2013 Southeast Asian Games

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27th Southeast Asian Games
2013 Southeast Asian Games Logo.png

Motto: "Green, Clean and Friendship"
Nations participating11
Athletes participating4730
Events460 in 37 sports
Opening ceremony11 December 2013
Closing ceremony22 December 2013
Officially opened byNyan Tun
Vice President of Myanmar
Officially closed byNyan Tun
Vice President of Myanmar
Athlete's OathSandi Oo
Ceremony venueWunna Theikdi Stadium
Website27th Southeast Asian Games
27th Southeast Asian Games
 
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27th Southeast Asian Games
2013 Southeast Asian Games Logo.png

Motto: "Green, Clean and Friendship"
Nations participating11
Athletes participating4730
Events460 in 37 sports
Opening ceremony11 December 2013
Closing ceremony22 December 2013
Officially opened byNyan Tun
Vice President of Myanmar
Officially closed byNyan Tun
Vice President of Myanmar
Athlete's OathSandi Oo
Ceremony venueWunna Theikdi Stadium
Website27th Southeast Asian Games
27th Southeast Asian Games

The 27th Southeast Asian Games took place in Naypyidaw, the new capital of Myanmar,[1] as well as in other main cities, Yangon, Mandalay[2] and Ngwesaung Beach.[3]

The Southeast Asian Games Federation (SEAGF) Council met in Jakarta on 31 May 2010 unanimously agreed to award the Myanmar Olympic Committee the right to host the 27th edition of the games.[4]

Official website of the Olympic Council of Asia also approved the fact that Myanmar would host the 27th Southeast Asian Games in its news launched on 7 June 2010.[5] ASEAN Football Federation (AFF)'s official website also announced that Myanmar would host the games.[6] Myanmar had already hosted the Games in 1961 and 1969 respectively in Yangon, the then capital of Myanmar. For the third time, Myanmar hosted the Southeast Asian Games. Singapore withdrew its hosting rights due to expected delays in the completion of its new national stadium.[7][8]

Host[edit]

Myanmar, Vietnam, Philippines and Thailand have revealed their intentions to host the Games. However, since the latter hosted the 2003, 2005 and 2007 editions, respectively, these countries are ineligible to host this edition.[9][10]

Myanmar held the largest time interval of hosting the games, spanning a time of 44 years.[11]

Marketing[edit]

[edit]

The map of Myanmar is the origin of the 27th SEA Games Logo. The ball with eleven rings represents the 11 Southeast Asian countries and yellow, green and red are the three national colors represented in Myanmar's National Flag. The yellow circle represents equality and fraternity, green color represents love of nature and the green economy and red color represents courage and hard working nature of Myanmar. The circular shape represents complete perfection and endless prosperity among the Southeast Asian countries.[12]

Mascots[edit]

Shwe Yoe & Ma Moe, the official mascot

The official mascot of the 2013 Southeast Asian Games is a couple of owls which are considered lucky charms in Myanmar tradition. Owl is globally taken as the wisest, calmest and balanced animal. But, in Myanmar it is also taken to be auspicious and believed to bring forth luck and prosperity to the family, for which the owl dolls are kept at their homes as lucky charms.[12] The owl as official mascot of Myanmar SEA Games 2013 has a personality: wise, calm, lucky, loyal, and friendly. The personality of an owl is expected to bring forth cooperation, friendship, and better understanding among the participating countries. The male owl is called Shwe Yoe and female owl is called Ma Moe.[13]

Venues[edit]

2013 Southeast Asian Games is located in Burma
Yangon
Mandalay
Naypyidaw
Ngwesaung
Host cities

Naypyidaw[edit]

Wunna Theikdi Sports Complex

Zayarthiri Sports Complex

Other venues

Yangon[edit]

Mandalay[edit]

Ngwesaung[edit]

Games[edit]

Opening ceremony[edit]

The opening ceremony was held on 11 December 2013 at the Wunna Theikdi Stadium. It marked the nation's biggest sporting event hosted since 1969. It was lead with pre-launch entertainment and a series of screens beamed a dramatic lights show during the Chinese-backed extravaganza.

Fireworks displays was made upon the entrance of President Thein Sein into the stadium. The theme song "Colourful Garden" was performed during the flag-raising ceremony after performances made by 12,000 school children and the Myanmar Royal Auspicious Orchestra. Chairman of the 27th SEA Games Organizing Committee, Vice President Nyan Tun declared the Games open with another explosion of colorful fireworks that lit up the night. Torch relay was passed through the hands of six former Myanmar athletes before Aye Myint Kyu, the Union Minister for Culture, handed it to a Burmese archer where he lit up the Games cauldron by shooting an arrow into it.

A showcase of arts and culture about history of Burma was made, with dance performances accompanied the ending of the ceremony.[14]

Closing ceremony[edit]

The Games had its closing ceremony held at Wunna Theikdi Stadium on 22 December 2013. It was started with an hour of music following the performance of “Colorful Garden”, the theme song for the Games and subsequently, “Loyalty of Blood” was later presented by well-known artists May Sweet and May Kha Lar. The musical hors d’oeuvres concluded with all artists joining together in “Be Peaceful”. President Thein Sein and his wife Khin Khin Win then entered the stadium, following which the Closing Ceremony was officially opened with a pyrotechnic display.

Four performances were presented with the first directly connected the SEA Games to Myanmar tradition, celebrating the sport of chinlone, which is believed to have first appeared in Myanmar in the 5th century. It then followed with the “Elephant Dance” which about paying tribute to the elephants in Myanmar.

The Closing Ceremony then paid homage to the 135 officially recognized ethnic races diversity of the country with the performance of “Everlasting Myanmar”, depicting the rich diversity of the population, and simultaneously the many obstacles on the path to realizing a new, peaceful and prosperous modern state.

Medal winners of every participating countries were then paraded onto the stadium floor to the beat of martial music – chants of “Myanmar” ringing through the stadium.

With the procession complete, Vice President Nyan Tun officially announced the 27th SEA Games concluded, as strobe lights searched the sky and a cornucopia of fireworks exploded over the stadium.

The first SEA Games in Myanmar in 44 years was then finally put to rest with one last volley of fireworks and round of musical performances following the official handing over of SEA Games responsibilities to Singapore, host of the 2015 Southeast Asian Games.[15]

Sports[edit]

Myanmar hosted 37 sports, less than the number of sport in 2011 Southeast Asian Games in Indonesia.[4] Organizers did not nominate the sports of beach volleyball and dancesports, because they considered those uniforms unsuitable for Burmese women.[16] Tennis and Gymnastics, are Olympic sports were not played in December. In this edition of the Games, floorball was also contested as a demonstration sport.[17] The following sports below were calendared for the 2013 Southeast Asian Games.

¹ – not an official Olympic Sport.
² – sport played only in the SEAG.
³ – not a traditional Olympic nor SEAG Sport and introduced only by the host country.
° – a former official Olympic Sport, not applied in previous host countries and was introduced only by the host country.
ʰ- sport not played in the previous edition and was reintroduced by the host country.

Participating nations[edit]

      Host nation

CountryAthletesOfficialsReference
IOC CodeNameMenWomenTotalMenWomenTotal
BRUBrunei Brunei Darussalam
63
9
72
[18][19]
CAMCambodia Cambodia
174
69
243
[20][21]
INAIndonesia Indonesia
393
272
665
221
[22]
LAOLaos Laos
213
130
343
[23]
MASMalaysia Malaysia
347
235
582
242
[24][25]
MYAMyanmar Myanmar
579
411
990
[26]
PHIPhilippines Philippines
133
86
219
114
[27][28]
SINSingapore Singapore
196
114
310
112
[29][30]
THAThailand Thailand
419
327
746
[31][32]
TLSEast Timor Timor-Leste
39
10
49
[33]
VIEVietnam Vietnam
286
225
511
[34][35]
Total
2842
1888
4730

Medal table[edit]

Myanmar awarded total 1557 medals; 460 golds, 460 silvers and 637 bronzes to athletes. Athletics awarded 46 gold medals with maximum ones in this year's SEA Games.

      Host nation

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Thailand (THA)1079481282
2 Myanmar (MYA)866285233
3 Vietnam (VIE)738686245
4 Indonesia (INA)6584111260
5 Malaysia (MAS)433877158
6 Singapore (SIN)342945108
7 Philippines (PHI)293438101
8 Laos (LAO)13174979
9 Cambodia (CAM)8112847
10 Timor-Leste (TLS)23510
11 Brunei (BRU)1168
Total461[36]459[37]6111531
Source: First Source, Second Source

Concerns and controversies[edit]

Event cut down[edit]

Controversial decision[edit]

Alleged racial discrimination in sports[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Junta Builds Stadium in Bid to Host 2013 SEA Games". Retrieved 2010-06-03. 
  2. ^ "Myanmar prepares for the 2013 Southeast Asian Games". Retrieved 2012-01-05. 
  3. ^ "More hotels to open at Ngwe Saung beach for SEA Games in 2013". Xinhua News. 7 November 2012. Retrieved 7 October 2013. 
  4. ^ a b "Myanmar to host 2013 SEA Games". Retrieved 2010-06-03. 
  5. ^ "SEA Games updates for 2011, 2013". Retrieved 2010-06-03. 
  6. ^ "MYANMAR TO HOST SEA GAMES 2013". Retrieved 2010-06-03. 
  7. ^ "We're not hosting SEA Games 2013". Retrieved 2010-01-13. 
  8. ^ "Singapore not likely to host 2013 SEA Games". Retrieved 2009-12-08. [dead link]
  9. ^ http://thitruongvietnam.com.vn/gpmaster.gp-media.thi-truong-viet-nam.gplist.74.gpopen.7517.gpside.1.viet-nam-se-dang-cai-sea-games-2013-.asmx
  10. ^ Burma hopeful of hosting 2013 SEA Games
  11. ^ "About". http://www.27seagames2013.com/. Retrieved 22 December 2013. 
  12. ^ a b 27th SEA Games > Myanmar 2013
  13. ^ "SEA Games 2013". Retrieved 2013-06-15. 
  14. ^ "Myanmar Lights Up The Skies For 27th SEA Games". http://www.27seagames2013.com/. Retrieved 12 December 2013. 
  15. ^ "Good night and good luck, the flame is extinguished on the 27th Games". http://www.27seagames2013.com/. Retrieved 27 December 2013. 
  16. ^ Satumbaga, Kristel (4 April 2012). "Myanmar Does What Others Do". Manila Bulletin Publishing Corporation. Retrieved 5 April 2012. 
  17. ^ "Floorball a demonstration sport in the SEA Games 2013 – 07.02.2013". 
  18. ^ "Athlete List: Brunei". Retrieved 17 December 2013. 
  19. ^ Yee Chun Leong (1 December 2013). "61 to represent Brunei at Myanmar Games". The Brunei Times. Retrieved 13 December 2013. 
  20. ^ "Athlete List: Cambodia". Retrieved 17 December 2013. 
  21. ^ Over 200 Cambodian athletes to join SEA Games in Myanmar next month
  22. ^ "Athlete List: Indonesia". Retrieved 17 December 2013. 
  23. ^ "Athlete List: Laos". Retrieved 17 December 2013. 
  24. ^ "Athlete List: Malaysia". Retrieved 17 December 2013. 
  25. ^ "Sea Games The Best Platform To Expose Young Athletes - CDM". Bernama. 4 December 2013. Archived from the original on 12 December 2013. Retrieved 13 December 2013. 
  26. ^ "Athlete List: Myanmar". Retrieved 17 December 2013. 
  27. ^ "Athlete List: Philippines". Retrieved 17 December 2013. 
  28. ^ "Meet your Philippine contingent to the Myanmar SEA Games". 10 December 2013. Retrieved 14 December 2013. 
  29. ^ "Athlete List: Singapore". Retrieved 17 December 2013. 
  30. ^ "FIRST EVER TRI-CONTINGENT CEREMONY KICKS OFF TEAM SINGAPORE MAJOR GAMES JOURNEY". Singapore Sports Council. 18 November 2013. Retrieved 13 December 2013. 
  31. ^ "Athlete List: Thailand". Retrieved 17 December 2013. 
  32. ^ แข่งที่พม่าสะท้อนไทย ‘ศึกซีเกมส์’ กีฬามี ‘มากกว่ากีฬา’ | เดลินิวส์ - อ่านความจริงอ่านเดลินิวส์
  33. ^ "Athlete List: Timor-Leste". Retrieved 17 December 2013. 
  34. ^ "Athlete List: Vietnam". Retrieved 17 December 2013. 
  35. ^ Đoàn Thể thao Việt Nam tham dự SEA Games 27 với 519 VĐV
  36. ^ In Athletics Men's 1500m FINAL has 2 Golds Medal.
  37. ^ No Silver Medal in Athletics : Men's 1500m.
  38. ^ a b c HS Manjunath (10 December 2013). "Cambodia eye record medal haul". The Phnom Penh Post. Retrieved 13 December 13, 2013. 
  39. ^ Jasmine Alkhadi PH Swimmer Gold Medalist Nullified | Philippine News
  40. ^ SEA Games: Alkhaldi gold recalled after Thailand protest; re-swim scheduled | Sports | GMA News Online
  41. ^ Trọng tài karatedo thừa nhận VN mất oan HC vàng - VnExpress
  42. ^ Samarinda Pos Online
  43. ^ ZARNI MANN (19 December 2013). "Burma to Complain About Referee in SEA Games Women’s FootballKnockout". The Irrawaddy. Retrieved 19 December 2013. 
  44. ^ SHANGHAI DAILY (19 December 2013). "Myanmar women football also trips out of gold hope". The Shanghai Daily. Retrieved 19 December 2013. 
  45. ^ "Tim Judo Menolak Ambil Medali" (in Indonesian). TribunJabar.com. 21 December 2013. Retrieved December 23, 2013. 
  46. ^ Chin athletes disappointed over selection process for SEA Games
  47. ^ Chin News

External links[edit]


Preceded by
2011
Jakarta & Palembang, Indonesia
2013
Naypyidaw, Myanmar
Succeeded by
2015
Singapore