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"500 Miles" (also known as "500 Miles Away from Home" or "Railroaders' Lament") is a folk song made popular in the United States and Europe during the 1960s folk revival. The simple repetitive lyrics offer a lament by a traveler who is far from home, out of money and too ashamed to return. The song is generally credited as being written by Hedy West, and a 1961 copyright is held by Atzal Music, Inc. Some recordings have also credited Curly Williams, and/or John Phillips as co-writers. David Neale writes that "500 Miles" may be related to the older folk song, "900 Miles," which may itself have origins in the southern American fiddle tunes "Reuben's Train" and "Train 45".
The song was heard on the February, 1962 Kingston Trio live album College Concert (a 1962 US #3). It was further popularized by Peter, Paul and Mary (it was the second track on their US #1, May 1962 debut album). Rewritten with new lyrics (by Bobby Bare), it charted as a hit single by American country music singer Bobby Bare in 1963 (#10 US, #7 NOR, #9 SWE, #16 DEN). Bare's version features a spoken recitation following the repeat of the Refrain, before he sings one original line of his second verse. Following this, he makes a transition from the key of G to the key of D for the Third Verse, featuring a counterpoint portion by the backup singers, before making a transition back to the key of G for the last refrain, before the song's fade. The lyrics feature heavily in the Bob Dylan song "I Was Young When I Left Home". It has also been recorded by the Brothers Four, Sonny & Cher, Johnny Rivers, Alexander Rybak, The Hooters, Reba McEntire, Jackie DeShannon, The Seekers, Elvis Presley, The Highwaymen, The Seldom Scene, Nick Cave, Richard Anthony, Franco Battiato, Rosanne Cash, Bad Astronaut, Peter and Gordon, Eric Bibb, Hootenanny Singers, the innocence mission, Joan Baez, Takako Matsu, The Persuasions and many others. In an episode of Gomer Pyle, U.S.M.C., Jim Nabors, in the title role, sang the song to character Lou-Ann Poovie, played by Elizabeth MacRae, resulting in Lou-Ann choosing Gomer as her boyfriend.
Richard Anthony (French singer) had a hit with a French version of the song, Et j'entends siffler le train, (I hear the whistle of the train) in 1962. In 1963 the German version, Und dein Zug fährt durch die Nacht, (And your train goes through the night) was a success for Peter Beil. Also in German, Santiano in 2012 released a marine-themed version, "500 Meilen" on their album "Bis ans Ende der Welt".