This article is about the year 1774.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to . 1774 Year 1774 ( ) was a MDCCLXXIV common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar. Events [edit ] January–June [edit ] January 21 – Mustafa III, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire dies and is succeeded by his brother Abdul Hamid I. January 27 – An angry crowd in Boston, Massachusetts seizes, tars and feathers British customs collector and Loyalist John Malcolm for striking a boy and a shoemaker, George Hewes, with his cane. March 31 – Intolerable Acts: The British Parliament passes the Boston Port Act, closing the port of Boston, Massachusetts as punishment for the Boston Tea Party. April 17 – The first avowedly Unitarian congregation, Essex Street Chapel, is founded in London by Theophilus Lindsey. May 10 – Louis XVI becomes King of France following the death of his grandfather, Louis XV. June 2 – Intolerable Acts: A new Quartering Act, requiring American colonists to provide better housing for British soldiers upon demand, is passed. June 16/ 17 – English explorer James Cook becomes the first European to sight (and name) Palmerston Island in the Pacific Ocean. June 20 (June 9 O.S.) – Russo-Turkish War (1768–74): Battle of Kozludzha – The Imperial Russian Army led by Alexander Suvorov routs numerically superior Ottoman Empire forces. June 22 – The British pass the Quebec Act, setting out rules of governance for the colony of Quebec in British North America. July–December [edit ] Date unknown [edit ] Births [edit ] February 11 – Hans Järta, Swedish political activist and administrator (d. 1847) February 24 – Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge (d. 1850) March 9 – Mayhew Folger, whaler, captain of , rediscovered Topaz Pitcairn Islands in 1808 (d. 1828) March 16 – Captain Matthew Flinders, English explorer (d. 1814) April 21 – Jean-Baptiste Biot, French physicist, astronomer, and mathematician (d. 1862) April 24 – Jean Marc Gaspard Itard, French physician (d. 1838) July 20 – Auguste de Marmont, French marshal (d. 1852) August 12 – Robert Southey, English poet and biographer (d. 1843) August 18 – Meriwether Lewis, American explorer, soldier and public administrator (d. 1809) August 28 – Elizabeth Ann Seton, co-founder of Mount St. Mary's University, founder of the Sisters of Charity (d. 1821) September 5 – Caspar David Friedrich, German artist (d. 1840) September 26 – Johnny Appleseed (John Chapman), nurseryman/missionary planted apple-tree nurseries in Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois (d. 1847) date unknown Deaths [edit ] January 21 – Mustafa III, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1717) January 30 – František Tůma, Czech composer (b. 1704) February 4 – Charles Marie de La Condamine, French mathematician and geographer (b. 1701) February 10 – Florian Leopold Gassmann, German composer (b. 1729) April 4 – Oliver Goldsmith, English writer (b. 1730) May 4 – Anthony Ulrich II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (b. 1714) May 10 – King Louis XV of France (b. 1710) July 1 – Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland, English statesman (b. 1705) July 11 – Sir William Johnson, 1st Baronet, Irish-born New York pioneer July 14 – James O'Hara, 2nd Baron Tyrawley, British field marshal (b. 1682) August 11 – Charles-François Tiphaigne de la Roche, French writer (b. 1722) August 14 – Johann Jakob Reiske, German scholar and physician (b. 1716) August 25 – Niccolò Jommelli, Italian composer (b. 1714) September 22 – Pope Clement XIV (b. 1705) September 25 – John Bradstreet, Canadian-born soldier (b. 1714) October 16 – Robert Fergusson, Scottish poet (b. 1750) October 23 – Michel Benoist, French Jesuit missionary and scientist (b. 1715) October 26 – Roemer Vlacq II, Dutch vice-admiral (b. 1712) November 22 – Robert Clive, British general and statesman (b. 1725) December 2 – Johann Friedrich Agricola, German composer (b. 1720) December 16 – François Quesnay, French economist (b. 1694) Date unknown [edit ] Martinez de Pasqually, French freemason (birth date unknown) References [edit ] Further reading [edit ]