This article is about the year 1949. For the number, see
1949 ( ) was a MCMXLIX common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. Events [edit ] January [edit ] February [edit ] March [edit ] March 1 World heavyweight boxing champion Joe Louis retires. Indonesia seizes Yogyakarta from the Dutch. March 2 – The B-50 Superfortress under Captain James Gallagher lands in Lucky Lady II Fort Worth, Texas, after completing the first non-stop around-the-world airplane flight (it was refueled in flight 4 times). March 17 – The Shamrock Hotel in Houston, Texas, owned by oil tycoon Glenn McCarthy, has its grand opening. March 20 – The Chicago, Burlington & Quincy, Denver & Rio Grande Western, and Western Pacific railroads inaugurate the passenger train between California Zephyr Chicago and Oakland, California, as the first long distance train to feature Vista Dome cars as regular equipment. March 25 – An extensive deportation campaign is conducted in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. The Soviet authorities deport more than 92,000 people from the Baltics to remote areas of the Soviet Union. March 26 – The first half of Giuseppe Verdi's opera , conducted by legendary conductor Aida Arturo Toscanini, and performed in concert (i.e. no scenery or costumes), is telecast by NBC, live from Studio 8H at Rockefeller Center. The second half is telecast a week later. This is the only complete opera that Toscanini ever conducts on television. March 28 March 29 – The 21st Academy Awards ceremony is held. The movie wins the Hamlet Academy Award for Best Picture. March 31 – The former British colony of Newfoundland joins Canada as its 10th province. April [edit ] April 1 The Tokyo Stock Exchange is founded. April 4 – The North Atlantic Treaty is signed in Washington, D.C., creating the NATO defense alliance. April 7 – Rodgers and Hammerstein's , starring South Pacific Mary Martin and Ezio Pinza, opens on Broadway and goes on to become R&H's second longest-running musical. It becomes an instant classic of the musical theatre. The score's biggest hit is the song " Some Enchanted Evening". April 8 – Kathy Fiscus, 3½ years old, dies from falling down an abandoned well in San Marino, California. April 14 – The day the N'Ko alphabet is held to have been completed by Solomana Kante. April 18 – Ireland leaves the British Commonwealth and becomes the Republic of Ireland. April 20 – The Royal Navy frigate HMS goes up the Amethyst Yangtze River to evacuate British Commonwealth refugees escaping the advance of Mao's Communist forces. Under heavy fire, she grounds off Rose Island. After an abortive rescue attempt on April 26, she anchors 10 miles upstream. Negotiations with the Communists to let the ship leave drag on for weeks, during which time the ship's cat Simon raises the crew's morale. April 23 – Chinese Communist troops take Nanjing. April 27 – British Commonwealth of Nations renamed The Commonwealth. April 28 April 29 – The News Review reveals neither the English public school Selhurst College nor its headmaster H. Rochester Sneath exist, but are a hoax created by Humphry Berkeley. May [edit ] June [edit ] June 2 – Transjordan becomes the Kingdom of Jordan. June 5 – Thailand elects Orapin Chaiyakan, the first Thai female member of Thailand's Parliament. June 6 – With the passage of the Bodh Gaya Temple Act by the Indian government, Mahabodhi Temple is restored to partial Buddhist control. June 8 June 14 – Albert II, a rhesus monkey, becomes the first primate to enter space, on U.S. Hermes project V-2 rocket Blossom IVB, but is killed on impact at return. June 19 – Glenn Dunaway wins the inaugural NASCAR race at Charlotte Speedway, a 3/4 mile oval in Charlotte, North Carolina, but is disqualified due to illegal springs. Jim Roper is declared the official winner. June 24 – The first television western, , airs on Hopalong Cassidy NBC. June 29 July [edit ] August [edit ]
Soviets detonate their first nuclear weapon.
September [edit ] October [edit ] November [edit ] December [edit ] Date unknown [edit ] The Currywurst is invented in Berlin. The Malta Labour Party is founded. The Vatican announces that bones uncovered in its subterranean catacombs could be the apostle Peter; 19 years later, Pope Paul VI announces confirmation that the bones belong to this first pope. [6 ] The first 20 mm M61 Vulcan Gatling gun prototypes are completed. 1949 was the first year in which no African-American was reported lynched in the USA. [7 ] Joseph Stalin launches a savage attack on Soviet Jews, accusing them of being pro-Western and antisocialist. Samuel Putnam publishes his new translation of , the first in what we would consider modern English. It is instantly acclaimed and, in 2008, is still in print. Don Quixote Fernand Braudel's La Méditerranée et le Monde Méditerranéen à l'Epoque de Philippe II is published. Births [edit ] January [edit ] January 1 January 2 – Christopher Durang, American playwright January 3 – Sylvia Likens, American murder victim (d. 1965) January 7 – Chavo Guerrero, Sr., professional wrestler January 8 – Wolfgang Puck, Austrian chef January 10 January 12 January 13 – Brandon Tartikoff, American television executive (d. 1997) January 14 – Lawrence Kasdan, American director and screenwriter January 16 – Caroline Munro, English actress and model January 17 – Andy Kaufman, American comedian and actor (d. 1984) January 18 – Philippe Starck, French designer January 19 January 20 – Göran Persson, former Prime Minister of Sweden January 22 – Steve Perry, American rock singer January 24 – John Belushi, American actor and comedian (d. 1982) January 28 – Gregg Popovich, American basketball coach January 29 – Tommi Salmelainen, Helsinki, FIN January 30 – Peter Agre, American biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry January 31 February [edit ] February 2 February 3 – Hennie Kuiper, Dutch cyclist February 4 – Rasim Delic, Bosnian military chief of staff and war criminal (d. 2010) February 6 – Jim Sheridan, Irish film director February 7 February 8 – Brooke Adams, American actress February 9 – Judith Light, American actress February 10 – Maxime Le Forestier, French singer February 15 – Ken Anderson, American NFL player February 16 – Lyn Paul, English singer February 17 – Dennis Green, American football coach February 18 – Gary Ridgway, American serial killer February 19 – Dan Bunten, American computer game designer (d. 1998) February 20 – Ivana Trump, Czech businesswoman February 21 – Ronnie Hellström, Swedish footballer February 22 – Niki Lauda, Austrian race car driver February 25 – Ric Flair, American professional wrestler February 28 – Ilene Graff, American actress and singer March [edit ] March 2 March 3 March 6 March 7 – Ghulam Nabi Azad, Indian politician March 9 – Kalevi Aho, Finnish composer March 9 – Tapani Kansa, Finnish singer March 10 – Larry Wall, American computer programmer March 12 March 13 – Julia Migenes, American soprano March 16 March 17 March 18 – Alex Higgins, Northern Irish snooker player (d. 2010) March 19 – Hirofumi Hirano, Japanese politician and Chief Cabinet Secretary March 22 – Fanny Ardant, French actress March 23 – Ric Ocasek, American rock musician March 24 – Nick Lowe, English musician March 26 March 29 – Michael Brecker, American jazz musician (d. 2007) March 30 April [edit ] April 1 April 2 – Pamela Reed, American actress April 3 – Richard Thompson, English musician and songwriter April 6 – Horst Ludwig Störmer, German-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate April 7 – John Oates, American rock singer and guitarist April 8 – Brenda Russell, American-Canadian singer, songwriter and keyboardist April 8 – Fanie de Jager, South African operatic tenor April 10 – Daniel Mangeas, French bicycle commentator April 11 – Bernd Eichinger, German film producer and director (d. 2011) April 13 – Christopher Hitchens, English-American writer (d. 2011) April 14 – John Shea, American actor April 15 April 16 – Sandy Hawley, Canadian jockey April 18 – Geoff Bodine, American race car driver April 19 – Sergey Nikolayevich Volkov, Russian figure skater (d. 1990) April 20 April 21 – Patti Lupone, American actress April 23 – Joyce DeWitt, American actress April 24 – Véronique Sanson, French singer and songwriter April 26 – Jerry Blackwell, American professional wrestler (d. 1995) April 28 – Bruno Kirby, American actor (d. 2006) May [edit ] May 2 – Alan Titchmarsh, English gardener May 3 – Leopoldo Luque, Argentine soccer player May 4 – John Force, American race car driver May 9 – Billy Joel, American singer-songwriter and pianist May 13 – Zoë Wanamaker, English-American actress May 14 – Sverre Årnes, Norwegian writer May 18 May 19 May 20 – Dave Thomas, Canadian actor and comedian May 23 – Alan Garcia Perez, President of Peru May 24 – Tomaž Pisanski, Slovenian mathematician May 26 May 27 – Jo Ann Harris American actress May 29 – Francis Rossi, English rock guitarist/singer ( Status Quo) May 31 – Tom Berenger, American actor June [edit ] June 2 – Heather Couper, British astronomer June 4 – Mark B. Cohen, Pennsylvania legislative leader June 8 – Emanuel Ax, Polish-born pianist June 11 – Frank Beard, American drummer ( ZZ Top) June 13 – Ann Druyan, American popular science writer June 14 – Harry Turtledove, American historian and novelist June 15 – Jim Varney, American actor (d. 2000) June 17 – Andrei Fursenko, Russian politician, scientist and businessman June 18 June 19 – Hassan Shehata, Egyptian footballer and coach June 20 – Lionel Richie, American singer-songwriter ( Commodores) June 21 – Jane Urquhart, Canadian author John Agard, Guyanese poet, playwright and children's writer June 22 June 25 – Kene Holliday, American actor June 27 – Vera Wang, American fashion designer June 30 – Andy Scott, Welsh singer, songwriter ( The Sweet) July [edit ] August [edit ] August 4 – John Riggins, American football player August 6 – Alan Campbell, Northern Irish clergyman August 7 – Walid Jumblatt, leader of the Lebanese Druze August 11 – Sandra Scheuer, Kent State University shooting victim (d. 1970) August 12 August 15 – Beverly Lynn Burns, American pilot, first woman in the world to captain the Boeing 747 August 16 – Barbara Goodson, American actress/voice actress August 20 – Phil Lynott, Irish rock musician (d. 1986) August 21 – Loretta Devine, American actress August 23 August 24 – Charles Rocket, American actor (d. 2005) August 25 August 28 – Svetislav Pešić, Serbian basketball player and coach August 31 September [edit ] September 1 – Leslie Feinberg, American transgender activist September 7 September 9 September 10 – Bill O'Reilly, American conservative radio and television commentator September 13 – John W. Henry, American foreign exchange advisor, Boston Red Sox owner September 14 – Eikichi Yazawa, Japanese singer September 15 – Joe Barton, American politician September 16 – Ed Begley, Jr. American actor and environmentalist September 18 September 19 – Twiggy Lawson, English model September 23 – Bruce Springsteen, American singer and songwriter September 25 – Inshan Ali, West Indian cricketer (d. 1995) September 26 – Jane Smiley, American novelist September 27 – Mike Schmidt, American baseball player October [edit ] October 1 – Isaac Bonewits, American author and occultist October 2 October 4 – Armand Assante, American actor October 6 – Bobby Farrell, West Indian-born dancer ( Boney M.) (d. 2010) October 7 – Ronnie Mund, American television personality October 8 October 12 October 14 October 17 – Bill Hudson, American musician October 20 – Valeriy Borzov, Ukrainian athlete October 21 – Benjamin Netanyahu, Prime Minister of Israel October 22 – Arsène Wenger, French football (soccer) manager October 26 – Antonio Carpio, Filipino Supreme Court jurist October 27 – Cheryl Keeton, American murder victim November [edit ] December [edit ] December 1 December 3 – John Akii-Bua, Ugandan hurdler (d. 1997) December 4 December 7 December 8 – Mary Gordon, American writer December 12 – Rajinikanth, Indian actor December 13 December 14 – Bill Buckner, American baseball player December 15 – Don Johnson, American actor December 16 – Billy Gibbons, American guitarist ( ZZ Top) December 17 – Paul Rodgers, British rock singer December 19 – Sebastian, Danish musician December 20 – Claudia Jennings, American model (d. 1979) December 22 December 24 – Randy Neugebauer, American politician December 25 December 26 – José Ramos-Horta, President of East Timor, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize December 28 – Barbara De Fina, American film producer date unknown Deaths [edit ] January [edit ] February [edit ] March [edit ] April [edit ] May [edit ] June [edit ] July [edit ] August [edit ] September [edit ] October [edit ] November [edit ] December [edit ] Nobel Prizes [edit ] References [edit ]