This article is about the year 1948.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to . 1948 1948 ( was a MCMXLVIII) leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar ( dominical letter DC), the 1948th year of the Common Era (CE) and (AD) designations, the 948th year of the Anno Domini 2nd millennium, the 48th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1940s decade. Events [edit ] January [edit ] January 1 January 4 – Burma gains its independence from the United Kingdom, becoming an independent republic, named the Union of Burma, with Sao Shwe Thaik as its first President and U Nu its first Prime Minister. January 5 – Warner Brothers shows the first color newsreel ( and the Tournament of Roses Parade ). Rose Bowl January 12 – Mahatma Gandhi begins his fast-unto-death in Delhi to stop communal violence during the Partition of India. January 17 – A truce is declared between nationalist Indonesian and Dutch troops in Java. January 22 – British foreign secretary Ernest Bevin proposes the formation of a Western Union between Britain, France and the Benelux countries to stand up against the Soviet Union. The Treaty of Brussels is signed March 17 as a consequence, a predecessor to NATO. January 26 – Teigin poison case: a man masquerading as a doctor poisons 12 of 16 bank employees of the Tokyo branch of Imperial Bank and takes the money; artist Sadamichi Hirasawa is later sentenced to death for the crime, but is never executed. January 29 – Plane crash at Los Gatos Creek, near Coalinga, California, kills four US citizens and 28 deportees, commemorated in a protest song (" Deportee (Plane Wreck at Los Gatos)") by Woody Guthrie. January 30 January 31 – The British crown colony of the Malayan Union, Penang and Malacca form the Federation of Malaya. [1 ] February [edit ] February 1 February 4 – Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) becomes an independent kingdom within the British Commonwealth. February 16 – Miranda, the innermost moon of Uranus, is discovered by Gerard Kuiper. [2 ] February 18 – Éamon de Valera, Irish head of government since 1932, loses power to an opposition coalition. John A. Costello is appointed Taoiseach by President Seán O'Kelly. February 19 – The Conference of Youth and Students of Southeast Asia Fighting for Freedom and Independence convenes in Calcutta. February 21 – The stock car racing organization NASCAR is founded by Bill France, Sr. February 25 – The Communist Party seizes control of Czechoslovakia, a day celebrated by that regime as " Victorious February" (Czech: ; Vítězný únor Slovak: ) until Víťazný Február November 1989. February 28 – Riots take place in Accra, capital of the British colony of Gold Coast, when a peaceful protest march by ex-servicemen was broken up by police, leaving several members of the group dead, among them Sergeant Adjetey, one of the leaders. March [edit ] March 8 – : The McCollum v. Board of Education United States Supreme Court rules that religious instruction in public schools violates the U.S. Constitution. March 12 – The Costa Rican Civil War begins. March 16 – The largest flood in the history of Brampton, Ontario, occurs. [3 ] March 17 Treaty of Brussels signed by Belgium, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom, providing for economic, social and cultural collaboration and collective self-defence. The Hells Angels motorcycle gang is founded in California. March 18 – The Round Table Conference in The Hague, Netherlands for the preparation of the decolonization process for Aruba and the other Dutch Colonies. Aruba presents the mandate of the Aruban People for Aruba to become an Independent Country, under the souvereignty of the House of Orange, based on Aruba's first state constitution presented officially since August 1947, and a (4th) Member State of the future Dutch Commonwealth. March 20 April [edit ] May [edit ] June [edit ]
Airplane C-54 at airport Berlin-Tempelhof.
July [edit ] August [edit ] August 1 – The U.S. Air Force Office of Special Investigations is founded. August 3 – Whittaker Chambers appears under subpoena before HUAC and alleges that several former U.S. Federal official were communists, including Harry Dexter White and Alger Hiss August 5 – Alger Hiss appears before HUAC to deny the allegations of Whittaker Chambers August 10 – August 23 – The Herrenchiemsee Convent prepares the draft for the Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany August 13 – Harry Dexter White and Donald Hiss refute allegations of Communism by Whittaker Chambers before HUAC August 14 – 1948 Ashes series: The Australian batsman Don Bradman, playing his last Test cricket match, against England at The Oval, is bowled by Eric Hollies for a duck; however, "The Invincibles" win the match by an innings and 149 runs, and The Ashes 4-0. August 15 – The southern half of Korea is established as South Korea. August 16 – Babe Ruth dies in his sleep at the age of 53. August 17 – HUAC holds a private session between Alger Hiss and Whittaker Chambers August 18 – Danube Commission created by Belgrade Convention (enters into force 11 May 1949). August 20 – Lee Pressman, Nathan Witt, and John Abt, represented by Harold I. Cammer, plead the Fifth Amendment in response to allegations of Communism by Whittaker Chambers before HUAC August 23 – The World Council of Churches is established. August 24 – The first meeting of the charter members of the American Chamber of Commerce in Japan (ACCJ) is held. [6 ] August 25 – HUAC holds its first-ever televised congressional hearing, featuring "Confrontation Day" between Whittaker Chambers and Alger Hiss August 27 – Whittaker Chambers states that Alger Hiss was a communist on radio Meet the Press September [edit ] October [edit ] November [edit ] December [edit ] Date unknown [edit ] Brandeis University is founded in Massachusetts, USA. Casimir effect discovered by Dutch physicist Hendrik Casimir. The Fresh Kills Landfill, the world's largest, opens on Staten Island, New York. The Oakridge Transit Centre opens in Vancouver, British Columbia. The Slovak city Gúta is renamed Kolárovo. The Tunnel of Vielha is opened in the Aran Valley, Spanish Pyrenees. Last recorded sighting of the Caspian tiger in Kazakhstan. A pack of wolves kills about 40 children in Darovskoy District, in Russia. [7 ] Charles Warrell creates the first I-Spy books. Rev. W. Awdry's third book, , is published. James the Red Engine Last edition of the is published in the Index Librorum Prohibitorum Vatican. The first Kinsey Report, Sexual Behavior in the Human Male, is published. Inspired by World War II fighter planes, Cadillac introduces the first automobile to sport tailfins. The inaugural Six Hours of Watkins Glen endurance race is held. Births [edit ] January [edit ] February [edit ] February 1 – Rick James, Motown performer (d. 2004) February 2 – Ina Garten, American cooking author February 3 February 4 February 5 February 6 – Jack Conway, American musician, composer, arranger, and guitarist February 10 – John Magnier, Irish businessman and thoroughbred racehorse breeder February 11 – Chris Rush, American stand-up comedian February 12 – Raymond Kurzweil, American inventor and author February 13 – Kitten Natividad, Mexican-American film actress February 14 February 17 – José José, Mexican singer and actor February 19 February 20 – Jennifer O'Neill, American model and actress February 22 February 24 February 25 – Danny Denzongpa, Indian actor February 28 – Steven Chu, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate February 28 March [edit ] March 2 March 4 March 5 – Elaine Paige, English singer and actress March 6 – Anna Maria Horsford, American actress March 9 – Jeffrey Osborne, American singer March 11 – Dominique Sanda, French actress March 12 – James Taylor, American singer-songwriter March 14 – Billy Crystal, American actor and comedian March 15 – Sérgio Vieira de Mello, Brazilian diplomat (d. 2003) March 17 – William Gibson, American/Canadian writer March 20 March 22 March 25 – Bonnie Bedelia, American actress March 26 – Steven Tyler, American rock singer March 28 March 29 – Bud Cort, American actor March 30 – Eddie Jordan, Irish founder of Jordan Grand Prix March 31 April [edit ] April 1 – Jimmy Cliff, Jamaican singer and actor April 2 – Roald Als, Danish cartoonist April 4 – Squire Parsons, American gospel singer/songwriter April 12 April 13 – Nam Hae-il, 25th Chief of Naval Operations of the Republic of Korea Navy April 15 – Michael Kamen, American composer (d. 2003) April 16 April 17 – Jan Hammer, Czechoslovakian composer, pianist and keyboardist April 27 Amrit Kumar Bohara, Nepalese politician Si Robertson, American reality star April 28 April 29 – Michael Karoli, German musician (d. 2001) May [edit ] May 2 – Vladimir Matorin, Russian opera singer May 3 May 4 – Tanya Falan, American singer May 5 May 8 May 9 – Calvin Murphy, American basketball player and analyst May 11 – Shigeru Izumiya, Japanese musician May 12 – Steve Winwood, English rock singer May 14 – Bob Woolmer, British cricket coach (d. 2007) May 15 May 16 – Jesper Christensen, Danish actor May 18 – Mikko Heiniö, Finnish composer May 19 – Grace Jones, Jamaican singer and actress May 20 – Tesshō Genda, Japanese voice actor May 21 May 25 – Klaus Meine, German singer ( Scorpions) May 26 May 27 – Wubbo de Boer, Dutch civil servant May 29 – Michael Berkeley, British composer May 31 – John Bonham, British rock drummer ( Led Zeppelin) (d. 1980) June [edit ] June 1 June 2 – Jerry Mathers, American actor June 4 – Bob Champion, English jump jockey June 6 June 9 June 11 – Dave Cash, American baseball player June 13 – Garnet Bailey, Canadian hockey player and scout (d. 2001) June 14 – Laurence Yep, American author June 15 – Paul Michiels, Belgian singer-songwriter June 17 – Dave Concepción, Venezuelan baseball player June 19 June 20 – Ludwig Scotty, President of Nauru June 21 June 22 – Todd Rundgren, American rock singer and record producer June 23 June 24 – Patrick Moraz, Swiss keyboard player June 27 – Camile Baudoin, American rock guitarist June 28 – Kathy Bates, American actress June 29 – Fred Grandy, American actor and politician June 30 – Vladimir Yakunin, Russian official, head of state-run Russian Railways company July [edit ] July 1 – John Ford (musician), Best known for penning Part of the Union whilst in Strawbs July 3 – Tarmo Koivisto, Finnish comics artist July 8 – Raffi, Egyptian-born children's entertainer July 12 – Richard Simmons, American television personality and fitness expert July 15 – Richard Franklin, Australian film director (d. 2007) July 16 – Pinchas Zukerman, Israeli violinist July 18 – Hartmut Michel, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate July 20 – Muse Watson, American actor July 21 July 22 – Susan Eloise Hinton, American author July 23 – John Cushnahan, Northern Irish politician July 25 – Steve Goodman, Grammy Award-winning folk music singer and songwriter (d. 1984) July 27 – Peggy Fleming, American figure skater July 28 – Gerald Casale, American director and singer ( Devo) July 30 July 31 – Jonathan Dollimore, British author and professor August [edit ] September [edit ] September 2 September 3 September 4 – Samuel Hui, Hong Kong singer September 5 – Benita Ferrero-Waldner, Austrian diplomat and politician September 7 – Susan Blakely, American actress September 8 – Great Kabuki, Japanese professional wrestler September 10 September 11 – John Martyn, British folk-rock guitarist (d. 2009) September 13 – Nell Carter, American singer and actress (d. 2003) September 16 – Ron Blair, American bassist ( Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers) September 17 – John Ritter, American actor (d. 2003) September 19 September 20 – George R. R. Martin, American speculative fiction author September 22 September 24 – Phil Hartman, Canadian actor and comedian (d. 1998) September 25 September 26 – Olivia Newton-John, Australian singer and actress September 27 – Michele Dotrice, English actress September 29 October [edit ] October 1 – Sir Peter Blake, New Zealand yachtsman (d. 2001) October 2 October 4 – Meg Bennett, American soap opera writer October 6 – Gerry Adams, Northern Irish politician October 7 – Diane Ackerman, American poet and essayist October 8 – Johnny Ramone, American rock guitarist ( Ramones) (d. 2004) October 9 – Jackson Browne, American rock musician October 11 – Cynthia Clawson, American gospel singer October 13 October 14 October 15 – Chris de Burgh, Irish singer ( Lady in Red) October 16 – Leo Mazzone, American baseball coach October 17 October 18 – Hans Köchler, Austrian philosopher October 19 – Patrick Simmons, American musician ( The Doobie Brothers) October 21 October 22 – Lynette Fromme, American attempted assassin of Gerald Ford October 23 – Sir Gerrard "Gerry" Robinson, Irish-born British businessman October 25 October 26 – Toby Harrah, American former baseball player October 28 – Telma Hopkins, American actress and singer October 29 – Kate Jackson, American actress November [edit ] November 1 – Anna Stuart, American actress November 3 – Lulu, Scottish singer and actress November 4 – Amadou Toumani Touré, former President of Mali November 5 November 6 – Glenn Frey, American guitarist and singer ( The Eagles) November 7 – Jim Houghton, American actor and director November 9 – Luiz Felipe Scolari, Brazilian football player and manager November 10 – Vincent Schiavelli, American actor (d. 2005) November 13 – Humayun Ahmed, Bengali-language writer. November 13 – Lockwood Smith, New Zealand politician November 14 November 15 – James Kemsley, Australian cartoonist and actor (d. 2007) November 16 November 17 – Howard Dean, American politician November 20 November 21 – Michel Suleiman, current President of Lebanon November 23 – Dominique-France Picard, also known as Princess Fadila of Egypt, ex-wife of Fuad II, former King of Egypt and the Sudan. November 24 – Joe Howard, American actor November 27 – James Avery, American actor (d. 2014) November 28 – Agnieszka Holland, Polish director and screenwriter December [edit ] December 2 December 3 December 6 December 7 December 10 – Abu Abbas, founder of the Palestine Liberation Front (d. 2004) December 11 – Chester Thompson, American rock drummer December 13 December 14 December 19 – Ken Brown, Canadian ice hockey player December 21 December 22 December 23 – Jim Ferguson, American guitarist, composer, educator, author, and music journalist December 25 – Barbara Mandrell, American country singer December 27 – Gérard Depardieu, French actor December 28 December 29 – Peter Robinson, Northern Irish politician December 31 Date unknown [edit ] Archana Bhattacharyya, Indian physicist Miguel Cabrera Cabrera, Spanish architect and politician Ciarán Carson, Northern Irish poet and novelist Vicente Doria Catan Jr., Filipino comic book artist (d. 2004) Maurizio Gucci, Italian businessman and murder victim (d. 1995) David Haskell, American actor John Blair Moore, American artist Johnny Nicholas, American blues musician Edward Rutherfurd, British novelist Gudo Hoegel, German actor and voice actor Deaths [edit ] January [edit ] February [edit ] March [edit ] April [edit ] May [edit ] June [edit ] July [edit ] August [edit ] September [edit ] September 1 – Muhammad VII al-Munsif, ruler of Tunisia 1942–43 (b. 1881) September 2 – Sylvanus G. Morley, American scholar and World War I spy (b. 1883) September 3 – Edvard Beneš, President of Czechoslovakia (b. 1884) September 5 – Richard C. Tolman, American mathematical physicist (b. 1881) September 10 – Ferdinand I of Bulgaria, Tsar of Bulgaria (b. 1861) September 11 – Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, founder and first Governor General of Pakistan (b. 1876) September 12 – Rupert D'Oyly Carte, English hotelier, theatre owner and impresario (b. 1876) September 17 – Folke Bernadotte, Swedish diplomat (assassinated) (b. 1895) September 20 – Husain Salaahuddin, Famous Mahl writer (b. 1881) September 24 – Warren William, American actor (b. 1894) September 26 – Gregg Toland, American cinematographer (b. 1904) September 30 – Edith Roosevelt, First Lady of the United States (b. 1861) October [edit ] November [edit ] December [edit ] Nobel Prizes [edit ] References [edit ]