2003 Indianapolis 500

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87th Indianapolis 500
Indy500winningcar2003.JPG
Indianapolis Motor Speedway
Indianapolis 500
Sanctioning bodyIndy Racing League
Season2003 IndyCar season
DateMay 25, 2003
WinnerGil de Ferran
Winning teamPenske Racing
Average speed156.291 mph
Pole positionHélio Castroneves
Pole speed231.725 mph
Fastest qualifierHélio Castroneves
Rookie of the YearTora Takagi
Most laps ledTomas Scheckter (63)
Pre-race ceremonies
National anthemDaniel Rodriguez
Back Home Again in IndianaJim Nabors
Starting CommandMari Hulman George
Pace carChevrolet SSR
Pace car driverHerb Fishel
Honorary starterNone
Attendance300,000 (estimated)
TV in the United States
NetworkABC
AnnouncersPaul Page, Scott Goodyear
Nielsen Ratings4.6 / 14
Chronology
PreviousNext
20022004
 
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87th Indianapolis 500
Indy500winningcar2003.JPG
Indianapolis Motor Speedway
Indianapolis 500
Sanctioning bodyIndy Racing League
Season2003 IndyCar season
DateMay 25, 2003
WinnerGil de Ferran
Winning teamPenske Racing
Average speed156.291 mph
Pole positionHélio Castroneves
Pole speed231.725 mph
Fastest qualifierHélio Castroneves
Rookie of the YearTora Takagi
Most laps ledTomas Scheckter (63)
Pre-race ceremonies
National anthemDaniel Rodriguez
Back Home Again in IndianaJim Nabors
Starting CommandMari Hulman George
Pace carChevrolet SSR
Pace car driverHerb Fishel
Honorary starterNone
Attendance300,000 (estimated)
TV in the United States
NetworkABC
AnnouncersPaul Page, Scott Goodyear
Nielsen Ratings4.6 / 14
Chronology
PreviousNext
20022004

The 87th Indianapolis 500 was held at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway on Sunday, May 25, 2003. Two-time defending champion Hélio Castroneves won the pole position and was trying to become the first driver in Indy history to win three in a row. With 31 laps to go, however, Castroneves was passed by his Penske teammate Gil de Ferran, and the duo finished 1-2, with de Ferran winning his first Indy 500.

The race was sanctioned by Indy Racing League and was part of the 2003 IndyCar Series season. For the 2003 season, the series adopted a new chassis package and saw the introduction of Toyota and Honda to the field. Due to cost issues, and a shortage of engines and drivers, there was considerable concern going into the event that the field might fall short of the traditional 33 starters.[1] On the final day of qualifying, the field was filled, avoiding a PR "black eye."[2][3]

Former presidents George H. W. Bush and Bill Clinton were in attendance, the first time in Indy history that two former presidents were at the race.[4] Rookie A. J. Foyt IV, racing on his 19th birthday, became the youngest driver ever to compete in the race.[4]

For the first time since the 1970s,[5] the race was not announced as a sell out.[6] Since 1985, the race was usually sold out by July of the previous year.[5]

Background[edit]

The biggest interest story going into the race was the impending retirement of popular veteran Michael Andretti. Andretti announced that the 2003 Indy 500 would be his final race, and that he would retire from driving immediately after, to focus on team ownership.[7] (Note that Andretti came out of retirement and returned to drive at Indy in 2006-2007.)

All of the top CART-based teams entered at Indy. Several teams, including Penske, Andretti-Green, Ganassi, and Rahal Letterman defected permanently to the Indy Racing League.

During the spring Dario Franchitti of Andretti-Green Racing was injured in a motorcycle accident, which sidelined him for most of the season.[8][9] Robby Gordon replaced him in the car at Indy, and Gordon planned to attempt the Indy-Charlotte "Double Duty."

After changes in the rules, Greg Ray entered and qualified a car carrying the number 13. It was the first time #13 appeared on a car at the Indy 500 since George Mason in 1914. From 1926 to 2002, usage of #13 was not permitted, and throughout the entire history of the race, was generally avoided by competitors due to superstitions.[10]

For the first time ever, a support race was scheduled for the month of May at Indy. The Menards Infiniti Pro Series arrived at the Speedway for the inaugural Freedom 100. The race was scheduled for the Saturday of Bump Day weekend.

Mario Andretti crash[edit]

Andretti-Green Racing driver, Tony Kanaan, suffered a radial fracture of his arm on April 15 in a crash at Motegi. On April 23, former Indy 500 winner Mario Andretti took over Kanaan's car for a test session.[11] Mario retired in 1994, and this was the first time in nine years he had driven a major open wheel car. If Kanaan was not cleared to drive in enough time, tentative plans were being prepared for Mario to qualify the car for him.[11] He would then turn the car over to Kanaan on race day. No firm plans had yet been made though for Mario to actually drive in the race.[12]

During Mario's test session, it was noted by many observers that despite his lack of experience in modern Indy cars (which had changed substantially since his retirement in 1994) and his advanced age (63), he quickly reached competitive speed. During the morning session, he turned a lap of 212.509 mph,[11] and looked "as if he had never been away." Later in the day, he upped his speed to over 223 mph.[11] The success of the test created a stir, and speculation grew during the afternoon that Mario may even attempt to qualify for the race.

With only two minutes left in the session, Kenny Bräck crashed in turn one, and the yellow light came on. Mario entered turn one at full speed, and struck debris on the track from Bräck's car. The object, identified by most as the rear wing, pitched the nose of Mario's car upward, and the car became airborne. The car then went into a rapid double-reverse somersault flip at speeds exceeding 200 miles per hour.[13] Television footage from the WTHR helicopter-cam showed that the car clipped the top of the debris fence, and was nearly high enough to go over it. The car fell back to the racing surface, slowed by its mid-air tumble, and slid to a stop upright. Andretti walked away from the crash with very minor injuries.[14]

Mario initially shrugged off the accident, and still contemplated returning to qualify the car in May. A day later, however, he reconsidered.[15]

Race schedule[edit]

Race schedule — April/May, 2003
SunMonTueWedThuFriSat
20
 
21
ROP
22
Testing
23
Testing
24
 
25
 
26
 
27
 
28
 
29
 
30
 
1
 
2
 
3
 
4
Opening Day
5
Practice
6
Practice
7
Practice
8
Practice
9
Practice
10
Pole Day
11
Pole Day
12
 
13
 
14
Practice
15
Practice
16
Practice
17
Practice
18
Time Trials
19
 
20
 
21
 
22
Carb Day
23
 
24
Parade
25
Indy 500
26
Memorial Day
27
 
28
 
29
 
20
 
31
 
ColorNotes
GreenPractice
Dark BlueTime trials
SilverRace day
RedRained out*
BlankNo track activity

* Includes days where track activity
was significantly limited due to rain

ROP — denotes Rookie Orientation Program

Practice and time trials[edit]

Practice - week 1[edit]

Practice opened on Sunday May 4, with roughly 29 car/driver combinations named to the field. That was short of the traditional 33 starters for the race, and there was ongoing speculation around the garage area on who would potentially fill the four open spots. At the onset, drivers were flirting with the 230 mph barrier.

On Tuesday May 6, rookie Dan Wheldon (231.108 mph) became the first driver to break the 230 mph barrier. A day later, Kenny Brack (231.039 mph) also broke 231 mph. Dan Wheldon set the fastest lap of the month on Thursday May 8 at 232.202 mph, the fastest lap run at the Speedway since 1996.

On "Fast Friday" May 9, Arie Luyendyk spun exiting turn one, and hit the outside wall with the back end of the car. The car slid down the track, and hit the outside wall in turn 2 also. Luyendyk suffered a back injury, and soreness in his neck and shoulders. Ultimately, Luyendyk decided to sit out the race, and retired from driving permanently.

Time trials - Pole Day[edit]

Pole Day was scheduled for Saturday May 10. During the morning practice session Billy Boat spun out of turn four, and made heavy contact with the safety attenuator at the north end of the pit wall. The car hit with the back end, flew up into the air momentarily, and came to rest against the outside wall on the mainstretch. The energy-absorbing barrier was demolished, but officials stated that the barrier withstood the impact, and worked effectively.[4] Boat was transferred to Methodist Hospital for observation, but was eventually released and cleared to drive.[4] By the time that track crews could replace the barrier, rain began to fall. A violent thunderstorm swept through the area, and washed out qualifying for the afternoon.[4]

Pole qualifying was moved to Sunday May 11. The weather was cool and windy. Robbie Buhl was the first car to make an attempt, and he put his car the field with a safe run of 224.369 mph. At 12:30 p.m., rookie Scott Dixon (230.099 mph) was the first car over 230 mph. At 12:45 p.m., Robby Gordon (230.205 mph) took over the provisional pole position.

At 12:55 p.m., rookie A. J. Foyt IV was attempting to become the youngest driver ever to qualify for the Indy 500. On his first lap, he spun exiting turn 2, did not hit the wall, and slid backwards down nearly the entire length of the backstretch. He was uninjured.

The first trip through the qualifying line was completed at about 1:45 p.m. Several drivers had pulled out of line, waiting for better conditions. At 2:41 p.m., Tony Kanaan took over the top spot with a run of 231.006 mph.

At 4:36 p.m., two-time defending race winner Helio Castroneves (231.725 mph) secured the pole position. Tony Kanaan was bumped to the middle of the front row, and Robby Gordon held on to the outside of the front row. The day ended with A. J. Foyt IV completing a run, and Gil de Ferran, the last car with a realistic shot of the front row, turning in a somewhat-disappointing 228.633 mph, good enough only for 10th starting position.

Practice - week 2[edit]

Practice resumed on Wednesday May 14. With nine spots open in the field, unqualified teams began to prepare for the final day of qualifying. Alex Barron was named to replace Arie Luyendyk in the Mo Nunn entry. By Thursday, 32 car/driver combinations had materialized.

Among the fastest drivers who had yet to qualify were Jimmy Vasser (228.275 mph) and Alex Barron (227.714 mph). Vasser missed the first weekend of time trials due to his participation in the Champ Car German 500.

Time trials – Bump Day[edit]

The final day of time trials, Sunday, May 18, opened with nine spots open in the field. During the week, there was considerable concern about the prospects of filling the field to the traditional 33 starters. Airton Daré and Vitor Meira were named to rides in the morning, meaning there were then nine cars preparing to qualify.

Time trials opened at 12:30 p.m., with Jimmy Kite the first car out. After two fast laps, however, the car stalled with an electrical problem. In the first half hour, three cars qualified, led by Jimmy Vasser, and the field was up to 27 cars.

Jimmy Kite returned to the track, this time qualifying without incident. Airton Daré stalled several times trying to leave the pits, but after repairs, he qualified to fill the field to 29 cars. Just before 2 p.m., Alex Barron and Richie Hearn completed runs, and the field was up to 31 cars. Hearn's team acquired a Penske back-up car, and he was safely in the field.

At 3 p.m., there were two spots left in the field. Only two cars remained on the sidelines, Robby McGehee and Vitor Meira. No other teams were planning on qualifying, although a rumor circulated around the garage area that Ganassi was considering on wheeling out a backup car for Jeff Ward. McGehee (224.493 mph) completed his qualifying attempt at 3:30 p.m., leaving only one spot open in the grid. At 4:05 p.m., Meira (227.158 mph) filled the field to 33 cars. At that point, the track was opened for practice, and the track officially closed at 6 o'clock without any other qualifiers.

The series avoided the embarrassment[clarification needed] of not filling the field to the traditional 33 cars. The race had not failed to do so since 1947, when several drivers that were members of ASPAR (the American Society of Professional Auto Racing) threatened to boycott the race over the purse size.[16] Nonetheless, some members of the media chastised the effort, later nicknaming the afternoon "Fill Day" rather than the traditional Bump Day. During the television coverage, Bob Jenkins and Jack Arute passionately defended the event from its detractors.[17] Despite pointing out the lack of drama on the final day of time trials, Robin Miller was among those who suggested that the 2003 field was the deepest talent-wise since the open wheel "split".

Starting Grid[edit]

RowInsideMiddleOutside
1Brazil Helio Castroneves (W)Brazil Tony KanaanUnited States Robby Gordon
2New Zealand Scott Dixon (R)United Kingdom Dan Wheldon (R)Sweden Kenny Bräck (W)
3Japan Tora Takagi (R)United States Tony Renna (R)United States Scott Sharp
4Brazil Gil de FerranUnited States Roger Yasukawa (R)South Africa Tomas Scheckter
5United States Michael AndrettiUnited States Greg RayJapan Shinji Nakano (R)
6Brazil Felipe GiaffoneUnited States Al Unser, Jr. (W)United States Sam Hornish, Jr.
7United States Buddy Rice (R)United States Jaques LazierUnited States Buddy Lazier (W)
8United States Robbie BuhlUnited States A.J. Foyt IV (R)United States Sarah Fisher
9United States Alex BarronBrazil Vitor Meira (R)United States Jimmy Vasser
10United States Richie HearnUnited States Billy BoatJapan Shigeaki Hattori
11United States Robby McGeheeUnited States Jimmy KiteBrazil Airton Daré

Alternates[edit]

Failed to qualify[edit]

Race summary[edit]

Start[edit]

The controversy of filling the field the previous weekend fizzled as race day arrived. Mari Hulman George gave the command to start engines at 10:47 a.m. EST, and all 33 cars pulled away from the starting grid. It would be the final time that the race would begin at the traditional 11 a.m. EST start time.

Polesitter Hélio Castroneves took the lead at the start, and led for the first 16 laps. The first yellow came out on lap 9 when Billy Boat stalled in turn two. After the restart on lap 15, Sarah Fisher spun in turn three, hitting the outside wall. After pit stops, Scott Dixon took the lead on lap 17.

First half[edit]

Michael Andretti led 28 laps in the first half, but during a pit stop on lap 98, the car quit with the broken throttle linkage.

On lap 61, Richie Hearn got up in the "marbles" in turn two, hitting the outside wall. Jaques Lazier spun to avoid the crash and came to rest on the inside of the track. Both drivers were uninjured.

The lead changed several times in the first half, with Tomas Scheckter, Tony Kanaan, and Jimmy Vasser each taking turns in the lead. Hélio Castroneves and Gil de Ferran were running in the top 5 most of the way.

Second half[edit]

Tomas Scheckter led from laps 101-128, with Hélio Castroneves close behind in second. On lap 127, Airton Dare crashed in turn 2, bringing out the caution, and the leaders all made pit stops. Hélio Castroneves beat Scheckter out of the pits and took the lead. Gil de Ferran was in third. On lap 135 restart, de Ferran passed Scheckter for second place.

At lap 150, Penske teammates Hélio Castroneves and Gil de Ferran were still running 1st-2nd. Castroneves was looking to put himself in position to win his third "500" in a row. The leaders made their final pit stops on laps 165-168. After the sequence of green flag stops, Hélio Castroneves and Gil de Ferran were again running 1st-2nd.

On lap 169, leader Hélio Castroneves was hung up behind the lapped car of A. J. Foyt IV down the backstretch. While it was not captured by TV cameras, earlier in the race A. J. Foyt IV had come down and made contact with Hélio Castroneves while being lapped in Turn 2. This perhaps led to Hélio Castroneves following A. J. Foyt IV through the 2nd turn allowing Gil de Ferran to make the pass for the lead going into turn 3.

On lap 172, Robby Gordon stopped on the track with a broken gearbox. The yellow came out, but none of the leaders pitted. Gordon immediately departed the grounds, and flew to Charlotte for the Coca-Cola 600.

With 25 laps to go, the green came back out with Gil de Ferran leading, and Hélio Castroneves in second.

Finish[edit]

On lap 182, Scott Sharp brushed the wall in turn 4, then crashed in turn 1. After the cleanup, the green came back out on lap 186. One lap later, however, Dan Wheldon spun in turn three, hit the outside wall, then the car flipped over and landed upside-down. Wheldon was not injured.

During the caution for the Wheldon crash, Scott Dixon, who was running in the top ten, was weaving back and forth on the mainstretch to warm up his tires. He began to do it too vigorously, and brushed the inside wall. The car was too damaged to continue.

The green came out with six laps to go. Gil de Ferran held off Hélio Castroneves by 0.2290 seconds to win his first Indianapolis 500. After the race, Castroneves coaxed de Ferran to climb the catch fence on the mainstretch, mimicking his own traditional post-race victory celebration. de Ferran ended up retiring at season's end, becoming the fourth Indy 500 winner to retire as a reigning "500" champion.

The "curse of the Indy three-peat" prevailed again as Castroneves failed to achieve victory. His three-race career record of 1st-1st-2nd, however, established an Indy record for a driver's first three starts. Castroneves' second place tied Al Unser's 1970-1971-1972 effort of 1st-1st-2nd.

Box score[edit]

FinishStartNoNameQualRankCELapsLedStatusEntrant
1106Brazil Gil de Ferran228.63310PT20031RunningTeam Penske
213Brazil Hélio Castroneves (W)231.7251DT20058RunningTeam Penske
3211Brazil Tony Kanaan231.0062DH2002RunningAndretti Green Racing
41210South Africa Tomas Scheckter227.76812PT20063RunningChip Ganassi Racing
5712Japan Tora Takagi (R)229.3587PT2002RunningMo Nunn Racing
62520United States Alex Barron227.27415PT2000RunningMo Nunn Racing
7832United States Tony Renna (R)228.7658DT2000RunningKelley Racing
81413United States Greg Ray227.28814PH2000RunningAccess Motorsports
91731United States Al Unser, Jr. (W)226.28520DT2000RunningKelley Racing
101155United States Roger Yasukawa (R)228.57711DH1990RunningSuper Aguri Fernandez Racing
111952United States Buddy Rice (R)226.21322DC1990RunningTeam Cheever
122622Brazil Vitor Meira (R)227.15818DC1990RunningTeam Menard
133218United States Jimmy Kite224.19530DC1970RunningPDM Racing
141554Japan Shinji Nakano (R)227.22216DH1960RunningBeck Motorsports
15184United States Sam Hornish, Jr.226.22521DC1950EnginePanther Racing
16615Sweden Kenny Bräck (W)229.5096DH1950RunningTeam Rahal
1749New Zealand Scott Dixon (R)230.0994PT19115AccidentChip Ganassi Racing
182314United States A.J. Foyt IV (R)224.17731DT1890RunningA.J. Foyt Enterprises
19526United Kingdom Dan Wheldon (R)229.9585DH1860AccidentAndretti Green Racing
2098United States Scott Sharp228.7569DT1810AccidentKelley Racing
212191United States Buddy Lazier (W)224.91026DC1710EngineHemelgarn Racing
22327United States Robby Gordon230.2053DH1690GearboxAndretti Green Racing
232224United States Robbie Buhl224.36929DC1470EngineDreyer & Reinbold Racing
243341Brazil Airton Daré223.60933PT1250AccidentA.J. Foyt Enterprises
253144United States Robby McGehee224.49328DC1250SteeringPanther Racing
262719United States Jimmy Vasser226.87219DH1021GearboxTeam Rahal
27137United States Michael Andretti227.73913DH9428Throttle LinkageAndretti Green Racing
282899United States Richie Hearn225.86424PT610AccidentSam Schmidt Motorsports
29202United States Jaques Lazier225.97523DC610AccidentTeam Menard
30305Japan Shigeaki Hattori224.58927DT190Fuel SystemA.J. Foyt Enterprises
312423United States Sarah Fisher224.17032DC140EngineDreyer & Reinbold Racing
322998United States Billy Boat225.59825DC70EnginePanther Racing
331621Brazil Felipe Giaffone227.21017PT60ElectricalMo Nunn Racing

(W) = Former Indianapolis 500 winner; (R) = Indianapolis 500 rookie

*C Chassis: D=Dallara, P=Panoz

*E Engine: C=Chevrolet, H=Honda, T=Toyota

Broadcasting[edit]

Radio[edit]

The race was carried live on the Indy Racing Radio Network. Mike King served as chief announcer. The booth crew had a new look for 2003. Longtime driver expert Johnny Rutherford left the crew to take over the position of pace car driver during caution periods. Joining King in the booth were two newcomers, Dave Wilson who served as color commentator, and new "driver expert" Davey Hamilton. Hamilton was on a hiatus from driving after his serious crash at Texas in 2001.

The 2003 race saw all four turn reporters return to their assigned posts from the previous year. The three pit reporters remained the same, although they swapped their locations along pit road. The 2003 race would be the final 500 on the radio for longtime members Howdy Bell and Chuck Marlowe. Bell once again had the limited role of reporting from the track hospital, while Marlowe covered the garage area as he had since 1989.

Indy Racing Radio Network
Booth AnnouncersTurn ReportersPit/garage reporters

Chief Announcer: Mike King
Driver expert: Davey Hamilton
Color commentator: Dave Wilson
Historian: Donald Davidson
Commentary: Chris Economaki

Turn 1: Jerry Baker
Turn 2: Kevin Lee
Turn 3: Mark Jaynes
Turn 4: Chris Denari

Jim Murphy (north pits)
Kim Morris (center pits)
Adam Alexander (south pits)
Chuck Marlowe (garages)
Howdy Bell (hospital)

Television[edit]

The race was carried live flag-to-flag coverage in the United States on ABC Sports. The on-air crew remained the same from the previous year, with Bob Jenkins returning as host, and Paul Page handling the play-by-play duties. It would ultimately be the final 500 on television for Bob Jenkins.

For the first time, the race broadcast featured a presenting sponsor. The race was billed as the "Indianapolis 500 Presented by 7-Eleven." The crew called the race for the final time from the booth on top of the Paddock grandstand, for starting in 2004, they would move to the newer television studio inside the Pagoda.

ABC Television
Booth AnnouncersPit/garage reporters

Host: Bob Jenkins
Announcer: Paul Page
Color: Scott Goodyear

Jack Arute
Vince Welch
Dr. Jerry Punch
Gary Gerould

Controversy[edit]

On Sunday May 18, the final day of time trials, when there was some question of whether the field would be filled to the traditional 33 cars, television reporters Bob Jenkins and Jack Arute passionately defended the event from its detractors on air.[17] Afterwards, Jenkins received criticism, mostly for a lack of journalistic professionalism and objectivity. His statements were considered biased in favor of the IRL/IMS, and that he allowed his personal opinions enter his reporting.

During ABC coverage of time trials, Vitor Meira filled the field to 33 cars. Arute opened his interview with Meira at 5:17 p.m. EDT by stating:[18]

And to all the naysayers who predicted that there would NOT be 33 cars in the field of this year's Indy 500, allow me to introduce you to Vitor Meira.

A minute later, [Jenkins replied with:[18]

The naysayers have been proven wrong, there is a 33-car field set for the 500.

As the day was coming to a close, the television coverage switched to ESPN for the final hour. Jenkins closed the broadcast with the following commentary at 6:56 p.m. EDT:[19]

I want to again say how disappointed I am in some of the journalists in this city and in other cities who have questioned the 33-car starting lineup this year. I think they forgot one thing. And this is really what they've been trying to put down all this time. This is the Indianapolis 500. It was 50 years ago, it is today, and it will be next year and in years to come.

A minute later, Arute followed:[19]

I want to echo what Bob Jenkins said. From the beginning of the month of May here at Indianapolis, misguided people have said that this race wasn't going to have a field of 33. Hello! Not only are the field of 33 full but it's also going to be the most competitive Indy 500 in most recent memory. I want to go back to the thoughts of one Jim Mora (local NFL coach) who once said to misguided media, ya think ya know, but ya just don't know.

Jenkins was released from ABC/ESPN at the end of the 2003 season. After a very brief stint covering CART on Spike TV in 2004, and after a single race at ESPN in 2008, he joined Versus (now known as the NBC Sports Network) in 2009. It was never announced if the on-air comments were a factor in his release, and Jenkins contends he was never informed if that was the case. Following the 2012 season, Jenkins reduced his schedule to a reserve role that includes Carb Day coverage.

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Caldwell, Dave (2003-05-14). "Rising Costs Threaten Field at Indy". Auto Racing (New York Times). Retrieved 2012-02-01. 
  2. ^ "Lineup complete - No bumping needed as field of 33 set for Indy 500". Sports Illustrated. 2003-05-18. Retrieved 2012-02-01. 
  3. ^ Gelston, Dan (2003-05-19). "No bumping needed as field of 33 set for Indy 500". AP (Daily News). Retrieved 2012-02-01. 
  4. ^ a b c d e 2003 Indianapolis 500 - Daily Trackside Report
  5. ^ a b Fox, Jack C. (1994). The Illustrated History of the Indianapolis 500 (Fourth ed.). Carl Hungness Publishing. p. 445. ISBN 0-915088-05-3. 
  6. ^ "Indy 500 not yet a sellout, doesn't have a full field". Sports Illustrated. 2003-05-09. Retrieved 2012-02-08. 
  7. ^ "Michael Andretti To Retire in May". The New York Times. 2003-02-02. Retrieved 2012-02-02. 
  8. ^ "Scot Dario becomes an American idol". BBC Sport. 29 May 2007. Retrieved 2009-07-15. 
  9. ^ "Franchitti injured in bike crash". Scotsman. Retrieved 2009-07-15. 
  10. ^ "13 And Indy 500 Are Like Oil And Water", Best By Number, Sporting News, 2006, p. 61, ISBN 0-89204-848-4 
  11. ^ a b c d "At 63, Mario not slowing down". WRTV. 2003-04-26. Retrieved 2012-04-26. 
  12. ^ Cavin, Curt (2003-04-23). "Mario Andretti back behind wheel for Indy test". USA Today. Retrieved 2012-04-26. 
  13. ^ "Mario Andretti Crashes at Indy". The New York Times. 2003-04-24. Retrieved 2012-04-26. 
  14. ^ Kallmann, Dave (2003-04-25). "Mario Andretti would do it again". Motorsports (Milwaukee Journal Sentinel). Retrieved 2012-04-26. 
  15. ^ "Andretti changes mind, won't drive at Indy". The Post and Courier. 2003-04-25. Retrieved 2012-04-26. 
  16. ^ "Indianapolis 500 Centenary Countdown: Not 33 (times 3)". Racer magazine. 2010-10-14. Retrieved 2012-02-01. 
  17. ^ a b "Snore of the Engines". MRN. 2003-05-20. Retrieved 2012-02-01. 
  18. ^ a b "2003 Indianapolis 500 Bump Day telecast". 2003-05-18. ABC.
  19. ^ a b "2003 Indianapolis 500 Bump Day telecast". 2003-05-18. ESPN.

Works cited[edit]


2002 Indianapolis 500
Hélio Castroneves
2003 Indianapolis 500
Gil de Ferran
2004 Indianapolis 500
Buddy Rice