Abu Dhabi International Airport

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Abu Dhabi International Airport
مطار أبوظبي الدولي
Abu-dhabi-airport-new-logo.jpg
AbuDhabiIntlAirport.JPG
IATA: AUHICAO: OMAA
AUH is located in United Arab Emirates
AUH
Location of airport in UAE
Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorAbu Dhabi Airports Company
ServesAbu Dhabi
Hub for
Elevation AMSL27 m / 88 ft
Coordinates24°25′41″N 54°38′49″E / 24.42806°N 54.64694°E / 24.42806; 54.64694
Websitewww.abudhabiairport.ae
Runways
DirectionLengthSurface
mft
13R/31L4,48014,698Asphalt
13L/31R4,48014,698Asphalt
Statistics (2012)
Passengers14.7 million
Economic impact (2012)$3.5 billion[1]
Social impact (2012)66.5 thousand[1]
 
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Abu Dhabi International Airport
مطار أبوظبي الدولي
Abu-dhabi-airport-new-logo.jpg
AbuDhabiIntlAirport.JPG
IATA: AUHICAO: OMAA
AUH is located in United Arab Emirates
AUH
Location of airport in UAE
Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorAbu Dhabi Airports Company
ServesAbu Dhabi
Hub for
Elevation AMSL27 m / 88 ft
Coordinates24°25′41″N 54°38′49″E / 24.42806°N 54.64694°E / 24.42806; 54.64694
Websitewww.abudhabiairport.ae
Runways
DirectionLengthSurface
mft
13R/31L4,48014,698Asphalt
13L/31R4,48014,698Asphalt
Statistics (2012)
Passengers14.7 million
Economic impact (2012)$3.5 billion[1]
Social impact (2012)66.5 thousand[1]

Abu Dhabi International Airport (Arabic: مطار أبو ظبي الدولي‎) (IATA: AUHICAO: OMAA) is an airport in Abu Dhabi emirate, the capital of the United Arab Emirates. The airport is one of the fastest growing airports in the world in terms of passengers (+34% in Q1:2008), new airline operators, and infrastructural development. The airport is now undergoing a AED 25 billion (US$6.8 billion) expansion. As of January 2012, 53 airlines offered service to 85 destinations in 49 countries.

The airport, about 25-30 kilometres from Abu Dhabi city, is the second largest in the UAE, serving over 12 million passengers in 2010. It has three operational passenger terminals – Terminal 1 and it is divided into Terminal 1A and Terminal 1B, Terminal 2, Terminal 3. Abu Dhabi International Airport is spread over an area of 60 square kilometres (15,000 acres). Its terminal spaces are dominated by Etihad Airways, which is the United Arab Emirates' second largest air carrier after Emirates.

The new Terminal 3, a AED 1 billion (US$270 million) interim facility, was designed to allow for the airport's passenger growth before the planned opening of the new Midfield Terminal on July 17, 2017. Used predominantly by Etihad Airways, the terminal boosted the airport's seven million passenger per year capacity to 12 million. It also added 10 new gates, two of which are Airbus A380 compatible.[2]

History[edit]

Abu Dhabi airport was previously based at Bateen airport on Abu Dhabi island and consisted of a single airstrip with minimal airport facilites. Limited flights were operated from this airport and included flights to other Middle Eastern cities and Mumbai International Airport (then known as Bombay International Airport). After many years of operations, the airport was shifted to the mainland in 1982 and included a circular satellite terminal (with aerobridges) with a single connection to a semi-circular terminal. [3] [4] This design has allowed more aircraft to park simultaneously. During the late 1990's and early 2000's, substantial work was carried out on the satellite terminal, to cater for the increase in passenger numbers; some of the changes, included widening the passenger waiting areas and creating extra parking spots. The main terminal also underwent some external changes, especially on the outer facade. Additionally, Terminal 2 was creating to relieve the pressure of the main terminal. Terminal 2 however, does not have aerobridges and uses of luxury airport buses to help passengers move been aircraft and terminal.

During the early years of operation of the current airport, there were no means of getting to the airport from the cities, other than by private vehicle or taxis (local taxi and Al Ghazal luxury taxi). With the creation of Abu Dhabi's bus network, city to airport bus services were swiftly introduced. [5] It should be always remembered that leaving vehicles unattended at the entrance of the terminal is not allowed. Police are authorised to impound vehicles or give a fine to offenders. [6]

With the withdrawal of support for regional airline Gulf Air after nearly five decades, Etihad became the new airline to be based at the airport. It has received full support from the UAE government and has come a long way since its inaugral flight in 2003. Previous Gulf Air CEO James Hogan also transferred to Etihad, bringing a wealth of aviation industry knowledge and experience.

The airport recently celebrated its 30th year anniversary.[7] Bateen airport is presently used for military and minor cilivian purposes.

Expansion[edit]

Development work has started on a new passenger terminal, the main building and centre-piece of the new airport, to be situated between the two runways and known as the Midfield Terminal. Upon completion in 2017, the Midfield Terminal will increase the airport’s passenger capacity to more than 20 million per year, with options for this to double in capacity to 40 million.[8] An additional facility is also under consideration that would take the capacity to 50 million.

The expansion master plan projects also include a third 4.48 kilometres (2.78 mi) parallel runway, 2 km from the existing 2 runways, a new (110 metres or 360 feet) tower between the two runways with the new Air Traffic Control centre, enhanced cargo and maintenance facilities, and other commercial developments on the land immediately adjacent to and north of the existing airport.

The project will provide a home base for the UAE's national carrier, Etihad Airways, which will be a major user of new cargo facilities with an ultimate handling capacity of around two million tonnes of freight a year. Close to the new cargo facilities, land has been allocated for commercial activities, business parks, and property developments. Aircraft maintenance facilities will continue to be concentrated on the south side of the existing airport. The plan also sets aside land for the growth of other operators such as Royal Jet and Abu Dhabi Aviation.

Among other aspects of the project, when completed, are the design of remote aircraft stands complete with airfield ground lighting and hydrant fuel.

The central hall at Abu Dhabi International Airport

City Terminal[edit]

A check-in facility exists in downtown Abu Dhabi, for travellers who want a speedy service at Abu Dhabi Airport before they fly. This facility known as the City Terminal, resembles an airport and has cafe and transport facilities. On reaching the airport, travellers only need to proceed towards customs, immigration and then to the waiting areas. This is a very convenient facility for those who prefer to be seated in particular areas on the flight or for those who live in downtown Abu Dhabi.

Pre-Clearance[edit]

In December 2011, the government of Abu Dhabi signed a letter of intent to build a terminal where American government officers will clear passengers to enter the United States, similar to pre-clearance customs facilities in Canada, Australia the Bahamas, and Ireland.[9]

There is no news on the progress or status of this project.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

An A380-800 painted in Etihad colours at Abu Dhabi International Airport. The airline has not yet received its ordered aircraft.
A Boeing 737-200Adv being serviced at Abu Dhabi International Airport, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
The exterior of the airport seen from the runway
Passport stamps from Abu Dhabi International Airport.
AirlinesDestinationsTerminal
Aegean AirlinesAthens (begins 30 March 2014)[10][11]TBA
Air AstanaAlmaty, Astana1
airBalticRiga (begins 16 December 2013)[12]1
Air BerlinBerlin-Tegel, Düsseldorf, Phuket1
airblueIslamabad, Lahore, Peshawar1
Air IndiaDelhi, Mumbai2
Air India ExpressKochi, Kozhikode, Mangalore, Thiruvananthapuram2
Air SerbiaBelgrade3
Air SeychellesHong Kong, Mahė3
AlitaliaRome-Fiumicino1
Biman Bangladesh AirlinesDhaka, Chittagong, Sylhet2
British AirwaysLondon-Heathrow, Muscat1
Cathay PacificBahrain, Hong Kong, Riyadh1
Czech AirlinesPrague1
EgyptAirCairo1
Etihad AirwaysAddis Ababa, Ahmedabad, Almaty, Amman-Queen Alia, Amsterdam, Astana, Athens, Baghdad, Bahrain, Bangalore, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Basra, Beijing-Capital, Beirut, Belgrade, Brisbane, Brussels, Cairo, Casablanca, Chengdu, Chennai, Chicago-O'Hare, Colombo, Dammam, Delhi, Dhaka, Doha, Dublin, Düsseldorf, Erbil, Frankfurt, Geneva, Ho Chi Minh City,[13] Hyderabad, Islamabad, Istanbul-Atatürk, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Jeddah, Johannesburg, Karachi, Kathmandu, Khartoum, Kochi, Kozhikode, Kuala Lumpur, Kuwait, Lagos, Lahore, Larnaca, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles (begins 1 June 2014),[14] Mahé, Malé, Manchester, Manila, Medina (begins 1 February 2014),[15] Melbourne, Milan-Malpensa, Minsk-National, Moscow-Domodedovo, Mumbai, Munich, Muscat, Nagoya-Centrair, Nairobi-Jomo Kenyatta, New York-JFK, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Peshawar, Riyadh, Rome-Fiumicino (begins 1 March 2014), Sana'a,[16] São Paulo-Guarulhos, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Singapore, Sydney, Tehran-Imam Khomeini, Thiruvananthapuram, Tokyo-Narita, Toronto-Pearson, Tripoli, Washington-Dulles, Zurich (begins 1 June 2014)[17]1, 3
Etihad Airways
operated by Air France
Paris-Charles de Gaulle1, 3
Garuda IndonesiaAmsterdam, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta1
Gulf AirBahrain1
Hainan AirlinesBeijing-Capital, Luanda1
Jet AirwaysDelhi, Mumbai, Kuwait, Kochi1
Kenya AirwaysNairobi-Jomo Kenyatta[18]1
Kish AirKish2
KLMAmsterdam, Bahrain1
Kuwait AirwaysKuwait1
LufthansaFrankfurt, Muscat1
Middle East AirlinesBeirut1
Nas AirJeddah, Medina2
Oman AirMuscat1
Pakistan International AirlinesIslamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, Rahim Yar Khan2
Philippine AirlinesManila[19]1
Qatar AirwaysDoha1
Rotana JetAl Ain, Fujairah2
Royal JordanianAmman-Queen Alia1
SaudiaJeddah, Riyadh1
Shaheen Air InternationalIslamabad, Lahore, Peshawar1
SriLankan AirlinesColombo1
Sudan AirwaysKhartoum1
Transaero AirlinesMoscow-Domodedovo[20]1
Turkish AirlinesIstanbul-Atatürk1
Turkmenistan AirlinesAshgabat2
Ukraine International AirlinesKiev-Boryspil1
Uzbekistan AirwaysTashkent Airport (begins 1 April 2014)[21]1
Virgin AustraliaSydney3
YemeniaAden, Sana'a1

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
CargoluxLuxembourg
China Airlines CargoAmsterdam, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Frankfurt, Ho Chi Minh City, Luxembourg, Prague, Taipei-Taoyuan
Etihad CargoAddis Ababa, Almaty, Amsterdam 2, Bangalore, Beijing-Capital, Benghazi, Campinas 2, Chicago, Chittagong, Chennai, Dammam, Delhi, Dhaka, Djibouti, Doha, Dubai-Al Maktoum, Eldoret, Erbil, Frankfurt, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Houston, Johannesburg, Kabul, Khartoum, Kuwait, Lagos, Milan-Malpensa, Miami, Mumbai, Nairobi, N'Djamena, Quito, Shanghai-Pudong, Sharjah, Singapore, Tripoli, Vienna[22][23][24][25]
Etihad Cargo
operated by Atlas Air and Martinair Cargo1
Amsterdam, Chennai, Chittagong, Dhaka, Frankfurt, Hong Kong, Shanghai-Pudong, Tbilisi[26][24]
Martinair Cargo1Bangkok, Doha, Hong Kong, Muscat, Mumbai, Sharjah, Singapore[27]

1 Martinair Cargo use KLM Cargo aircraft on these routes
2 Etihad Cargo Campinas-Amsterdam route operates with a tech stop at Willemstad

Ground transportation[edit]

Etihad Airways provides bus coaches between Dubai and Abu Dhabi International Airport for Etihad customers, as well as a coach service to Al Ain .[28] A city bus also connects the airport to Abu Dhabi city centre.[29]

Runways[edit]

Abu Dhabi International Airport is equipped with two parallel runways. The runway directions are 13R/31L and 13L/31R. Both the runways are 4,480 × 61 m (14,698 × 200 ft) capable of handling all the wide bodied aircraft.

Competition[edit]

The rapid growth of Etihad Airways, Emirates Airline, and Qatar Airways has pressed for major expansion in airports of the region. In the UAE alone, Abu Dhabi International Airport must compete with Dubai International Airport, about an hour and a half away by road, which is the busiest airport within the UAE. Based out of Dubai International is Etihad's main competitor, Emirates Airline, which is the largest airline in the Middle East and North Africa and one of the largest in the world. Although many that this proximity may mean ambiguous prospects for Abu Dhabi International Airport, this is unlikely due to the healthy nature of competition between all three airlines.

Air Berlin A330 in Abu Dhabi Airport

Additionally, an hour's flight away is Doha International Airport, home of Qatar Airways, which is the fastest growing full service airline in Asia, and one of the fastest growing in the world. Competition on both sides bodes well for Abu Dhabi's airport and its allure to other airlines, as the two other airlines both successfully operate out of other airports. Abu Dhabi International Airport, combined with Dubai and Doha, make for a formidable tri-hub for global air passenger and cargo traffic, which may be boosted by the completion of Al Maktoum International Airport at Dubai World Central around 2028. Within five to six years the three airlines, airports, will have a greater carrying capacity than Charles de Gaulle, Heathrow, and Frankfurt all combined.

Accolades[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Abu Dhabi International airport - Economic and social impact". Ecquants. Retrieved September 7, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Abu Dhabi International Airport". Abu Dhabi International Airport. 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-29. 
  3. ^ http://www.albateenairport.com/aboutus-history.html
  4. ^ http://www.airliners.net/photo/Air-Berlin/Airbus-A330-223/2197483/L/&sid=9c653dcac37846718841facca04ff53e
  5. ^ dot.abudhabi.ae/en/info/Bus_Transportation
  6. ^ http://www.abudhabiairport.ae/english/to-and-from-the-airport/information/pick-up-and-drop-off.aspx
  7. ^ http://www.abudhabiairport.ae/english/airport-information/about-abu-dhabi-airport/three-decades-of-success.aspx
  8. ^ Midfield Terminal Complex Development | About Abu Dhabi International Airport | Airport Information | Abu Dhabi International Airport
  9. ^ "U.S. Security Expands Presence at Foreign Airports". New York Times. Retrieved 2013-05-19. 
  10. ^ "Flight timetables search". Retrieved 5 November 2013. 
  11. ^ http://en.aegeanair.com/all-about-us/press-office/press-releases/press-release/?prid=443
  12. ^ L, J (9 October 2013). "airBaltic to Start Abu Dhabi Service with CSA Czech Aircraft from mid-Dec 2013". Airline Route. Retrieved 9 October 2013. 
  13. ^ Boarding.no : Etihad Airways to Ho Chi Minh City
  14. ^ "Etihad Airways to make Los Angeles its fourth U.S. city". USA Today. 7 October 2013. Retrieved 7 October 2013. 
  15. ^ by JL (8 November 2013). "ETIHAD to Start Madinah Service from Feb 2014; Airline Route – Worldwide Airline Route Updates". Airlineroute.net. Retrieved 8 November 2013. 
  16. ^ UAE- Etihad Airways to launch direct flight to Sana'a - MENAFN
  17. ^ "Etihad Airways to start services to Zurich" (Press release). Etihad Airways. 17 November 2013. Retrieved 17 November 2013. 
  18. ^ Kenya Airways begin Nairobi-Abu Dhabi service from July 2013
  19. ^ PAL launches new routes to Australia, China, Middle East | Inquirer Business
  20. ^ Transaero to Abu Dhabi
  21. ^ [1]
  22. ^ Timetable | Etihad Cargo
  23. ^ and Atlas launch round the world service
  24. ^ a b Etihad Cargo freighter deployment
  25. ^ Etihad Cargo schedule
  26. ^ EY lease KLM 747 freighter
  27. ^ AF-KL-MP cargo launch AUH
  28. ^ Dubai." Retrieved on 6 February 2009.
  29. ^ Welcome To Abu Dhabi International Airport
  30. ^ "ASQ Award for Best Airport in Middle East" Airports Council International. 14 February 2012. Retrieved 2012-04-13

External links[edit]