This article is about the year 1782.
Year 1782 (MDCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar.
- January 7 – The first American commercial bank (Bank of North America) opens.
- January 15 – Superintendent of Finance Robert Morris goes before the U.S. Congress to recommend establishment of a national mint and decimal coinage.
- January 23 – Laird of Johnstone, George Ludovic Houston invites people to buy marked plots of land which, when built upon, form the planned town of Johnstone, Scotland, to provide employment for his thread and cotton mills.
- February 5
- March 8 In Ohio, the Gnadenhutten massacre of Native Americans takes place in which 29 men, 27 women, and 34 children are killed by white militiamen in retaliation for raids carried out by another Native American group.
- March 14 – Battle of Wuchale: Emperor Tekle Giyorgis pacifies a group of Oromo near Wuchale.
- March 27 – Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
- March 31 (Easter Sunday) – Mission San Buenaventura is founded in Las Californias, part of the Spanish Viceroyalty of New Spain.
- January 5 – Robert Morrison, Scottish Protestant missionary to China (d. 1834)
- January 18 – Daniel Webster, American statesman (d. 1852)
- March 4 – Johann Rudolf Wyss, Swiss writer (d. 1830)
- March 13 – Sir Robert Bateson, 1st Baronet, Irish nobility (d. 1863)
- March 18 – John C. Calhoun, 7th Vice President of the United States (d. 1850)
- July 3 – Pierre Berthier, French geologist (d. 1861)
- July 26 – John Field, Irish composer (d. 1837)
- October 27 – Nicolò Paganini, Italian violinist and composer (d. 1840)
- November 1 – Frederick John Robinson, 1st Viscount Goderich, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1859)
- December 5 – Martin Van Buren, 8th President of the United States (d. 1862)
- date unknown
- January 2 – Johann Christian Bach, German composer (b. 1735)
- January 4 – Ange-Jacques Gabriel, French architect (b. 1698)
- February 9 – Joseph Aloysius Assemani, Syrian orientalist (b. 1710)
- February 10 – Friedrich Christoph Oetinger, German theologian (b. 1702)
- March 17 – Daniel Bernoulli, Dutch-born mathematical physicist (b. 1700)
- April 13 – Metastasio, Italian poet and librettist (b. 1698)
- c.April 24? – Anne Bonny, Irish-born pirate in the Caribbean (b. 1702)
- April 28 – William Talbot, 1st Earl Talbot, English politician (b. 1710)
- May 15 – Marquis of Pombal, Portuguese prime minister (b. 1699)
- May 16 – Daniel Solander, Swedish botanist (b. 1736)
- May 20 – William Emerson, English mathematician (b. 1701)
- May – Richard Wilson, Welsh painter (b. 1714)
- June 11 – William Crawford, American soldier and surveyor, tortured and burned at the stake by native Americans (b. 1732)
- June 18 – John Wood, the Younger, English architect (b. 1728)
- July 1 – Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1730)
- July 2 – Jean-Jacques Rousseau, French philosopher (b. 1712)
- July 15 – Farinelli, Italian castrato (b. 1705)
- August 31 – George Croghan, American colonist
- December 27 – Henry Home, Lord Kames, Scottish advocate and philosopher (b. 1697)
- December – Hyder Ali, Indian general and Sultan of Mysore
- ^ Costin, W. C.; Watson, J. Steven, ed. (1952). The Law and Working of the Constitution: Documents 1660-1914. I (1660-1783). London: A. & C. Black. p. 147.
- ^ Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 334–335. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.