ALF (TV series)

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ALF
Alfintro.jpg
GenreScience fiction/fantasy sitcom
Created byPaul Fusco[1]
Tom Patchett
StarringPaul Fusco
Max Wright
Anne Schedeen
Andrea Elson
Benji Gregory
Theme music composerAlf Clausen
Tom Kramer
Composer(s)Alf Clausen
Country of originUnited States
Language(s)English
No. of seasons4
No. of episodes99 (original run)
102 (syndication) (List of episodes)
Production
Executive producer(s)Bernie Brillstein
Tom Patchett
Producer(s)Paul Fusco
Camera setupMulti-camera
Running time25 minnutes
Production company(s)Alien Productions
DistributorWarner Bros. Television
Broadcast
Original channelNBC[2]
Audio formatDolby Surround
Original runSeptember 22, 1986 (1986-09-22) – March 24, 1990 (1990-03-24)
 
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ALF
Alfintro.jpg
GenreScience fiction/fantasy sitcom
Created byPaul Fusco[1]
Tom Patchett
StarringPaul Fusco
Max Wright
Anne Schedeen
Andrea Elson
Benji Gregory
Theme music composerAlf Clausen
Tom Kramer
Composer(s)Alf Clausen
Country of originUnited States
Language(s)English
No. of seasons4
No. of episodes99 (original run)
102 (syndication) (List of episodes)
Production
Executive producer(s)Bernie Brillstein
Tom Patchett
Producer(s)Paul Fusco
Camera setupMulti-camera
Running time25 minnutes
Production company(s)Alien Productions
DistributorWarner Bros. Television
Broadcast
Original channelNBC[2]
Audio formatDolby Surround
Original runSeptember 22, 1986 (1986-09-22) – March 24, 1990 (1990-03-24)

ALF is an American science fiction/fantasy sitcom that aired on NBC from September 22, 1986 to March 24, 1990. It was the first television series to be presented in Dolby Surround sound system.

The title character is Gordon Shumway, a friendly extraterrestrial nicknamed ALF (an acronym for Alien Life Form), who crash lands in the garage of the suburban middle-class Tanner family. [3] The series stars Max Wright as father Willie Tanner, Anne Schedeen as mother Kate Tanner, and Andrea Elson and Benji Gregory as their children, Lynn and Brian Tanner. ALF was performed by puppeteer/creator Paul Fusco.[4]

Produced by Alien Productions, ALF originally ran for four seasons and produced 99 episodes, including three one-hour episodes which were divided into two parts for syndication for a total of 102 episodes.

Contents

Premise

ALF follows an amateur radio signal to Earth and crash-lands into the garage of the Tanners. The Tanners are a suburban middle-class family in the San Fernando Valley area. The family consists of social worker Willie (Max Wright), his wife Kate (Anne Schedeen), their teenage daughter Lynn (Andrea Elson), younger son Brian (Benji Gregory), and their cat Lucky.

Unsure what to do, the Tanners take ALF into their home and hide him from the Alien Task Force (a part of the U.S. military) and their nosy neighbors Trevor and Raquel Ochmonek (John LaMotta and Liz Sheridan), until he can repair his spacecraft. He generally hides in the kitchen. It is eventually revealed that ALF's home planet Melmac exploded because of a catastrophe involving nuclear war. The alien was a gardener on his planet. In Episode Four of Season One, ALF tries to convince the President of the United States to stop the nuclear program, as ALF fears that Earth might suffer a fate similar to Melmac's, though miscalculating his words causes the President and National Security to call the FBI to arrest the Tanners. ALF was off the planet when it was destroyed because he was part of the Melmac Orbit Guard. ALF (a.k.a. Gordon Shumway) is homeless, but he is not the last survivor of his species. He becomes a permanent member of the family, although his culture shock, survivor guilt, general boredom, despair, and loneliness frequently cause difficulty for the Tanners. Despite the problems and inconveniences his presence brings into their lives, they grow to love him, though some episodes make it clear they're also afraid of how their lives would be turned upside down if word that he's been living with them gets out.

While most of the science fiction of ALF was played for comedic value, there were a few references to actual topics in space exploration; for example, ALF uses a radio signal as a beacon in the pilot episode. In the episode "Weird Science", ALF told Brian, who was building a model of the solar system for his science project, that there were two planets beyond Pluto called "Dave" and "Alvin" (as in David Seville and Alvin from the Alvin and the Chipmunks franchise), which gets Brian in trouble at school. However, after ALF makes a call to an astronomical organization and states that "Dave" is known by the organization, Willie comes to believe that "Dave" could have been the planetoid Chiron, or "Object Kowal", after its discoverer. ALF then shows Willie exactly where "Dave" is on an intergalactic map of the universe.

Each episode dealt with ALF learning about Earth and making new friends both within and outside of the Tanner family, including Willie's brother Neal (Jim J. Bullock), Kate's widowed mother Dorothy (Anne Meara) (with whom ALF has a love-hate relationship), her boyfriend (and later husband) Whizzer (Paul Dooley), the Ochmoneks' nephew Jake (Josh Blake), a psychologist named Larry (Bill Daily), and a blind woman named Jody (Andrea Covell), who never figures out that ALF is not human(although she is aware through touch that he is short and hairy).

Changes occur within the Tanner household over the course of the series, including the birth of a new child, Eric (the reason for adding a baby in the series being that Anne Schedeen was pregnant at the time); ALF's move from his initial quarters in the laundry room to the attic, which he and Willie converted into an "apartment", and the death of Lucky the cat; in this instance, ALF finds that despite his occasional attempts to catch Lucky with the intention of making the cat a meal, as cats are the equivalent of cattle on Melmac, he has come to love and respect the family pet too much to do anything untoward with Lucky's remains. When ALF acquires a new cat with the intent of eating it, he actually grows fond of it and allows it to be adopted by the family, although he admits to the Tanners he has become the worst kind of Melmackian, a "cat lover".

ALF character

Gordon Shumway is an alien nicknamed ALF (an acronym for Alien Life Form) by William Tanner in the pilot episode. ALF was born on October 28, 1756, on the Lower East Side of the planet Melmac. Melmac was located six parsecs past the Hydra-Centaurus Supercluster, and had a green sky, blue grass and a purple sun. The commonly-used currency is a "Wernick" (named after producer Sandy Wernick) which is equal to $10 American dollars. Lint, gravel, and foam are as precious on Melmac as gold is on Earth, whereas gold and platinum are so common that they are used in place of porcelain to make toilets and sinks, as seen in the Season One episode "Baby, You Can Drive My Car" where ALF sells the gold and platinum plumbing in his ship to buy a Ferrari for Lynn.

ALF's body is covered with fur and he has a rippled snout, facial moles, and eight stomachs. His heart is apparently located in his head. He likes to burp and eat cats, and can whistle without opening his mouth, He had a best friend on his home planet named Malhar Naik. He has a friend named Skip and a girlfriend named Rhonda, both of whom also escaped the explosion. He attended high school for 122 years and was captain of a Bouillabaisse ball team, a game played on ice using shellfish as a ball.

ALF has an enormous appetite; he is also troublesome, sarcastic, slovenly and cynical, and sometimes he puts himself at the risk of being discovered while perpetrating some of his often-unintentional pranks. However, if things have gone too far, he does as much as possible to make up for his mistakes, generally with positive results. In the episode "It's Not Easy Bein'...Green", he tries to help Brian, too afraid to perform, to gain confidence during a school show by giving him a "lucky tooth" which ALF claims helped him be a star of the stage on Melmac. On another occasion, in the episode "Keepin' the Faith," he helps Dorothy deal with Sparky's death and move on to accept Whizzer's friendship. In the episode "Take a Look at Me Now" after neighbor Raquel Ochmonek claims to see ALF and is ridiculed on a call-in television show, ALF calls into show to defend her.

ALF comes from a large family and has at least 30 known relatives: cousins "Pretty Boy" Shumway and Blinky; two uncles, Tinkle and Goome; a Grandma Shumway; a brother Curtis; parents Bob and Flo Shumway; and aunts Bubba, Wagner, and Eugene. In a commercial for the NFL that ran during Super Bowl XLV on February 6, 2011, it was confirmed that ALF is a Carolina Panthers fan.

Episodes

Cast

Main characters

Recurring characters

Special guest stars

Listed alphabetically

Ratings

Production

Due to the inherent nature of producing a show featuring hand-operated puppets (à la The Muppet Show), ALF was technically difficult and demanding on series creator Fusco as well as its four lead actors. All confirmed during a 2006 People magazine interview that there was incredible tension on the set.[6] Max Wright stated that he despised supporting a technically demanding inanimate object that received most of the good lines of dialog. He admitted to being "hugely eager to have ALF over with."[6] Anne Schedeen added that on the last night of taping, "there was one take and Max walked off the set, went to his dressing room, got his bags, went to his car and disappeared. [...] There were no goodbyes." Schedeen herself said "there was no joy on the set [...] it was a technical nightmare – extremely slow, hot and tedious. [...] A 30-minute show took 20, 25 hours to shoot." (The taping lengths were not unusual for a show of ALF's nature, as a single 25-minute episode of The Muppet Show took nearly one week to film.[7]) While fond of her on-screen children, Schedeen said some adults had "difficult personalities. The whole thing was a big dysfunctional family." Schedeen added, "It's astonishing that ALF really was wonderful and that word never got out what a mess our set really was."[6] Elson, who suffered from bulimia during the second season of shooting, stated, "If ALF had gone one more year, everybody would have lost it."[6] Wright would eventually reflect more kindly on ALF, saying in June 2006, "It doesn't matter what I felt or what the days were like, ALF brought people a lot of joy."[6]

In reference to the tension, Fusco commented in 2012 that "It was just the nature of the beast. There was no way we could have made it go any further or any faster,” he insisted. “I think it was frustrating that it would take so long, but people got paid for what they did. Despite what people thought, that there was a lot of tension on set, there really wasn’t.”[8]

Fusco was notoriously secretive about his character up until the series premiere. During the show's production, Fusco refused to acknowledge that the puppet ALF was anything other than an alien. All involved with the production were cautioned not to reveal any of ALF's production secrets.

The set was built on platform raised four feet above the ground, with trap doors constructed at many points so that ALF could appear almost anywhere; Fusco operated him from underneath, so the unoccupied holes all over the floor were deep and treacherous. The trapdoors had to be reset multiple times, sometimes during a single scene. Fusco was the principal puppeteer, and used his right hand to control ALF's mouth, while the left controlled ALF's left arm. Second puppeteer Lisa Buckley assisted Fusco beneath the stage, operating ALF's right arm. Together with third person Bob Fappiano who controlled ALF's facial and ear movements via a radio controller offscreen, they worked in concert to make ALF's movements fluid and believable. During tapings, Fusco would wear a head-mounted microphone to record ALF's voice. The painstaking process resulted in countless mistakes and retakes, making it impossible to record ALF before a live audience; as such, a laugh track was added during post-production.

To avoid wear and tear on the principal ALF puppet, the performers rehearsed with a crude early version of ALF, nicknamed "RALF" (for "Replacement Alien Life Form").[9] Fusco did not like to rehearse, and would often substitute his hand or RALF for the real ALF puppet during rehearsals.[9]

In an interview on Late Night with Conan O'Brien, Tina Fey said that her biggest frustration as producer of NBC's 75th anniversary special was dealing with ALF's "people". Fey said Fusco would only allow ALF to appear on the show if the puppeteers were completely hidden from everyone else, even the studio audience. After ALF's cameo alongside former Family Ties star Michael Gross, ALF disappeared through a hole in the riser, was stuffed into a case, and immediately hustled out of the building.

While a puppet was usually used for ALF, there were some shots of the tiny alien running or walking around. This was accomplished by actor Michu Meszaros wearing an ALF costume. This can be seen in one of the series' intros, which concludes with the Tanner family getting their picture taken; ALF (played by Meszaros) walks over to be part of the photo. However, Meszaros' services became too costly as well as time consuming, and the full ALF costume was abandoned after the first season.

ALF scored its highest ratings during Seasons 2 (#10) and 3 (#15), but plummeted to #39 during Season 4. NBC moved the show from its traditional Monday night slot to Saturday in March 1990, but ratings continued to fall. The series finale "Consider Me Gone" became an unintentional cliffhanger when NBC gave Alien Productions a verbal commitment for a fifth season, but ultimately withdrew its support.[8][10] ABC resolved the cliffhanger on February 17, 1996 with the TV movie Project ALF. NBC executive Brandon Tartikoff later told Fusco that the network regretted cancelling ALF prematurely, saying "It was a big mistake that we cancelled your show, because you guys had at least one or two more seasons left."[8]

Fusco co-produced the series with Tom Patchett. Patchett also co-created, wrote, and directed the series. The series was first syndicated by Warner Bros. Television and Lorimar-Telepictures. The North American syndication rights are currently owned by Debmar-Mercury as its parent company, Lionsgate, now owns home video rights.

Controversy

Fusco commented in 2007 that his most enjoyable experience on ALF was sitting in the Writers Room and pitching jokes, while pushing the limit as to what NBC censors would allow. Fusco commented that, "the greatest things were the jokes we couldn't put in the show."[9] Specifically, puns dealing with ALF eating cats and other pets were problematic after NBC reported that a child placed a cat in a microwave after watching the show.[9] In the pilot episode "A.L.F.", ALF is seen consuming a beer with Brian. Fusco defended the premise saying that "ALF is 285 years old, he can drink beer, he's old enough." However, as ALF became more popular with children, NBC told Fusco "you can't have him drinking; the kids are watching, it's a bad role model." Even though Fusco believed that ALF was "an adult: he can do it," the alcohol consumption concept was discarded by the end of the first season.[9] The cat-eating concept carried into the second season, with references including the "wedding cat," The Melmacian equivalent of a wedding cake.

For the hour-long Season One episode, "Try to Remember," originally broadcast on February 9, 1987, ALF tries to simulate a jacuzzi by bringing Kate's electric mixer into the bathtub, resulting in being electrocuted and suffering from amnesia. Fusco ended the original episode with a public service announcement from ALF himself, warning of the dangers from mixing water and electricity. Despite this, NBC reported that a child attempted to recreate the scenario and nearly electrocuted himself in the process (Fusco confirmed that the child was unharmed); Fusco was forced to refilm the opening sequence, replacing the electric mixer with a hand-operated mixing utensil. ALF's amnesia is instead caused by a cranial concussion received after slipping in the shower (a "thud" is heard rather than a "zap"), with all mentions of being electrocuted either overdubbed with new dialogue or deleted entirely (including ALF's public service announcement). This censored version was utilized for the summer 1987 rebroadcast, as well as all future U.S. and Canadian syndicated airings.[9]

In 2010, blooper footage surfaced in which ALF was made to deliver racial jokes and inappropriate sexual comments. He was actually mocking a then recent episode of L.A. Law dealing with Tourette syndrome. Asked to comment, producer Steve Lamar stated that the footage was from an era when things were not so "ridiculously PC".[11]

Other media

Animated series

To capitalize on the success of the series, a spin-off animated series was produced, airing Saturday mornings on NBC. ALF: The Animated Series, set on ALF's home planet of Melmac, ran from 1987 to 1988, and was produced by DIC Entertainment. This was a prequel series, set on Melmac before the planet exploded. The show focused on ALF, his family, his friends, and girlfriend Rhonda and their various exploits. Each episode was book-ended by a live-action sequence involving ALF talking to the television viewers, setting up the episode and commenting on it afterward. When the cartoon entered its second season, it was paired in a one-hour block with its own spin-off ALF Tales, which took Gordon and the cast of characters from Season One, and recast them as characters from assorted classic fairy tales.

Select episodes of both shows are included as special features on the ALF: Season 2 DVD as well as the cartoon-specific releases ALF Animated Adventures – 20,000 Years in Driving School and Other Stories and ALF and The Beanstalk and Other Classic Fairy Tales.

The animated version of ALF also appeared in Cartoon All-Stars to the Rescue.

Marvel Comics

An ALF comic book was published by Marvel Comics' Star Comics imprint beginning in 1987 and ran for four years, totaling 50 issues and nearly a dozen specials.

The comic loosely followed the continuity of the television show (though it featured alternate takes on certain episodes, like the birth of Eric Tanner) and featured numerous parodies of Marvel Comics characters and other pop-culture parodies in the form of "Melmac Flashbacks." It was the first instance to feature ALF's natural family in a reverse scenario where Willie Tanner is an astronaut who crashes his spaceship into ALF's garage on Melmac, and the Shumway family works to protect Willie from hostile Melmackians.

ALF's Hit Talk Show

In 2004, ALF's Hit Talk Show debuted on U.S. cable channel TV Land, featuring ALF as a Johnny Carson-type TV talk-show host and co-starring Ed McMahon as his sidekick. Guests included Drew Carey, Tom Green, and Merv Griffin. It ran for seven episodes.

Film

On May 21, 2012, Paul Fusco said he was pitching an ALF movie.[8] In August 2012, it was reported that Sony Pictures Animation has acquired the rights to ALF and will develop the property into a CGI-Live action hybrid feature. The Smurfs producer Jordan Kerner, will also produce the film, along with Tom Patchett and Paul Fusco.[12]

Guest appearances and references

As a result of the show's success, ALF has made guest appearances on a number of television programs, such as a Season 2 episode of NBC's Matlock in 1987, NBC's Blossom, UPN's The Love Boat: The Next Wave, and the 1980s version of Hollywood Squares, where he also memorably hosted part of one episode in March 1987. The animated version of ALF also made an appearance in the "all-star" animated drug-prevention television special Cartoon All-Stars to the Rescue in 1990. In the early 2000s (decade), ALF appeared in a series of commercials for the 10-10-220 telephone service with former Steelers quarterback Terry Bradshaw and wrestling legend Hulk Hogan. In November 2007, ALF appeared as "TV Icon of the Week" on The O'Reilly Factor. In October 2011, ALF appeared on Good Morning America during their Totally Awesome '80s Week.

ALF has also been referenced in various media numerous times over the years, being a pop-culture icon. Notable appearances include The Simpsons (where he was voiced by Dan Castellaneta in "The Springfield Files"), the 2009 Eminem music video "We Made You", the 2010 film Hot Tub Time Machine, the sitcom The Big Bang Theory, and in the 2012 video game XCOM: Enemy Unknown.

Merchandise

Like many shows of its day, ALF was also the subject of a trading card series by Topps. Most featured stills from various episodes, but a few cards parodied baseball cards by depicting players of the Melmacian sport "Bouillabaisseball," complete with stats such as "Splats." The yellow-bordered first series was released in 1987, with a red-bordered second series released in 1988.[13]

ALF-related merchandise was sold during the show's original run, including a 1987 22-inch plush doll produced by Coleco, and a 1988 calendar with Melmac's planetary holidays, such as "Shout at a Shrub Day", prominently marked.[14]

Music

In 1987, Dutch remixer and producer Ben Liebrand created a song called "Stuck on Earth" with samples from an episode of ALF.[15] During 1988, Burger King ran a promotion called "The Many Faces of ALF," giving away themed ALF puppets and a cardboard record with each kids meal. These records featured original recordings sung by ALF – titled "Melmac Girls", "Cookin' with ALF", "Melmac Rock", and "Take Me, ALF, to the Ballgame".

Tommi Piper, the actor who dubbed ALF's voice for German audiences, spent twelve weeks in the German pop charts in 1989. The single featured Amélie Sandmann (as the voice of Rhonda) and was called "Hallo ALF Hier Ist Rhonda" (translated "Hello ALF, This Is Rhonda"). He also featured as ALF on various themed mix albums introducing songs by pop artists of the time and other original compositions.

Video games

There are six video games and one printing program based on ALF: 1987's ALF, also known as ALF: The First Adventure for various computer systems, such as the Commodore 64, IBM, and Apple II, 1989's ALF for the Sega Master System, four educational games for IBM and Apple II computers were released in 1993 called ALF's U.S. Geography, ALF's Thinking Skills, ALF's World of Words, and Add & Subtract With ALF, and the printing program ALF's Party Kit.

DVD releases

North America

Between 2004 and 2006, Lionsgate Home Entertainment released all four seasons of ALF on DVD in Region 1. Oddly, all releases contained syndicated versions, with running times of 21 minutes, compared to the original length of 24 minutes. However, the 60-minute episodes "Try to Remember" and "ALF's Special Christmas" (from season one and season two, respectively), were presented in their original hour-long formats (though "Try to Remember" was presented in its censored version). The 60-minute episode "Tonight, Tonight", however, was split into two parts for syndication. The season four episode "Make 'Em Laugh" was presented in nearly its original length, with a single line of dialogue edited out.

The "To Be Continued..." disclaimer was also from the series finale "Consider Me Gone," as NBC cancelled ALF after its initial airing.

In addition, most copyrighted music was excised from selected shows, shortening the running time by up to six minutes. (The DVD release of The Odd Couple also suffered from this practice.)

Lionsgate insisted they had to utilize syndicated versions for the DVD release of ALF, saying it would be cost prohibitive to remaster the original NBC-TV broadcast versions for release. This resulted in heavy criticism and poor DVD sales.[16]

DVD NameEp #Release DateAdditional Information
Season One25August 10, 2004
  • Gag/Outtakes Reel
  • Original Unaired Pilot
  • The hour-long episode "Try to Remember" is the censored version.
Season Two25August 23, 2005
Season Three25May 30, 2006
  • Contains all Season 3 episodes, though not in original broadcast order. "Mind Games" and "Fever" were produced for Season 3, but did not air until Season 4.
Season Four24September 5, 2006
  • The episode "Make 'Em Laugh" runs 23:27 and is nearly unedited, with a single line of dialogue edited out.

Video Service Corporation previously released two other DVDs of ALF. The ALF Files was released exclusively in Canada on November 1, 2002. The hour-long episodes "Try to Remember", "ALF's Special Christmas" and "Tonight, Tonight" were presented in their original hour-long format. "Try to Remember", however, contains the re-edited version pertaining to ALF's electrocution.

On September 13, 2005 Project: ALF was released. Both DVDs featured optional commentary by creator Paul Fusco, with co-creator Tom Patchett joining him on the first release.

Europe

Warner Bros. Home Video released the first season of ALF in Germany on September 4, 2009, and in the Netherlands and France on September 9. The DVDs are in PAL format, with English-language menus. The language selections available are English, French, German and Spanish, with subtitles available in French, Dutch, Spanish, English and German.

The episodes span four discs and are complete, unlike their American edited counterparts, with a few exceptions:

DVD NameEp #Release DateAdditional Information
Season One26September 4, 2009Contains all 26 episodes from Season One
  • No bonus features
  • Almost all original music
  • Mostly unedited episodes, except for "For Your Eyes Only" and "Try to Remember"
Season Two26December 11, 2009Contains all 26 episodes from Season Two
  • No bonus features
  • All original music
  • Mostly unedited episodes, except for "Somewhere Over the Rerun"
Season Three26June 25, 2010Contains all 26 episodes from Season Three
  • No bonus features
  • All original music
  • Unedited episodes
Season Four24October 15, 2010Contains all 24 episodes from Season Four
  • No bonus features
  • All original music
  • Unedited episodes

Oceania

In Region 4, Warner Home Video released the first two seasons of ALF on DVD in Australia and New Zealand on April 7, 2010.[17][18] Season 3 was released on October 5, 2011.[19]

Broadcast history

US

International

With the exception of Canada, international broadcasts of ALF are unedited

Awards

In the U.S., ALF has won numerous awards. In 1987 the show won a People's Choice Award for Favorite New TV Comedy Program; in 1988 it won Favorite Show at the Kids' Choice Awards; and at the 1989 Kids' Choice Awards, ALF himself won Favorite TV Actor. Benji Gregory and Andrea Elson were also nominated in various Young Actor categories for their work on ALF at the Young Artist Awards during 1987–1989, with the show also receiving a nomination for Best Family Television Series.[20]

See also

References

  1. ^ O'Connor, John J. (September 22, 1986). "TV reviews; "Together we stand" and "ALF"". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1986/09/22/arts/tv-reviews-together-we-stand-and-alf.html?scp=9&sq=ALF&st=cse. Retrieved 2010-08-10.
  2. ^ Weinstein, Steve (December 23, 1987). "How a Wisecracking Puppet Toddled Into the Hearts of Viewers". The Los Angeles Times. http://articles.latimes.com/1987-12-23/entertainment/ca-20780_1. Retrieved 2010-08-26.
  3. ^ Broeske, Pat H. (August 14, 1988). "Ain't Nothin' but an ALF". The Los Angeles Times. http://articles.latimes.com/1988-08-14/entertainment/ca-511_1_teaching-alf. Retrieved August 26, 2010.
  4. ^ Henry III, William A. (March 21, 1988). "Show Business: Stranger in a Strange Land". Time. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,967048,00.html. Retrieved November 7, 2010.
  5. ^ "Nielsen's Top 50 Shows". http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_TIHU89_R9xg/SjaOm4Rev6I/AAAAAAAAAFY/uMll15W_ySk/s1600-h/Ratings_19900409_Top50.jpg. Retrieved 4 September 2012.
  6. ^ a b c d e "Where Are They Now? ALF 1986–1990". People Weekly. June 26, 2006. http://www.tvshows.de/alf/e-people.htm. Retrieved August 12, 2008.
  7. ^ muppet.wikia.com/wiki/The_Muppet_Show#Format
  8. ^ a b c d Zakarin, Jordan (May 22, 2012). "Greetings From Melmac: ALF Creator Paul Fusco on His Star Alien and Potential Comeback". The Hollywood Reporter. http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/alf-creator-paul-fusco-movie-melmac-327330. Retrieved August 9, 2012.
  9. ^ a b c d e f "Paul and Linda Fusco speaking at the Litchfield County Writers Project; University Of Connecticut: Torrington Campus; Drama 251: American Film; April 4, 2007". http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8n_bnq0ebgw&feature=youtube_gdata_player. Retrieved November 30, 2012.
  10. ^ Zurawik, David (March 23, 1990). "Consider ALF Gone . . . Unless He Phones Home". The Los Angeles Times. http://articles.latimes.com/1990-03-23/entertainment/ca-965_1_alf-show-years. Retrieved 2010-08-26.
  11. ^ All Headline News[dead link]
  12. ^ Kit, Borys (August 8, 2012). "'ALF' Movie Lands at Sony Animation With 'Smurfs' Producer (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/heat-vision/sony-pictures-animation-alf-jordan-kerner-paul-fusco-360011. Retrieved August 9, 2012.
  13. ^ Weinstein, Steve (December 23, 1987). "ALF: The Star Trek of NBC's Furry Resident Alien : From Kids' Coloring Books to Adult Humor Publications, Cuddly Character Is Sending Merchandisers Into Orbit". The Los Angeles Times. http://articles.latimes.com/1987-12-23/entertainment/ca-20778_1_alf-product. Retrieved August 26, 2010.
  14. ^ Gendel, Morgan (August 26, 1986). "Coleco Plays The Odds, Pays For Ads For 'Alf'". The Los Angeles Times. http://articles.latimes.com/1986-08-26/entertainment/ca-17809_1_alf-products. Retrieved August 26, 2010.
  15. ^ "DMH:Ben Liebrand MINIMIX". Mixhistory.mixfreaks.nl. http://mixhistory.mixfreaks.nl/Liebrand/mini1987.html. Retrieved 2010-09-29.
  16. ^ Lacey, Gord (August 13, 2004). "ALF – Lions Gate Explains Syndication Episodes on DVD Set". TVShows On DVD.com. Archived from the original on 28 January 2010. http://www.tvshowsondvd.com/news/ALF/2067. Retrieved December 31, 2009.
  17. ^ "EzyDVD". http://www.ezydvd.com.au/DVD/alf-the-complete-season-1-4-disc-set/dp/811463.[dead link]
  18. ^ "ALF - The Complete Season 2 (4 Disc Set)". http://www.ezydvd.com.au/DVD/alf-the-complete-season-2-4-disc-set/dp/811464. Retrieved 4 September 2012.
  19. ^ "EzyDVD". http://www.ezydvd.com.au/DVD/alf-season-3-4-disc-set/dp/819710. Retrieved 4 September 2012.[dead link]
  20. ^ Alf at the Internet Movie Database

External links