Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery

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The Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB) is a multiple choice test, administered by the United States Military Entrance Processing Command, used to determine qualification for enlistment in the United States armed forces. It is often offered to American high school students when they are in the 10th, 11th and 12th grade, though anyone eligible for enlistment may take it.[1] There has never been a requirement that a test-taker with a qualifying score enlist in the military, and the test may simply determine personal aptitude at a particular career.

Contents

History

The ASVAB was first introduced in 1968 and was adopted by all branches of the military in 1976. In 2002 it underwent a major revision. In 2004, the test's percentile ranking scoring system was re-normalized, to ensure that a score of 50% really did represent doing better than exactly 50% of test-takers.

Categories

Current

The ASVAB currently contains nine sections. The duration of each test varies from as low as ten minutes up to 36 minutes for Arithmetic Reasoning; the entire ASVAB is three hours long.[2]

Navy applicants also complete a Coding Speed (CS) test.

Previous

Standards for enlistment

AFQT required minimum scores for people with a high school diploma as of October 2012 (unless otherwise noted) are as follows:

Minimum AFQT
Tier ITier II
Branch≥ HS Diploma= GED
Army3150
Navy3550
Air Force4065
Marines3250
Coast Guard4550 with 15 college credits
*Army National Guard3150
*Air National Guard3150

GED holders who earn 15 college credits 100 level or greater are considered equivalent with those holding high school diplomas. This would result in only needing the minimum score to enlist. Enlisted is not determined by score alone. Certain recruiting goal practices may require an applicant to achieve a higher score than the required minimum AFQT score in order to be considered for enlistment.[3][4]

Information use

The information collected through the ASVAB is used by the United States Department of Defense for research purposes. Scores and personal information obtained during the test are released to the student's local school and to United States armed forces recruiters, at the option of the school.

Armed Forces Qualification Test

An Armed Forces Qualification Test (AFQT) score is used to determine basic qualification for enlistment.

AFQT Scores are divided into the following categories:

The formula for computing an AFQT score is: AR + MK + (2 x VE) where VE = PC + WK.

The VE (verbal) score is determined by adding the raw scores from the PC and WK tests (i.e., how many questions the aspiring recruit got right on each) and using a table to get the VE score from that combined PC and WK raw score.

AFQT scores are not raw scores, but rather percentile scores indicating how each examinee performed compared with all other examinees. Thus, someone who receives an AFQT of 55 scored better than 55 percent of all other examinees. Maximum possible score is 99 as a person can do better than 99 percent of those who took the test, but he cannot do better than himself, so the high percentile is 99.

Law prohibits applicants in Category V from enlisting.[citation needed] In addition, there are constraints placed on Category IV recruits; recruits must be high school diploma graduates. Furthermore, the law constrains the percentage of accessions who can fall in Category IV (currently, the limit is 20%).

Composite scores

In addition to the ASVAB's AFQT, each branch has military occupational specialty, or MOS, scores. Combinations of scores from the nine tests are used to determine qualification for a MOS. These combinations are called "aptitude area scores", "composite scores", or "line scores". Each of the five armed services has its own aptitude area scores and sets its own minimum composite scores for each MOS.

Army/National Guard Composite Scores
CLClericalVE+AR+MK
COCombat OperationsVE+AS+MC
ELElectronicsGS+AR+MK+EI
FAField ArtilleryAR+MK+MC
GMGeneral MaintenanceGS+AS+MK+EI
GTGeneral TechnicalVE+AR
MMMechanical MaintenanceAS+MC+EI
OFOperators and FoodVE+AS+MC
SCSurveillance and CommunicationsVE+AR+AS+MC
STSkilled TechnicalVE+GS+MC+MK
* SFSpecial ForcesGT≥107 CO≥98
Navy/Coast Guard Line Scores
GTGeneral TechnicalAR+VE
ELElectronicsAR+EI+GS+MK
BEEBasic Electricity and ElectronicsAR+GS+2*MK
ENGEngineeringAI+SI+MK
MECMechanical MaintenanceAR+AI+SI+MC
MEC2Mechanical Maintenance 2AO+AR+MC
NUCNuclear FieldAR+MC+MK+VE
OPSOperations SpecialistWK, PC, AR, MK, AO
HMHospitalcorpsmanGS+MK+VE
ADMAdministrativeMK+VE
* SEALsSpecial OperationsGS+MC+EI≥165 or VE+MK+MC+CS≥220 (minimum for BUD/S)

Air Force/National Guard Composite Scores (Standard AFQT score AR + MK + (2 x VE))[5]

GGeneralVE + AR
MMechanicalMC + GS (2 × AS)
AAdministrativeNO + CS + VE
EElectricalAR + MK + EI + GS
Marine Corps Line Score:
CLClericalVE+AR+MK
ELElectronicsGS+AR+MK+EI
GTGeneral TechnicalVE+AR
MMMechanical MaintenanceNO+AS+MC+EI
STSkilled TechnicalGS+VE+MK+MC
* MARSOCSpecial OperationsGT=105

References

Further reading

External links