Events from the year
1946 in the United Kingdom.
Searchlights at London Victory Parade, June 1946
Incumbents [edit ] Events [edit ] 1 January 17 January - The United Nations Security Council holds its first meeting at Church House in London. 14 February - The Bank of England is nationalised. 15 February - American dance craze, the , sweeps Britain. Jitterbug [1 ] 20 February - Royal Opera House in Covent Garden re-opens after the War. [2 ] 5 March - Winston Churchill delivers his " Iron Curtain" speech at Westminster College in Fulton, Missouri, United States. [3 ] 9 March - Bolton Wanderers stadium disaster at Burnden Park, Bolton, England: 33 killed and hundreds injured. 10 March - British troops begin withdrawal from Lebanon. 24 March - BBC Home Service radio broadcasts Alistair Cooke's first American Letter. As , this programme will continue until a few weeks before Cooke's death in 2004. Letter from America 27 April - The first postwar FA Cup final is won by Derby County, who beat Charlton Athletic 4-1 at Wembley Stadium. [4 ] 4 May - First-class cricket returns, having been suspended during the War. [2 ] 20 May - The House of Commons votes to nationalise coal mines in the United Kingdom. 23 May - Terence Rattigan's drama premieres in London. The Winslow Boy [5 ] 31 May - London Heathrow Airport opened fully for civilian use. [1 ] 1 June - Television licence introduced. [3 ] 7 June - Television broadcasting by the BBC, suspended during World War II, resumes. [1 ] 8 June - A victory parade is held in London to celebrate the end of World War II. [6 ] 27 June - Government imposes bread rationing. [7 ] July - Homeless families squat in a former Army camp at Scunthorpe. [8 ] August - Arthur Horner, a member of the Communist Party, becomes General Secretary of the National Union of Mineworkers. 1 August - Finance Act receives Royal Assent, including the establishment of the [9 ] National Land Fund to secure culturally significant property for the nation as a memorial to the dead of World War II. [10 ] 6 August Family allowance introduced, a cash benefit paid to mothers. Free milk (⅓ pint daily) provided in UK state schools to all pupils under the age of 18. 9 August - Arts Council incorporated by Royal Charter. [2 ] 31 August - League football returns, having been suspended during World War II. [2 ] September–November - exhibition at the Britain Can Make It Victoria and Albert Museum in London, promoted by the Council of Industrial Design and the Board of Trade to show off good domestic and industrial design. [11 ] 8 September - Mass squat by homeless families of empty properties in London organised by the Communist Party. [8 ] 15 September - Marshal of the Royal Air Force Sir Arthur Harris, Commander-in-Chief of RAF Bomber Command, retires. 16 September - Popular quiz show Have a Go! with Wilfred Pickles first broadcast nationally on BBC Radio. [7 ] 29 September - BBC Third Programme begins broadcasting. [1 ] 1 October - English premiere of J. B. Priestley's drama at the An Inspector Calls New Theatre, London, starring Ralph Richardson. [12 ] 7 October - The BBC Light Programme transmits the first episode of the daily radio magazine programme (initially presented by Alan Ivimey), which will still be running more than 65 years later, and of the daily adventure serial Woman's Hour . Dick Barton - Special Agent 1 November - First Royal Command Performance at a public cinema, the Empire, Leicester Square: premiere of the Powell and Pressburger film starring A Matter of Life and Death David Niven. [13 ] 10 November - Peter Scott opens the Slimbridge Wetland Reserve in Gloucestershire. 11 November - Stevenage, a village in Hertfordshire, is designated by the Attlee government as Britain's first new town to relieve overcrowding and replace bombed homes in London. The new town is set to have around 60,000 residents once it is completed, and the first homes are expected to be ready by 1952 and the town fully developed by the early 1960s. The town's centerpiece will be a revolutionary pedestrianised central shopping area. [14 ] 17 November - Eight British Army servicemen are killed in Jerusalem by Jewish terrorists. 22 November - Tony Benn is elected as Treasurer of the Oxford Union. 29 November 26 December - David Lean's film of released. Great Expectations Undated [edit ] Publications [edit ] Births [edit ] January - February [edit ] 3 January - John Paul Jones, English bassist ( Led Zeppelin) 6 January - Syd Barrett, English guitarist and singer ( Pink Floyd) (died 2006) 14 January - Harold Shipman, British serial killer (died 2004) 19 January - Julian Barnes, novelist 7 February - Pete Postlethwaite, actor (died 2011) 9 February - Séan Neeson, Alliance Party of Northern Ireland politician 13 February - Colin Matthews, British composer 15 February - Clare Short, politician 16 February - Ian Lavender, actor 20 February - Brenda Blethyn, English actress 21 February - Alan Rickman, English actor 28 February - Robin Cook, British Labour politician (died 2005) March - April [edit ] 6 March - David Gilmour, English musician ( Pink Floyd) 21 March - Timothy Dalton, actor 25 March - Cliff Balsam, English footballer 2 April - Sue Townsend, English comic novelist and playwright (died 2014) 4 April - Dave Hill, English guitarist ( Slade) 9 April - Les Gray, English vocalist ( Mud) 12 April - George Robertson, Scottish politician 19 April - Tim Curry, actor, vocalist, and composer 25 April - John Fox, statistician 28 April - Linda Knowles, high jumper May - June [edit ] July - August [edit ] September - October [edit ] 1 September - Barry Gibb, musician 10 September - Don Powell, English drummer 11 September - Mike Bull, Northern Irish pole vaulter and decathlete 25 September - Felicity Kendal, actress 10 October - Charles Dance, actor 13 October - Edwina Currie, British Conservative politician, author, and radio personality 14 October - Justin Hayward, English singer and songwriter ( Moody Blues) 17 October - Vicki Hodge, English actress 19 October - Philip Pullman, English author 22 October - Eileen Gordon, British Labour politician 31 October November - December [edit ] 1 November - Ric Grech, British bassist ( Family, Blind Faith, Traffic (died 1990)) 7 November - Martin Barre, English musician ( Jethro Tull) 12 November - P. P. Arnold, born Patricia Ann Cole, American-born soul singer 14 November - Carola Dunn, English writer 15 November - Gwyneth Powell, British actress 18 November - Andrea Allan, Scottish actress 21 November - Marina Warner, English writer 23 November - Diana Quick, English actress 4 December - Angela Browning, English Conservative politician and MP for Tiverton and Honiton 14 December - Jane Birkin, English actress and singer 16 December - Trevor Pinnock, English harpsichordist and conductor 17 December - Bel Mooney, English broadcast journalist 20 December - Lesley Judd, English actress and television presenter 27 December 29 December - Marianne Faithfull, English singer and actress Unknown date [edit ] Deaths [edit ] 3 January - William Joyce, Irish American fascist propagandist (born 1906) ( hanged at Wandsworth Prison for treason) 5 February - George Arliss, English actor (born 1868) 3 April - Alf Common, English footballer (born 1880) 21 April - John Maynard Keynes, economist (born 1883) 14 June - John Logie Baird, Scottish television pioneer (born 1888) 11 July - Paul Nash, artist (born 1889) 15 July - Razor Smith, English cricketer (born 1877) 13 August - H.G. Wells, English writer (born 1866) 31 August - Harley Granville-Barker, actor, playwright and critic (born 1877) References [edit ] ^ a b c d "The Lost Decade Timeline, BBC" . Retrieved . 2008-01-29 ^ a b c d Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 395–396. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2. ^ a b Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0. ^  ^ "Plays". Terence Rattigan . Retrieved . 2010-07-16 ^ "Victory Celebrations, 8th June 1946 by Ron Goldstein, BBC website" . Retrieved . 2008-01-29 ^ a b c d Kynaston, David (2007). Austerity Britain 1945-1951. London: Bloomsbury. ISBN 978-0-7475-7985-4. ^ a b Marr, Andrew (2007). A History of Modern Britain. London: Macmillan. pp. 71–2. ISBN 978-1-4050-0538-8. ^ "Finance Act 1946". 1 August 1946 . Retrieved . 18 March 2011 ^ "Finance Act 1946 - 48 The National Land Fund". 1 August 1946 . Retrieved . 18 March 2011 ^ a b Evans, Paul; Doyle, Peter (2009). The 1940s Home. Oxford: Shire Publications. ISBN 978-0-7478-0736-0. ^ Ellis, Samantha (7 May 2003). "JB Priestley's An Inspector Calls, October 1946". The Guardian . Retrieved . 2011-07-18 ^ Robertson, Patrick (1974). The Shell Book of Firsts. London: Ebury Press. p. 158. ISBN 0-7181-1279-2. ^  ^ Lewisohn, Mark (2003). Radio Times Guide to TV Comedy. BBC Worldwide Ltd. ^ "Bristol University History". History of the University. University of Bristol. Archived from the original on 16 June 2007 . Retrieved . 2007-05-13 ^ "History of Fire Safety". FireNet. 2009. Archived from the original on 15 December 2010 . Retrieved . 2011-01-19 ^ "Penguin Classics in translation". Penguin Archive Project. University of Bristol. 17 August 2009 . Retrieved . 2011-08-21 ^ Sutherland, John (24 January 2005). "Pick up a Penguin?". The Guardian. p. 5.