1944

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Millennium:2nd millennium
Centuries:19th century20th century21st century
Decades:1910s  1920s  1930s  – 1940s –  1950s  1960s  1970s
Years:1941 1942 194319441945 1946 1947
 
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This article is about the year 1944.
Millennium:2nd millennium
Centuries:19th century20th century21st century
Decades:1910s  1920s  1930s  – 1940s –  1950s  1960s  1970s
Years:1941 1942 194319441945 1946 1947
1944 by topic:
Subject
By country
Leaders
Birth and death categories
Establishments and disestablishments categories
Works and introductions categories
1944 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar1944
MCMXLIV
Ab urbe condita2697
Armenian calendar1393
ԹՎ ՌՅՂԳ
Assyrian calendar6694
Bahá'í calendar100–101
Bengali calendar1351
Berber calendar2894
British Regnal yearGeo. 6 – 9 Geo. 6
Buddhist calendar2488
Burmese calendar1306
Byzantine calendar7452–7453
Chinese calendar癸未(Water Goat)
4640 or 4580
    — to —
甲申年 (Wood Monkey)
4641 or 4581
Coptic calendar1660–1661
Discordian calendar3110
Ethiopian calendar1936–1937
Hebrew calendar5704–5705
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat2000–2001
 - Shaka Samvat1866–1867
 - Kali Yuga5045–5046
Holocene calendar11944
Igbo calendar944–945
Iranian calendar1322–1323
Islamic calendar1363–1364
Japanese calendarShōwa 19
(昭和19年)
Juche calendar33
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4277
Minguo calendarROC 33
民國33年
Thai solar calendar2487

1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link displays the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar, the 1944th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 944th year of the 2nd millennium, the 44th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1940s decade.

Events[edit]

Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.

January[edit]

US Army troops landing at Anzio during Operation Shingle, late January 1944.

February[edit]

The Abbey of Monte Cassino in ruins after being destroyed by Allied bombing, February 1944.
Polish inmates hanged by Germans in Warsaw, February 11, 1944.

March[edit]

The March 1944 eruption of Mount Vesuvius.

April[edit]

May[edit]

The prime ministers of Britain and the four major dominions at the 1944 Commonwealth Prime Ministers' Conference, 1 May 1944.

June[edit]

Allied troops land on the beaches of Normandy during D-Day.
LVTs heading for shore on 15 June 1944 during the Battle of Saipan.

July[edit]

The aftermath of the failed 20 July plot to kill Hitler.
Soviet soldiers fight in the streets of Jelgava, summer 1944.
American medics helping injured soldier in France, 1944.

August[edit]

Szare Szeregi Scouts also fought in the Warsaw Uprising.
Jewish prisoners of Gęsiówka liberated by Polish soldiers from Batalion Zośka, 5 August 1944.
Crowds of French people line the Champs Élysées following the Liberation of Paris, 26 August 1944.

September[edit]

Waves of paratroopers land in the Netherlands during Operation Market Garden in September 1944.

October[edit]

American troops advance towards San Jose on Leyte Island, 20 October 1944.
The light aircraft carrier Princeton afire, east of Luzon, 24 October 1944.
Volkssturm founded in October 1944.
The beginning of the Battle of Leyte, 20 October 1944.

November[edit]

December[edit]

Victims of the Malmedy massacre.
George Marshall becomes the first U.S. Five-Star General on December 16, 1944.
Henry Larsen becomes the first person successfully to navigate the Northwest Passage in both directions, westbound July–October 1944.

Date unknown[edit]

Births[edit]

January[edit]

February[edit]

March[edit]

April[edit]

May[edit]

June[edit]

July[edit]

August[edit]

September[edit]

October[edit]

November[edit]

December[edit]

Date unknown[edit]

Deaths[edit]

January[edit]

February[edit]

March[edit]

April[edit]

May[edit]

June[edit]

July[edit]

August[edit]

September[edit]

October[edit]

November[edit]

December[edit]

Date unknown[edit]

Nobel Prizes[edit]

Nobel medal.png

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Convoy Mo-Ta-06 (モタ61船団)". All Japan Seamen's Union. Retrieved 2011-11-18. 
  2. ^ a b "Greatest Maritime Disasters". International Registry of Sunken Ships. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  3. ^ "More Maritime Disasters of World War II". George Duncan. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  4. ^ a b "List of sunken ships in Pacific War (太平洋戦争時の喪失船舶明細表)". Sunken Ships Record Association (戦没船を記録する会). Retrieved 2012-10-20. 
  5. ^ Kynaston, David (2007). Austerity Britain 1945–1951. London: Bloomsbury. ISBN 978-0-7475-7985-4. 
  6. ^ "Convoy Take Ichi". All Japan Seamen's Union. Retrieved 2011-11-17. 
  7. ^ Small, Ken; Rogerson, Mark (1988). The Forgotten Dead – Why 946 American Servicemen Died off the Coast of Devon in 1944 – and the Man who Discovered their True Story. London: Bloomsbury. ISBN 0-7475-0309-5. 
  8. ^ Fenton, Ben (26 April 2004). "The disaster that could have scuppered Overlord". The Daily Telegraph (London). 
  9. ^ Savill, Richard (26 April 2004). "Last of torpedo survivors remembers brave buddies". The Daily Telegraph. 
  10. ^ Wasley, Gerald (1994). Devon at War, 1939–1945. Tiverton: Devon Books. p. 157. ISBN 0-86114-885-1. 
  11. ^ a b "Year by Year 1944" – History Channel International
  12. ^ Kaiser, Don (2011). "K-Ships Across the Atlantic". Naval Aviation News 93 (2). Retrieved 2011-09-23. 
  13. ^ "Blimp Squadron 14". Warwingsart.com. Retrieved 2011-09-23. 
  14. ^ Foot, M. R. D. (1999). SOE: An Outline History of the Special Operations Executive 1940–46. London: Pimlico. p. 143. ISBN 0-7126-6585-4. 
  15. ^ a b c d Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0. 
  16. ^ "Nikkin Maru - Casualties (日錦丸の被害)". All Japan Seamen's Union. Retrieved 2011-11-18. 
  17. ^ 56 F. Supp. 716 (N.D. Cal 1944).
  18. ^ Radinger, Will; Schick, Walter (1996). Me 262 (in German). Berlin: Avantic Verlag GmbH. ISBN 3-925505-21-0. 
  19. ^ "Education Act, 1944". Retrieved 2010-10-21. 
  20. ^ Cressman, Robert J. (2000). The Official Chronology of the U.S. Navy in WWII. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. p. 248. ISBN 978-1-55750-149-3. 
  21. ^ "Convoy Hi-71 (ヒ71船団)". All Japan Seamen's Union. Retrieved 2011-11-17. 
  22. ^ van der Kuil, Peter (March 2003). "List of Casualties". The Sinking of the Junyo Maru. 
  23. ^ Van der Zee, Henri A. (1982). The Hunger Winter: Occupied Holland 1944–5. London: Norman & Hobhouse. ISBN 978-0-906908-71-6. 
  24. ^ Larsen, Henry A. (1967). The Big Ship: an autobiography. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart. 
  25. ^ "Across the Northwest Passage: The Larsen Expeditions". University of Calgary. Retrieved 2012-12-17. 
  26. ^ "Antwerp, "City of Sudden Death"". V2Rocket.com. Retrieved 2013-04-24. 
  27. ^ Gile, Chester A. (February 1963). "The Mount Hood Explosion". Proceedings (United States Naval Institute). 
  28. ^ a b "Convoy Hi-81 (ヒ81船団)". All Japan Seamen's Union. Retrieved 2011-11-17. 
  29. ^ As Kenneth Branagh is to do over forty years later in his successful remake.
  30. ^ Reed, John (1977). "Largest Wartime Explosions: 21 Maintenance Unit, RAF Fauld, Staffs. November 27, 1944". After the Battle 18: 35–40. ISSN 0306-154X. 
  31. ^ Cressman, Robert J. (2000). The Official Chronology of the U.S. Navy in WWII. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. p. 278. ISBN 978-1-55750-149-3. 
  32. ^ "The Sinking of SS Leopoldville". uboat.net. Retrieved 2010-07-04. 
  33. ^ Until George Balanchine premieres his version in New York in 1954.
  34. ^ Asperger, H. (1991) [1944]. "'Autistic psychopathy' in childhood". In Frith, Uta. Autism and Asperger Syndrome. Cambridge University Press. pp. 37–92. ISBN 0-521-38448-6. 
  35. ^ Guggisberg, Charles Albert Walter (1961). Simba: the life of the lion. Cape Town: Howard Timmins.