1974 FIFA World Cup

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1974 FIFA World Cup
Fußball-Weltmeisterschaft 1974

1974 FIFA World Cup official logo
Tournament details
Host countryWest Germany
Dates13 June – 7 July
Teams16 (from 5 confederations)
Venue(s)(in 9 host cities)
Final positions
Champions West Germany (2nd title)
Runners-up Netherlands
Third place Poland
Fourth place Brazil
Tournament statistics
Matches played38
Goals scored97 (2.55 per match)
Attendance1,774,022 (46,685 per match)
Top scorer(s)Poland Grzegorz Lato (7 goals)
Best playerNetherlands Johan Cruyff
1970
1978
 
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1974 FIFA World Cup
Fußball-Weltmeisterschaft 1974

1974 FIFA World Cup official logo
Tournament details
Host countryWest Germany
Dates13 June – 7 July
Teams16 (from 5 confederations)
Venue(s)(in 9 host cities)
Final positions
Champions West Germany (2nd title)
Runners-up Netherlands
Third place Poland
Fourth place Brazil
Tournament statistics
Matches played38
Goals scored97 (2.55 per match)
Attendance1,774,022 (46,685 per match)
Top scorer(s)Poland Grzegorz Lato (7 goals)
Best playerNetherlands Johan Cruyff
1970
1978

The 1974 FIFA World Cup, the tenth staging of the World Cup, was held in West Germany (including West Berlin) from 13 June to 7 July. The tournament marked the first time that the current trophy, the FIFA World Cup Trophy, created by the Italian sculptor Silvio Gazzaniga, was awarded. The previous trophy, the Jules Rimet Trophy, had been won for the third time by Brazil in 1970 and awarded permanently to the Brazilians. The host nation won the title beating the Netherlands in the final, 2–1. The victory was the second for West Germany, who had also won in 1954.

Host selection[edit]

West Germany was chosen as the host nation by FIFA in London, England on 6 July 1966. Hosting rights for the 1978 and 1982 tournaments were awarded at the same time. West Germany agreed a deal with Spain by which Spain would support West Germany for the 1974 tournament, and in return West Germany would allow Spain to bid for the 1982 World Cup unopposed.

Qualification[edit]

  Countries qualified for World Cup
  Country failed to qualify
  Countries that did not enter World Cup
  Country not a FIFA member

Ninety-eight countries took part in the qualifying tournament, and some of football's most successful nations did not qualify. Alongside the champions of the 1966 tournament, England; France, the USSR, Hungary and Spain were knocked out. First-time qualifiers included East Germany, Haiti, Australia and Zaire, the first team from sub-Saharan Africa to reach the World Cup finals. The Netherlands and Poland qualified for the first time since 1938, while Australia would not qualify again until the next time the tournament was held in Germany, in 2006.

Format[edit]

16 teams qualified, divided into four groups of four. Each played a round-robin with two points for a win and one for a draw, and goal difference used to separate teams level on points. The top two teams from each group advanced to the next stage. However, in a change from the format used in the previous three competitions, the second round consisted of another group stage: the eight remaining teams were divided into two groups of four. The winners of each group played each other in the final, and the second place teams in each group played each other in the third/fourth place match.

Summary[edit]

First round[edit]

The tournament was held mostly in bad weather, and the stadia had few protected places. Few western European nations had qualified, of which most were eliminated early. Fans from the Eastern neighbor states were hindered by political circumstances.

Carlos Caszely of Chile became the first player to be sent off with a red card in a World Cup match, during their match against West Germany. Red cards were formally introduced in World Cup play in 1970, but no players were sent off in that tournament.

Two teams made a particularly powerful impact on the first round. The Netherlands demonstrated the Total football techniques pioneered by the top Dutch club Ajax, in which specialised positions were virtually abolished for the outfield players, and individual players became defenders, midfielders or strikers as the situation required. The Dutch marked their first World Cup finals since 1938 by topping their first-round group, with wins over Uruguay and Bulgaria and a draw with Sweden. Sweden joined the Dutch in the second group round after beating Uruguay 3–0.

Poland, meanwhile, took maximum points from a group containing two of the favourites for the tournament. They beat Argentina 3–2, trounced Haiti 7–0, then beat Italy 2–1 - a result that knocked the Italians out of the Cup and resulted in Argentina sneaking to the second group round on goal average. While Haiti didn't do particularly well in their first World Cup finals (losing all three of their games) they did have one moment of glory. In their opening game against Italy, they managed to take the lead with a goal from Emmanuel Sanon, before eventually losing 3–1 (Italy had not conceded a goal in 12 international matches). That goal proved to be a significant goal as it ended Dino Zoff's run of 1142 minutes without conceding a goal.

Group 2 was a particularly close group. With Brazil, Yugoslavia and Scotland drawing all their games against each other, it was decided by the number of goals these three teams scored when defeating Zaire. Yugoslavia hammered the African nation 9–0, equalling a finals record for the largest margin of victory. Brazil beat them 3–0. Scotland could only manage a 2–0 margin, and so were edged out of the tournament on goal difference. They also became the first ever country to be eliminated from a World Cup Finals without having lost a match.

Group 1 contained both East Germany and the host West Germany, and they both progressed at the expense of Chile and Australia. But the big clash was between the two German teams. West Germany was already assured of progression to the second round whatever the result. In one of the most politically charged matches of all time, it was the East that won, thanks to a late Jürgen Sparwasser goal. This embarrassing result forced a realignment of the West German team that helped them win the Cup.

Second round[edit]

Coincidentally, the two second-round groups both produced matches that were, in effect, semi-finals. In Group A, the Netherlands and Brazil met after each had taken maximum points from their previous two matches. In Group B, the same was true of West Germany and Poland - so the winners of these two games would contest the final.

In Group A, two goals from the inspirational Johan Cruyff helped the Dutch side thrash Argentina 4–0. At the same time, Brazil defeated East Germany 1–0. The Dutch triumphed over East Germany 2–0 while in the "Battle of the South Americans", Brazil managed to defeat Argentina 2–1 in a scrappy match. Argentina and East Germany drew 1-1 and were on their way home while the crucial match between the Netherlands and Brazil turned into another triumph for 'total football', as second-half goals from Johan Neeskens and Cruyff put the Netherlands in the final. However the match would also be remembered for harsh defending on both sides.

Meanwhile, in Group B, West Germany and Poland both managed to beat Yugoslavia and Sweden. The crucial game between the Germans and the Poles was goalless until the 76th minute, when Gerd Muller scored to send the hosts through 1–0. The Poles took third place after defeating Brazil 1–0.

Final[edit]

The final was held on 7 July 1974 at Olympiastadion, Munich. West Germany was led by Franz Beckenbauer, while the Dutch had their star Johan Cruijff, and their Total Football system which had dazzled the competition. With just a minute gone on the clock, following a solo run, Cruijff was brought down by Uli Hoeneß close to the German penalty area, and the Dutch took the lead from the ensuing penalty by Johan Neeskens before any German player had even touched the ball. West Germany struggled to recover, and in the 26th minute were awarded a penalty, after Bernd Hölzenbein fell within the Dutch area, causing English referee Jack Taylor to award another controversial penalty. Paul Breitner spontaneously decided to kick, and scored. These two penalties were the first in a World Cup final. West Germany now pushed, and in the 43rd minute, in his typical style, Gerd Müller scored what turned out to be the winning goal, and the last of his career as he retired from the national team. The second half saw chances for both sides, with Müller putting the ball in the net for a goal that was disallowed as offside. In the 85th, Hölzenbein was fouled again, but no penalty this time. Eventually, West Germany, European Champions of 1972, also won the 1974 World Cup.

This was the only case of the reigning European champions winning the World Cup, until Spain (champions of the UEFA Euro 2008) defeated the Netherlands in the South Africa 2010 FIFA World Cup Final. France have also held both trophies, albeit in a different order, at the same time by winning the 1998 World Cup followed by Euro 2000.

Joao Havelange (former FIFA President from 1974 to 1998) claimed that the 1966 and 1974 World Cups were fixed so that England and Germany would win respectively.[1]

This was only the second time that a team had won the World Cup after losing a match in the Finals (West Germany losing to East Germany during the group stage). The previous occasion was West Germany's earlier win in 1954.

Poland's Grzegorz Lato led the tournament in scoring seven goals. Gerd Müller's goal in the final was the 14th in his career of two World Cups, beating Just Fontaine's record of 13, in his single World Cup. Müller's record was only surpassed in 2006 by Ronaldo's 15 goals from three World Cups.

Günter Netzer, who came on as a substitute for West Germany during the defeat by the East Germans, was playing for Real Madrid at the time: this is the first time that a World Cup winner has played for a club outside his home country.

This is the last of four FIFA World Cup tournaments to date with no extra-time matches. The others are 1930, 1950, and 1962 tournaments).

Mascot[edit]

The official mascots of this World Cup were Tip and Tap, two boys wearing an outfit similar to West Germany's, with the letters WM (Weltmeisterschaft, World Cup) and number 74.

Venues[edit]

FIFA World Cup venues in 1974
MunichWest BerlinHamburg
OlympiastadionOlympiastadionVolksparkstadion
Capacity: 80,000Capacity: 86,000Capacity: 62,000
Olympiastadion Muenchen.jpgBerliner Olympiastadion innen.jpgDas Volksparkstadion 1983.jpg
DortmundDüsseldorfGelsenkirchen
WestfalenstadionRheinstadionParkstadion
Capacity: 54,000Capacity: 67,000Capacity: 72,000
Panoramio - V&A Dudush - 2001 (1).jpgRheinstadion.jpgParkstadion gelsenkirchen 2.jpg
FrankfurtHanoverStuttgart
WaldstadionNiedersachsenstadionNeckarstadion
Capacity: 61,000Capacity: 65,000Capacity: 71,000
Waldstadionold1.jpgGottlieb-daimler-stadion.jpg


Match officials[edit]

AFC
CAF
  • Egypt Mahmoud Mustafa Kamel
  • Senegal Youssou N'Diaye
CONCACAF
  • Mexico Alfonso González Archundia
  • Canada Werner Winsemann
CONMEBOL
  • Venezuela Vicente Llobregat
  • Brazil Armando Marques
  • Argentina Luis Pestarino
  • Peru Edison Peréz-Núñez
UEFA
OFC

Squads[edit]

For a list of all squads that appeared in the final tournament, see 1974 FIFA World Cup squads.

Seeding[edit]

It was agreed by a vote by the FIFA Organising Committee on who would be seeded.[2] There were four seeds, which would first be placed in separate groups:

Then the remaining spots in the groups were determined by dividing the participants into pots based on geographical sections.

Pot 1: Western EuropeanPot 2: Eastern EuropeanPot 3: South AmericanPot 4: Rest of The World

Results[edit]

Results of finalists


First round[edit]

Group 1[edit]

East German line-up v. Australia
TeamPldWDLGFGAGDPts
 East Germany321041+35
 West Germany320141+34
 Chile302112−12
 Australia301205−51
14 June 1974
16:00 CET
West Germany 1–0 Chile
Breitner Goal 18'Report
Olympiastadion, West Berlin
Attendance: 83,168
Referee: Doğan Babacan (Turkey)

14 June 1974
19:30 CET
East Germany 2–0 Australia
Curran Goal 58' (o.g.)
Streich Goal 72'
Report
Volksparkstadion, Hamburg
Attendance: 10,000
Referee: Youssou N'Diaye (Senegal)

18 June 1974
16:00 CET
Australia 0–3 West Germany
ReportOverath Goal 12'
Cullmann Goal 34'
Müller Goal 53'
Volksparkstadion, Hamburg
Attendance: 35,000
Referee: Mahmoud Mustafa Kamel (Egypt)

18 June 1974
19:30 CET
Chile 1–1 East Germany
Ahumada Goal 69'ReportHoffmann Goal 55'
Olympiastadion, West Berlin
Attendance: 20,000
Referee: Aurelio Angonese (Italy)

22 June 1974
16:00 CET
Australia 0–0 Chile
Report
Olympiastadion, West Berlin
Attendance: 14,681
Referee: Jafar Namdar (Iran)

22 June 1974
19:30 CET
East Germany 1–0 West Germany
Sparwasser Goal 77'Report
Volksparkstadion, Hamburg
Attendance: 60,350
Referee: Ramón Barreto (Uruguay)

Group 2[edit]

Jairzinho's goal against Zaire
TeamPldWDLGFGAGDPts
 Yugoslavia3120101+94
 Brazil312030+34
 Scotland312031+24
 Zaire3003014−140
13 June 1974
17:00 CET
Brazil 0–0 Yugoslavia
Report
Waldstadion, Frankfurt
Attendance: 62,000
Referee: Rudolf Scheurer (Switzerland)

14 June 1974
19:30 CET
Zaire 0–2 Scotland
ReportLorimer Goal 26'
Jordan Goal 34'
Westfalenstadion, Dortmund
Attendance: 25,000
Referee: Gerhard Schulenburg (West Germany)

18 June 1974
19:30 CET
Yugoslavia 9–0 Zaire
Bajević Goal 8'30'81'
Džajić Goal 14'
Šurjak Goal 18'
Katalinski Goal 22'
Bogićević Goal 35'
Oblak Goal 61'
Petković Goal 65'
Report
Parkstadion, Gelsenkirchen
Attendance: 20,000
Referee: Omar Delgado Gómez (Colombia)

18 June 1974
19:30 CET
Scotland 0–0 Brazil
Report
Waldstadion, Frankfurt
Attendance: 50,000
Referee: Arie van Gemert (Netherlands)

22 June 1974
16:00 CET
Scotland 1–1 Yugoslavia
Jordan Goal 88'ReportKarasi Goal 81'
Waldstadion, Frankfurt
Attendance: 60,000
Referee: Alfonso González Archundia (Mexico)

22 June 1974
16:00 CET
Zaire 0–3 Brazil
ReportJairzinho Goal 12'
Rivelino Goal 66'
Valdomiro Goal 79'
Parkstadion, Gelsenkirchen
Attendance: 35,000
Referee: Nicolae Rainea (Romania)

Group 3[edit]

TeamPldWDLGFGAGDPts
 Netherlands321061+55
 Sweden312030+34
 Bulgaria302125−32
 Uruguay301216−51
15 June 1974
16:00 CET
Uruguay 0–2 Netherlands
ReportRep Goal 7'86'
Niedersachsenstadion, Hanover
Attendance: 53,700
Referee: Károly Palotai (Hungary)

15 June 1974
16:00 CET
Sweden 0–0 Bulgaria
Report
Rheinstadion, Düsseldorf
Attendance: 22,500
Referee: Edison Perez Nunez (Peru)

19 June 1974
19:30 CET
Uruguay 1–1 Bulgaria
Pavoni Goal 87'ReportBonev Goal 75'
Niedersachsenstadion, Hanover
Attendance: 12,000
Referee: Jack Taylor (England)

19 June 1974
19:30 CET
Netherlands 0–0 Sweden
Report
Westfalenstadion, Dortmund
Attendance: 53,700
Referee: Werner Winsemann (Canada)

23 June 1974
16:00 CET
Netherlands 4–1 Bulgaria
Neeskens Goal 5' (pen.)44' (pen.)
Rep Goal 71'
de Jong Goal 88'
ReportKrol Goal 78' (o.g.)
Westfalenstadion, Dortmund
Attendance: 52,100
Referee: Tony Boskovic (Australia)

23 June 1974
16:00 CET
Sweden 3–0 Uruguay
Edström Goal 46'77'
Sandberg Goal 74'
Report
Rheinstadion, Düsseldorf
Attendance: 27,100
Referee: Erich Linemayr (Austria)

Group 4[edit]

Capello (No.8) is brought down v. Haiti
TeamPldWDLGFGAGDPts
 Poland3300123+96
 Argentina311175+23
 Italy311154+13
 Haiti3003214−120
15 June 1974
18:00 CET
Italy 3–1 Haiti
Rivera Goal 52'
Benetti Goal 64'
Anastasi Goal 78'
ReportSanon Goal 46'
Olympiastadion, Munich
Attendance: 51,100
Referee: Vicente Llobregat (Venezuela)

15 June 1974
18:00 CET
Poland 3–2 Argentina
Lato Goal 7'62'
Szarmach Goal 8'
ReportHeredia Goal 60'
Babington Goal 66'
Neckarstadion, Stuttgart
Attendance: 31,500
Referee: Clive Thomas (Wales)

19 June 1974
19:30 CET
Argentina 1–1 Italy
Houseman Goal 20'ReportPerfumo Goal 35' (o.g.)
Neckarstadion, Stuttgart
Attendance: 68,900
Referee: Pavel Kazakov (Soviet Union)

19 June 1974
19:30 CET
Haiti 0–7 Poland
ReportLato Goal 17'87'
Deyna Goal 18'
Szarmach Goal 30'34'50'
Gorgoń Goal 31'
Olympiastadion, Munich
Attendance: 23,400
Referee: Govindasamy Suppiah (Singapore)

23 June 1974
16:00 CET
Argentina 4–1 Haiti
Yazalde Goal 15'68'
Houseman Goal 18'
Ayala Goal 55'
ReportSanon Goal 63'
Olympiastadion, Munich
Attendance: 24,000
Referee: Pablo Sánchez Ibáñez (Spain)

23 June 1974
16:00 CET
Poland 2–1 Italy
Szarmach Goal 38'
Deyna Goal 44'
ReportCapello Goal 85'
Neckarstadion, Stuttgart
Attendance: 68,900
Referee: Hans-Joachim Weyland (West Germany)

Second round[edit]

Group A[edit]

Streich heads East Germany into the lead v. Argentina
TeamPldWDLGFGAGDPts
 Netherlands330080+86
 Brazil32013304
 East Germany301214−31
 Argentina301227−51
26 June 1974
19:30 CET
Netherlands 4–0 Argentina
Cruyff Goal 11'90'
Krol Goal 25'
Rep Goal 73'
Report
Parkstadion, Gelsenkirchen
Attendance: 55,348
Referee: Bob Davidson (Scotland)

26 June 1974
19:30 CET
Brazil 1–0 East Germany
Rivelino Goal 60'Report
Niedersachsenstadion, Hanover
Attendance: 58,463
Referee: Clive Thomas (Wales)

30 June 1974
16:00 CET
Argentina 1–2 Brazil
Brindisi Goal 35'ReportRivelino Goal 32'
Jairzinho Goal 49'
Niedersachsenstadion, Hanover
Attendance: 38,000
Referee: Vital Loraux (Belgium)

30 June 1974
16:00 CET
East Germany 0–2 Netherlands
ReportNeeskens Goal 7'
Rensenbrink Goal 59'
Parkstadion, Gelsenkirchen
Attendance: 67,148
Referee: Rudolf Scheurer (Switzerland)

3 July 1974
19:30 CET
Argentina 1–1 East Germany
Houseman Goal 20'ReportStreich Goal 14'
Parkstadion, Gelsenkirchen
Attendance: 53,054
Referee: Jack Taylor (England)

3 July 1974
19:30 CET
Netherlands 2–0 Brazil
Neeskens Goal 50'
Cruyff Goal 65'
Report

Group B[edit]

TeamPldWDLGFGAGDPts
 West Germany330072+56
 Poland320132+14
 Sweden310246−22
 Yugoslavia300326−40
26 June 1974
16:00 CET
Yugoslavia 0–2 West Germany
ReportBreitner Goal 39'
Müller Goal 82'
Rheinstadion, Düsseldorf
Attendance: 66,085
Referee: Armando Marques (Brazil)

26 June 1974
19:30 CET
Sweden 0–1 Poland
ReportLato Goal 43'
Neckarstadion, Stuttgart
Attendance: 43,755
Referee: Ramón Barreto (Uruguay)

30 June 1974
16:00 CET
Poland 2–1 Yugoslavia
Deyna Goal 24' (pen.)
Lato Goal 62'
ReportKarasi Goal 43'
Waldstadion, Frankfurt
Attendance: 55,000
Referee: Rudi Glöckner (East Germany)

30 June 1974
19:30 CET
West Germany 4–2 Sweden
Overath Goal 51'
Bonhof Goal 52'
Grabowski Goal 76'
Hoeneß Goal 89' (pen.)
ReportEdström Goal 24'
Sandberg Goal 53'
Rheinstadion, Düsseldorf
Attendance: 66,500
Referee: Pavel Kazakov (Soviet Union)

3 July 1974
16:30 CET
Poland 0–1 West Germany
ReportMüller Goal 76'
Waldstadion, Frankfurt
Attendance: 59,000
Referee: Erich Linemayr (Austria)

3 July 1974
19:30 CET
Sweden 2–1 Yugoslavia
Edström Goal 29'
Torstensson Goal 85'
ReportŠurjak Goal 27'
Rheinstadion, Düsseldorf
Attendance: 40,000
Referee: Luis Pestarino (Argentina)

Match for third place[edit]

6 July 1974
16:00 CET
Brazil 0–1 Poland
ReportLato Goal 76'
Olympiastadion, Munich
Attendance: 74,100
Referee: Aurelio Angonese (Italy)

Final[edit]

7 July 1974
16:00 CET
Netherlands 1–2 West Germany
Neeskens Goal 2' (pen.)ReportBreitner Goal 25' (pen.)
Müller Goal 43'
Olympiastadion, Munich
Attendance: 75,200
Referee: Jack Taylor (England)

Scorers[edit]

7 goals

5 goals

4 goals

3 goals

2 goals

1 goal
Own goals

FIFA Retrospective Ranking[edit]

In 1986, FIFA published a report that ranked all teams in each World Cup up to and including 1986, based on progress in the competition, overall results and quality of the opposition.[3] The rankings for the 1974 tournament were as follows:

Final

  1.  West Germany
  2.  Netherlands

3rd and 4th place

  1.  Poland
  2.  Brazil

Eliminated at the second group stage

  1.  Sweden
  2.  East Germany
  3.  Yugoslavia
  4.  Argentina

Eliminated at the first group stage

  1.  Scotland
  2.  Italy
  3.  Chile
  4.  Bulgaria
  5.  Uruguay
  6.  Australia
  7.  Haiti
  8.  Zaire

References[edit]

  1. ^ "1966 & 1974 World Cups Were Fixed - Former FIFA President". Goal.com. 2008-06-26. Retrieved 2011-10-28. 
  2. ^ "FIFA World Cup seeded teams". FIFA World Cup seeded teams 1930-2006. 
  3. ^ "page 45" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-10-28. 

External links[edit]