1972 Winter Olympics

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XI Olympic Winter Games
Sapporo 1972.png
Host citySapporo, Japan
Nations participating35
Athletes participating1006 (801 men, 205 women)
Events35 in 6 sports (10 disciplines)
Opening ceremonyFebruary 3
Closing ceremonyFebruary 13
Officially opened byEmperor Hirohito
Athlete's OathKeiichi Suzuki
Judge's OathFumio Asaki
Olympic TorchHideki Takada
StadiumMakomanai Open Stadium
 
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XI Olympic Winter Games
Sapporo 1972.png
Host citySapporo, Japan
Nations participating35
Athletes participating1006 (801 men, 205 women)
Events35 in 6 sports (10 disciplines)
Opening ceremonyFebruary 3
Closing ceremonyFebruary 13
Officially opened byEmperor Hirohito
Athlete's OathKeiichi Suzuki
Judge's OathFumio Asaki
Olympic TorchHideki Takada
StadiumMakomanai Open Stadium

The 1972 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XI Olympic Winter Games (French: Les XIes Jeux olympiques d'hiver), were a winter multi-sport event which was celebrated from February 3 to February 13, 1972 in Sapporo, Hokkaidō, Japan. It was the first Winter Olympics to be held outside Europe and North America, and only the third game (summer or winter) held outside those regions over all, after Melbourne (1956 Summer Olympics) and Tokyo (1964 Summer Olympics).

Host city selection[edit]

Sapporo first won the rights to host the 1940 Winter Olympics, but Japan resigned as the Games' host after its 1937 invasion of China. The 1940 Games were later cancelled. All the cities awarded Games that were cancelled due to war have since hosted the Games (Berlin, London, Tokyo, Helsinki, Sapporo and Cortina d'Ampezzo).

Sapporo competed with Banff, Lahti, and Salt Lake City. The Games were awarded at the 64th IOC Session in Rome, Italy, on April 26, 1966.

In preparation, the Japanese constructed new largescale facilities at Sapporo and conducted a trial run a full year in advance of the Games. An international sport week was held in February, 1971, to assess the city's preparations as well as "to test its civic mettle and hospitality", and this effort was acclaimed by Olympic observers as "a complete success".[1] The development of new infrastructure proved to be a huge boon for the Sapporo economy: by the time of the Games, the national government had invested some US$500 million in upgrades, including a new subway.[1] The Games' organizers themselves turned a healthy profit in part because they arranged a record $8.47 million for broadcast rights.[2]

1972 Winter Olympics bidding result[3]
CityCountryRound 1
Sapporo Japan32
Banff Canada16
Lahti Finland7
Salt Lake City United States7

Highlights[edit]

Venues[edit]

¹ New facilities constructed in preparation for the Olympic Games. ² Existing facilities modified or refurbished in preparation for the Olympic Games.

Sports[edit]

There were 35 events contested in 6 sports (10 disciplines).

Participating nations[edit]

35 nations participated in the 1972 Winter Olympics. The Republic of China (commonly known as Taiwan) and the Philippines participated in their first Winter Olympic Games.

Medal count[edit]

These are the top ten nations that won medals at these Games. The host nation Japan finished 11th.

 Rank NationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Soviet Union85316
2 East Germany43714
3 Switzerland43310
4 Netherlands4329
5 United States3238
6 West Germany3115
7 Norway25512
8 Italy2215
9 Austria1225
10 Sweden1124
11 Japan1113

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Findling, John E.; Pelle, Kimberly D. (1996). Historical dictionary of the modern Olympic movement. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 285. ISBN 0-313-28477-6. Retrieved 8 May 2012. 
  2. ^ a b Washington Post
  3. ^ "Past Olympic host city election results". GamesBids. Archived from the original on March 17, 2011. Retrieved March 17, 2011. 
  4. ^ www.Olympic.org
  5. ^ Infoplease-Sapporo
  6. ^ aolhometown

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Grenoble
Winter Olympics
Sapporo

XI Olympic Winter Games (1972)
Succeeded by
Innsbruck