadt
1972
45th Academy Awards
Liza MinnelliCabaretSally Bowles
Diana RossLady Sings the BluesBillie Holiday
Maggie SmithTravels with My AuntAugusta Bertram
Cicely TysonSounderRebecca Morgan
Liv UllmannThe EmigrantsKristina
1973
46th Academy Awards
Glenda JacksonA Touch of ClassVicki Allessio
Ellen BurstynThe ExorcistChris MacNeil
Marsha MasonCinderella LibertyMaggie Paul
Barbra StreisandThe Way We WereKatie Morosky
Joanne WoodwardSummer Wishes, Winter DreamsRita Walden
1974
47th Academy Awards
Ellen BurstynAlice Doesn't Live Here AnymoreAlice Hyatt
Diahann CarrollClaudineClaudine Price
Faye DunawayChinatownEvelyn Cross Mulwray
Valerie PerrineLennyHoney Bruce
Gena RowlandsA Woman Under the InfluenceMabel Longhetti
1975
48th Academy Awards
Louise FletcherOne Flew Over the Cuckoo's NestNurse Mildred Ratched
Isabelle AdjaniThe Story of Adele H.Adèle Hugo / Adèle Lewry
Ann-MargretTommyNora Walker
Glenda JacksonHeddaHedda Gabler
Carol KaneHester StreetGitl
1976
49th Academy Awards
Faye DunawayNetworkDiana Christensen
Marie-Christine BarraultCousin CousineMarthe
Talia ShireRockyAdrian Pennino
Sissy SpacekCarrieCarrie White
Liv UllmannFace to FaceDr. Jenny Isaksson
1977
50th Academy Awards
Diane KeatonAnnie HallAnnie Hall
Anne BancroftThe Turning PointEmma Jacklin
Jane FondaJuliaLillian Hellman
Shirley MacLaineThe Turning PointDeedee Rodgers
Marsha MasonThe Goodbye GirlPaula McFadden
1978
51st Academy Awards
Jane FondaComing HomeSally Hyde
Ingrid BergmanAutumn SonataCharlotte Andergast
Ellen BurstynSame Time, Next YearDoris
Jill ClayburghAn Unmarried WomanErica Benton
Geraldine PageInteriorsEve
1979
52nd Academy Awards
Sally FieldNorma RaeNorma Rae Webster
Jill ClayburghStarting OverMarilyn Holmberg
Jane FondaThe China SyndromeKimberly Wells
Marsha MasonChapter TwoJennie MacLaine
Bette MidlerThe RoseMary Rose Foster

1980s[edit]

YearActressFilmCharacter
1980
53rd Academy Awards
Sissy SpacekCoal Miner's DaughterLoretta Lynn
Ellen BurstynResurrectionEdna Mae McCauley
Goldie HawnPrivate BenjaminPvt. Judy Benjamin
Mary Tyler MooreOrdinary PeopleBeth Jarrett
Gena RowlandsGloriaGloria Swenson
1981
54th Academy Awards
Katharine HepburnOn Golden PondEthel Thayer
Diane KeatonRedsLouise Bryant
Marsha MasonOnly When I LaughGeorgia Hines
Susan SarandonAtlantic CitySally Matthews
Meryl StreepThe French Lieutenant's WomanAnna (Sara Woodruff)
1982
55th Academy Awards
Meryl StreepSophie's ChoiceSophie Zawistowska
Julie AndrewsVictor VictoriaVictoria Grant
Jessica LangeFrancesFrances Farmer
Sissy SpacekMissingBeth Horman
Debra WingerAn Officer and a GentlemanPaula Pokrifki
1983
56th Academy Awards
Shirley MacLaineTerms of EndearmentAurora Greenway
Jane AlexanderTestamentCarol Wetherly
Meryl StreepSilkwoodKaren Silkwood
Julie WaltersEducating RitaRita
Debra WingerTerms of EndearmentEmma Greenway Horton
1984
57th Academy Awards
Sally FieldPlaces in the HeartEdna Spalding
Judy DavisA Passage to IndiaAdela Quested
Jessica LangeCountryJewell Ivy
Vanessa RedgraveThe BostoniansOlive Chancellor
Sissy SpacekThe RiverMae Garvey
1985
58th Academy Awards
Geraldine PageThe Trip to BountifulCarrie Watts
Anne BancroftAgnes of GodMother Miriam Ruth
Whoopi GoldbergThe Color PurpleCelie Harris Johnson
Jessica LangeSweet DreamsPatsy Cline
Meryl StreepOut of AfricaKaren Blixen
1986
59th Academy Awards
Marlee MatlinChildren of a Lesser GodSarah Norman
Jane FondaThe Morning AfterAlex Sternbergen
Sissy SpacekCrimes of the HeartBabe Magrath
Kathleen TurnerPeggy Sue Got MarriedPeggy Sue Bodell
Sigourney WeaverAliensEllen Ripley
1987
60th Academy Awards
CherMoonstruckLoretta Castorini
Glenn CloseFatal AttractionAlex Forrest
Holly HunterBroadcast NewsJane Craig
Sally KirklandAnnaAnna
Meryl StreepIronweedHelen Archer
1988
61st Academy Awards
Jodie FosterThe AccusedSarah Tobias
Glenn CloseDangerous LiaisonsMarquise Isabelle de Merteuil
Melanie GriffithWorking GirlTess McGill
Meryl StreepA Cry in the DarkLindy Chamberlain-Creighton
Sigourney WeaverGorillas in the MistDian Fossey
1989
62nd Academy Awards
Jessica TandyDriving Miss DaisyDaisy Werthan
Isabelle AdjaniCamille ClaudelCamille Claudel
Pauline CollinsShirley ValentineShirley Valentine-Bradshaw
Jessica LangeMusic BoxAnn Talbot
Michelle PfeifferThe Fabulous Baker BoysSusie Diamond

1990s[edit]

YearActressFilmCharacter
1990
63rd Academy Awards
Kathy BatesMiseryAnnie Wilkes
Anjelica HustonThe GriftersLilly Dillon
Julia RobertsPretty WomanVivian Ward
Meryl StreepPostcards from the EdgeSuzanne Vale
Joanne WoodwardMr. & Mrs. BridgeIndia Bridge
1991
64th Academy Awards
Jodie FosterThe Silence of the LambsClarice Starling
Geena DavisThelma & LouiseThelma Dickinson
Laura DernRambling RoseRose
Bette MidlerFor the BoysDixie Leonard
Susan SarandonThelma & LouiseLouise Sawyer
1992
65th Academy Awards
Emma ThompsonHowards EndMargaret Schlegel
Catherine DeneuveIndochineEliane Devries
Mary McDonnellPassion FishMay-Alice Culhane
Michelle PfeifferLove FieldLurene Hallett
Susan SarandonLorenzo's OilMichaela Odone
1993
66th Academy Awards
Holly HunterThe PianoAda McGrath
Angela BassettWhat's Love Got to Do with ItTina Turner
Stockard ChanningSix Degrees of SeparationOuisa Kittredge
Emma ThompsonThe Remains of the DaySarah "Sally" Kenton
Debra WingerShadowlandsJoy Gresham
1994
67th Academy Awards
Jessica LangeBlue SkyCarly Marshall
Jodie FosterNellNell Kellty
Miranda RichardsonTom & VivVivienne Haigh-Wood
Winona RyderLittle WomenJo March
Susan SarandonThe ClientReggie Love
1995
68th Academy Awards
Susan SarandonDead Man WalkingHelen Prejean
Elisabeth ShueLeaving Las VegasSera
Sharon StoneCasinoGinger McKenna
Meryl StreepThe Bridges of Madison CountyFrancesca Johnson
Emma ThompsonSense and SensibilityElinor Dashwood
1996
69th Academy Awards
Frances McDormandFargoMarge Gunderson
Brenda BlethynSecrets & LiesCynthia Rose Purley
Diane KeatonMarvin's RoomBessie
Kristin Scott ThomasThe English PatientKatharine Clifton
Emily WatsonBreaking the WavesBess McNeill
1997
70th Academy Awards
Helen HuntAs Good as It GetsCarol Connelly
Helena Bonham CarterThe Wings of the DoveKate Croy
Julie ChristieAfterglowPhyllis Mann
Judi DenchMrs. BrownQueen Victoria
Kate WinsletTitanicRose DeWitt Bukater
1998
71st Academy Awards
Gwyneth PaltrowShakespeare in LoveViola De Lesseps
Cate BlanchettElizabethElizabeth I
Fernanda MontenegroCentral StationDora
Meryl StreepOne True ThingKate Gulden
Emily WatsonHilary and JackieJacqueline du Pré
1999
72nd Academy Awards
Hilary SwankBoys Don't CryBrandon Teena
Annette BeningAmerican BeautyCarolyn Burnham
Janet McTeerTumbleweedsMary Jo Walker
Julianne MooreThe End of the AffairSarah Miles
Meryl StreepMusic of the HeartRoberta Guaspari

2000s[edit]

YearActressFilmCharacter
2000
73rd Academy Awards
Julia RobertsErin BrockovichErin Brockovich
Joan AllenThe ContenderLaine Hanson
Juliette BinocheChocolatVianne Rocher
Ellen BurstynRequiem for a DreamSara Goldfarb
Laura LinneyYou Can Count on MeSammy Prescott
2001
74th Academy Awards
Halle BerryMonster's BallLeticia Musgrove
Judi DenchIrisIris Murdoch
Nicole KidmanMoulin Rouge!Satine
Sissy SpacekIn the BedroomRuth Fowler
Renée ZellwegerBridget Jones's DiaryBridget Jones
2002
75th Academy Awards
Nicole KidmanThe HoursVirginia Woolf
Salma HayekFridaFrida Kahlo
Diane LaneUnfaithfulConstance 'Connie' Sumner
Julianne MooreFar from HeavenCathy Whitaker
Renée ZellwegerChicagoRoxie Hart
2003
76th Academy Awards
Charlize TheronMonsterAileen Wuornos
Keisha Castle-HughesWhale RiderPaikea Apirana
Diane KeatonSomething's Gotta GiveErika Berry
Samantha MortonIn AmericaSarah Sullivan
Naomi Watts21 GramsCristina "Cris" (Williams) Peck
2004
77th Academy Awards
Hilary SwankMillion Dollar BabyMaggie Fitzgerald
Annette BeningBeing JuliaJulia Lambert
Catalina Sandino MorenoMaria Full of GraceMaría Álvarez
Imelda StauntonVera DrakeVera Rose Drake
Kate WinsletEternal Sunshine of the Spotless MindClementine Kruczynski
2005
78th Academy Awards
Reese WitherspoonWalk the LineJune Carter
Judi DenchMrs Henderson PresentsLaura Henderson
Felicity HuffmanTransamericaSabrina "Bree" Osbourne
Keira KnightleyPride & PrejudiceElizabeth Bennet
Charlize TheronNorth CountryJosey Aimes
2006
79th Academy Awards
Helen MirrenThe QueenElizabeth II of the United Kingdom
Penélope CruzVolverRaimunda
Judi DenchNotes on a ScandalBarbara Covett
Meryl StreepThe Devil Wears PradaMiranda Priestly
Kate WinsletLittle ChildrenSarah Pierce
2007
80th Academy Awards
Marion CotillardLa Vie en RoseÉdith Piaf
Cate BlanchettElizabeth: The Golden AgeElizabeth I of England
Julie ChristieAway from HerFiona Anderson
Laura LinneyThe SavagesWendy Savage
Ellen PageJunoJuno MacGuff
2008
81st Academy Awards
Kate WinsletThe ReaderHanna Schmitz
Anne HathawayRachel Getting MarriedKym Buchman
Angelina JolieChangelingChristine Collins
Melissa LeoFrozen RiverRay Eddy
Meryl StreepDoubtSister Aloysius Beauvier
2009
82nd Academy Awards
Sandra BullockThe Blind SideLeigh Anne Tuohy
Helen MirrenThe Last StationSophia Tolstaya
Carey MulliganAn EducationJenny Mellor
Gabourey SidibePreciousClaireece "Precious" Jones
Meryl StreepJulie & JuliaJulia Child

2010s[edit]

YearActressFilmCharacter
2010
83rd Academy Awards
Natalie PortmanBlack SwanNina Sayers / The Swan Queen
Annette BeningThe Kids Are All RightDr. Nicole "Nic" Allgood
Nicole KidmanRabbit HoleBecca Corbett
Jennifer LawrenceWinter's BoneRee Dolly
Michelle WilliamsBlue ValentineCynthia "Cindy" Heller
2011
84th Academy Awards
Meryl StreepThe Iron LadyMargaret Thatcher
Glenn CloseAlbert NobbsAlbert Nobbs
Viola DavisThe HelpAibileen Clark
Rooney MaraThe Girl with the Dragon TattooLisbeth Salander
Michelle WilliamsMy Week with MarilynMarilyn Monroe
2012
85th Academy Awards
Jennifer LawrenceSilver Linings PlaybookTiffany Maxwell
Jessica ChastainZero Dark ThirtyMaya
Emmanuelle RivaAmourAnne Laurent
Quvenzhané WallisBeasts of the Southern WildHushpuppy
Naomi WattsThe ImpossibleMaria Bennett

Superlatives[edit]

SuperlativeBest ActressBest Supporting ActressOverall
Actress with most awardsKatharine Hepburn4Shelley Winters
Dianne Wiest
2Katharine Hepburn4
Actress with most nominationsMeryl Streep14Thelma Ritter6Meryl Streep17
Actress with most nominations
without ever winning
Deborah Kerr6Thelma Ritter6Deborah Kerr
Thelma Ritter
Glenn Close
6
Film with most nominationsAll About Eve
Suddenly, Last Summer
The Turning Point
Terms of Endearment
Thelma & Louise
2Tom Jones3All About Eve4
Oldest winnerJessica Tandy80Peggy Ashcroft77Jessica Tandy80
Oldest nomineeEmmanuelle Riva[1][2]85Gloria Stuart87Gloria Stuart87
Youngest winnerMarlee Matlin21Tatum O'Neal10Tatum O'Neal10
Youngest nomineeQuvenzhané Wallis[1][2]9Tatum O'Neal10Quvenzhané Wallis9

Katharine Hepburn, with four wins, has more Best Actress Oscars than any other actress. Twelve women have won two Best Actress Academy Awards; in chronological order, they are Luise Rainer, Bette Davis, Olivia de Havilland, Vivien Leigh, Ingrid Bergman, Elizabeth Taylor, Glenda Jackson, Jane Fonda, Sally Field, Jodie Foster, Hilary Swank and Meryl Streep.

With two Best Actress Oscars and one for Best Supporting Actress, Ingrid Bergman and Meryl Streep are the only actresses, after Katharine Hepburn, to have won three competitive acting Oscars.

Only two actresses have won this award in consecutive years: Luise Rainer (1937 and 1938) and Katharine Hepburn (1967 and 1968).

Five women have won both the Best Actress and the Best Supporting Actress awards: Helen Hayes, Ingrid Bergman, Maggie Smith, Meryl Streep, and Jessica Lange.

Meryl Streep holds the record of 14 nominations in the Best Actress category. Streep has been nominated 17 times (14 for Best Actress and 3 for Best Supporting Actress), which makes her the overall most-nominated performer of all time.

There has been only one tie in the history of this category. This occurred in 1969 when Katharine Hepburn and Barbra Streisand were both given the award. Hepburn and Streisand each received exactly the same number of votes.

As of 2013, 10 women of African descent have been nominated in the Best Actress category: Angela Bassett, Halle Berry, Diahann Carroll, Dorothy Dandridge (the first), Viola Davis, Whoopi Goldberg, Diana Ross, Gabourey Sidibe, Cicely Tyson and Quvenzhané Wallis (the youngest ever nominee in the category). Goldberg and Davis are also the only African-American women to be nominated for an Academy Award more than once, both having being nominated twice. As of 2013, Halle Berry is the only African-American recipient of the Academy Award for Best Actress.

Life expectancy of winners[edit]

In 2001 Donald A. Redelmeier and Sheldon M. Singh published a study in the Annals of Internal Medicine in which they found that

"Winning an Academy Award was associated with a large gain in life expectancy for actors and actresses... Winning an Academy Award can increase a performer’s stature and may add to their longevity. The absolute difference in life expectancy is about equal to the societal consequence of curing all cancers in all people for all time (22, 23). Moreover, movie stars who have won multiple Academy Awards have a survival advantage of 6.0 years (CI, 0.7 to 11.3 years) over performers with multiple films but no victories. Formal education is not the only way to improve health, and strict poverty is not the only way to worsen health. The main implication is that higher status may be linked to lower mortality rates even at very impressive levels of achievement."[3]

The authors did an update to 29 March 2006 in which they found 122 more individuals and 144 more deaths since their first publication. Their unadjusted analysis showed a smaller survival advantage of 3.6 years for winners compared to their fellow nominees and costars in the films in which their performance garnered them their award.[4] However, in a 2006 published study by Marie-Pierre Sylvestre, MSc, Ella Huszti, MSc, and James A. Hanley, PhD, the authors found:

"The statistical method used to derive this statistically significant difference gave winners an unfair advantage because it credited an Oscar winner's years of life before winning toward survival subsequent to winning. When the authors of the current article reanalyzed the data using methods that avoided this "immortal time" bias, the survival advantage was closer to 1 year and was not statistically significant. The bias in Redelmeier and Singh's study is not limited to longevity comparisons of persons who reach different ranks within their profession."[5]

International presence[edit]

As the Academy Awards are based in the United States and are centered on the Hollywood film industry, the majority of Academy Award winners have been Americans. Nonetheless, there is significant international presence at the awards, as evidenced by the following list of winners for the Academy Award for Best Actress.

There have been two years in which all four of the top acting Academy Awards were presented to non-Americans.

Multiple awards for Best Actress[edit]

4 awards

Katharine Hepburn

2 awards
  • Ingrid Bergman
  • Bette Davis
  • Olivia de Havilland
  • Sally Field
  • Jane Fonda
  • Jodie Foster
  • Glenda Jackson
  • Vivien Leigh
  • Luise Rainer
  • Meryl Streep
  • Hilary Swank
  • Elizabeth Taylor

Multiple nominations for Best Actress[edit]

14 nominations

Meryl Streep

12 nominations

Katharine Hepburn

10 nominations

Bette Davis

7 nominations

Greer Garson

6 nominations
  • Ingrid Bergman
  • Jane Fonda
  • Deborah Kerr
  • Sissy Spacek
5 nominations
  • Anne Bancroft
  • Ellen Burstyn
  • Irene Dunne
  • Susan Hayward
  • Audrey Hepburn
  • Jessica Lange
  • Shirley MacLaine
  • Susan Sarandon
  • Norma Shearer
  • Elizabeth Taylor
4 nominations
  • Julie Christie
  • Olivia de Havilland
  • Judi Dench
  • Glenda Jackson
  • Jennifer Jones
  • Diane Keaton
  • Marsha Mason
  • Geraldine Page
  • Vanessa Redgrave
  • Rosalind Russell
  • Barbara Stanwyck
  • Kate Winslet
  • Joanne Woodward
  • Jane Wyman
3 nominations
  • Julie Andrews
  • Annette Bening
  • Glenn Close
  • Claudette Colbert
  • Joan Crawford
  • Faye Dunaway
  • Joan Fontaine
  • Jodie Foster
  • Greta Garbo
  • Nicole Kidman
  • Eleanor Parker
  • Gloria Swanson
  • Emma Thompson
  • Debra Winger
2 nominations[6]
  • Isabelle Adjani
  • Jane Alexander
  • Cate Blanchett
  • Leslie Caron
  • Ruth Chatterton
  • Jill Clayburgh
  • Marie Dressler
  • Sally Field
  • Janet Gaynor
  • Holly Hunter
  • Jennifer Lawrence
  • Vivien Leigh
  • Laura Linney
  • Sophia Loren
  • Anna Magnani
  • Bette Midler
  • Liza Minnelli
  • Helen Mirren
  • Julianne Moore
  • Patricia Neal
  • Michelle Pfeiffer
  • Luise Rainer
  • Julia Roberts
  • Gena Rowlands
  • Simone Signoret
  • Maggie Smith
  • Barbra Streisand
  • Hilary Swank
  • Charlize Theron
  • Liv Ullmann
  • Emily Watson
  • Naomi Watts
  • Sigourney Weaver
  • Michelle Williams
  • Natalie Wood
  • Loretta Young
  • Renée Zellweger

Notes:

Multiple nominations for Best Actress without winning[edit]

6 nominations

Deborah Kerr

5 nominations

Irene Dunne

4 nominations
  • Judi Dench
  • Marsha Mason
  • Vanessa Redgrave
  • Rosalind Russell
  • Barbara Stanwyck
3 nominations
  • Annette Bening
  • Glenn Close
  • Greta Garbo
  • Eleanor Parker
  • Gloria Swanson
  • Debra Winger
2 nominations
  • Isabelle Adjani
  • Jane Alexander
  • Cate Blanchett
  • Leslie Caron
  • Ruth Chatterton
  • Jill Clayburgh
  • Laura Linney
  • Bette Midler
  • Julianne Moore
  • Michelle Pfeiffer
  • Gena Rowlands
  • Liv Ullmann
  • Emily Watson
  • Naomi Watts
  • Sigourney Weaver
  • Michelle Williams
  • Natalie Wood
  • Renée Zellweger

Notes:

Multiple awards for Best Actress and Best Supporting Actress combined[edit]

4 awards[6]

Katharine Hepburn

3 awards
2 awards
  • Bette Davis
  • Olivia de Havilland
  • Sally Field
  • Jane Fonda
  • Jodie Foster
  • Helen Hayes
  • Glenda Jackson
  • Jessica Lange
  • Vivien Leigh
  • Luise Rainer
  • Maggie Smith
  • Hilary Swank
  • Elizabeth Taylor
  • Dianne Wiest
  • Shelley Winters

Note: Ingrid Bergman, Helen Hayes, Jessica Lange, Maggie Smith and Meryl Streep have won Oscars in both the Best Actress and Best Supporting Actress categories, while Dianne Wiest and Shelley Winters have both won two Best Supporting Actress Oscars.

Multiple nominations for Best Actress and Best Supporting Actress combined[edit]

17 nominations[6]

Meryl Streep

12 nominations

Katharine Hepburn

10 nominations

Bette Davis

8 nominations

Geraldine Page

7 nominations
  • Ingrid Bergman
  • Jane Fonda
  • Greer Garson
6 nominations
  • Ellen Burstyn
  • Glenn Close
  • Judi Dench
  • Deborah Kerr
  • Jessica Lange
  • Vanessa Redgrave
  • Thelma Ritter
  • Sissy Spacek
  • Maggie Smith
  • Kate Winslet
5 nominations
  • Cate Blanchett
  • Anne Bancroft
  • Olivia de Havilland
  • Irene Dunne
  • Susan Hayward
  • Audrey Hepburn
  • Jennifer Jones
  • Shirley MacLaine
  • Susan Sarandon
  • Norma Shearer
  • Elizabeth Taylor
4 nominations
  • Amy Adams
  • Jane Alexander
  • Ethel Barrymore
  • Annette Bening
  • Julie Christie
  • Jodie Foster
  • Lee Grant
  • Holly Hunter
  • Glenda Jackson
  • Diane Keaton
  • Marsha Mason
  • Frances McDormand
  • Helen Mirren
  • Julianne Moore
  • Agnes Moorehead
  • Rosalind Russell
  • Barbara Stanwyck
  • Maureen Stapleton
  • Emma Thompson
  • Shelley Winters
  • Joanne Woodward
  • Jane Wyman
3 nominations
  • Joan Allen
  • Julie Andrews
  • Fay Bainter
  • Kathy Bates
  • Claudette Colbert
  • Gladys Cooper
  • Joan Crawford
  • Penélope Cruz
  • Faye Dunaway
  • Edith Evans
  • Sally Field
  • Joan Fontaine
  • Greta Garbo
  • Wendy Hiller
  • Celeste Holm
  • Anjelica Huston
  • Nicole Kidman
  • Diane Ladd
  • Angela Lansbury
  • Piper Laurie
  • Laura Linney
  • Eleanor Parker
  • Michelle Pfeiffer
  • Anne Revere
  • Julia Roberts
  • Gloria Swanson
  • Marisa Tomei
  • Claire Trever
  • Sigourney Weaver
  • Dianne Wiest
  • Michelle Williams
  • Debra Winger
  • Natalie Wood
  • Teresa Wright
  • Renée Zellweger
2 nominations
  • Isabelle Adjani
  • Ann-Margret
  • Anne Baxter
  • Juliette Binoche
  • Brenda Blethyn
  • Beulah Bondi
  • Helena Bonham-Carter
  • Alice Brady
  • Dyan Cannon
  • Leslie Caron
  • Jessica Chastain
  • Ruth Chatterton
  • Jill Clayburgh
  • Joan Cusack
  • Geena Davis
  • Judy Davis
  • Viola Davis
  • Marlene Dietrich
  • Melinda Dillon
  • Mildred Dunnock
  • Judy Garland
  • Janet Gaynor
  • Whoopi Goldberg
  • Ruth Gordon
  • Gloria Grahame
  • Marcia Gay Harden
  • Anne Hathaway
  • Goldie Hawn
  • Eileen Heckart
  • Helen Hunt
  • Angelina Jolie
  • Madeline Kahn
  • Catherine Keener
  • Grace Kelly
  • Shirley Knight
  • Elsa Lanchester
  • Jennifer Lawrence
  • Vivien Leigh
  • Melissa Leo
  • Sophia Loren
  • Anna Magnani
  • Mercedes McCambridge
  • Mary McDonnell
  • Janet McTeer
  • Bette Midler
  • Sylvia Miles
  • Liza Minnelli
  • Samantha Morton
  • Maria Ouspenskaya
  • Estelle Parsons
  • Natalie Portman
  • Marjorie Rambeau
  • Lynn Redgrave
  • Joyce Redman
  • Miranda Richardson
  • Gena Rowlands
  • Winona Ryder
  • Talia Shire
  • Simone Signoret
  • Jean Simmons
  • Gale Sondergaard
  • Kim Stanley
  • Barbra Streisand
  • Hilary Swank
  • Jessica Tandy
  • Charlize Theron
  • Liv Ullmann
  • Julie Walters
  • Naomi Watts
  • Jacki Weaver
  • May Whitty
  • Loretta Young

Notes:

Twenty three of the two-time nominees received both nominations for Best Supporting Actress. All three nominations received by Cooper, Holm, Ladd, Lansbury, Revere, Tomei, Trevor and Wiest, as well as all four received by Adams, Barrymore, Grant, and Moorehead and all six received by Ritter, were also all in the Supporting Actress category.

Including non-acting categories Barbra Streisand has a total of five Oscar nominations, winning two, Best Actress (1968) & Best Original song (1976). Emma Thompson has also received a total of five nominations, winning two, Best Actress (1992) & Best Adapted Screenplay (1995). Dyan Cannon and Shirley MacLaine have both received one additional nomination in a non-acting category, while Ruth Gordon has received three.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Youngest v oldest actress vie for Oscar as Lincoln leads the pack". The Times. Retrieved 2013-01-10. 
  2. ^ a b "Quvenzhané Wallis v Emmanuelle Riva: Best actress Oscar contested by oldest and youngest ever nominees". The Independent. Retrieved 2013-01-10. 
  3. ^ Redelmeier, Donald A. & Singh, Sheldon M. (15 May 2001), "Survival in Academy Award–Winning Actors and Actresses", Annals of Internal Medicine: 961, retrieved 14 Jan 2009 
  4. ^ Redelmeier, Donald A. & Singh, Sheldon M. (5 Sep 2006), "Reanalysis of Survival of Oscar Winners", Annals of Internal Medicine: 392, retrieved 14 Jan 2009 
  5. ^ Sylvestre, Marie-Pierre, Huszti, Ella & Hanley, James A. (5 Sep 2006), "Do Oscar Winners Live Longer than Less Successful Peers? A Reanalysis of the Evidence", Annals of Internal Medicine: 361, retrieved 14 Jan 2009 
  6. ^ a b c Session Timeout - Academy Awards
  7. ^ http://www.awardsdatabase.oscars.org/ampas_awards/help/helpMain.jsp?helpContentURL=statistics/indexStats.html
  8. ^ http://www.awardsdatabase.oscars.org/ampas_awards/DisplayMain.jsp.?curTime=1373941459834

External links[edit]