List of candidates in the United States presidential election, 2008

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The following are lists of candidates in the 2008 United States presidential election. Candidates who are not on any state ballots, withdrew from the race, suspended their presidential campaign, or failed to earn their party's nomination are listed separately.

Party nominees[edit]

All candidates in the table below were on the ballot in multiple states. Those who were on the ballot in enough states to win a majority in the U.S. Electoral College are marked in bold. Candidates who were on the ballot in no more than one state are listed in the next section.

Ron Paul was on the ballot in Louisiana with Barry Goldwater, Jr. on the Louisiana Taxpayers Party ticket[1] and in Montana with Michael Peroutka on the Constitution Party of Montana ticket, even though the latter is associated with the national Constitution Party.[2] Paul's supporters also qualified him to receive write-in votes in California. Paul was no longer actively running for president when he attained ballot status and asked to be removed. His request was denied by the Montana Secretary of State, because the request was sent to him too late.[3]

Presidential candidate/running matePartyCampaign site
Barack Obama/Joe Biden (campaign)Democratic, South Carolina United Citizens, New York Working Families[4]
John McCain/Sarah Palin (campaign)Republican, New York Independence, New York
Ralph Nader/Matt Gonzalez (campaign)Independent, Independence-Ecology,[5] Peace and Freedom, Michigan Natural Law, Delaware Independent, Oregon Peace, New York Populist[4]
Bob Barr/Wayne Allyn Root (campaign)
Cynthia McKinney/Rosa Clemente (campaign)
Chuck Baldwin/Darrell Castle (campaign)Constitution, Kansas Reform, Virginia Independent
Alan Keyes/Brian Rohrbough (campaign)Independent, America's
Gloria La Riva/Eugene PuryearSocialism &
Brian Moore/Stewart AlexanderSocialist, Vermont Liberty
Róger Calero/Alyson KennedySocialist
Charles Jay/Thomas L. KnappBoston
Thomas Stevens/Alden
Gene Amondson/Leroy

Ballot access[edit]

The two major parties in the United States, the Democratic Party and the Republican Party, had ballot access in all 50 US states and the District of Columbia.

Each state sets its own requirements for candidates to gain ballot access. In some cases it is easier for party nominees to gain ballot access than for independent candidates, so Ralph Nader's independent campaign is associated with parties (pre-existing or newly formed) in some states: PF is the Peace and Freedom Party, NLP is the Natural Law Party, IEP is the Independent-Ecology Party, and IP is the Independent Party. In Kansas, Chuck Baldwin's campaign is associated with the Kansas Reform Party[6] after a legal challenge had been brought to recognize national Reform Party candidate Ted Weill on the ballot.[7]

George Phillies appeared on the ballot in New Hampshire with the label "Libertarian", with Chris Bennett as his running mate.

Candidates who had ballot access to enough electoral votes to win the presidency
 Electoral VotesNaderLibertarian (Barr)Constitution (Baldwin)Green (McKinney)
States + D.C.5146 (50)45 (47)37 (49)32 (49)
Electoral votes (EV)538456 (531)503 (510)318 (516)368 (528)
Percent of EV100%84.8% (98.7%)93.5% (94.8%)59.1% (95.9%)68.4% (98.1%)
Alabama[8]9   (write-in)
Alaska[9]3   (write-in)
Arizona[10]10  (write-in) 
California[12]55PF (write-in) 
Georgia[17]15(write-in) (write-in)(write-in)
Idaho[19]4   (write-in)
Indiana[21]11(write-in) (write-in)(write-in)
Kansas[23]6   (write-in)
Kentucky[24]8   (write-in)
Maine[26]4 (write-in)(write-in) 
Missouri[32]11   (write-in)
Montana[33]3  (write-in)(write-in)
New Hampshire[36]4  (write-in)(write-in)
New Jersey[37]15    
New Mexico[38]5IEP   
New York[39]31  (write-in) 
North Carolina[40]15(write-in) (write-in)
North Dakota[41]3   (write-in)
Pennsylvania[45]21  (write-in)(write-in)
Rhode Island[46]4    
South Carolina[47]8    
South Dakota[48]3   
Texas[50]34(write-in) (write-in)(write-in)
Vermont[52]3   (write-in)
West Virginia[55]5   
Wyoming[57]3   (write-in)
District of Columbia[58]3 (write-in)(write-in) 
Other third party candidates


 Electoral VotesProhibition (Amondson)Socialist Workers (Calero)Boston Tea (Jay)America's Independent (Keyes)Socialism and Liberation (La Riva)Socialist (Moore)Objectivist (Stevens)
States + D.C.51310 (11)3 (7)3 (8)128 (30)2
EV53845125 (180)47 (75)91 (168)137102 (338)36
% of EV100%8.4%23.2% (33.5%)8.7% (13.9%)16.9% (31.2%)25.5%19.7% (62.8%)6.7%
California55(JH write-in) 
Colorado9 JH     
Delaware3 (write-in)
Florida27 JH     
Georgia (U.S. state)15
Louisiana9 JH 
Minnesota10 (write-in)
New Hampshire4(write-in)
New Jersey15   
New Mexico5
New York31  (write-in)
North Carolina15(write-in)
North Dakota3
Rhode Island4 (write-in)
South Carolina8
South Dakota3
Washington (U.S. state)11JH (write-in)
West Virginia5
District of Columbia3
Other candidates

The tickets below were on the ballot in no more than one state. Those appearing on a single state's ballot are in bold, all others are write-in candidates. Those without party labels are independents. Some do not have vice-presidential candidates.


Although Guam has no votes in the Electoral College, it has held a straw poll for its presidential preferences since 1980. In 2008, their ballot included Barr, McCain, and Obama. On July 10, 2008, the Guam legislature passed a law moving that poll forward to gain notoriety for Guam's election.[68] The legislation was eventually vetoed.[69]

Primary and convention candidates[edit]

Democratic Party primary ballot access[edit]

  Candidate actively campaigning
  Candidate with suspended or canceled campaign
  Candidate not on ballot
New Hampshire (January 8)JBHCCDJEMGDKBOBR
Michigan (January 15)HCCDMGDK
Nevada (January 19)JBHCCDJEDKBOBR
South Carolina (January 26)JBHCCDJEMGDKBOBR
Florida[70] (January 29)JBHCCDJEMGDKBOBR

Republican Party primary ballot access[edit]

and Republican Party comprehensive summary at[71]

  Candidate actively campaigning
  Candidate with suspended or canceled campaign
  Candidate not on ballot
Wyoming (January 5)RGMHDHJMRPMRFT
New Hampshire[72] (January 8)RGMHDHAKJMRPMRFT
Michigan (January 15)RGMHDHJMRPMRFT
Nevada (January 19)RGMHDHJMRPMRFT
South Carolina (January 19)RGMHDHJMRPMRFT
Florida[70] (January 29)RGMHDHAKJMRPMRFT

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Ballot Access News » Blog Archive » Louisiana Asked to Print Ron Paul on Ballot as Presidential Candidate". Retrieved 2011-09-23. 
  2. ^ "Ballot Access News » Blog Archive » Montana Constitution Party Submits Presidential Electors Pledged to Ron Paul and Michael Peroutka". Retrieved 2011-09-23. 
  3. ^ Winger, Richard (2008-09-15). "Montana Verifies That Ron Paul Will Remain on Ballot". Ballot Access News. Retrieved 2008-09-16. "The Montana Secretary of State has told Ron Paul that his request to be removed from the ballot arrived too late" 
  4. ^ a b NEW YORK STATE BOARD OF ELECTIONS. Archived from the original on 2008-10-01. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  5. ^ "Ecology Party home page". Retrieved 2008-11-03. 
  6. ^ "Kansas Will Print Baldwin on Ballot". 2008-09-15. Retrieved 2008-09-15. 
  7. ^ "Kansas Grants Administrative Hearing to Chuck Baldwin". 2008-09-13. Retrieved 2008-09-15. 
  8. ^ Alabama ballot information accessed: 2008-09-27
  9. ^ Alaska ballot information accessed: 2008-09-27 Archived May 7, 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ Arizona ballot information accessed: 2008-09-27
  11. ^ Arkansas ballot information accessed: 2008-09-27
  12. ^ California ballot information accessed: 2008-09-27
  13. ^ Colorado ballot information accessed: 2008-09-27
  14. ^ Connecticut ballot information accessed: 2008-09-27
  15. ^ Delaware ballot information accessed: 2008-09-27
  16. ^ Florida ballot information accessed: 2008-09-27
  17. ^ Georgia ballot information accessed: 2008-09-27
  18. ^ Hawaii ballot information accessed: 2008-09-27 Archived July 30, 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  19. ^ Idaho ballot information accessed: 2008-09-27 Archived July 30, 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  20. ^ Illinois ballot information accessed: 2008-09-27[dead link]
  21. ^ Indiana ballot information accessed: 2008-09-27[dead link]
  22. ^ Iowa ballot information accessed: 2008-09-27
  23. ^ Kansas ballot information accessed: 2008-09-27
  24. ^ Kentucky ballot information accessed: 2008-09-27
  25. ^ Louisiana ballot information accessed: 2008-09-27
  26. ^ Maine ballot information accessed: 2008-09-27
  27. ^ Maryland ballot information accessed: 2008-09-27
  28. ^ Massachusetts ballot information accessed: 2008-09-27
  29. ^ Michigan ballot information accessed: 2008-09-27
  30. ^ Minnesota ballot information accessed: 2008-09-27
  31. ^ Mississippi ballot information accessed: 2008-09-27
  32. ^ Missouri ballot information accessed: 2008-09-27
  33. ^ Montana ballot information accessed: 2008-09-27 Archived July 30, 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  34. ^ Nebraska ballot information accessed: 2008-09-27
  35. ^ Nevada ballot information accessed: 2008-09-27[dead link]
  36. ^ New Hampshire ballot information accessed: 2008-09-27
  37. ^ New Jersey ballot information accessed: 2008-09-27
  38. ^ New Mexico ballot information accessed: 2008-09-27
  39. ^ New York ballot information accessed: 2008-09-27
  40. ^ North Carolina ballot information accessed: 2008-09-27
  41. ^ North Dakota ballot information accessed: 2008-09-27
  42. ^ Ohio ballot information accessed: 2008-09-27
  43. ^ "Oklahoma ballot information". Archived from the original on 2008-10-22. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  44. ^ Oregon ballot information accessed: 2008-09-27
  45. ^ Pennsylvania ballot information accessed: 2008-09-27[dead link]
  46. ^ Rhode Island ballot information accessed: 2008-09-27
  47. ^ South Carolina ballot information accessed: 2008-09-27
  48. ^ South Dakota ballot information accessed: 2008-09-27
  49. ^ Tennessee ballot information accessed: 2008-09-27
  50. ^ Texas ballot information accessed: 2008-09-27
  51. ^ Utah ballot information accessed: 2008-09-27
  52. ^ Vermont ballot information accessed: 2008-09-27
  53. ^ Virginia ballot information accessed: 2008-09-27
  54. ^ Washington ballot information accessed: 2008-09-27
  55. ^ West Virginia ballot information accessed: 2008-09-27
  56. ^ Wisconsin ballot information accessed: 2008-09-27
  57. ^ Wyoming ballot information accessed: 2008-09-27
  58. ^ D.C. ballot information accessed: 2008-09-27
  59. ^ "". Retrieved 2011-09-23. 
  60. ^ WSAZ News Channel 3 "W.Va. Write-In Candidates Include Santa Claus", September 25, 2008.
  61. ^ "U.S. Pacifist Party homepage". 
  62. ^ McEnulty is both the New American Independent Party presidential nominee, and also the Reform Party vice-presidential nominee, but is on the Colorado ballot as an independent. McEnulty's presidential campaign site
  63. ^ "No Illinois Challenges to Any Presidential Petition", Ballot Access News, June 30, 2008 (accessed September 17, 2008).
  64. ^ "Socialist Equality Party Takes Steps to Receive Votes for President", Ballot Access News, October 29, 2008 (accessed October 30, 2008).
  65. ^ Utah State Elections Office from official website for State of Utah elections
  66. ^ Cody Robert Judy for U.S. President 2008[dead link]
  67. ^ 2008 Utah Elections[dead link]
  68. ^ "Guam Legislature Moves General Election Presidential Vote to the September Primary". 2008-07-10. Retrieved 2008-09-17. 
  69. ^ "Guam Bill to Move Presidential Election from November to September is Vetoed". 2008-07-25. Retrieved 2008-09-17. 
  70. ^ a b Florida presidential primary candidates' list released - Bay News 9[dead link]
  71. ^ "About Republican Party USA". What is USA News. 19 April 2013. Retrieved 2012-12-20. 
  72. ^ "List of Filed Candidates". Retrieved 2011-09-23. 

External links[edit]