This article is about the year 1562.
Cornelis Aerentsz van der Dussen
by Jan van Scorel (c.1535) Panel, Weiss Gallery, London
Year 1562 (MDLXII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
- July 12 – Fray Diego de Landa, acting Bishop of Yucatan, burns the sacred books of the Maya.
- September 20 – Treaty of Hampton Court between Queen Elizabeth I of England and Huguenot leader Louis, Prince of Condé.
- September 22 – Maximilian, son of the Emperor Ferdinand I, succeeds as King of Bohemia.
- October – John Hawkins initiates the English trans-Atlantic slave trade, shipping slaves from Sierra Leone on the Guinea Coast to Hispaniola in the Caribbean. As a result, the Spanish prohibit English ships from trading at their new world ports.
- October 4 – English forces under Ambrose Dudley, 3rd Earl of Warwick, land at Le Havre to aid the Huguenots.
- October 26 – Rouen is captured by Royalist forces under Antoine de Bourbon, King of Navarre, who is mortally wounded.
- November 5 – In Scotland, the rebellion of George Gordon, Earl of Huntly is crushed by James Stewart, Earl of Moray, at the Battle of Corrichie.
- November 20 – Maximilian of Bohemia is elected King of the Romans.
- December 19 – Battle of Dreux: Huguenot forces under Condé and Coligny, and Catholic forces under the ageing Anne, duc de Montmorency, and Francis, Duke of Guise, fight a bloody battle, narrowly won by the Catholic side. The official leaders of both armies (Condé and Montmorency) are captured in the battle.
- January – Penelope Blount, Countess of Devonshire (d. 1607)
- January 12 – Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy (d. 1630)
- January 13 – Mark Alexander Boyd, Scottish poet and soldier of fortune (d. 1601)
- January 20 – Ottavio Rinuccini, Italian composer (d. 1621)
- April or May – Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck, Dutch composer (d. 1621)
- May 6 – Pietro Bernini, Italian sculptor (d. 1629)
- July 25 – Katō Kiyomasa, Japanese samurai (d. 1611)
- August 17 – (baptised) – Hans Leo Hassler, German composer (d. 1612)
- October 4 – Christian Sørensen Longomontanus, Danish astronomer (d. 1647)
- October 19 – George Abbot, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1633)
- November 25 – Lope de Vega, Spanish poet and dramatist (d. 1635)
- date unknown
- Isabella Andreini, Italian actress (d. 1604)
- John Bull, English composer (d. 1628)
- Henry Constable, English poet (d. 1613)
- Samuel Daniel, English poet and historian (d. 1619)
- Francis Godwin, English writer and prelate (d. 1633)
- George Gordon, 1st Marquess of Huntly (d. 1636)
- Juan de Jáuregui, attempted assassin of William I of Orange (d. 1582)
- Natsuka Masaie, Japanese daimyo (d. 1600)
- Richard Neile, English churchman (d. 1640)
- Henry Spelman, English antiquary (d. 1641)
- Maeda Toshinaga, Japanese nobleman (d. 1614)
- Cornelis van Haarlem, Dutch painter (d. 1638)
- Xu Guangqi, Chinese agronomist, astronomer, and mathematician (d. 1633)
- January – Ilie II Rareş, Prince of Moldavia (b. 1531)
- January 9 – Amago Haruhisa, Japanese samurai and warlord (b. 1514)
- January 25 – Charles Wriothesley, officer of arms (b. 1508)
- May 14 – Lelio Sozzini, Italian Protestant theologian (b. 1525)
- July 23 – Götz von Berlichingen, German knight and mercenary (b. 1480)
- October 9 – Gabriele Falloppio, Italian anatomist (b. 1523)
- October 13 – Claudin de Sermisy, French composer (b. 1495)
- October – George Gordon, 4th Earl of Huntly (b. 1514)
- November 12 – Pietro Martire Vermigli, Italian theologian (b. 1500)
- November 17 – Antoine de Bourbon, father of Henry IV of France (b. 1518)
- December 6 – Jan van Scorel, Dutch painter (b. 1495)
- December 7 – Adrian Willaert, Flemish composer (b. c. 1490)
- December 17 – Eleonora di Toledo, Grand Duchess of Tuscany (b. 1522)
- date unknown
- probable - Lutfi Pasha, poet and juridical scholar of slave origin