This article is about the year 1988.
1988 ( was a MCMLXXXVIII) leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar, the 1988th year of the Common Era (CE) and (AD) designations, the 988th year of the Anno Domini 2nd millennium, the 88th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1980s decade.
20th century, the year 1988 has the most Roman numeral digits (11). 1988 was an important year in the early history of the Internet—it was the year of the first well-known computer virus, the 1988 Internet worm. The first officially sanctioned online commercial e-mail provider debuted as well. [1 ]
Soviet Union began its major restructuring towards a mixed economy at the beginning of 1988—less than 4 years later the country ceased to exist. The first extrasolar planet, Gamma Cephei Ab (confirmed in 2002) was detected this year as well. Events [edit ] January [edit ] February [edit ] March [edit ] March 3 – The Liberal Democrats, a new British political party, are formed. March 6 – Operation Flavius: A Special Air Service team of the British Army shoots dead 3 unarmed members of a Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) Active service unit in Gibraltar. [2 ] March 8 Two U.S. Army helicopters collide in Fort Campbell, Kentucky, killing 17 servicemen. U.S. presidential candidate George H. W. Bush defeats Bob Dole in numerous Republican primaries and caucuses on "Super Tuesday". The bipartisan primary/caucus calendar, designed by Democrats to help solidify their own nominee early, backfires when none of the 6 competing candidates are able to break out of the pack in the day's Democratic contests. Jesse Jackson, however, wins several Southern state primaries. March 13 – Gallaudet University, a university for the deaf in Washington, D.C., elects Dr. I. King Jordan as the first deaf president in its history. This conclusion of the Deaf President Now campaign is a turning point in the deaf civil rights movement. March 16 March 17 March 19 – Corporals killings in Belfast: Two British Army corporals are abducted, beaten and shot dead by Irish republicans after driving into the funeral cortege of IRA members killed in the Milltown Cemetery attack. [4 ] March 20 – Eritrean War of Independence: Having defeated the Nadew Command, the EPLF enters the town of Afabet, victoriously concluding the Battle of Afabet. March 24 – An Israeli court sentences Mordechai Vanunu to 18 years in prison for disclosing Israel's nuclear program to . The Sunday Times March 25 – The Candle Demonstration in Bratislava, Slovakia is the first mass demonstration of the 1980s against the socialist government in Czechoslovakia. March 26 – U.S. presidential candidate Jesse Jackson defeats Michael Dukakis in the Michigan Democratic caucuses, becoming the temporary front-runner for the party's nomination. Dick Gephardt withdraws his candidacy after his campaign speeches against imported automobiles fail to earn him much support in Detroit. March 29 – African National Congress representative Dulcie September is assassinated in Paris. April [edit ] May [edit ] May 4 – PEPCON disaster in Henderson, Nevada: A major explosion at an industrial solid-fuel rocket plant causes damage extending up to 10 miles (16 km) away, including Las Vegas' McCarran International Airport. May 5 – The Ouvéa cave hostage taking ends in Ouvéa, Loyalty Islands, New Caledonia. May 14 – Bus collision near Carrollton, Kentucky: A drunk driver going the wrong way on Interstate 71, hits a converted school bus carrying a church youth group from Radcliff, Kentucky. The resulting fire kills 27, making it tied for 1st in the U.S. for most fatalities involving 2 vehicles to the present day. Coincidentally, the other 2-vehicle accident involving a bus that also killed 27 occurred in Prestonburg, Kentucky on February 28, 1958. May 15 – Soviet war in Afghanistan: After more than 8 years of fighting, the Soviet Army begins withdrawing from Afghanistan. May 16 May 24 – Section 28 (outlawing promotion of homosexuality in schools) is passed as law by Parliament in the United Kingdom. May 27 – Microsoft releases Windows 2.1. May 31 – U.S. President Ronald Reagan addresses 600 Moscow State University students, during his visit to the Soviet Union. June [edit ] June 5 – The first National Cancer Survivors Day is held. June 6 – Elizabeth II strips jockey Lester Piggott of his OBE, following his jailing for tax irregularities. June 10 – Spontaneous 100,000 strong mass night-singing demonstrations in Estonia eventually give name to the Singing Revolution. June 11 The name of the General Public License ( GPL) is mentioned for the first time. Wembley Stadium hosts a concert featuring stars from the fields of music, comedy and film, in celebration of the 70th birthday of imprisoned ANC leader Nelson Mandela. June 14 – A small wildfire starts in Montana just north of the boundary for Yellowstone National Park. The Storm Creek fire expands into the park, then merges with dozens of other drought-inspired fires. Eventually, over 750,000 acres (3,000 km 2) of Yellowstone – 36% of the park's area – burns before firefighters gain control in late September. June 22 - Who Framed Roger Rabbit is released to theaters by Touchstone Pictures. June 23 – NASA scientist James Hansen testifies to the Senate that man-made global warming has begun. June 25 – The Netherlands defeats the Soviet Union 2–0 to win Euro 88. June 26 – Air France Flight 296 crashes into the tops of trees beyond the runway on a demonstration flight at Habsheim, France; 3 passengers are killed. June 27 – The Gare de Lyon rail accident occurs in Paris, France as a commuter train headed inbound to the terminal crashes into a stationary outbound train, killing 56 and injuring 57. June 28 – Four workers are exposed to poisonous gas at a metal-plating plant in Auburn, Indiana, in the worst confined-space industrial accident in U.S. history (a fifth victim dies two days later). June 29 – : The Morrison v. Olson United States Supreme Court upholds the law allowing special prosecutors to investigate suspected crimes by executive branch officials. June 30 – Roman Catholic Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre consecrates four bishops at Écône, Switzerland for his apostolate, along with Bishop Antonio de Castro Mayer, without a papal mandate. July [edit ] August [edit ] August 5 August 6– August 7 – Tompkins Square Park Police Riot in New York City: A riot erupts in Tompkins Square Park when police attempt to enforce a newly passed curfew for the park. Bystanders, artists, residents, homeless people and political activists are caught up in the police action that takes place during the night of August 6 and early into August 7. August 8 – 8888 Uprising: Thousands of protesters in Burma, now known as Myanmar, are killed during anti-government demonstrations. August 11 – Al-Qaeda is formed by Osama bin Laden. August 14 – Enzo Ferrari, founder of the Italian automobile manufacturer Ferrari, dies at the age of 90, after a long illness. August 17 – Pakistani President Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq and the U.S. ambassador to Pakistan, Arnold Lewis Raphel, are killed in a plane crash near Bahawalpur. August 18 – The Republican National Convention in New Orleans, Louisiana nominates George H. W. Bush for President and Dan Quayle for Vice President of the United States of America. August 19 – A truce begins in the Iran–Iraq War. August 20 – The Iran–Iraq War ends, with an estimated one million lives lost. August 21 – Major earthquake of magnitude 6.6 hits the Nepal-India border; an estimated 1,004 people are killed and more than 16,000 injured. August 25 – A fire destroys part of Chiado quarter, in Lisbon's historical center. August 26 – Mehran Karimi Nasseri, "The terminal man", decides to stay at the De Gaulle Airport in Paris, where he will continue to reside until August 1, 2006. August 28 – Seventy-five people are killed and 346 injured in one of the worst air show disasters in history at Germany's Ramstein Air Base, when three jets from the Italian air demonstration team, , collide, sending one of the aircraft crashing into the crowd of spectators. Frecce Tricolori September [edit ] October [edit ] October 5 Thousands riot in Algiers, Algeria against the National Liberation Front government; by October 10 the army has killed and tortured about 500 people in crushing the riots. Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet loses a national plebiscite on his rule; he relinquishes power in 1990. In Omaha, Nebraska, in the only vice presidential debate of the 1988 U.S. presidential election, the Republican vice presidential nominee, Senator Dan Quayle of Indiana, insists he has as much experience in government as John F. Kennedy did when he sought the presidency in 1960. His Democratic opponent, Senator Lloyd Bentsen of Texas, replies, "Senator, I served with Jack Kennedy. I knew Jack Kennedy. Jack Kennedy was a friend of mine. Senator, you're no Jack Kennedy." October 7 – premieres in syndication. War of the Worlds October 9 – The 1985–1988 Rugby League World Cup culminates in Australia's 25–12 victory over New Zealand at Auckland's Eden Park before 47,363 spectators. October 12 October 13 – In the second U.S. presidential debate, held by U.C.L.A., the Democratic party nominee, Michael Dukakis, is asked by journalist Bernard Shaw of CNN if he would support the death penalty if his wife, Kitty, were to be raped and murdered. Gov. Dukakis' reply, voicing his opposition to capital punishment in any and all circumstances, is later said to have been a major reason for the eventual failure of his campaign for the White House. October 19 – The United Kingdom bans broadcast interviews with IRA members. The BBC gets around this stricture through the use of professional actors. October 27 – Ronald Reagan decides to tear down the new U.S. Embassy in Moscow because of Soviet listening devices in the building structure. October 28 – Abortion: 48 hours after announcing it was abandoning RU-486, French manufacturer Roussel Uclaf states that it will resume distribution of the drug. October 29 – Pakistan's General Rahimuddin Khan resigns from his post as the governor of Sindh, following attempts by the President of Pakistan, Ghulam Ishaq Khan, to limit the vast powers Gen. Rahimuddin had accumulated. October 30 November [edit ] November 1 – In the Israeli election, Likud wins 47 seats, Labour wins 49, but Likud Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir remains in office. November 2 – The Morris worm, the first computer worm distributed via the Internet, written by Robert Tappan Morris, is launched from Massachusetts Institute of Technology in the U.S. November 3– November 5 – Thousands of South Korean students demonstrate against former president Chun Doo-hwan. November 3 – Sri Lankan Tamil mercenaries try to overthrow the Maldivian government. At President Maumoon Abdul Gayoom's request, the Indian military suppresses the coup attempt within 24 hours. November 8 – United States presidential election, 1988: George H. W. Bush is elected over Michael Dukakis, becoming the first sitting Vice President of the United States in 152 years to be elected as President of the United States. November 10 - The United States Air Force acknowledges the existence of the Lockheed F-117 Nighthawk in a Pentagon press conference. November 11 – In Sacramento, California, police find a body buried in the lawn of 60-year-old boardinghouse landlady Dorothea Puente (7 bodies are eventually found and Puente is convicted of 3 murders and sentenced to life in prison). November 13 – Mulugeta Seraw, an Ethiopian law student in Portland, Oregon, is beaten to death by members of the Neo-Nazi group East Side White Pride. November 15 November 16 November 18 – War on Drugs: U.S. President Ronald Reagan signs a bill providing the death penalty for murderous drug traffickers. November 21 November 22 – In Palmdale, California, the first prototype B-2 Spirit stealth bomber is revealed. November 23 – Former Korean president Chun Doo Hwan publicly apologizes for corruption during his presidency, announcing he will go into exile. November 24 – The popular American cult television comedy makes its debut on Mystery Science Theater 3000 KTMA. November 30 – Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co. buys RJR Nabisco for US$25.07 billion in the biggest leveraged buyout deal of all time. December [edit ] Date unknown [edit ] Births [edit ] January [edit ] February [edit ] February 2 – Meghan Collison, Canadian model February 3 February 4 – Carly Patterson, American gymnast February 6 – Bailey Hanks, American singer, actress and dancer February 5 – Karin Ontiveros, Mexican beauty queen February 7 February 9 – Lotte Friis, Danish swimmer February 11 February 12 February 13 – Aston Merrygold, English singer ( JLS) February 14 February 15 February 16 – Kim Soo-hyun, South Korean actor February 17 – Natascha Kampusch, Austrian television hostess February 18 February 20 February 21 – Matthias de Zordo, German javelin thrower February 22 February 24 – Rodrigue Beaubois, French basketball player February 27 – Mitch Mustain, professional football and baseball player February 28 – Markéta Irglová, Czech songwriter February 29 – Lena Gercke, German fashion model March [edit ] March 1 – Trevor Cahill, American baseball player March 2 March 3 March 4 – Josh Bowman, English film and television actor March 6 March 8 March 9 – Alodia Gosiengfiao, Filipina cosplayer model March 10 – Ivan Rakitić, Croatian and Swiss footballer March 11 March 12 – Elly Jackson, English singer-songwriter ( La Roux) March 14 Sasha Grey, American actress, model, author, musician, and former pornographic actress Stephen Curry, American professional basketball player March 15 – James Reimer (ice hockey), Canadian professional ice hockey goaltender March 17 – Grimes, Canadian artist musician and music video director March 19 – Clayton Kershaw, American baseball player March 21 – Lee Cattermole, English footballer March 22 – Tania Raymonde, American actress March 25 March 26 – Suvi Koponen, Finnish fashion model March 27 March 28 – Lacey Turner, English actress March 29 – Kelly Sweet, American singer April [edit ] May [edit ] May 1 May 4- Kellie Loder, Canadian singer-songwriter May 5 May 6 – Ryan Anderson, American basketball player May 7 – Brandon Jones, American actor May 11 May 12 – Marcelo Vieira, Brazilian footballer May 15 – Marcus Collins, English singer May 17 May 18 May 19 – Lily Cole, English supermodel May 21 – Park Gyu-ri, South Korean idol singer May 23 May 24 May 25 May 26 May 27 Starshell, American actress, model, songwriter and singer May 28 May 29 – Tobin Heath, FIFA Women's World Cup silver medal winning soccer player for the United States May 31 June [edit ] June 1 June 2 – Sergio Agüero, Argentine footballer June 7 June 8 – Reinaldo Zavarce, award-winning Venezuelan actor and singer June 9 June 11 June 12 June 13 – Gabe Carimi, American football player June 14 – Kevin McHale, American actor, dancer and singer June 15 – Cristopher Toselli, Chilean footballer June 16 – Keshia Chanté, Canadian singer-songwriter, model and actress June 17 – Stephanie Rice, Australian swimmer June 21 – Alejandro Ramírez, Costa Rican chess Grandmaster June 22 June 23 June 24 June 25 June 26 – Samanda (Amanda and Samantha Marchant), British acting duo June 27 – Matthew Špiranović, Australian footballer June 28 – Kanon Wakeshima, Japanese singer and cellist June 29 – Éver Banega, Argentine footballer June 30 July [edit ] August [edit ] August 1 – Max Carver, American actor August 2 – Nayer, American pop singer August 5 August 7 – Beanie Wells, American football running back August 8 August 12 August- Zaira Nara, Argentine model August 16 August 17 – Erika Toda, Japanese actress August 18 August 19- Hoodie Allen, American hip-hop artist August 21 August 22 – Mitchell Langerak, Australian football player August 23 August 24 – Rupert Grint, English actor August 25 August 26 August 27 – Alexa Vega, American actress August 29 – Bartosz Kurek, Polish volleyball player August 30 – Ernests Gulbis, Latvian tennis player August 31 – Tanaya Henry, American model and actress September [edit ] September 1 September 2 September 3 – Jérôme Boateng, German international footballer September 5 September 6 – Max George, British singer September 7 September 8 – Chantal Jones, American fashion model and actress September 9 September 10 September 11 – Lee Yong-dae, South Korean male badminton player September 12 September 13 – John Park, American singer September 14 – Martin Fourcade, French biathlete September 15 Hungria Ortiz, American comedian and actor Chelsea Kane, American actress and singer Nuno Roque, Portuguese actor September 16 – Teddy Geiger, American singer-songwriter September 17 – Pavel Mamayev, Russian footballer September 18 – Arizona Muse, American model September 19 – Katrina Bowden, American actress September 21 – Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, Chairman of the Pakistan Peoples Party September 22 – Bethany Dillon, contemporary Christian music artist October [edit ] October 1 – Cariba Heine, Australian actress and performer October 2 – Andreas Moe, Swedish singer songwriter producer and multi-instrumentalist October 3 October 4 October 5 – Bahar Kızıl, German singer-songwriter October 6 – Maki Horikita, Japanese actress October 8 – Hanne Gaby Odiele, Belgian model October 14 October 15 – Mesut Özil, German football player October 17 – Yuko Oshima, Japanese idol, singer and actress ( AKB48) October 20 October 21 – Blanca Suárez, Spanish actress October 27 – Evan Turner, American basketball player October 28 October 30 – Janel Parrish, American actress and singer-songwriter October 31 – Sébastien Buemi, Swiss racing driver November [edit ] November 1 November 2 – Julia Görges, German professional tennis player November 3 – Angus McLaren, Australian actor November 5 – Virat Kohli, Indian international cricketer November 6 – Emma Stone, American actress November 7 November 8 November 9 November 12 – Russell Westbrook, American basketball player November 15 – B.o.B, American rapper, singer and record producer November 17 – Gabriel da Silva, Swiss actor November 19 – Patrick Kane, American hockey player November 20 – Rhys Wakefield, Australian actor November 21 – Len Väljas, Canadian cross-country skier November 22 – Jamie Campbell Bower, English actor November 24 – Sabi, American pop singer-songwriter, dancer and actress November 25 November 29 – Russell Wilson, American football player November 30 December [edit ] Unknown dates [edit ] Deaths [edit ] January [edit ] January 1 – Margot Bryant, British actress (b. 1897) January 2 – E. B. Ford, British geneticist (b. 1901) January 5 – Pete Maravich, American basketball player (b. 1947) January 6 – L. P. Davies, English novelist (b. 1914) January 7 – Trevor Howard, British actor (b. 1913) January 11 – Gregory "Pappy" Boyington, American pilot, United States Marine Corps fighter ace (b. 1912) January 12 – Hiram Bingham IV, American diplomat (b. 1903) January 13 – Chiang Ching-kuo, Chinese politician, 3rd President of the Republic of China (b. 1910) January 14 – Georgy Malenkov, Soviet politician, 5th Prime Minister of the Soviet Union (b. 1902) January 15 – Seán MacBride, Irish Republican Army leader, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1904) January 16 – Ballard Berkeley, British actor (b. 1904) January 20 – Philippe de Rothschild, French vineyard owner (b. 1902) January 22 – Parker Fennelly, American comedian and actor (b. 1891) January 25 – Colleen Moore, American actress (b. 1900) January 28 – Klaus Fuchs, German-British physicist and spy (b. 1911) February [edit ] February 1 – Heather O'Rourke, American actress (b. 1975) February 3 – Robert Duncan, American poet (b. 1919) February 5 – Emeric Pressburger, Hungarian-British film producer (b. 1902) February 11 – Marion Crawford, Scottish nanny of Elizabeth II (b. 1909) February 12 – S. Nadarajah, Sri Lankan Tamil lawyer and politician February 13 February 14 – Frederick Loewe, Austrian-American composer (b. 1901) February 15 – Richard Feynman, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1918) February 16 – Karp Osipovich Lykov, Russian Old Believer and survivalist February 19 February 25 – Kurt Mahler, German-Australian mathematician (b. 1903) March [edit ] March 1 – Joe Besser, American actor and comedian (b. 1907) March 3 – Lois Wilson, American actress (b. 1894) March 5 – Alberto Olmedo, Argentine comedian and actor (b. 1933) March 7 March 8 March 9 – Kurt Georg Kiesinger, German politician, 3rd Chancellor of Germany (b. 1904) March 10 March 13 March 16 – Erich Probst, Austrian football player (b. 1927) March 20 March 21 – Edd Roush, American baseball player ( Cincinnati Reds) and member of the MLB Hall of Fame, (b. 1893) March 22 – Lester Rawlins, American stage and screen director (b. 1924) March 25 – Robert Joffrey, American dancer and choreographer (b. 1930) March 31 – Sir William McMahon, twentieth Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1908) April [edit ] April 1 – Jim Jordan, American actor (b. 1896) April 3 – Milton Caniff, American cartoonist (b. 1907) April 6 – John Clements, British actor (b. 1910) April 11 April 12 April 15 – Kenneth Williams, British actor and raconteur (b. 1926) April 17 April 18 – Pierre Desproges, French humorist (b. 1939) April 21 – I. A. L. Diamond, American screenwriter (b. 1920) April 22 – Irene Rich, American actress (b. 1891) April 23 – Michael Ramsey, British bishop, 100th Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1904) April 26 April 27 – David Scarboro, British actor (b. 1968) May [edit ] May 3 – Lev Pontryagin, Russian mathematician (b. 1908) May 5 – George Rose, English actor (b. 1920) May 8 – Robert A. Heinlein, American science fiction author (b. 1907) May 10 May 11 – Kim Philby, British spy (b. 1912) May 12 – Chet Baker, American jazz trumpeter (b. 1929) May 14 – Willem Drees, Dutch politician, Prime Minister of the Netherlands from 1948 until 1958 (b. 1886) May 15 May 16 – Charles Keeping, British illustrator (b. 1924) May 18 – Daws Butler, voice actor (b. 1916) May 21 – Sammy Davis, Sr., American dancer (b. 1900) May 23 – Aya Kitō, Japanese Writer (b. 1962) May 25 – Ernst Ruska, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1906) May 27 – Florida Friebus, American actor (b. 1909) May 30 – Ella Raines, American actress (b. 1920) May 31 – Arthur Olliver, Australian footballer (b. 1918) June [edit ] July [edit ] July 3 – Gabriel Dell, American actor (b. 1919) July 4 – Adrian Adonis, American wrestler (b. 1954) July 8 – Ray Barbuti, American athlete (b. 1905) July 12 – Joshua Logan, American stage and film director (b. 1908) July 17 – Bruiser Brody, American professional wrestler (b. 1946) July 18 – Nico, singer-songwriter, fashion model, actress and Warhol socialite (b. 1938) July 21 – Jack Clark, American television personality and game show host (b. 1921) July 25 – Judith Barsi, American child actress and murder victim (b. 1978) July 27 – Frank Zamboni, American inventor (b. 1901) July 31 – Trinidad Silva, American actor (b. 1950) August [edit ] September [edit ] September 1 – Luis Walter Alvarez, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1911) September 5 – Gert Fröbe, German actor (b. 1913) September 6 – Harold Rosson, American cinematographer (b. 1895) September 11 – John Sylvester White, American actor (b. 1919) September 12 – Roger Hargreaves, English author (b. 1935) September 16 – Dick Pym, English footballer (b. 1893) September 18 – Mohammad-Hossein Shahriar, Iranian Azari poet (b. 1906) September 20 – Roy Kinnear, British actor (b. 1934) September 21 September 28 September 30 – Trường Chinh, former President of Vietnam (b. 1907) October [edit ] October 1 October 2 – Alec Issigonis, Greek-British engineer (b. 1906) October 7 – Billy Daniels, American singer (b. 1915) October 9 – Jackie Milburn, English footballer (b. 1924) October 11 October 12 October 13 – Melvin Frank, American screenwriter and director (b. 1913) October 15 – Kaikhosru Shapurji Sorabji, English composer, music critic, pianist and writer (b. 1892) October 18 – Frederick Ashton, English dancer and choreographer (b. 1904) October 19 – Son House, American musician (b. 1902) October 22 – Henry Armstrong, American boxer (b. 1912) October 27 – Charles Hawtrey, English actor (b. 1914) October 31 – John Houseman, Romanian-American actor and producer (b. 1902) November [edit ] November 1 – George J. Folsey, American cinematographer (b. 1898) November 7 – Sy Mah, Canadian marathoner (b. 1926) November 9 November 11 – William Ifor Jones, Welsh conductor & organist (b. 1900) November 12 November 13 – Antal Doráti, Hungarian conductor (b. 1906) November 14 – Takeo Miki, Japanese politician, 41st Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1909) November 15 – Mona Washbourne, British actress (b. 1903) November 17 – Sheilah Graham, English-born gossip columnist (b. 1904) November 19 – Christina Onassis, American shipping magnate (b. 1950) November 21 – Carl Hubbell, American baseball player ( New York Giants) and member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1903) November 22 – Luis Barragán, Mexican architect (b. 1902) November 27 – John Carradine, American actor (b. 1906) December [edit ] December 2 – Tata Giacobetti, Italian singer and lyricist ( Quartetto Cetra) (b. 1922) December 4 – Osman Achmatowicz, Polish chemist (b. 1899) December 6 December 10 – Richard S. Castellano, American actor (b. 1933) December 16 – Sylvester James, American R&B singer, disco performer (b. 1948) December 17 – Jerry Hopper, American film and television director (b. 1907) December 20 – Max Robinson, American broadcast journalist, and ABC News World News Tonight co-anchor (b. 1939) December 21 December 22 – Francisco Alves Mendes Filho, Brazilian environmental activist (b. 1944) December 26 December 27 December 30 – Isamu Noguchi, Japanese-American artist (b. 1904) Nobel Prizes [edit ] Right Livelihood Award [edit ] References [edit ]