1980 Summer Olympics

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Games of the XXII Olympiad
1980 Moscow Summer Olympics logo.png
Host cityMoscow, Soviet Union
Nations participating80[1]
Athletes participating5,179
(4,064 men, 1,115 women)[1]
Events203 in 21 sports
Opening ceremony19 July
Closing ceremony3 August
Officially opened byChairman of the Supreme Soviet Leonid Brezhnev
Athlete's OathNikolay Andrianov
Judge's OathAleksandr Medved
Olympic TorchSergei Belov
StadiumGrand Arena of the Central Lenin Stadium
 
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Games of the XXII Olympiad
1980 Moscow Summer Olympics logo.png
Host cityMoscow, Soviet Union
Nations participating80[1]
Athletes participating5,179
(4,064 men, 1,115 women)[1]
Events203 in 21 sports
Opening ceremony19 July
Closing ceremony3 August
Officially opened byChairman of the Supreme Soviet Leonid Brezhnev
Athlete's OathNikolay Andrianov
Judge's OathAleksandr Medved
Olympic TorchSergei Belov
StadiumGrand Arena of the Central Lenin Stadium
Badge, released in the USSR

The 1980 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXII Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event celebrated in Moscow in the Soviet Union. In addition, the yachting events were held in Tallinn, and some of the preliminary matches and the quarter-finals of the football tournament were held in Leningrad, Kiev, and Minsk. The 1980 Games were the first to be staged in Eastern Europe.

Led by the United States, 65 countries boycotted the games because of the Soviet war in Afghanistan, though some athletes from some of the boycotting countries participated in the games, under the Olympic Flag. This prompted the Soviet-led boycott of the 1984 Summer Olympics. Some of the later events of the games were also nearly marred by the death and unauthorised mass funeral of the immensely popular and beloved singer-songwriter Vladimir Vysotsky.[2]

Contents

Host city selection

The only two cities to bid for the 1980 Summer Olympics were Moscow and Los Angeles. The choice between them was made on 23 October 1974 in the 75th IOC Session in Vienna, Austria.[3]

1980 Summer Olympics bidding result[4]
CityCountryRound 1
Moscow Soviet Union39
Los Angeles United States20

Overview

Olympic Village as it appeared in February 2004
1980 Summer Olympics Torch
150-rubles platinum coin (obverse)
150-rubles platinum coin (reverse)

Highlights

1977 USSR commemorative stamp issued for the archery event

Opening ceremony

Archery

Athletics

Marathon in front of Saint Basil's Cathedral

Basketball

Boxing

Canoeing

All events in canoeing and rowing took place at the Moscow Canoeing and Rowing Basin in Krylatskoye

Cycling

Olympic Velodrome in Krylatskoye

Diving

Equestrian

Fencing

Football

Pins released by the USSR for the football event of the Olympics (with a British 50 pence coin for size comparison)

Gymnastics

Handball

Field hockey

Judo

Modern Pentathlon

Rowing

Pirita Yachting Centre as it appears today

Sailing

Shooting

Swimming

Rica Reinisch with her gold medal in 200 m

Volleyball

Water polo

Weightlifting

Wrestling

Closing ceremony

Both the opening and closing ceremonies were shown in Yuri Ozerov's 1981 film Oh, Sport - You Are Peace! (Russian: О спорт, ты - мир!).

Venues

¹ New facilities constructed in preparation for the Olympic Games. ² Existing facilities modified or refurbished in preparation for the Olympic Games.

Medals awarded

See the medal winners, ordered by sport:

Calendar

 ● Opening ceremony   Event competitions ● Event finals   Exhibition gala ● Closing ceremony
DateJulyAugust
19th
Sat
20th
Sun
21st
Mon
22nd
Tue
23rd
Wed
24th
Thu
25th
Fri
26th
Sat
27th
Sun
28th
Mon
29th
Tue
30th
Wed
31st
Thu
1st
Fri
2nd
Sat
3rd
Sun
Archery● ●
Athletics








Basketball
Boxing

Canoeing

Cycling● ●
Diving
Equestrian● ●
Fencing
Field hockey
Football (soccer)
Gymnastics

Handball
Judo
Modern pentathlon
Rowing● ● ●
● ● ●
● ● ● ●
● ● ● ●
Sailing
Shooting
Swimming





Volleyball
Water polo
Weightlifting
Wrestling





Total gold medals571012191522221016141119201
Ceremonies
Date19th
Sat
20th
Sun
21st
Mon
22nd
Tue
23rd
Wed
24th
Thu
25th
Fri
26th
Sat
27th
Sun
28th
Mon
29th
Tue
30th
Wed
31st
Thu
1st
Fri
2nd
Sat
3rd
Sun
JulyAugust

Medal count

These are the top ten nations that won medals at the 1980 Games.

A "bronze" medal – actually tombac – from the 1980 Summer Olympics
RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Soviet Union (host nation) 806946195
2 East Germany473742126
3 Bulgaria8161741
4 Cuba87520
5 Italy83415
6 Hungary7101532
7 Romania761325
8 France65314
9 Great Britain57921
10 Poland3141532
Total204204223631

Participating NOCs & Non-participating countries and regions

Participating nations
Number of athletes sent per nation
Boycotting countries shown in blue

A total of 80 nations were represented at the Moscow Games. Despite the large boycott, six nations made their first Olympic appearance in 1980: Angola, Botswana, Jordan, Laos, Mozambique, and Seychelles. Cyprus made its debut at the Summer Olympics, but had appeared earlier at the 1980 Winter Olympics in Lake Placid. Sri Lanka competed for the first time under its new name (previously as Ceylon), Benin had competed previously as Dahomey and Zimbabwe competed for the first time under that name (previously as Rhodesia).

65 countries and regions invited didn't take part in the 1980 Olympic Games. Many of these followed the United States' boycott initiative, while others cited economic reasons for not coming.[5][10]

In the following list, the number in parentheses indicates the number of athletes from each nation that competed in Moscow. Nations in italics competed under the Olympic flag (or, in the cases of New Zealand, Portugal and Spain, under the flags of their respective National Olympic Committees).

Participating National Olympic Committees

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b "Moscow 1980". Olympic.org. Archived from the original on 5 August 2010. http://www.olympic.org/en/content/Olympic-Games/All-Past-Olympic-Games/Summer/Moscow-1980/. Retrieved 8 August 2010.
  2. ^ "Буйный Высоцкий". YouTube. 23 July 2010. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i2OPz4SWr2Q. Retrieved 2012-08-14.
  3. ^ "IOC Vote History". Aldaver.com. http://www.aldaver.com/votes.html. Retrieved 2012-08-14.
  4. ^ "Past Olympic host city election results". GamesBids. Archived from the original on 17 March 2011. http://www.webcitation.org/5xFvf0ufx. Retrieved 17 March 2011.
  5. ^ a b "The Olympic Boycott, 1980". state.gov. U.S. Department of State. Archived from the original on 14 January 2010. http://history.state.gov/milestones/1977-1980/Olympic. Retrieved 18 January 2010.
  6. ^ "New Zealand Olympic Committee". Olympic.org.nz. http://www.olympic.org.nz/GamesProfile.aspx?Print=&function=2&GamesID=27. Retrieved 8 August 2010.
  7. ^ a b c d 1980 Summer Olympics Official Report from the Organizing Committee, vol. 2, p. 379
  8. ^ (Russian)History – Moscow-1980
  9. ^ "Norman May on australianscreen online". http://aso.gov.au/titles/spoken-word/gold-gold-gold-4-x-100-metres/. Retrieved 3 March 2011.
  10. ^ "Partial Boycott – New IOC President". Keesing's Record of World Events 26: 30599. December 1980.

References

Further reading

External links

Preceded by
Montreal
Summer Olympic Games
Host City

XXII Olympiad (1980)
Succeeded by
Los Angeles