Abbey Lincoln

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Abbey Lincoln

Abbey Lincoln in concert, 1992
Background information
Birth nameAnna Marie Wooldridge
Born(1930-08-06)August 6, 1930
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
DiedAugust 14, 2010(2010-08-14) (aged 80)
Manhattan, New York, U.S.
GenresJazz
OccupationsSinger, songwriter, actress, civil rights activist
InstrumentsVocals
Years active1956–2007
LabelsRiverside, Verve
 
Jump to: navigation, search
Abbey Lincoln

Abbey Lincoln in concert, 1992
Background information
Birth nameAnna Marie Wooldridge
Born(1930-08-06)August 6, 1930
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
DiedAugust 14, 2010(2010-08-14) (aged 80)
Manhattan, New York, U.S.
GenresJazz
OccupationsSinger, songwriter, actress, civil rights activist
InstrumentsVocals
Years active1956–2007
LabelsRiverside, Verve

Anna Marie Wooldridge (August 6, 1930 – August 14, 2010),[1] better known by her stage name Abbey Lincoln, was a jazz vocalist, songwriter, and actress. Lincoln was unusual in that she wrote and performed her own compositions, expanding the expectations of jazz audiences.

Contents

Musician

Lincoln was one of many singers influenced by Billie Holiday. She often visited the Blue Note jazz club in New York City.[2] Her debut album, Abbey Lincoln’s Affair – A Story of a Girl in Love, was followed by a series of albums for Riverside Records. In 1960 she sang on Max Roach's landmark civil rights-themed recording, We Insist!.[3] Lincoln’s lyrics were often connected to the civil rights movement in America.

During the 1980s, Lincoln’s creative output was lesser and she released only a few albums during that decade. During the 1990s and until her death, however, she fulfilled a 10-album contract with Verve Records. These albums are highly regarded and represent a crowning achievement in Lincoln’s career. Devil’s Got Your Tongue (1992) featured Rodney Kendrick, Grady Tate, J. J. Johnson, Stanley Turrentine, Babatunde Olatunji and The Staple Singers, among others.

In 2003, Lincoln received a National Endowment for the Arts Jazz Master Award.[4][5]

Actress

With Ivan Dixon, she co-starred in Nothing But a Man, an independent film written and directed by Michael Roemer. In 1968 she also co-starred with Sidney Poitier and Beau Bridges in For Love of Ivy,[6] and received a 1969 Golden Globe nomination for her appearance in the film.

Lincoln also appeared in 1956 in The Girl Can’t Help It, for which she wore a dress which had been worn by Marilyn Monroe in Gentleman Prefer Blondes, and interpreted the theme song, working with Benny Carter.[6]

In the 1990 Spike Lee movie Mo’ Better Blues, she played young Bleek Gilliams’ mother.[7]

Personal life

Lincoln was married to drummer Max Roach from 1962 to 1970. Roach’s daughter from a previous marriage, Maxine, has appeared on several of Lincoln’s albums. She was mentioned in Maya Angelou's autobiography The Heart of a Woman as a close friend.

Lincoln died on August 14, 2010 in Manhattan at the age of 80. Her death was announced by her brother, David Wooldridge, who told the New York Times that Lincoln had died in her Manhattan nursing home after suffering deteriorating health for years following open heart surgery in 2007. No cause of death was officially given. She was cremated and her ashes were scattered.[8]

Discography

With Max Roach

References

External links