2010 Times Square car bombing attempt

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

2010 Times Square car bombing attempt

The dark blue Nissan Pathfinder SUV (right) in Times Square,
27 minutes after the attempted attack.
The vehicle's rear hazard lights are on.
Location1 Astor Plaza, 1515 Broadway, Times Square, New York City, United States
Coordinates40°45′29″N 73°59′09″W / 40.758056°N 73.985768°W / 40.758056; -73.985768Coordinates: 40°45′29″N 73°59′09″W / 40.758056°N 73.985768°W / 40.758056; -73.985768
DateSaturday, May 1, 2010
6:28 pm EDT (UTC−04:00)
Attack typecar bombing (failed attempt)
Deaths0
Injured (non-fatal)0
PerpetratorFaisal Shahzad
AssailantsPakistani Taliban
 
Jump to: navigation, search
2010 Times Square car bombing attempt

The dark blue Nissan Pathfinder SUV (right) in Times Square,
27 minutes after the attempted attack.
The vehicle's rear hazard lights are on.
Location1 Astor Plaza, 1515 Broadway, Times Square, New York City, United States
Coordinates40°45′29″N 73°59′09″W / 40.758056°N 73.985768°W / 40.758056; -73.985768Coordinates: 40°45′29″N 73°59′09″W / 40.758056°N 73.985768°W / 40.758056; -73.985768
DateSaturday, May 1, 2010
6:28 pm EDT (UTC−04:00)
Attack typecar bombing (failed attempt)
Deaths0
Injured (non-fatal)0
PerpetratorFaisal Shahzad
AssailantsPakistani Taliban

The attempted car bombing of Times Square on May 1, 2010, was a planned terrorist attack which was foiled when two street vendors discovered a car bomb and alerted a New York Police Department (NYPD) patrolman to the threat after they spotted smoke coming from a vehicle.[1][2] The bomb had been ignited, but failed to explode, and was disarmed before it caused any casualties.[1][3][4]

Two days later federal agents arrested Faisal Shahzad, a 30-year-old Pakistan-born resident of Bridgeport, Connecticut, who had become a U.S. citizen in April 2009.[5] He was arrested after he had boarded Emirates Flight 202 to Dubai at John F. Kennedy International Airport.[5][6][7][8][9] He admitted attempting the car bombing and said that he had trained at a Pakistani terrorist training camp, according to U.S. officials.[10]

United States Attorney General Eric Holder said that Shahzad's intent had been "to kill Americans".[5] Shahzad was charged in federal court in Manhattan on May 4 with attempted use of a weapon of mass destruction and other federal crimes related to explosives.[5] More than a dozen people were arrested by Pakistani officials in connection with the plot. Holder said the Pakistani Taliban directed the attack and may have financed it.[11]

U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton warned of "severe consequences" if an attack like this were to be successful and traced back to Pakistan.[12] The Obama administration saw a need for retaliatory options, including unilateral military strike in Pakistan, if a future successful attack was to be traced to Pakistan-based militants.[13]

On October 5, 2010, Shahzad was sentenced to life in prison after pleading guilty to a 10-count indictment in June, including charges of conspiracy to use a weapon of mass destruction and attempting an act of terrorism.[14]

Car bombing attempt[edit]

The suspect's vehicle, a dark blue 1993 Nissan Pathfinder sport utility vehicle with dark tinted windows, entered Times Square at approximately 6:28 pm Eastern Daylight Time on Saturday evening, May 1, 2010, as seen on a surveillance video. Two minutes later, two street vendors, T-shirt seller Lance Orton, 56, and handbag seller Duane Jackson, 58, both Vietnam veterans,[15] noticed smoke drifting from vents near the back seat of the unoccupied vehicle, which was parked with its engine running and its hazard lights on.[16][17] They also heard firecrackers going off inside.[17]

Alioune Niasse, a Senegalese immigrant who sells photographs on the Square, was among those who noticed the vehicle and alerted a mounted policeman.[18] The vehicle had been parked on a tourist-crowded block at the eastern corner of 1 Astor Plaza (intersection of West 45th Street and Broadway), near the entrance to the Minskoff Theatre which was showing the musical The Lion King.[19][20][21][22][23] The police officer approached the Pathfinder to investigate, and observed the smoke, canisters inside, and the smell of gunpowder.[17] He immediately called for backup, a bomb disposal team, and the FDNY.[24]

The police quickly evacuated and barricaded the area stretching from 43rd Street to 49th Street on Seventh Avenue, and 45th Street from Seventh Avenue to Eighth Avenue, of all vehicle and foot traffic, including Broadway-performance attendees. They also evacuated several buildings near the vehicle, including the New York Marriott Marquis hotel.[25] While many Broadway theaters had their opening curtains delayed, all shows gave their performances that night.[26]

The vehicle was set ablaze, but did not detonate.[22] Upon arrival, the bomb disposal team used a remote-controlled robotic device to break out a window of the vehicle, and explore its contents.

Justice Department diagram showing positioning of charges in vehicle

The team found in the rear of the vehicle:

Investigators believed the car bomb was actually made up of four separate, individual explosive components – in effect, four bombs comprising one large bomb.[31] The firecrackers would have started the process by setting off triggering devices, attached to the gasoline.[31] That would have created an explosion that would then have in turn set off the propane and the fertilizer. A cell phone and wristwatch recovered from the vehicle may have been intended as separate timing/triggering devices. The maker of the "bomb" incorrectly surmised that the urea/sugar mixture fertilizer would work like the ammonium nitrate-based fertilizer which was used in the Oklahoma City bombing.[31]

The improvised explosive device's ignition source malfunctioned, however, and failed to set it off as intended.[3] Had it detonated, NYPD Commissioner Raymond Kelly said the bomb would have cut the car in half, and "would have caused casualties, a significant fireball."[3][32] Police said the bomb would likely also have sprayed shrapnel, and killed or wounded many people.[22][33]

Investigation[edit]

Shortly after the bomb was discovered, the police looked for a male who was seen on surveillance footage, changing his shirt in Shubert Alley (which runs between 44th and 45th Streets, just west of Broadway).[22][29][34] By May 4, however, he was no longer of interest to the police.[35] Investigators also looked for another person captured on video running north on Broadway, away from the area.[22]

In the early stages of the investigation, officials considered several possibilities. Police Chief Kelly mentioned lone-wolf terrorism, saying: "A terrorist act doesn't necessarily have to be conducted by an organization, an individual can do it on their own."[34] The police also investigated whether the bomb was planted in relation to threats posted on the Revolution Muslim website against creators of South Park from Comedy Central.[36][37] Investigators compared similarities between the Times Square device and the two devices discovered outside a London's nightclub in the al-Qaeda failed bombing attempt of 2007.[37][38]

Tracking the vehicle[edit]

Investigators examined the vehicle at a forensics center in Jamaica, Queens, for fibers, fingerprints, hair, and DNA evidence. They began tracking where the bomb materials were purchased.[29] Commissioner Kelly said the bomb components were all "locally available materials."[28][34] At least three people other than the primary suspect were involved in buying the bomb materials, sources said.[39] The Pathfinder and bomb components were next taken to the FBI Laboratory in Quantico, Virginia, for analysis.[29][40]

The vehicle identification number (VIN) plate, a unique serial number used to identify individual motor vehicles, had been removed from the car's dashboard and the door VIN sticker, but police retrieved the VIN from the bottom of its engine block.[29][30][41] The investigators traced the SUV's last registered owner, and the female college student who sold the suspect the Pathfinder.[29] Law enforcement officials recovered the suspect's pre-paid disposable cell phone's number from the cell phone of the seller, and ran it through a number of databases.[17][39][42][43] They determined that the disposable phone had been used for calls to and from a Pakistani telephone number which they knew to be associated with Faisal Shahzad.[43] The phone had also been used to call a fireworks store in rural Pennsylvania.[30] They collected his e-mail address from an email which he sent to the seller’s computer.[42][44]

Sets of keys left in the Pathfinder included one to Shahzad's house in Connecticut, and another to one of his other cars, a 1998 Isuzu Rodeo.[30][45] Intending to use his Isuzu for escape, Shahzad had parked it eight blocks from the bomb site before the attack. He left the keys in the Pathfinder and had to take the train home. He returned for his Isuzu the following day, with a second set of keys.[46]

Times Square after the vehicle fire was extinguished

The Pathfinder's license plates did not match its registration, and had apparently been taken from a Ford F-150 pickup truck awaiting repair at a Stratford, Connecticut, garage. The registered owner of the plates did not appear to be involved in the incident.[3]

E-ZPass and other camera records at toll plazas were reviewed to identify where the vehicle entered Manhattan.[36] Law enforcement officials reviewed security camera footage from 82 city cameras and from business and tourist cameras for additional information.[3][40] After Shahzad's arrest, a surveillance video revealed images of him wearing a white baseball cap, walking in Shubert Alley moments after witnesses noticed the smoking SUV.[47]

Domestic and international ties[edit]

An FBI-led Joint Terrorism Task Force took over the investigation on May 3, 2010, as indications of a possible international connection increased.[22] Shahzad had been listed on a U.S. government travel-lookout list since 1999, because he had brought large amounts of cash (approximately $82,500) in increments of about $20,000 into the U.S. between January 1999 and April 2008.[48][49]

Senior Obama administration officials said a flood of international and domestic clues suggested a plot involving more than one person.[22] A review of Shahzad's phone call records revealed that he had received a series of calls from Pakistan directly before and after he purchased the Pathfinder.[30][42] Investigators also examined international phone records showing calls "between some of the people who might be associated with this and folks overseas," according to a U.S. official.[22] According to The Wall Street Journal, Shahzad received bomb-making training from the Pakistani Taliban.[50] On May 6, The New York Times, quoting various American officials, said that evidence was mounting that Shahzad's alleged attempt was tied to the Taliban.[51]

An FBI agent at the scene of the Watertown search

U.S. authorities reportedly identified a money courier who helped funnel cash to Shahzad from abroad to finance the car bombing.[52] There is no record of his having had a job since returning to the U.S., but he had an $1,150-per-month apartment on which he did not miss a payment, purchased materials estimated to cost $2,000 to build the bomb, paid for the $1,300 car-bomb vehicle in cash, bought an $800 plane ticket in cash, and bought a $400 gun.[53]

On May 13, investigators searched several locations in the northeastern U.S. They detained three Pakistani men. Two, cousins who were living at a house in Watertown, Massachusetts, were Brookline, Massachusetts, gas station attendant Aftab Ali Khan (27 years old at the time, who was set to fly from the U.S. to Pakistan the day he was arrested, and whose visa had expired six months prior) and Boston-area cabdriver Pir Kahn (43 at the time). The two denied knowing Shahzad, but a search of their home found an envelope with Shahzad’s surname and phone number among Aftab Ali Khan's belongings. Shahzad's name and number were also found in a cell phone believed to belong to Aftab Ali Khan. The third man detained was Mohammad Shafiq Rahman, a 33-year-old computer programmer living in South Portland, Maine. He had known Shahzad in the past, lived in Connecticut a few years prior, and went to Maine in approximately 2008.[54][55][56][57] They were detained on immigration, not criminal, charges.[58] The FBI also conducted searches at a gas station in the nearby town of Brookline, in Camden and Cherry Hill, New Jersey, and in Centereach and Shirley, New York, on Long Island.[59][59][60] U.S. Attorney General Holder said there was evidence the men had provided money to Shahzad through an informal money transfer network (known as a hawala), but it was not yet clear if they were aware of the bombing plot.[61][62][63]

Bomber: Faisal Shahzad[edit]

Early life, family, work, and naturalization[edit]

Faisal Shahzad's mug shot

Faisal Shahzad was born in Pakistan in 1979 to a wealthy, well-educated family.[64][65][66] His father, a former Pakistan Air Force Vice Marshal, is deputy director general of the Civil Aviation Authority of Pakistan.[67][68] Shahzad attended primary school in Saudi Arabia, and then studied in Pakistan.[69] Arriving in the U.S. in 1999 on an F-1 student visa, he studied at now-defunct Southeastern University, receiving a 2.78 grade point average.[66][69] In 1999 the United States Customs Service placed him on its travel lookout list.[48] He transferred in 2000 to the University of Bridgeport, receiving a B.A. in 2002, and an M.B.A. in 2005.[70] He worked in the accounting department of Elizabeth Arden in Connecticut from 2002 to 2006, leaving for a junior financial analyst job (for an estimated $55–80,000 salary) for Affinion Group in Connecticut until he resigned in June 2009.[53][69][71][71][72] He had been granted a three-year H1-B skilled worker visa in 2002, a green card in 2006, and became a U.S. citizen in April 2009 by his marriage to his wife.[73][74][75] He also has a Karachi identification card, reflecting Pakistani residency.[29]

In 2004, in an arranged marriage, he married Huma Asif Mian, a Colorado-born U.S. citizen who had just graduated from the University of Colorado at Boulder.[69][71][73][74][76] She and her Pakistani-born parents had lived in Qatar and Colorado; her parents now live in Saudi Arabia.[68][76] A neighbor recalled Shahzad visited the family only once before she joined him in Connecticut.[71] Shahzad's family lived in a single-family three-bedroom house in Shelton, Connecticut for three years.[17][40][65] He then defaulted on his $200,000 mortgage, and was sued by the bank in September 2009 as it foreclosed on his home.[77]

Prior to the attack[edit]

In addition to traveling to Pakistan regularly, "Shahzad has been visiting Middle Eastern countries," according to Minister Malik.[78] Shahzad had traveled to Dubai before, most recently on June 2, 2009, on an Emirates flight.[79] The New York Times reported that in 2009 he asked his father for permission to fight in Afghanistan against American and NATO forces, but his father refused, saying that he disapproved and reminding Shahzad that Islam does not permit a man to abandon his wife or children.[76][80]

On July 3, 2009, he reportedly traveled to Pakistan and is believed to have visited Peshawar, often a gateway for foreign visitors to join up with jihadist groups in the militant-occupied Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), and stayed there from July 7 to July 22.[67][79] Peshawar's legacy for blackmarket terror goes back to the Soviet Afghan war when it was a center for the Mujahideen parties and their US & Gulf patrons.[81] The Center for Strategic and International Studies describes the FATA as: "ground zero in the U.S. Jihadist war, and home to many al-Qaeda operatives, especially the numerous foreigners from the Arab world, Central Asia Muslim areas of the Far East, and even Europe who flock to this war zone for training [and] indoctrination."[82] A senior Administration official said it appears he had an attack in mind when he went there, and he went there seeking help for the attack.[83]

Map of Pakistan and Waziristan

While in Pakistan, he said he trained, including explosives bomb-making training, at a terrorist training camp in Waziristan, according to American officials and the complaint against him.[10][42][84] Waziristan is home to a number of terrorist and militant organizations, and is the main base for al-Qaeda and the Pakistani Taliban.[11][65][85] He spent five months in Pakistan, where his wife is now living.[22][79][86] CBS News reported that he may have spent at least four months at the camp.[64] He committed to the car bombing while undergoing training, according to U.S. officials.[87]

Shahzad told interrogators that he met with Pakistani Taliban operatives in North Waziristan in December and January 2009, and later received explosives training from the same operatives, said a senior military official.[80]

After dropping his wife and children off in Saudi Arabia, he returned to the U.S. on February 3, 2010, on an Emirates flight from Dubai.[29][74][79][88] He reportedly bought the ingredients for his bomb slowly over an extended period of time as he had been instructed to in his bomb-making training camp in Pakistan to avoid suspicion.[89]

On March 8, he bought Silver Salute M88 fireworks from a Matamoras, Pennsylvania, fireworks company, according to the company's records and surveillance images.[90] He telephoned the company again on April 25.[90][91]

Kel-Tec 9mm Sub Rifle 2000, the same type purchased by Shahzad

In March, he also purchased a new Kel-Tec 9mm Sub Rifle 2000 (a carbine hybrid of a pistol and a long gun with a folding stock, hand grip, and a rifle barrel) in Connecticut for $400.[39][79][92][93]

Shahzad reportedly drove from his Connecticut home to a Dunkin' Donuts in Ronkonkoma, New York, on Long Island in the days before the failed attack to collect $4,000 in cash, some of which he used to finance his plan.[59][94]

Shahzad is believed to have bought the 1993 Nissan Pathfinder on April 24, a week prior to the attempted bombing. The vehicle had been listed in an online Craigslist ad, and he reportedly bought it from a female Connecticut college student for $1,300 (negotiated down from $1,800), which he paid in $100 bills.[17][39][42][95] He reportedly exchanged the cash for the car at a Connecticut shopping center parking lot, where he inspected the interior and cargo area (but not the engine) and declined the offer of a bill of sale.[17][40][43][70][96] He later had the car windows tinted, which made it harder to peer inside.[70] A surveillance tape from the parking lot shows Shahzad test-driving the car, according to the FBI.[97] He bought a second vehicle through Craigslist (a black Isuzu Rodeo) from a mechanic in Stratford, Connecticut.[89]

Shahzad reportedly watched streaming videos online to determine the day of the week and time that Times Square would be busiest, determining that it would be a Saturday night at 6:30 pm.[89] He picked the following Saturday night at the same time as his alternate time for his car bomb attack.[89]

On April 28, three days before the attempted bombing, he drove the Pathfinder from Connecticut to Times Square, apparently in a dry run to figure out where the best place to leave it later would be, according to an official.[91] A day before the attempted attack he drove a getaway car into mid-Manhattan, dropped it off blocks from his target, and took a train home to Connecticut, a law enforcement official said.[98]

Arrest and follow-up[edit]

On May 3, federal authorities identified a person of interest in the attack.[22][86] At 11:45 pm EDT, U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) officers arrested Shahzad at John F. Kennedy International Airport.[5][99] He was detained just moments before his flight, Emirates Flight 202 to Dubai,[100] left the gate.[22][29][40][95][101][102] His destination was Islamabad, Pakistan, and he had paid for his estimated $800 ticket in cash.[9][29][53][103]

After he was arrested, Shahzad directed authorities to his car which he had driven to and parked at the airport, a white Isuzu Trooper.[104][105][106] His Kel-Tec 9 mm Sub Rifle 2000 was inside it, along with five full magazines of ammunition, according to law enforcement officials.[39][79][92][93]

The FBI and NYPD searched Shahzad's Bridgeport, Connecticut, $1,150-a-month two-bedroom apartment (which he had rented since February 15, without ever missing a payment) at Sheridan Street and Boston Avenue on May 4, removing filled plastic bags.[17][29][53][71][107][108] Materials related to the bomb were found in his apartment, including boxes that had contained the alarm clocks.[39][79] Keys that had been found in the Pathfinder opened the door to the home, and in his garage fertilizer and fireworks were found that were similar to those that had been discovered in the car bomb.[43]

Motive and prosecution[edit]

The motive that the bomber Faisal Shahzad stated was the repeated CIA drone attacks in Pakistan, his native country.[109] "Based on what we know so far, it is clear that this was a terrorist plot aimed at murdering Americans in one of the busiest places in our country," Attorney General Holder said.[102] Holder said that Shahzad admitted involvement in the bombing attempt and that it "was a terrorist plot".[110][111] The Complaint against Shahzad also indicated that he had admitted to receiving bomb-making instruction in Waziristan, that he brought the Pathfinder to Times Square and attempted to detonate it there.[30]

Shahzad reportedly had four other high-profile targets in the New York area he was planning to attack if his first attack had been successful.[89] On his list were Rockefeller Center, Grand Central Terminal, the World Financial Center (just across from Ground Zero) and the Connecticut-based company that manufactures helicopters for the U.S. military, Sikorsky.[89]

CNN reported that Shahzad felt Islam was under attack, according to an official familiar with the investigation.[47] By a year prior to the attack, Shahzad became more introverted, more religious, and more stringent in his views, according to a friend of his from college.[88]

Anwar al-Awlaki, whom Shahzad was reportedly inspired by and in contact with.

Shahzad told interrogators that he was "inspired by" radical Anwar al-Awlaki to take up the cause of al-Qaeda.[49][112] Shahzad was moved to action, at least in part, by al-Awlaki's writings calling for holy war against Western targets as a religious duty, and was a "fan and follower" of al-Awlaki, according to sources.[49][113][114] A U.S. official said that al-Awlaki was a crucial influence on Shahzad, saying: "He listened to him, and he did it."[112] Shahzad made contact over the internet with al-Awlaki, the Pakistani Taliban’s Baitullah Mehsud (who was killed in a drone strike in 2009), and a web of jihadists, ABC News reported.[115][116]

Al-Awlaki is known among other things for having spoken with three of the September 11 hijackers in 2001, for having exchanged dozens of emails with the suspected Fort Hood shooter Nidal Malik Hasan, he is believed to have met with Christmas Day bomber Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab during his training by Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula, and for militant English-language online lectures and writings with violent rhetoric that have been a catalyst for a number of attacks.[49][80][117] The New York Times described al-Awlaki as "perhaps the most prominent English-speaking advocate of violent jihad against the United States."[80] Al-Awlaki is the first U.S. citizen approved for killing by the CIA under a presidential decree.[80]

On May 4, federal prosecutors charged Shahzad with five counts, including attempting to use a weapon of mass destruction and trying to kill and maim people within the U.S.[30][84] Two of his felonies carry a maximum of a life sentence if convicted, and two of his other counts carry mandatory minimum terms of 5 and 30 years, which means that if he is convicted of both, he will face at least 35 years in prison.[118]

Federal authorities say Shahzad voluntarily waived his Miranda rights and his right to an initial speedy court appearance, and agreed to answer questions.[56][119] He was interrogated by the recently formed High-Value Interrogation Group.[120] Ron Kuby, who has represented a number of terrorism defendants, said: "My experience with ... Islamists, is they love to talk. Their goal isn't to beat the rap when they're caught. Their goal is either to die as a martyr, or commit mass murder".[119] Ken Wainstein, a former U.S. attorney who headed the Justice Department's anti-terrorism efforts, said that a defendant's cooperation is motivated by "just sheer pride in what he's done."[119] Faisal was arraigned on May 18.[121] He is being held at the Metropolitan Correctional Center in Manhattan.[122] On June 17, a federal grand jury indicted Shahzad on terror charges.[123] Shazad pled guilty to the charges. On October 5, 2010, he was convicted and sentenced to life imprisonment without the possibility of parole by a federal judge in New York.[124] He responded to the sentence by saying that "the defeat of the U.S. is imminent."[125] When asked by the judge, "Didn't you swear allegiance to this country?" Shahzad, a naturalized U.S. citizen, replied, "I sweared, but I didn't mean it."[126]

Other arrests[edit]

Representative Jane Harman, a California Democrat and Chairman of the House Homeland Security Subcommittee on Intelligence, Information Sharing, and Terrorism Risk Assessment, said Pakistani officials arrested “alleged facilitators” as part of a “far broader investigation.”[127] Pakistani authorities arrested more than a dozen suspects in the investigation of the attempted car bombing, including two or three people at a house in Karachi's Nazimabad district where Shahzad is said to have stayed.[78][110][128]

Pakistani intelligence officials said a man named Tauseef Ahmed, a friend of Shahzad, was detained in Karachi in connection with the case.[102] He had been in touch with Shahzad by email, and is believed to have traveled to the U.S. two months prior to the attack to meet with Shahzad.[64][129] Another man arrested, Muhammad Rehan, an alleged hardcore militant, had spent time with Shahzad during a recent visit to Pakistan and was arrested in Karachi at a mosque known for links to the militant group Jaish-e-Muhammad.[129][130][131] On May 6, Pakistani officials said U.S. law enforcement officers had joined them in questioning four alleged members of an al-Qaeda-linked militant group, Jaish-e-Mohammad, regarding possible links to Shahzad.[132] A Major serving in Pakistan Army & a businessman Salman Ashraf Khan were also arrested.[133]

Reaction[edit]

Mayor Michael Bloomberg and Police Commissioner Kelly were in Washington, D.C., to attend the 2010 White House Correspondents' Dinner, but returned immediately to New York after they were informed of the incident. Bloomberg's initial statement was to the effect that it may have been perpetrated by a domestic terrorist, saying to CBS's Katie Couric, "If I had to guess 25 cents, this would be exactly that: homegrown, or maybe a mentally deranged person, or somebody with a political agenda that doesn't like the health care bill or something. It could be anything."[134]

President Barack Obama called the bomb attempt a "sobering reminder of the times in which we live", and said that Americans "will not cower in fear" as a result of it.[135] He telephoned Duane Jackson, one of the vendors, to thank him for alerting police.[136] Attorney General Eric Holder called it a "terrorist act".[22] White House spokesman Robert Gibbs, similarly, said "Anybody that has the type of material that they had in a car in Times Square, I would say that was intended to terrorize, absolutely. And I would say that whoever did that would be categorized as a terrorist, yes."[22][27]

Mayor Bloomberg warned against retribution, saying, "We will not tolerate any bias or any backlash against Muslim New Yorkers."[137] Commissioner Kelly said that to terrorists, "New York is America, and they want to come back to kill us."[127]

Senator Joe Lieberman, a Connecticut independent and chairman of the Senate Homeland Security Committee, introduced bipartisan legislation under which Americans joining or working with foreign terrorist groups would be stripped of their U.S. citizenship.[138] Identical legislation is being introduced in the United States House of Representatives by Pennsylvania Congressmen, Jason Altmire, a Democrat, and Charlie Dent, a Republican.[139] Lawmakers said that revoking citizenship would block terrorism suspects from using U.S. passports to re-enter the U.S., and make them eligible for prosecution before a military commission instead of a civilian court.[139] The measure, named the Terrorist Expatriation Act, was immediately criticized by Muslim advocacy groups, who said it would unjustly target Muslim Americans and other minority groups. “In my opinion it is xenophobic and unconstitutional and un-American,” said Mahdi Bray, executive director of the Muslim American Society.[140] The bill is an amendment to a 1940 law which stripped citizenship from individuals who joined either Japanese or German armies.[141]

Muslim leaders in the U.S. urged the public to "distinguish between acts of violence and terror and Islam, a religion that they said encourages peace and love", reported The Wall Street Journal .[142]

In Pakistan there was common belief that Shahzad's arrest was a U.S. conspiracy to malign Muslims worldwide, according to the Financial Times.[131]

Some criticism followed partisan lines. S. E. Cupp, for example, wrote there was a culture of political correctness towards Islamic extremism in the White House, juxtaposing it with the administration's more aggressive stance towards Christian militia groups.[143] And former U.S. Attorney General Michael B. Mukasey lamented the leakage of what he termed "intelliporn"—intelligence information that is disclosed by the media because it is "fun to read about", even though it causes harm by disclosing critical information to terrorists.[144] The Arabic newspaper Asharq Al-Awsat carried an editorial praising Obama for not mentioning the word Islam in connection with Shahzad.[145]

Professor Fouad Ajami wrote:

This is a long twilight war, the struggle against radical Islamism. We can't wish it away. No strategy of winning "hearts and minds," no great outreach, will bring this struggle to an end. America can't conciliate these furies. These men of nowhere—Faisal Shahzad, Nidal Malik Hasan, the American-born renegade cleric Anwar Awlaki now holed up in Yemen and their likes—are a deadly breed of combatants in this new kind of war. Modernity both attracts and unsettles them. America is at once the object of their dreams, and the scapegoat onto which they project their deepest malignancies.[146]

In Dubai's Gulf News, a columnist responded to Ajami's column by writing: "What is now needed is for smart police officers in the East and the West to work together to arrest and bring to justice criminals who have little respect for life itself – though we must also try politicians who launched perpetual wars and thinkers who pretended to add value by opining that our civilizations are doomed to clash."[147]

Claims of responsibility[edit]

Initially, according to a report by the Associated Press, a Pakistani Taliban group claimed responsibility for an attack against the U.S. in a video posted on YouTube, saying it was revenge for the killing of Baitullah Mehsud and the top leaders of al-Qaida in IraqAbu Omar al-Baghdadi and Abu Ayyub al-Masri — as well as for general American "interference and terrorism in Muslim Countries, especially in Pakistan." However, "The tape makes no specific reference to the attack; it does not mention that it was a car bomb or that it took place in New York City".[148] According to the New York Times and the New York Daily News, the same group has made far-fetched, false claims for other attacks in the past.[28][36]

On May 6, however, a Pakistani Taliban spokesman said it was not involved with the attempted bombing, but added: "Such attacks are welcome. We have no relation with Faisal. However, he is our Muslim brother. We feel proud of Faisal. He did a brave job."[149] On May 9, The New York Times opined that the retraction may have been prompted by fears that admission of responsibility might result in an attack on the Pakistan Taliban in North Waziristan by the U.S. or Pakistan.[150]

On May 9, however, Holder said "We’ve now developed evidence that shows the Pakistani Taliban was behind the attack," directed the plot, and may have financed it.[11] The Taliban in Pakistan is believed by some military intelligence officials to have joined forces with al-Qaeda.[11] John Brennan, President Obama’s chief counterterrorism adviser, said: “He was trained by [the Taliban in Pakistan].[11] He received funding from them. He was basically directed here to the United States to carry out this attack." Some military intelligence officials believe the Taliban in Pakistan has joined forces with al-Qaeda.[11] John Brennan, President Obama’s chief counterterrorism adviser, said: "It's a group that is closely allied with al-Qaeda. They train together, they plan together, they plot together. They are almost indistinguishable."[151]

Several other groups claimed responsibility, without any corroborating evidence or verified data.[148][152]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Suspicious car leads to closure of Times Square". CNN. May 2, 2010. Archived from the original on May 2, 2010. Retrieved May 2, 2010. 
  2. ^ "Car bomb found in New York's Times Square". BBC. May 2, 2010. Archived from the original on May 3, 2010. Retrieved May 2, 2010. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Baker, Al; Rashbaum, William K. (May 1, 2010). "Police Find Car Bomb in Times Square". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 8, 2010. Retrieved May 14, 2010. 
  4. ^ "Crude car bomb found in Times Square". MSNBC. Archived from the original on May 3, 2010. Retrieved May 2, 2010. 
  5. ^ a b c d e William K. Rashbaum, Mark Mazzetti, and Peter Baker (May 4, 2010). "Arrests in Pakistan Widen Bombing Case". New York Times. Archived from the original on May 7, 2010. Retrieved May 14, 2010. 
  6. ^ Shane, Scott (May 5, 2010). "Government Tightens No-Fly Rules". The New York Times. Retrieved July 1, 2010. 
  7. ^ CNN Wire Staff (May 4, 2010). "Times Square suspect had explosives training, documents say". CNN. Archived from the original on May 4, 2010. Retrieved May 4, 2010. 
  8. ^ "Was The Times Square Bombing Coverage Wholly Accurate?". May 7, 2010. Archived from the original on May 14, 2010. Retrieved May 14, 2010. 
  9. ^ a b "Transcript: Airport orders Shahzad's flight back – National Politics". fresnobee.com. May 4, 2010. Retrieved May 17, 2010. [dead link]
  10. ^ a b "AP sources: Bomber trained at Pakistan terror camp". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 4, 2010. [dead link]
  11. ^ a b c d e f Berger, Joseph (May 2, 2010). "Pakistani Taliban Behind Times Sq. Plot, Holder Says". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 11, 2010. Retrieved May 9, 2010. 
  12. ^ "Clinton warns Pakistan of terror 'consequences". BBC. May 8, 2010. Archived from the original on May 10, 2010. Retrieved May 8, 2010. 
  13. ^ Miller, Greg (May 29, 2010). "Options studied for a possible Pakistan strike". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 1, 2010. 
  14. ^ Bray, Chad (October 5, 2010). "Times Square Bomber Gets Life Sentence". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved October 5, 2010. 
  15. ^ Paddock, Barry (May 3, 2010). "Heroic Times Square T-shirt vendor Lance Orton just 'an average guy'". Daily News (New York). Archived from the original on May 4, 2010. Retrieved May 4, 2010. 
  16. ^ Schmidt, Michael S. (May 2, 2010). "T-Shirt Vendor Takes On New Persona: Reluctant Hero of Times Square". New York Times. Archived from the original on May 5, 2010. Retrieved May 2, 2010. 
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i Editors, The. "Times Square Bomb Attempt (May 1, 2010) – The New York Times". Topics.nytimes.com. Archived from the original on May 7, 2010. Retrieved May 6, 2010. 
  18. ^ Frean, Alexandra (May 2, 2010). "Unexploded car bomb in Times Square 'amateurish one-off' terrorism attempt". London: The Times (UK). Archived from the original on June 3, 2010. Retrieved June 27, 2010. 
  19. ^ "Bomb Scare in Times Square". The New York Times. May 2, 2010. Archived from the original on May 5, 2010. Retrieved May 3, 2010. 
  20. ^ "Police defuse car bomb in Times Square". France 24. May 2, 2010. Archived from the original on May 5, 2010. Retrieved May 3, 2010. 
  21. ^ "US studies bomb evidence from New York's Times Square". BBC News. May 2, 2010. Archived from the original on May 4, 2010. Retrieved May 2, 2010. 
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Markon, Jerry; Hsu, Spencer S. (May 5, 2010). "U.S. citizen from Pakistan arrested in Times Square bomb case". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 4, 2010. 
  23. ^ By TOM HAYS and COLLEEN LONG (AP) – 6 hours ago. "The Associated Press: Man held in Times Square car bomb attack to appear in court". Google. Archived from the original on May 7, 2010. Retrieved May 4, 2010. 
  24. ^ Gendar, Alison; Parascandola, Rocco; Deutsch, Kevin; Goldsmith, Samuel (May 2, 2010). "3 cops, street vendor stop Times Square car bomb from detonating; Gas, clock found inside car". Daily News (New York). Archived from the original on May 5, 2010. Retrieved May 6, 2010. 
  25. ^ Gendar, Alison; Parascandola, Rocco; Deutsch, Kevin; Goldsmith, Samuel (May 2, 2010). "Cops stop Times Square car bomb from detonating; Robot finds gun powder, wires in car". New York Daily News. Archived from the original on May 3, 2010. Retrieved May 2, 2010. 
  26. ^ Judd Hollander. "The Stage / News / Broadway theatres forced to delay shows due to bomb scare". Thestage.co.uk. Retrieved May 6, 2010. 
  27. ^ a b Perez, Evan (May 5, 2010). "Man in Custody in Car Bomb-Inquiry". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on May 4, 2010. Retrieved May 4, 2010. 
  28. ^ a b c Alison Gendar, Rocco Parascandola and Helen Kennedy (May 3, 2010). "NYPD hunting suspect caught on security cameras who fled from Times Square car bomb scene". New York Daily News. Archived from the original on May 6, 2010. Retrieved May 14, 2010. 
  29. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k By the CNN Wire Staff (May 2, 2010). "Times Square bomb suspect arrested 'at last second'". CNN. Archived from the original on May 7, 2010. Retrieved May 4, 2010. 
  30. ^ a b c d e f g "Complaint; U.S. v Faisal Shahzad". May 4, 2010. Retrieved May 6, 2010. 
  31. ^ a b c Grier, Peter (May 10, 2010). "Times Square bomb: Did Pakistan Taliban send its 'C' team?". Christian Science Monitor. Archived from the original on June 17, 2010. Retrieved June 29, 2010. 
  32. ^ Winter, Jana (May 3, 2010). "Anatomy of a Bomb: An Inexpensive and Deadly Mishmash of Ingredients". Fox News. Archived from the original on May 6, 2010. Retrieved May 6, 2010. 
  33. ^ "Times Square Car Bomb Suspect Due In Court". wcbstv.com. Archived from the original on May 5, 2010. Retrieved May 6, 2010. 
  34. ^ a b c Fowler, Peter (May 2, 2010). "NYPD Looking For White Male Over Attempted Times Square Bombing". NewsRoom 2010. Retrieved May 2, 2010. 
  35. ^ Stonington, Joel (May 5, 2010). "Reprieve for Man in the Red Shirt". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved May 5, 2010. 
  36. ^ a b c Michael M. Grynbaum, William K. Rashbaum and Al Baker (May 3, 2010). "Police Seek Man Taped Near Bomb Scene". New York Times. Archived from the original on May 5, 2010. Retrieved May 14, 2010. 
  37. ^ a b Allen, Nick; Gordon Rayner (May 2, 2010). "Times Square car bomb: police investigate South Park link". The Daily Telegraph (London: Telegraph Media Group Limited). Archived from the original on May 3, 2010. Retrieved May 3, 2010. 
  38. ^ Adams, Guy (May 2, 2010). "Hunt for bomber who targeted the heart of New York – Americas, World". The Independent (London). Archived from the original on May 6, 2010. Retrieved May 6, 2010. 
  39. ^ a b c d e f Gendar, Alison (May 4, 2010). "Faisal Shahzad, Times Square bomb plot suspect, just 'minutes' away from Dubai escape before arrest". Daily News (New York). Archived from the original on May 7, 2010. Retrieved May 4, 2010. 
  40. ^ a b c d e Rashbaum, William K. (May 4, 2010). "U.S. Arrests S.U.V. Owner in Times Square Case". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 7, 2010. Retrieved May 4, 2010. 
  41. ^ Parascandola, Rocco (May 6, 2010). "How car-buff NYPD Detective John Wright got Times Square car bomb probe in gear". Daily News (New York). Archived from the original on May 9, 2010. Retrieved May 7, 2010. 
  42. ^ a b c d e Barrett, Devlin (May 5, 2010). "Investigators' Race to Track Clues in Bombing". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved May 5, 2010. 
  43. ^ a b c d Dwyer, Jim (May 4, 2010). "About New York – A Suspect Leaves Clues at Every Turn". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 8, 2010. Retrieved May 5, 2010. 
  44. ^ "Faisal Shahzad: How easily can a bomber buy a car anonymously?". CSMonitor.com. Archived from the original on May 7, 2010. Retrieved May 4, 2010. 
  45. ^ "Faisal Shahzad: Where Is the Black SUV?". Myfoxny.com. May 2010. Retrieved May 8, 2010. 
  46. ^ Colleen Long (May 6, 2010). "Official: NYC suspect did dry run before car bomb". Associated Press. Retrieved May 14, 2010. [dead link]
  47. ^ a b By the CNN Wire Staff (May 2, 2010). "Day before bombing, Shahzad made a dry run in Manhattan, source says". CNN. Archived from the original on May 8, 2010. Retrieved May 6, 2010. 
  48. ^ a b "Shahzad on U.S. Travel Security List Since 1999". CBS News. May 5, 2010. Archived from the original on May 10, 2010. Retrieved May 14, 2010. 
  49. ^ a b c d Dreazen, Yochi J. (May 6, 2010). "Suspect Says He Was Inspired by Imam's Writings". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved May 6, 2010. 
  50. ^ [Indo-Asian News Service]. Taliban's suicide-bomb trainer tutored NYK bombing suspect, Hindustan Times, May 6, 2010.
  51. ^ Mazzetti, Mark; Shane, Scott (May 5, 2010). "Evidence Mounts for Taliban Role in Bomb Plot". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 10, 2010. Retrieved May 14, 2010. 
  52. ^ Mail Foreign Service (May 2010). "Investigators seek terror links and financial backer of failed Times Square bomber | Mail Online". Daily Mail (London). Retrieved May 7, 2010. 
  53. ^ a b c d Malbran, Pia (May 2010). "Faisal Shahzad's Money Mystery – CBS News Investigates". CBS News. Archived from the original on May 8, 2010. Retrieved May 7, 2010. 
  54. ^ "Maine detainee knew Shahzad | The Kennebec Journal, Augusta, ME". Kjonline.com. Retrieved May 21, 2010. 
  55. ^ Murphy, Shelley; Saltzman, Jonathan (May 21, 2010). "Lawyer links Mass. man, Shahzad – The Boston Globe". Boston Globe. Archived from the original on May 23, 2010. Retrieved May 21, 2010. 
  56. ^ a b Rashbaum, William K. (May 20, 2010). "U.S. Outlines Moves After Bomb Suspect’s Arrest". The New York Times. Retrieved May 21, 2010. 
  57. ^ Rashbaum, William K. (May 14, 2010). "Men Tied to Times Square Bomb Suspect Didn’t Stand Out". The New York Times. Retrieved May 17, 2010. 
  58. ^ Adrian Walker (May 13, 2010). "Authorities search home, gas station, arrest 2 in Times Square bomb probe – – The Boston Globe". Boston Globe. Archived from the original on May 16, 2010. Retrieved May 17, 2010. 
  59. ^ a b c Rashbaum, William K. (May 13, 2010). "3 in Custody After Raids in Times Sq. Bomb Case". The New York Times. Retrieved May 17, 2010. 
  60. ^ Pratt, Mark; Johnson, Glen (May 13, 2010). "3 Pakistanis arrested in Times Square bomb probe". Boston Globe. Retrieved May 17, 2010. 
  61. ^ Bender, Bryan (May 15, 2010). "Money transfer network in terror case leaves no paper trail – The Boston Globe". Boston Globe. Archived from the original on May 21, 2010. Retrieved May 21, 2010. 
  62. ^ Saltzman, Jonathan (May 15, 2010). "Detainee case questions grow". Boston Globe. Retrieved May 16, 2010. 
  63. ^ Murphy, Shelley; Saltzman, Jonathan (May 21, 2010). "Lawyer links Mass. man, Shahzad – The Boston Globe". Boston Globe. Archived from the original on May 25, 2010. Retrieved May 21, 2010. 
  64. ^ a b c Clark, Mandy (April 26, 2010). "Inside Terror Training Camp Tied to Bomb Suspect – CBS Evening News". CBS News. Archived from the original on May 7, 2010. Retrieved May 5, 2010. 
  65. ^ a b c Nichols, Michelle (May 7, 2010). "FACTBOX-Suspected NY bomber a married financial analyst". Reuters. Retrieved May 7, 2010. 
  66. ^ a b "Exclusive: Documents found near bomb suspect's former Shelton home". NewsTimes. Archived from the original on May 7, 2010. Retrieved May 6, 2010. 
  67. ^ a b Posted: 3:07 am, May 5, 2010 (May 5, 2010). "Times Square bomber's path to terror began with gaining citizenship". New York Post. Archived from the original on May 8, 2010. Retrieved May 6, 2010. 
  68. ^ a b Shah, Saeed. "Would-be New York bomber's Pakistan neighbors in disbelief – World AP". MiamiHerald.com. Retrieved May 6, 2010. [dead link]
  69. ^ a b c d Deutsch, Kevin (April 28, 2010). "Times Square bomb suspect Faisal Shahzad 'was just a normal dude' before making neighbors suspicious". Daily News (New York). Archived from the original on May 7, 2010. Retrieved May 6, 2010. 
  70. ^ a b c Miller, Greg; Sheridan, Mary Beth (May 5, 2010). "Times Square bomb suspect abruptly left life in U.S. to return to Pakistan". Washington Post. Retrieved May 5, 2010. 
  71. ^ a b c d e Barron, James (May 4, 2010). "Times Sq. Bomb Suspect Was a Suburban Father". The New York Times. Retrieved May 6, 2010. 
  72. ^ Ortenzi, Tj (May 5, 2010). "Faisal Shahzad Resume, CV Boasts That Terror Suspect Is 'Good Team Player'". Huffington Post. Archived from the original on May 6, 2010. Retrieved May 6, 2010. 
  73. ^ a b Barron, James (May 4, 2010). "Suspect in Times Square Bomb Case Became Citizen After 10 Years in U.S.". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 7, 2010. Retrieved May 4, 2010. 
  74. ^ a b c "Car-Bomb Suspect Faisal Shahzad's Life in America and Path to Citizenship – Dispatch – WSJ". The Wall Street Journal. May 4, 2010. Archived from the original on May 7, 2010. Retrieved May 4, 2010. 
  75. ^ Bernstein, Nina (May 2, 2010). "Bombing Suspect Followed All Rules for Citizenship". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 11, 2010. Retrieved May 9, 2010. 
  76. ^ a b c Barron, James (May 5, 2010). "Shahzad’s Friends Describe a Growing Seriousness". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 9, 2010. Retrieved May 6, 2010. 
  77. ^ Lane, Charles. "PostPartisan – Faisal Shahzad: violent fanatic, or unhappy homeowner?". Voices.washingtonpost.com. Retrieved May 9, 2010. 
  78. ^ a b By the CNN Wire Staff (May 5, 2010). "Pakistan frontier a haven for militants". CNN. Archived from the original on May 8, 2010. Retrieved May 5, 2010. 
  79. ^ a b c d e f g "Faisal Shahzad Gave Appearances of Family Man". CBS News. May 4, 2010. Archived from the original on May 6, 2010. Retrieved May 4, 2010. 
  80. ^ a b c d e Shane, Scott (May 2, 2010). "Times Square Suspect Drew Inspiration From Militant Cleric". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 7, 2010. Retrieved May 7, 2010. 
  81. ^ Killing the Cranes, Edward Girardet
  82. ^ http://www.nefafoundation.org/miscellaneous/FeaturedDocs/US_v_NajibullahZazi_complaint.pdf
  83. ^ By Elise Labott, CNN (May 10, 2010). "Official: Shahzad went to Pakistan for help with attack". CNN. Archived from the original on May 13, 2010. Retrieved May 11, 2010. 
  84. ^ a b Michelle Nichols (May 5, 2010). "Investigators still interviewing NY bomb suspect". Reuters. Archived from the original on May 7, 2010. Retrieved May 5, 2010. 
  85. ^ "U.S. has yet to verify bomb suspect's terror training claim | National | Chron.com – Houston Chronicle". Houston Chronicle. 2010. Archived from the original on May 7, 2010. Retrieved May 6, 2010. 
  86. ^ a b "American Who Recently Visited Pakistan Eyed in Times Square Bomb Plot". Fox News. May 3, 2010. Archived from the original on May 5, 2010. Retrieved May 3, 2010. 
  87. ^ Miller, Greg; Markon, Jerry (May 7, 2010). "Radicalization of Times Square suspect was gradual, investigators say". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 7, 2010. 
  88. ^ a b Miller, Greg; Markon, Jerry (May 7, 2010). "Radicalization of Times Square suspect was gradual, investigators say". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 7, 2010. 
  89. ^ a b c d e f "Times Square Bomb Suspect Had Multiple Targets, Source Says". Fox News. May 18, 2010. Archived from the original on May 21, 2010. Retrieved May 21, 2010. 
  90. ^ a b "Surveillance images appear to show Shahzad". New York News Today. 2010. Retrieved May 7, 2010. [dead link]
  91. ^ a b "Official: Times Square bomb suspect did dry run days before (AP)". New York News Today. May 3, 2010. Retrieved May 7, 2010. [dead link]
  92. ^ a b Rashbaum, William K.; Tavernise, Sabrina (May 5, 2010). "Car bombing suspect says he was trained in Pakistan – The Boston Globe". Boston Globe. Archived from the original on May 7, 2010. Retrieved May 5, 2010. 
  93. ^ a b Wilson, Michael (May 5, 2010). "A Weapon the Times Sq. Car-Bomb Suspect Didn’t Use". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 9, 2010. Retrieved May 6, 2010. 
  94. ^ Gendar, Alison (May 15, 2010). "Faisal Shahzad's friend and relative nabbed in Pakistan in connection to failed Times Square bombing". Daily News (New York). Archived from the original on May 20, 2010. Retrieved May 21, 2010. 
  95. ^ a b CNN Wire Staff (May 4, 2010). "Bomb plot suspect arrested trying to catch flight to Dubai". CNN. Archived from the original on May 5, 2010. Retrieved May 4, 2010. 
  96. ^ Gendar, Alison (May 3, 2010). "Pakistani-American Faisal Shahzad, suspect in foiled Times Square bomb plot, arrested at JFK". New York Daily News. Archived from the original on May 5, 2010. Retrieved May 4, 2010. 
  97. ^ Saletan, William (May 4, 2010). "Surveillance cameras and the Times Square bombing. – By William Saletan – Slate Magazine". Slate.com. Archived from the original on May 13, 2010. Retrieved May 12, 2010. 
  98. ^ "Pakistani Taliban: Times Square bomb attempt a 'brave' act | 7online.com". Abclocal.go.com. Archived from the original on May 9, 2010. Retrieved May 7, 2010. 
  99. ^ "Holder: Car bomb suspect tried to fly to Dubai". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 4, 2010. [dead link]
  100. ^ "Emirates Airline confirms: US local authorities called back EK 202, 3 passengers removed". WAM. Retrieved May 7, 2010. 
  101. ^ "Times Square suspect had explosives training, documents say". CNN. May 2, 2010. Archived from the original on May 7, 2010. Retrieved May 14, 2010. 
  102. ^ a b c "Suspect in Times Square plot faces terror charges | Top AP Stories | Chron.com – Houston Chronicle". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved May 4, 2010. [dead link]
  103. ^ Bennett, Chuck (May 6, 2010). "Feds order emergency fix to flawed no-fly list". New York Post. Archived from the original on May 9, 2010. Retrieved May 7, 2010. 
  104. ^ Font size Print E-mail Share 52 Comments By Jim Axelrod (May 5, 2010). "Authorities Lost Faisal Shahzad in Traffic – CBS Evening News". CBS News. Archived from the original on May 6, 2010. Retrieved May 7, 2010. 
  105. ^ "Times Square Terrorist Got Bomb Training". TheSmokingGun.com. May 4, 2010. Archived from the original on May 7, 2010. Retrieved May 5, 2010. 
  106. ^ Wilson, Michael (May 5, 2010). "A Weapon the Times Sq. Car-Bomb Suspect Didn’t Use". The New York Times. Retrieved May 7, 2010. 
  107. ^ "FBI searches Times Square car bomb suspect's Conn. home". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 4, 2010. [dead link]
  108. ^ "The landlord and the accused terrorist tenant – Connecticut Post". Ctpost.com. Archived from the original on May 9, 2010. Retrieved May 7, 2010. 
  109. ^ Bomb motive, LA times 8 May 2010.
  110. ^ a b "CNN Times Square bombing update page". CNN. Archived from the original on May 6, 2010. Retrieved May 5, 2010. 
  111. ^ "Times Square bomber probe: Did Faisal Shahzad act alone?". CSMonitor.com. Archived from the original on May 7, 2010. Retrieved May 4, 2010. 
  112. ^ a b McElroy, Damien (May 7, 2010). "Times Square bomb suspect had links to terror preacher". London: Telegraph. Archived from the original on May 10, 2010. Retrieved May 7, 2010. 
  113. ^ Shane, Scott (May 8, 2010). "Anwar al-Awlaki – From Condemning Terror to Preaching Jihad". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 11, 2010. Retrieved May 9, 2010. 
  114. ^ Herridge, Catherine (May 6, 2010). "Times Square Bomb Suspect a 'Fan' of Prominent Radical Cleric, Sources Say". Fox News. Archived from the original on May 7, 2010. Retrieved May 7, 2010. 
  115. ^ "Faisal Shahzad Had Contact With Anwar Awlaki, Taliban, and Mumbai Massacre Mastermind, Officials Say – ABC News". Abcnews.go.com. Archived from the original on May 9, 2010. Retrieved May 7, 2010. 
  116. ^ "Times Square Suspect Contacted Radical Cleric". Myfoxdetroit.com. May 1, 2010. Retrieved May 7, 2010. 
  117. ^ Calabresi, Massimo (May 7, 2010). "Times Square Bomber Shahzad Linked to Imam al-Awlaki". TIME. Archived from the original on May 10, 2010. Retrieved May 7, 2010. 
  118. ^ Weiser, Benjamin (May 19, 2010). "Times Square Suspect May Not Gain for Cooperating". The New York Times. Retrieved May 21, 2010. 
  119. ^ a b c By Tom Hays and Larry Neumeister (AP). "The Associated Press: Times Square bomb suspect still no-show in court". Google. Archived from the original on May 15, 2010. Retrieved May 11, 2010. 
  120. ^ By KIMBERLY DOZIER (AP) – 2 days ago. "The Associated Press: WH adviser: Interrogation team questions Shahzad". Google. Retrieved May 21, 2010. [dead link]
  121. ^ Newman, Andy (May 17, 2010). "Faisal Shahzad Arraigned on Terror Charges - City Room Blog". Cityroom.blogs.nytimes.com. Archived from the original on May 20, 2010. Retrieved May 21, 2010. 
  122. ^ Rashbaum, William K. (May 18, 2010). "Times Sq. Bomb Suspect Has First Court Appearance". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 22, 2010. Retrieved May 21, 2010. 
  123. ^ "Times Square car bomb suspect Faisal Shahzad indicted". BBC News. June 17, 2010. Archived from the original on June 19, 2010. Retrieved June 17, 2010. 
  124. ^ "Pakistani Behind Failed Times Square Bombing Sentenced". Voice of America. October 5, 2010. Archived from the original on October 5, 2010. Retrieved October 5, 2010. 
  125. ^ "Times Square bomb plotter sentenced to life in prison". CNN. October 5, 2010. Archived from the original on October 6, 2010. Retrieved October 5, 2010. 
  126. ^ Smith, Sebastian. "Defiant Times Square bomber jailed for life". Agence France-Presse. Retrieved October 5, 2010. 
  127. ^ a b "Times Square Suspect Admits Involvement, Holder Says (Update1)". BusinessWeek. May 4, 2010. Archived from the original on May 7, 2010. Retrieved May 4, 2010. 
  128. ^ Post (May 6, 2010). "Bomb Suspect's Links to Taliban Probed". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved May 6, 2010. 
  129. ^ a b Rashbaum, William K.; Tavernise, Sabrina (May 5, 2010). "Car bombing suspect says he was trained in Pakistan – The Boston Globe". Boston Globe. Archived from the original on May 10, 2010. Retrieved May 5, 2010. 
  130. ^ "/ In depth – Bomb probe reveals alleged links to Taliban". Financial Times. Retrieved May 6, 2010. 
  131. ^ a b "/ In depth – Crackdown in Pakistan over NY bomb plot". Financial Times. Retrieved May 6, 2010. 
  132. ^ By KATHY GANNON and ASHRAF KHAN (AP) – 1 hour ago. "The Associated Press: 4 questioned in Pakistan over NY bomb suspect". Google. Retrieved May 6, 2010. [dead link]
  133. ^ Perlez, Jane (May 21, 2010). "Pakistani Major Among 2 New Arrests in Bombing". The New York Times. Retrieved May 22, 2010. 
  134. ^ "Mayor: Times Square Suspect Acted Alone". CBS. Archived from the original on May 6, 2010. 
  135. ^ "NY bomb plot will not terrorise Americans, says Obama". BBC. May 5, 2010. Archived from the original on May 6, 2010. Retrieved May 4, 2010. 
  136. ^ Thompson, Mark (May 4, 2010). "Experts: Times Square Bombing Attempt Was Poorly Planned". TIME. Retrieved May 6, 2010. 
  137. ^ Andrew Clark in New York and Declan Walsh in Islamabad (May 4, 2010). "Times Square bomb: We will not be cowed, says Barack Obama | World news". The Guardian (London). Archived from the original on May 6, 2010. Retrieved May 4, 2010. 
  138. ^ "Lieberman Bill Strips Terror Suspects of Citizenship (Update2)". San Francisco Chronicle. May 6, 2010. Retrieved May 6, 2010. 
  139. ^ a b Savage, Charlie (May 6, 2010). "Bill Targets Citizenship of Terrorists’ Allies". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 9, 2010. Retrieved May 7, 2010. 
  140. ^ Spencer, Jean (May 6, 2010). "Lieberman, Brown Unveil Bill to Strip Citizenship – Washington Wire – WSJ". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on May 10, 2010. Retrieved May 7, 2010. 
  141. ^ "Bill would strip terror suspects of U.S. citizenship". CBC News. May 7, 2010. Archived from the original on May 10, 2010. Retrieved May 14, 2010. 
  142. ^ "Faisal Shahzad Had No Ties to CT Muslim Community, Leaders Say – Metropolis – WSJ". The Wall Street Journal. May 5, 2010. Archived from the original on May 6, 2010. Retrieved May 6, 2010. 
  143. ^ By S.E. Cupp, Special to CNN (May 2010). "PC on Islamic extremism puts us at risk". CNN. Archived from the original on May 11, 2010. Retrieved May 7, 2010. 
  144. ^ Mukasey, Michael B. (May 12, 2010). "Michael B. Mukasey: Shahzad and the Pre-9/11 Paradigm". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved May 12, 2010. 
  145. ^ Mirghani, Osman (May 12, 2010). "Loading". Aawsat.com. Archived from the original on May 29, 2010. Retrieved May 12, 2010. 
  146. ^ Ajami, Fouad (May 10, 2010). "Fouad Ajami: Islam's Nowhere Men". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved May 10, 2010. 
  147. ^ "Don't allow Shahzad to rattle democracy". gulfnews. May 13, 2010. Retrieved May 21, 2010. 
  148. ^ a b Ryan Lucas (2010). "Pakistani Taliban claims Times Square car bomb". Associated Press. Archived from the original on May 5, 2010. Retrieved May 2, 2010. 
  149. ^ By TOM HAYS and RASOOL DAWAR (AP) – 2 hours ago (May 2010). "The Associated Press: Investigators seek money courier in Times Square bomb plot". Google. Archived from the original on May 14, 2010. Retrieved May 7, 2010. 
  150. ^ Perlez, Jane (May 8, 2010). "U.S. Urges Swift Action in Pakistan After Failed Times Square Bombing". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 11, 2010. Retrieved May 10, 2010. 
  151. ^ Kathleen Hennessey, Los Angeles Times (May 10, 2010). "N.Y. bomber has al Qaeda tie, White House says". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved May 10, 2010. 
  152. ^ Fowler, Peter (May 2, 2010). "NYPD Looking For White Male Over Attempted Times Square Bombing". NewsRoom America 2010. Retrieved May 2, 2010. 

External links[edit]