This article is about the year 1914. For the board game, see
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1914 ( ) was a MCMXIV common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) in the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday in the Julian calendar. This year saw the beginning of what became known as World War I. Events [edit ] January [edit ]
Main article: January, 1914
January 1 British colonies of Northern and Southern protectorates of Nigeria are merged to form one country. The new country is named " Nigeria" by Flora, Lady Lugard, wife of the governor, Sir Frederick Lugard. The St. Petersburg-Tampa Airboat Line in the United States starts services between St. Petersburg and Tampa, Florida, becoming the first airline to provide scheduled regular commercial passenger services with heavier-than-air aircraft, with Tony Jannus (the first federally-licensed pilot) conveying passengers in a Benoist XIV flying boat. Abram C. Pheil, mayor of St. Petersburg, is the first airline passenger and over 3,000 people witness the first departure. January 5 – Ford Motor Company announces an eight-hour workday and a daily wage of $5. January 9 – The Phi Beta Sigma fraternity is founded by African American students at Howard University in Washington, D.C. January 11 – The Sakurajima volcano in Japan begins to erupt, becoming effusive after a very large earthquake on January 13. The lava flows cause the island which it forms to be linked to the Ōsumi Peninsula. February [edit ] February 2 – Charlie Chaplin makes his film début in the comedy short . Making a Living February 7 – Release of Charlie Chaplin's second film, the Keystone comedy , in which his character of Kid Auto Races at Venice The Tramp is introduced to audiences (although first filmed in , released two days later). Mabel's Strange Predicament [1 ] [2 ] [3 ] February 8 – The Luxembourg national football team has its first victory, beating France 5–4 in a friendly match, for the first and only time in football history. February 10 – Release of the film ; the name of Hearts Adrift Mary Pickford, the star, is displayed above the title on movie marquees. February 13 – Copyright: In New York City the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers is established to protect the copyrighted musical compositions of its members. February 17 ; Karl Staaff steps down as Prime Minister of Sweden in the aftermath of the Courtyard crisis. He is replaced by the public official Hjalmar Hammarskjöld, father of Dag Hammarskjöld. February 26 – The ocean liner that will become HMHS , sister to the Britannic RMS , is launched at the Titanic Harland and Wolff shipyards in Belfast. February 28 – Autonomous Republic of Northern Epirus proclaimed by ethnic Greeks in Northern Epirus. March [edit ] April [edit ] April 4– September 27 – : Voyage of the Komagata Maru incident Komagata Maru from India to Canada. Due to Canadian regulations designed to exclude Asian immigrants the boat is not allowed to dock in Vancouver and is forced to return to Calcutta with all its passengers. April 9 – Tampico Affair, involving United States Navy sailors in Mexico. April 11 April 14– 18 – First International Criminal Police Congress held in Monaco. 24 countries are represented including some from Asia, Europe, and the Americas; the Dean of the Paris Law School is president. April 20 April 21 – United States occupation of Veracruz: 2,300 U.S. Navy sailors and Marines from the South Atlantic fleet land in the port city of Veracruz, Mexico, which they will occupy for over 6 months. The occurs when they attempt to enforce an arms embargo against Mexico by preventing the German cargo steamer Ypiranga incident SS from unloading arms for the Mexican government in the port. Ypiranga April 22 – Mexico ends diplomatic relations with the United States for the time being. May [edit ] June [edit ]
This picture is usually associated with the arrest of
, although some
[6 ] [7 ]
believe it depicts Ferdinand Behr, a bystander.
July [edit ] July 2 – The German Kaiser announces that he will not attend the Archduke's funeral. July 4 July 5 – A council is held at Potsdam, powerful leaders within Austria-Hungary and Germany meet to discuss possibilities of war with Serbia, Russia, and France. July 7 – Austria-Hungary convenes a Council of Ministers, including Ministers for Foreign Affairs and War, the Chief of the General Staff and Naval Commander-in-Chief; the Council lasts from 11.30 a.m. to 6.15 p.m. July 9 – The Emperor of Austria-Hungary receives the report of Austro-Hungarian investigation into the Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria at Sarajevo. The Times publishes an account of the Austro-Hungarian press campaign against the Serbians (who are described as "pestilent rats"). July 10 – Nicholas Hartwig, Russian Minister to Serbia, dies suddenly while visiting Austrian minister Wladimir Giesl von Gieslingen at the Austrian Legation in Belgrade. July 11 July 12 – Supreme Court of the United States justice Horace H. Lurton succumbs to a heart attack at age 70. July 13 – Reports surface of a projected Serbian attack upon the Austro-Hungarian Legation at Belgrade. July 14 – The Government of Ireland Bill completes its passage through the House of Lords of the U.K. It allows Ulster counties to vote on whether or not they wish to participate in Home Rule from Dublin. July 15 – Mexican Revolution: Victoriano Huerta resigns the presidency of Mexico and leaves for Coatzacoalcos, Veracruz. July 18 July 19 – King George V of the United Kingdom summons a conference to discuss the Irish Home Rule problem. This meets from July 21 to 24 without reaching consensus. July 23 – July Ultimatum: Austria-Hungary presents Serbia with an unconditional ultimatum. July 25 – Austria-Hungary severs diplomatic ties with Serbia and begins to mobilize its own forces. Radomir Putnik, Chief of the Serbian General Staff, is arrested in Budapest but subsequently allowed to return to Serbia. July 26 – King's Own Scottish Borderers of the British Army fire on Dubliners on Bachelor's Walk, killing 3 and injuring 38. July 27 – Brother Felix Ysagun Manalo registers the (Church of Christ) with the Iglesia ni Cristo government of the Philippines.
Map of European alliances in 1914
August [edit ] September [edit ] October [edit ] November [edit ] December [edit ] Date unknown [edit ] Births [edit ] January [edit ] January 1 – Noor Inayat Khan, World War II heroine (d. 1944) January 2 – Vivian Stuart (aka Alex Stuart, Barbara Allen, Fiona Finlay, V.A. Stuart, William Stuart Long, Robyn Stuart), British writer (d. 1986) January 4 January 5 – George Reeves, American actor ( Superman) (d. 1959) January 9 – Kenny Clarke, American jazz musician (d. 1985) January 12 – Albrecht von Goertz, German car designer (d. 2006) January 13 – Ted Willis, British television dramatist and author (d. 1992) January 14 – Harold Russell, Canadian actor (d. 2002) January 15 – Hugh Trevor-Roper, Baron Dacre of Glanton, English historian (d. 2003) January 17 January 18 – Arno Schmidt, German author (d. 1979) January 22 – Syd Hartley, English professional association football player (d. 1987) January 26 – Princess Hadice Hayriye Ayshe Dürrühsehvar (d. 2006) January 30 January 31 February [edit ] February 1 – George Nissen, American gymnast and inventor of the trampoline (d. 2010) February 4 – Alfred Andersch, German writer (d. 1980) February 5 February 6 – Thurl Ravenscroft, American voice actor (d. 2005) February 9 February 10 – Larry Adler, American musician (d. 2001) February 11 – Matt Dennis, American singer and songwriter (d. 2002) February 12 – Tex Beneke, American bandleader (d. 2000) February 15 – Kevin McCarthy, American actor (d. 2010) February 16 – Jimmy Wakely, American country-western singer and actor (d. 1982) February 19 – Jacques Dufilho, French comedian and actor (d. 2005) February 20 – Peter Rogers, British film producer (d. 2009) February 21 – Park Su-geun, Korean painter (d. 1965) February 22 – Renato Dulbecco, Italian-born virologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 2012) February 22 – Karl Otto Götz, German painter February 23 – Theofiel Middelkamp, Dutch cyclist (d. 2005) February 24 – Zachary Scott, American actor (d. 1965) March [edit ] March 1 March 2 March 3 March 4 March 6 – Kiril Kondrashin, Russian conductor (d. 1981) March 8 – Yakov Borisovich Zel'dovich, Russian physicist (d. 1987) March 8 – Luh Kunyuan, Chinese Parent of Automobile engine (d. 2008) March 13 – Edward "Butch" O'Hare, American pilot (d. 1943) March 14 March 17 – Sammy Baugh, American football player (d. 2008) March 19 March 25 – Norman Borlaug, American agricultural scientist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 2009) March 26 – William Westmoreland, American Vietnam War general (d. 2005) March 27 – Budd Schulberg, American screenwriter (d. 2009) March 28 – Edmund Muskie, American politician (d. 1996) March 30 – Sonny Boy Williamson I, American musician (d. 1948) March 31 – Octavio Paz, Mexican diplomat and writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1998) April [edit ] May [edit ] June [edit ] July [edit ] July 2 July 5 – Gerda Gilboe, Danish actress (d. 2009) July 6 – Vincent J. McMahon, professional wrestling promoter (d. 1984) July 8 July 9 Willi Stoph, Prime Minister (1964-1973, 1976-1989) and Chairman of the Council of State (1973-1976) of the GDR (d. 1999) July 10 July 11 – Aníbal Troilo, Argentine tango musician (d. 1975) July 14 – George Putnam, American reporter and talk show host (d. 2008) July 15 July 19 July 20 July 23 – Virgil Finlay, American artist (d. 1971) July 24 – Ed Mirvish, Canadian businessman and philanthropist (d. 2007) July 25 – Lionel Van Deerlin, American politician (d. 2008) July 27 – Gusti Huber, Austrian actress (d. 1993) July 29 – Irwin Corey, American actor and comic July 30 – Michael Morris, 3rd Baron Killanin, Irish president of the International Olympic Committee (d. 1999) August [edit ] September [edit ] September 2 – Lord George-Brown, British politician (d. 1985) September 5 September 7 – James Van Allen, American physicist (d. 2006) September 10 – Robert Wise, American film producer (d. 2005) September 11 – Pavle, Patriarch of Serbia, leader of the Serbian Orthodox Church (d. 2009) September 12 September 13 – Ralph Rapson, American architect (d. 2008) September 14 September 15 September 16 – Allen Funt, American television show host ( Candid Camera) (d. 1999) September 17 – Thomas J. Bata, Czech-born businessman (d. 2008) September 18 – Jack Cardiff, British cinematographer, director, and photographer (d. 2009) September 20 September 21 – Bob Lido, American singer and musician (d. 2000) September 23 September 24 – Andrzej Panufnik, Polish-born British musician and composer (d. 1991) September 26 – Jack LaLanne, American fitness, exercise and nutritional expert (d. 2011) October [edit ] October 1 – Daniel J. Boorstin, American historian, writer, and Librarian of Congress (d. 2004) October 2 – Jack Parsons, American rocket engineer (d. 1952) October 4 – Jim Cairns, Australian politician (d. 2003) October 6 – Thor Heyerdahl, Norwegian explorer (d. 2002) October 7 – Begum Akhtar, Indian singer (d. 1974) October 8 – Henry C. Pearson, American abstract and modernist painter (d. 2006) October 10 – Tommy Fine, baseball player (d. 2005) October 14 October 16 – Mohammed Zahir Shah, King of Afghanistan (d. 2007) October 17 – Jerry Siegel, American comic book author (d. 1996) October 19 – Juanita Moore, American actress (d. 2014) October 21 – Martin Gardner, American writer (d. 2010) October 25 October 26 – Jackie Coogan, American actor (d. 1984) October 27 – Dylan Thomas, Welsh poet and author (d. 1953) October 28 October 30 – Anna Wing, English actress (EastEnders) (d. 2013) November [edit ] December [edit ] December 2 December 7 – Alberto Castillo, Argentine tango singer and actor (d. 2002) December 9 – Frances Reid, American actress (d. 2010) December 10 – Dorothy Lamour, American actress and singer (d. 1996) December 12 – Patrick O'Brian, British novelist (d. 2000) December 14 – Rosalyn Tureck, American pianist and harpsichordist (d. 2003) December 15 – Anatole Abragam, French physicist (d. 2011) December 19 – Dietrich Hrabak, German World War II flying ace (d. 1995) December 20 – Harry F. Byrd, Jr., American politician (d. 2013) December 24 – Herbert Reinecker, German writer (d. 2007) December 25 – Abelardo Raidi, Venezuelan sportswriter and radio broadcaster (d. 2002) December 26 – Richard Widmark, American actor (d. 2008) December 28 – Bidia Dandaron, Buddhist author and teacher in the USSR (d. 1974) December 29 – Billy Tipton, American musician (d. 1989) December 30 – Bert Parks, American singer and actor ( Miss America Pageant) (d. 1992) Date unknown [edit ] Deaths [edit ] January–June [edit ] January 8 – Simon Bolivar Buckner, American soldier and politician and Confederate soldier (b. 1823) January 11 – Carl Jacobsen, Danish brewer and patron of the arts (b. 1842) January 13 – Valentin Zubiaurre, Spanish composer and professor of the Madrid Royal Conservatory (b. 1837) January 16 – Ito Sukeyuki, Japanese admiral (b. 1843) January 18 – Georges Picquart, French general and politician (b. 1854) February 20 – Federico Degetau, Puerto Rican politician (b. 1862) February 24 – Joshua Chamberlain, American Civil War general (b. 1828) February 25 – John Tenniel, English illustrator (b. 1820) March 1 – Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 4th Earl of Minto (b. 1845) March 6 – George Washington Vanderbilt II, American businessman (b. 1862) March 12 – George Westinghouse, American entrepreneur (b. 1846) March 16 – Charles Albert Gobat, Swiss politician, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1843) March 19 – Giuseppe Mercalli, Italian volcanologist (b. 1850) March 25 – Frédéric Mistral, French writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1830) April 1 – Rube Waddell, American baseball player and MLB Hall of Famer (b. 1876) April 2 – Paul von Heyse, German writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1830) April 7 – Mohammad Ayyub Khan, former Emir of Afghanistan (b. 1855) April 19 – Empress Shōken, empress-consort of the Meiji Emperor (b. 1849) April 26 – Eduard Suess, Austrian geologist (b. 1831) May 2 – John Campbell, 9th Duke of Argyll, husband of Princess Louise of the United Kingdom (b. 1845) May 8 – Seth Edulji Dinshaw, Pakistani philanthropist May 23 – Gustav Hamel, pioneer aviator, carried first airmail (b. 1889) May 26 – Jacob Riis, Danish-American social reformer (b. 1849) June 11 – Adolf Friedrich V, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (b. 1848) June 14 – Adlai E. Stevenson, Vice President of the United States (b. 1835) June 15 – John Robert Sitlington Sterrett, American classical scholar and archeologist (b. 1851) June 19 – Brandon Thomas, British actor and playwright ( Charley's Aunt) (b. 1848) June 21 – Bertha von Suttner, Austrian writer and pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1843) June 28 July–December [edit ] July 2 – Joseph Chamberlain, British politician (b. 1836) July 17 – Luis Uribe, Chilean naval hero (b. 1847) July 31 – Jean Jaurès, French pacifist (assassinated) (b. 1859) August 4 – Hubertine Auclert, French feminist (b. 1848) August 6 – Ellen Axson Wilson, First Lady of the United States (b. 1860) August 8 August 9 – Roque Sáenz Peña, President of Argentina (b. 1851) August 12 – John Philip Holland, Irish developer of the submarine (b. 1840) August 20 – Pope Pius X (b. 1835) August 26 – Achille Pierre Deffontaines, French general (died of wounds received in action) (b. 1858) August 27 – Eugen Böhm von Bawerk, Austrian economist (b. 1851) August 30 – Aleksander Samsonov, Russian general (suicide) (b. 1859) September 3 – Albéric Magnard, French composer (b. 1865) September 8 – Hans Leybold, German nihilist poet (b. 1892) September 11 – Ismail Gasprinski, Crimean Tatar intellectual (b. 1851) September 22 – Alain-Fournier, French writer (killed in action) (b. 1886) September 26 – August Macke, German painter (killed in action) (b. 1887) September 28 – Richard Warren Sears, American founder of Sears, Roebuck and Company (b. 1863) October 1 – Kitty Lange Kielland, Norwegian painter (b. 1843) October 10 – King Carol I of Romania (b. 1839) October 19 – Julio Argentino Roca, Argentine general and statesman, former President of the Republic (b. 1843) October 23 – José Evaristo Uriburu, Argentine politician, former President of the Republic (b. 1831) October 25 – Charles W. H. Douglas, British Army general (b. 1850) November 1 – Christopher Cradock, British admiral (killed in action) (b. 1862) November 2 – Heinrich Burkhardt, German mathematician (b. 1861) November 3 – Georg Trakl, Austrian poet (suicide) (b. 1887) November 11 – A. E. J. Collins, British cricketer and soldier (killed in action) (b. 1885) November 12 – Augusto dos Anjos, Brazilian poet (b. 1884) November 14 – Frederick Roberts, 1st Earl Roberts, British field marshal (b. 1832) [16 ] November 19 – Robert Jones Burdette, American minister and sentimental humorist (b. 1844) November 21 – Thaddeus C. Pound, American businessman and politician (b. 1833) December 1 – Alfred Thayer Mahan, United States Navy admiral and American geostrategist and historian (b. 1840) December 8 – Maximilian von Spee, German admiral (killed in action) (b. 1861) December 24 – John Muir, American naturalist (b. 1838) Nobel Prizes [edit ] References [edit ] ^ Blanke, David (2002). The 1910s. American popular culture through history (Illustrated ed.). Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing. p. 226. ISBN 978-0-313-31251-9. ^ Robinson, David (1986) [First published 1985]. . London: Paladin. p. 113. Chaplin: His Life and Art ISBN 0-586-08544-0. ^ Chaplin, Charles (2003) [First published 1964]. . London: Penguin Classics. p. 145. My Autobiography ISBN 0-141-01147-5. ^ Adams, Charles Henry (1914-03-26). "New York Day By Day". The (St. Petersburg, Florida). p. 7 Evening Independent . Retrieved 2014-07-14. ^ 1914-06-17 p. 1. The Atlanta Constitution ^ Finestone, Jeffrey; Massie, Robert K. (1981). . Dent. p. 247. The Last Courts of Europe ^ Smith, David James (2010). . Hachette UK. "He was photographed on the way to the station and the photograph has been reproduced many times in books and articles, claiming to depict the arrest of Gavrilo Princip. But there is no photograph of Gavro's arrest - this photograph shows the arrest of Behr." One Morning In Sarajevo ^ "International exhibition became known as a city". . 2013-07-09 Bristol Post . Retrieved 2014-01-28. ^ "Plan Big Meeting For Dead Bomb Men: Demonstration in Union Square by Anti-Militarist League Announced for Tomorrow" (pdf). (Adolph Ochs). 1914-07-10. p. 1 The New York Times . Retrieved 2008-07-13. ^ "August 1914". WarChron. 2007 . Retrieved 2014-07-16. ^ "The First Shot of World War I". Coastal Defences of Colonial Victoria. 1997 . Retrieved 2012-10-21. ^ a b "The Gold Coast Mobilized, A Proud Record: The case of Sergeant Grunshi". (48572) (London). 1940-03-25. p. 7. The Times ^ Thompson, J. Lee (2007). Forgotten Patriot: a life of Alfred, Viscount Milner of St. James's and Cape Town, 1854-1925. Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press. p. 311. ISBN 0-8386-4121-0. ^ Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0. ^ "Egypt: a constitution". . 1923-04-28 Time . Retrieved 2012-08-24. ^ "Rugby Union Footballers are Doing their Duty. Over 90% Have Enlisted. British Athletes! Will You Follow this Glorious Example?". . 1915 World Digital Library . Retrieved 2013-10-27. External links [edit ]
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