199th Infantry Brigade

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199th Infantry Brigade
199th brigade.svg
Shoulder sleeve insignia
Active1921–1940
1966–1970
1991–1992
2007 – present
CountryUnited States
BranchU.S. Army
TypeInfantry
RoleTraining
SizeBrigade
Garrison/HQFort Benning
NicknameThe Redcatchers
MottoLight, Swift, Accurate
EngagementsVietnam War
Insignia
Distinctive unit insignia199 LIB DUI.png
 
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199th Infantry Brigade
199th brigade.svg
Shoulder sleeve insignia
Active1921–1940
1966–1970
1991–1992
2007 – present
CountryUnited States
BranchU.S. Army
TypeInfantry
RoleTraining
SizeBrigade
Garrison/HQFort Benning
NicknameThe Redcatchers
MottoLight, Swift, Accurate
EngagementsVietnam War
Insignia
Distinctive unit insignia199 LIB DUI.png

The 199th Infantry Brigade (Light) is a unit of the United States Army which served in the Reserves from 1921–1940, in the active Army from 1966 to 1970 (serving in the Vietnam War), briefly in 1991–1992 at Fort Lewis, and from 2007 as an active Army training formation at Fort Benning.

The brigade was first formed in the West Virginia Organized Reserve in 1921, as part of the 100th Infantry Division. It incorporated the 398th and 399th Infantry Regiments. However with the reorganisation of the Army from four-regiment to three-regiment divisions as World War II approached, the brigade was disbanded in 1940.

The unit was formed for the second time at Fort Benning, Georgia in 1966. Nicknamed "the Redcatchers", the 199th LIB was hastily moved to Song Be, Vietnam in December 1966 to provide an increased U.S. presence in the III Corps Tactical Zone and remained there until its return to Fort Benning in October 1970, where it was inactivated. The unit was briefly reactivated at Fort Lewis Washington from the remains of the 9th Infantry Division.

The brigade was conducting Operation Uniontown in Dong Nai Province when the 1968 Tet Offensive began. It immediately began a defense of U.S. II Field Force headquarters at Long Binh and the Bien Hoa Air Base against attacks by the VC 275th Regiment. One battalion was moved by helicopter to attack a Viet Cong command post at the Phu Tho racetrack inside Saigon, then engaged in house-to-house fighting in Cholon.

During 1969, the 199th was responsible for the security of the region north and east of the capital, and in 1970 moved into the "Iron Triangle" when other units participated in the Cambodian Incursion.

  1. 754 killed in action
  2. 4,679 wounded in action

During the drawdown of the 9th Infantry Division at Fort Lewis in 1991–1992, a residual brigade, based around the division's 3rd Brigade, was briefly active as the 199th Infantry Brigade before being redesignated the 2nd Armored Cavalry Regiment.

On 27 June 2007, as part of the Transformation of the US Army, the 11th Infantry Regiment was redesignated the 199th Infantry Brigade at Fort Benning.

References