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This article is about the year 1968.
1968 ( was a MCMLXVIII) leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar, the 1968th year of the Common Era (CE) and (AD) designations, the 968th year of the Anno Domini 2nd millennium, the 68th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1960s decade. This is the year of the Protests of 1968. Events [edit ] January [edit ] February [edit ] March [edit ] March 6 – Un-recognized Rhodesia executes 3 black citizens, the first executions since UDI, prompting international condemnation. March 7 – Vietnam War: The First Battle of Saigon ends. March 8 – The first student protests spark the 1968 Polish political crisis. March 10–11 – Vietnam War: Battle of Lima Site 85, the largest single ground combat loss of United States Air Force members (12) during the then-secret war later known as the Laotian Civil War. March 11 – U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson mandates that all computers purchased by the federal government support the ASCII character encoding. [5 ] March 12 March 13 – The first Rotaract club is chartered in North Charlotte, North Carolina. March 14 – Nerve gas leaks from the U.S. Army Dugway Proving Ground near Skull Valley, Utah. March 15 – British Foreign Secretary George Brown resigns. March 16 March 17 – A demonstration in London's Grosvenor Square against U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War leads to violence; 91 people are injured, 200 demonstrators arrested. March 18 – Gold standard: The Congress of the United States repeals the requirement for a gold reserve to back U.S. currency. March 19– March 23 – Afrocentrism, Black Power, Vietnam War: Students at Howard University in Washington, D.C., signal a new era of militant student activism on college campuses in the U.S. Students stage rallies, protests and a 5-day sit-in, laying siege to the administration building, shutting down the university in protest over its ROTC program and the Vietnam War, and demanding a more Afrocentric curriculum. March 21 – Vietnam War: In ongoing campus unrest, Howard University students protesting the Vietnam War, the ROTC program on campus and the draft, confront Gen. Lewis Hershey, then head of the U.S. Selective Service System, and as he attempts to deliver an address, shout him down with cries of "America is the Black man's battleground!" March 22 – Daniel Cohn-Bendit ("Danny The Red") and 7 other students occupy the administrative offices of the University of Nanterre, setting in motion a chain of events that lead France to the brink of revolution in May. March 24 – Aer Lingus Flight 712 crashes en route from Cork to London near Tuskar Rock, Wexford, killing 61 passengers and crew. March 26 – Joan Baez marries activist David Harris in New York. March 28 – Brazilian high school student Edson Luís de Lima Souto is shot by the police in a protest for cheaper meals at a restaurant for low-income students. The aftermath of his death is one of the first major events against the military dictatorship. March 31 – U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson announces he will not seek re-election. April [edit ] May [edit ] May 2 – The Israel Broadcasting Authority commences television broadcasts. May 3 – Braniff Flight 352 crashes near Dawson, Texas, killing all 85 persons on board. May 13 – Paris student riots: One million march through the streets of Paris. May 13 – Manchester City wins the 1967–68 Football League First Division by 2 clear points, over club rivals Manchester United. May 14 – The Beatles announce the creation of Apple Records in a New York press conference. May 15 – An outbreak of severe thunderstorms produces tornadoes, causing massive damage and heavy casualties in Charles City, Iowa, Oelwein, Iowa, and Jonesboro, Arkansas. May 17 – The Catonsville Nine enter the Selective Service offices in Catonsville, Maryland, take dozens of selective service draft records, and burn them with napalm as a protest against the Vietnam War. May 19 A general election is held in Italy. Nigerian forces capture Port Harcourt and form a ring around the Biafrans. This contributes to a humanitarian disaster as the surrounded population already suffers from hunger and starvation. May 22 – The U.S. nuclear-powered submarine sinks with 99 men aboard, 400 miles southwest of the Scorpion Azores. May 29 – Manchester United wins the European Cup Final, becoming the first English team to do so. June [edit ] July [edit ] July 1 July 4 – Yachtsman Alec Rose, 59, receives a hero's welcome as he sails into Portsmouth, England after his 354-day round-the-world trip. July 15 July 17 – Saddam Hussein becomes Vice Chairman of the Revolutionary Council in Iraq after a coup d'état. July 18 – The semiconductor company Intel is founded. July 20 – The first International Special Olympics Summer Games are held at Soldier Field in Chicago, Ill, with about 1,000 athletes with intellectual disabilities. July 23– July 28 – Black militants led by Fred (Ahmed) Evans engage in a fierce gunfight with police in the Glenville Shootout of Cleveland, Ohio, in the United States. July 25 – Pope Paul VI publishes the encyclical entitled , condemning Humanae Vitae birth control. July 26 – Vietnam War: South Vietnamese opposition leader Truong Dinh Dzu is sentenced to 5 years hard labor, for advocating the formation of a coalition government as a way to move toward an end to the war. July 29 – Arenal Volcano erupts in Costa Rica for the first time in centuries. July 30 – Thames Television starts transmission in London. August [edit ] August 5– August 8 – The Republican National Convention in Miami Beach, Florida nominates Richard Nixon for U.S. President and Spiro Agnew for Vice President. August 11 – The last steam passenger train service runs in Britain. A selection of British Railways steam locomotives make the 120-mile journey from Liverpool to Carlisle and return to Liverpool – the journey is known as the Fifteen Guinea Special. August 18 – Two charter buses are pushed into the Hida River on National Highway Route 41 in Japan, in an accident caused by heavy rain; 104 are killed. August 19 - Marios Leitch is born in Limassol. August 20– August 21 – The of political liberalization ends, as 750,000 Prague Spring Warsaw Pact troops and 6,500 tanks with 800 planes invade Czechoslovakia. It is dated as the biggest operation in Europe since WWII ended. August 21 – The Medal of Honor is posthumously awarded to James Anderson, Jr.—he is the first black U.S. Marine to be awarded the Medal of Honor. August 24 – France explodes its first hydrogen bomb. August 22– August 30 – Police clash with anti-war protesters in Chicago, Illinois, outside the 1968 Democratic National Convention, which nominates Hubert Humphrey for U.S. President, and Edmund Muskie for Vice President. The riots and subsequent trials were an essential part of the activism of the Youth International Party. August 29 John Gordon Mein, US Ambassador to Guatemala, is assassinated on the streets of Guatemala City. First US Ambassador assassinated in the line of duty. Crown Prince Harald of Norway marries Sonja Haraldsen, the commoner he has dated for 9 years, in Oslo. September [edit ] October [edit ] October 2 – Tlatelolco massacre: A student demonstration ends in bloodbath at La Plaza de las Tres Culturas in Tlatelolco, Mexico City, Mexico, 10 days before the inauguration of the 1968 Summer Olympics. October 3 – In Peru, Juan Velasco Alvarado takes power in a revolution. October 5 – Police baton civil rights demonstrators in Derry, Northern Ireland, marking the beginning of The Troubles. October 8 – Vietnam War – Operation Sealords: United States and South Vietnamese forces launch a new operation in the Mekong Delta. October 10 – the Detroit Tigers win the 1968 World Series, defeating the St. Louis Cardinals 4 games to 3. October 11 October 12– October 27 – The Games of the XIX Olympiad are held in Mexico City, Mexico. October 12 – Equatorial Guinea receives its independence from Spain. October 14 – Vietnam War: The United States Department of Defense announces that the United States Army and United States Marines will send about 24,000 troops back to Vietnam for involuntary second tours. October 15 – Led Zeppelin makes their first live performance, at Surrey University in England [6 ] October 16 October 20 – Former U.S. First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy marries Greek shipping tycoon Aristotle Onassis on the Greek island of Skorpios. October 22 – The Gun Control Act of 1968 is enacted. October 31 – Vietnam War: Citing progress in the Paris peace talks, U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson announces to the nation that he has ordered a complete cessation of "all air, naval, and artillery bombardment of North Vietnam" effective November 1. November [edit ] December [edit ] December 3 – The '68 Comeback Special marks the concert return of Elvis Presley. December 9 – Douglas Engelbart publicly demonstrates his pioneering hypertext system, NLS, in San Francisco, together with the computer mouse, at what becomes retrospectively known as " The Mother of All Demos". December 10 – Japan's biggest heist, the never-solved " 300 million yen robbery", occurs in Tokyo. December 11 – The film , based on the hit London and Oliver! Broadway musical, opens in the U.S. after being released first in England. It goes on to win the Academy Award for Best Picture. December 13 – Brazilian president Artur da Costa e Silva decrees the AI-5 (or the Fifth Institutional Act), which lasts until 1978 and marks the beginning of the hard times of Brazilian military dictatorship. December 20 – The Zodiac Killer is believed to have shot Betty Lou Jensen and David Faraday on Lake Herman Road, Benicia, San Francisco Bay, California. December 22 December 24 – Apollo Program: U.S. spacecraft enters orbit around the Apollo 8 Moon. Astronauts Frank Borman, Jim Lovell and William A. Anders become the first humans to see the far side of the Moon and planet Earth as a whole. The crew also reads from Genesis. December 26 – Led Zeppelin make their American debut in Denver, CO. December 28 – Israeli forces launch an attack on Beirut airport, destroying more than a dozen aircraft. Dates Unknown [edit ] Births [edit ] January [edit ] January 1 – Davor Suker, Croatian soccer footballer January 2 – Cuba Gooding Jr., African-American actor January 5 January 6 – John Singleton, African-American film director and writer January 9 – Joey Lauren Adams, American actress January 12 January 13 – Pat Onstad, Canadian footballer January 14 – LL Cool J, African-American rapper and actor January 15 – Chad Lowe, American actor January 16 – Stephan Pastis, American cartoonist January 17 – Svetlana Masterkova, Russian athlete January 19 – Matt Hill, Canadian voice actor January 21 – Charlotte Ross, American actress January 23 – Yasuhiro Takato, Japanese voice actor January 24 January 26 – Novala Takemoto, Japanese author and fashion designer January 27 – Mike Patton, American singer January 28 – Sarah McLachlan, Canadian singer January 29 February [edit ] March [edit ] March 1 March 2 – Daniel Craig, British actor March 3 – Brian Leetch, American ice hockey player March 4 March 5 – Gordon Bajnai, Hungarian Prime Minister March 6 – Moira Kelly, American actress March 10 – Thio Li-ann, Singaporean law academic and Nominated Member of Parliament March 11 – Lisa Loeb, American singer March 12 – Aaron Eckhart, American actor March 13 March 14 – James Frain, British actor March 15 – Terje Riis-Johansen, Norwegian politician March 16 – Trevor Wilson, American basketball player March 18 – Shinichiro Miki, Japanese voice actor March 19 – Mots'eoa Senyane, Lesotho diplomat March 20 – Carlos Almeida, Cape Verdean long-distance runner March 22 – Euronymous, Norwegian musician (d. 1993) March 23 March 26 – James Iha, American rock musician March 28 March 29 – Lucy Lawless, New Zealand actress and singer March 30 – Céline Dion, Canadian singer April [edit ] April 1 April 8 – Patricia Arquette, American actress April 12 – Adam Graves, Canadian ice hockey player April 14 – Anthony Michael Hall, American actor and singer April 15 – Stacey Williams, American model April 16 – Martin Dahlin, Swedish football player April 18 – David Hewlett, English born Canadian actor April 19 – Ashley Judd, American actress April 20 April 23 – Timothy McVeigh, American terrorist (d. 2001) April 24 April 28 – Howard Donald, British singer ( Take That) April 29 – Darren Matthews, English professional wrestler April 30 – T. T. Boy, American porn producer and actor May [edit ] May 1 – Oliver Bierhoff, German footballer May 2 – Hikaru Midorikawa, Japanese voice actor May 7 – Traci Lords, American actress/porn star May 9 – Marie-José Pérec, French athlete May 12 – Tony Hawk, American skateboarder May 16 – Chingmy Yau, Hong Kong actress May 17 – Constance Menard, French professional dressage rider May 20 – Waisale Serevi, Fijian rugby player May 21 – Julie Vega, Filipino child actress and singer (d. 1985) May 22 – Graham Linehan, Irish television writer and director May 26 – Crown Prince Frederik of Denmark May 27 May 28 – Kylie Minogue, Australian actress and singer May 30 – Zacarias Moussaoui, French-Moroccan 9/11 conspirator June [edit ] July [edit ] July 5 – Ken Akamatsu, Japanese manga artist July 7 July 8 July 9 – Eduardo Santamarina, Mexican actor July 10 – Hassiba Boulmerka, Algerian athlete July 13 – Omi Minami, Japanese voice actress July 15 – Eddie Griffin, American actor and comedian July 16 July 17 – Darren Day, British actor and TV presenter July 19 – Robert Flynn, American vocalist and guitarist ( Machine Head) July 20 – Carlos Saldanha, Brazilian director July 21 – Johnnie Barnes, American football player July 22 – Rhys Ifans, Welsh actor July 23 July 24 – Kristin Chenoweth, American soprano and actress July 27 – Julian McMahon, Australian actor July 30 – Robert Korzeniowski, Polish racewalker August [edit ] September [edit ] October [edit ] October 1 – Jay Underwood, American actor October 2 October 3 – Paul Crichton, English footballer October 7 – Thom Yorke, British singer/songwriter October 8 October 9 – Troy Anthony Davis, African-American high-profile death row inmate and human rights activist (d. 2011) October 10 October 11 October 12 – Hugh Jackman, Australian actor October 14 – Matthew Le Tissier, English footballer October 15 October 17 – Ziggy Marley, Jamaican musician and oldest son of Bob Marley October 22 – Shaggy, Jamaican singer October 24 – Mark Walton (story artist) American story artist, actor October 27 – Alain Auderset, Swedish writer October 29 – Tsunku, Japanese singer, music producer, and song composer November [edit ] November 1 – Silvio Fauner, Italian cross-country skier November 3 – Debbie Rochon, Canadian actress November 4 November 6 – Caesar Meadows, American cartoonist November 8 November 9 – Nazzareno Carusi, Italian classical pianist November 11 – David L Cook, American Christian recording star November 12 November 13 – Pat Hentgen, American baseball player November 14 November 15 November 18 November 20 – John Trobaugh, American artist and photographer November 21 November 22 November 23 – Hamid Hassani, Iranian scholar November 24 – Phil Starbuck, former English footballer November 25 November 27 – Michael Vartan, French actor November 29 – Jonathan Knight, American singer ( New Kids on the Block) November 30 – Rica Matsumoto, Japanese voice actress and singer December [edit ] December 2 – Lucy Liu, American actress December 3 December 5 – Margaret Cho, American actress and comedian December 7 December 8 December 9 – Kurt Angle, American amateur and professional wrestler, 1996 Olympic Gold Medalist December 11 – Monique Garbrecht, German speed skater December 17 – Paul Tracy, Canadian race car driver December 18 – Rachel Griffiths, Australian actress December 21 – Khrystyne Haje, American actress December 22 – Dina Meyer, American actress December 23 – Manuel Rivera-Ortiz, American photographer December 24 – Choi Jin-sil, South Korean actress and model December 25 – Helena Christensen, Danish model December 26 – Dennis Knight, American professional wrestler Date unknown [edit ] Deaths [edit ] January [edit ] January 7 January 10 – Theophilus Ebenhaezer Dönges, Former Prime Minister of South Africa, and elected President of South Africa (b. 1898) January 11 – Moshe Zvi Segal, Israeli linguist and Talmudic scholar, and Israel Prize recipient (b. 1876) January 15 – Bill Masterton, Canadian hockey player (b. 1938) January 18 – Bert Wheeler, American actor and comedian (b. 1895) January 19 – Ray Harroun, American race car driver (b. 1879) January 21 – Will Lang Jr., American journalist (b. 1914) January 22 – Duke Kahanamoku, American swimmer (b. 1890) January 26 – Merrill C. Meigs, American newspaper publisher and aviation promoter (b. 1883) January 30 – Robert Wood Johnson, American business leader and philanthropist (b. 1893) February [edit ] February 1 February 4 – Neal Cassady, American writer (b. 1926) February 7 – Nick Adams, American actor (b. 1931) February 11 – Howard Lindsay, American playwright (b. 1888) February 13 – Mae Marsh, American actress (b. 1894) February 19 – Georg Hackenschmidt, strongman and professional wrestler (b. 1878) February 20 – Anthony Asquith, British director and writer (b. 1902) February 21 – Howard Walter Florey, Australian-born pharmacologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine (b. 1898) February 22 – Peter Arno, American cartoonist (b. 1904) February 23 – Fannie Hurst, American novelist (b. 1885) February 27 – Frankie Lymon, American singer (b. 1942) February 29 – Tore Ørjasæter, Norwegian poet (b. 1886) March [edit ] April [edit ] April 1 – Lev Davidovich Landau, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1908) April 4 – Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr., American civil rights activist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (assassinated) (b. 1929) April 7 – Jim Clark, Scottish race car driver (b. 1936) April 10 – Gustavs Celmiņš, Latvian politician (b. 1899) April 14 – Al Benton, American baseball player (b. 1911) April 16 April 22 – Stephen H. Sholes, American record executive (b. 1911) April 24 – Tommy Noonan, American actor (b. 1921) April 25 – Walter Tewksbury, American athlete (b. 1876) May [edit ] June [edit ] July [edit ] July 1 – Virginia Weidler, American actress (b. 1926) July 6 – Johnny Indrisano, American boxer and actor (b. 1906) July 7 – Ellsworth Johnson, American gangster (b. 1906) July 18 – Corneille Heymans, Belgian physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1892) July 21 – Ruth St. Denis, American dancer (b. 1878) July 23 – Henry Hallett Dale, English scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1875) July 27 – Lilian Harvey, German actress (b. 1906) July 28 – Otto Hahn, German chemist, discoverer of nuclear fission, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1879) July 30 – Alexander Hall, American Theatrical Motion Picture Director (b. 1894) July 31 – Jack Pizzey, Premier of Queensland, Australia (b. 1911) August [edit ] September [edit ] October [edit ] November [edit ] November 4 – Michel Kikoine, Belarusian painter (b. 1892) November 6 – Charles Munch, French conductor and violinist (b. 1891) November 7 – Gordon Coventry, Australian rules footballer (b. 1901) November 8 – Wendell Corey, American actor (b. 1914) November 9 – Gerald Mohr, American actor (b. 1914) November 13 – Berthold Bartosch, Czech animator (b. 1893) November 18 – Walter Wanger, American film producer (b. 1894) November 20 – Helen Gardner, American actress (b. 1884) November 23 – Shangguan Yunzhu, Chinese actress (b. 1920) November 24 – Istvan Dobi, former Hungarian leader (b. 1898) November 25 – Upton Sinclair, American writer (b. 1878) November 26 – Arnold Zweig, German writer (b. 1887) November 28 – Enid Blyton, British children's writer (b. 1897) December [edit ] December 12 – Tallulah Bankhead, American actress (b. 1902) December 14 – Margarete Klose, German soprano (b. 1902) December 15 – Jess Willard, American boxer (b. 1881) December 15 – Jian Bozan, Chinese historian (b. 1898) December 18 – Giovanni Messe, Italian general (b. 1883) December 19 – Norman Thomas, American politician (b. 1884) December 20 – John Steinbeck, American writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1902) December 21 – Vittorio Pozzo, Italian football player and manager (b. 1886) December 30 December 31 – George Lewis, American musician (b. 1900) Date unknown [edit ] Nobel Prizes [edit ] References [edit ] Further reading [edit ] Sherman, Daniel J. et al. eds. The Long 1968: Revisions and New Perspectives (Indiana University Press; 2013) 382 pages; essays by scholars on the cultural and political impact of 1968 in France, Mexico, Northern Ireland, the United States, etc. Kurlansky, Mark. (2004). 1968: The Year that Rocked the World. London: Jonathan Cape. ISBN 978-0-224-06251-0 NPR " Echoes of 1968" report series. 1968 – The Year in Sound An Audiofile produced by Lou Zambrana of WCBS Newsradio 880 (WCBS-AM New York) Part of WCBS 880's celebration of 40 years of newsradio. TIME Magazine, 40th Anniversary Special (2008). "1968: The Year That Changed the World." NEWSWEEK Magazine. " 1968: The Year That Made Us Who We Are." November 19, 2007. TIME Magazine. " 1968: The Year That Shaped a Generation." January 11, 1988. 1968 Coin Pictures Magnum Photos, Historic photos from 1968 BBC Radio 4 – 1968 Myth or Reality? – six months of 'news on this day' programmes and documentaries Interactive 1968 Timeline Reflections on 1968 Read people's memories of the year 1968. Minnesota Historical Society