Abarth

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Abarth & C. Spa
TypeSocietà per Azioni
IndustryAutomotive
FoundedBologna, Italy (March 31, 1949 (1949-03-31))
Founder(s)Carlo Abarth
HeadquartersTurin, Italy
Key people
ParentFiat Chrysler Automobiles, NV
Websitewww.abarth.it
 
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Abarth & C. Spa
TypeSocietà per Azioni
IndustryAutomotive
FoundedBologna, Italy (March 31, 1949 (1949-03-31))
Founder(s)Carlo Abarth
HeadquartersTurin, Italy
Key people
ParentFiat Chrysler Automobiles, NV
Websitewww.abarth.it
Abarth 595, derived from Fiat 500

Abarth is a racing car and road car maker founded by Carlo Abarth of Turin in 1949.[1] Its logo is a shield with a stylized scorpion on a red and yellow background.[2]

History[edit]

Carlo Abarth founded the Abarth & C. company with Armando Scagliarini (father of Cisitalia racing driver Guido Scagliarini) in Bologna on 31 March 1949,[3] using his astrological sign, Scorpio, as the company logo. The company made high-performance exhaust pipes and raced Cisitalia cars. On April 10, 1950 Tazio Nuvolari made his last appearance in racing with an Abarth's Cisitalia.

On April 9, 1951 the company's headquarters were moved to Turin;[3] Abarth began his well-known association with Fiat in 1952, when it built the Abarth 1500 Biposto on Fiat mechanicals.[4]

In the 1960s, Abarth was successful in hillclimbing and sports car racing, mainly in classes from 850cc to 2000cc, competing with Porsche 904 and Ferrari Dino. Hans Herrmann was a factory driver from 1962 until 1965, winning the 500 km Nürburgring in 1963 with Teddy Pilette.[5]

Abarth promised Johann Abt that he could race a factory car for free if he won all the races he entered.[when?] Abt almost succeeded: Of the 30 races he entered, Abt won 29 and finished second once.[when?][5] Abt later founded Abt Sportsline.

Abarth produced high-performance exhaust pipes, diversifying into tuning kits for road vehicles, mainly for Fiat. A racing exhaust was produced for the 1950s Lambretta models "D" and "LD". Original Abarth LD exhausts are now valuable collectors items. Reproductions are available which carry the Abarth name, how Fiat feels about this is not known. Lambretta even held several 125cc Motorcycle land speed records during the 1950s thanks partly to the exhaust that Abarth developed for them.[6][7]

Abarth also helped build sports or racing cars with Porsche[8] and Simca.

Fiat bought Abarth on July 31, 1971; Enzo Osella bought the racing team. Under Fiat ownership, Abarth became the Fiat Group's racing department, managed by engine designer Aurelio Lampredi.[5]

Abarth prepared Fiat's rally cars, including the Fiat 124 Abarth and 131 Abarth,[5] then was merged with the Squadra Corse Lancia developing the Lancia 037 rally car.

On 1 October 1981, Abarth & C. ceased to exist and was replaced by Fiat Auto Gestione Sportiva, a division of the parent company specialized in the management of racing programmes that would remain in operation through to the end of 1999, when it changed to Fiat Auto Corse S.p.A.

Some commercial models built by Fiat or its subsidiaries Lancia and Autobianchi were co-branded Abarth, including the Autobianchi A112 Abarth, a popular "boy racer" because it was light weight and inexpensive.

In the 1980s Abarth name was mainly used to mark performance cars, such as the Fiat Ritmo Abarth 130 TC.[citation needed] The name was almost forgotten in 1990s.[citation needed]

In 2000s, Fiat used the Abarth brand to designate a trim/model level, as in the Fiat Stilo Abarth.[citation needed]

In 2007, Fiat Automobiles SpA relaunched the brand with the Grande Punto Abarth and the Grande Punto Abarth S2000. The brand is separate from the main Fiat brand. It is based in the Officine 83, part of the old Mirafiori engineering plant.[9] The CEO is Harald Wester.[10]

Abarth cars[edit]

Current models[edit]

Abarth Punto EvoAbarth 500Abarth 500C
  • Supermini
  • 3-door hatchback
  • City car
  • 3-door hatchback
  • City car
  • Cabriolet
Abarth PuntoEvo.jpgFiat 500 Abarth front.JPGAbarth 500C rear Poznan 2011.jpg
Fiat Abarth 750
Abarth 209A Boano Coupe
Abarth race cars
Fiat Abarth 1000
1961 Abarth Monomille, rebodied Fiat 600 chassis[11]

Cars produced by Abarth[edit]

Cars not produced by Abarth but with Abarth badges[edit]

Cars produced under Abarth & C. S.p.A. (2007–)[edit]

Cars produced by other manufacturers with involvement from Abarth[edit]

Cars produced under Fiat Corse – N Technology named Abarth[edit]

International Rally Challenge results[edit]

YearCarDriver123456789101112DCPointsMCPoints
2007Fiat Grande Punto Abarth S2000Italy Andrea NavarraKEN
1
TUR
2
BEL
3
RUS
4
POR
Ret
CZE
7
ITA
10
SWI
Ret
CHI3rd322nd90
Italy Umberto ScandolaKEN
Ret
TURBEL
5
RUSPORCZEITA
4
SWI
3
CHI6th15
Finland Anton AlénKENTUR
4
BELRUS
1
PORCZE
Ret
ITASWICHI7th15
Italy Giandomenico BassoKENTURBELRUSPOR
1
CZEITA
2
SWICHI5th18
2008Fiat Grande Punto Abarth S2000Italy Giandomenico BassoTUR
Ret
POR
4
BEL
6
RUS
3
POR
2
CZE
Ret
ESP
1
ITA
1
SWI
5
CHI3rd322nd74
Finland Anton AlénTUR
3
POR
Ret
BEL
11
RUS
2
PORCZE
Ret
ESP
6
ITA
8
SWI
6
CHI5th21
Italy Umberto ScandolaTURPORBELRUSPOR
7
CZEESPITA
Ret
SWI
Ret
CHI28th2
Italy Renato TravagliaTURPORBELRUSPORCZEESPITA
4
SWICHI6th*19*
Italy Alessio PissiTURPORBELRUSPORCZEESPITA
13
SWICHI-0
Italy Andrea NavarraTURPORBELRUSPORCZEESPITA
Ret
SWICHI-0
2009Fiat Grande Punto Abarth S2000Italy Giandomenico BassoMON
5
BRA
3
KENPOR
Ret
BEL
8
RUS
3
POR
1
CZE
Ret
ESP
8
ITASCO5th284th43
Finland Anton AlénMON
Ret
BRA
Ret
KENPOR
14
BELRUS
7
PORCZEESPITASCO34th3
Italy Luca RossettiMON
Ret
BRAKENPORBELRUSPOR
Ret
CZE
10
ESPITA
2
SCO10th8
Belgium Bernd CasierMONBRAKENPORBEL
14
RUSPORCZEESPITASCO-0
Spain Miguel FusterMONBRAKENPORBELRUSPORCZEESP
Ret
ITASCO-0
Italy Umberto ScandolaMONBRAKENPORBELRUSPORCZEESPITA
11
SCO-0
Belgium François DuvalMONBRAKENPORBELRUSPORCZEESPITA
Ret
SCO-0
2010Fiat Grande Punto Abarth S2000Italy Luca RossettiMONBRAARGCANITABELAZOMADCZEITA
5
SCOCYP22nd46th6
Italy Giandomenico BassoMONBRAARGCANITABELAZOMADCZEITA
7
SCOCYP36th2

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Abarth wants 100 dealers in Europe". autonews.com. Archived from the original on 13 February 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-07. 
  2. ^ "Abarth Logo: Design and History". Famouslogos.net. Retrieved 2011-07-28. 
  3. ^ a b "Karl Abarth, the man and his history". bernimotori.com. Retrieved 2014-05-28. 
  4. ^ "1952 Abarth 1500 Biposto Coupé". Rickcarey.com. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-07-28. 
  5. ^ a b c d "The history of Abarth". abarthcarsuk.com. Retrieved 2014-05-28. 
  6. ^ "125 Model D Racer". Racinglambrettas.com. Retrieved 2014-06-22. 
  7. ^ "Lambretta World Land Speed Record Scooter". lambrettista.net. 2013-10-07. Retrieved 2014-06-22. 
  8. ^ "Porsche 356B Carrera GTL Abarth". porschearchive.com. Retrieved 2014-05-28. 
  9. ^ Abarth's new premises in Turin from duemotori.it (Feb 18, 2008)
  10. ^ "Nominato il nuovo CEO di Abarth" (in Italian). 
  11. ^ "The Abarth Monomille". scuderialafortuna.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  12. ^ Authentic USA-Spec Abarth: 1958 Fiat 750 Retrieved on 2 April 2011
  13. ^ Abarth 209A Boano Coupe, www.ultimatecarpage.com Retrieved on 15 July 2014
  14. ^ The Observer's Book of Automobiles, Thirteenth Edition, 1967, page 27

External links[edit]