This article is about the year 1562.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1562.|Cornelis Aerentsz van der Dussen
by Jan van Scorel (c.1535) Panel, Weiss Gallery, London
Year 1562 (MDLXII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
- January 6 – Shane O'Neill of Tyrone pleads his cause at the Palace of Whitehall in London before Queen Elizabeth I of England, who recognises his status. He returns to Ireland on May 26 and resumes his rebellious activities by November.
- January 17 – Huguenots are recognized under the Edict of Saint-Germain.
- January 18 – First performance of Thomas Norton and Thomas Sackville's play Gorboduc before Queen Elizabeth I of England. It is the first known English tragedy and the first English language play to employ blank verse.
- March 1 – Over 80(?) Huguenots are massacred by the ultra-Catholic Francis, Duke of Guise in Wassy-sur-Blaise, marking the start of the First War of Religion in France. Protestant forces led by Louis I de Bourbon, Prince de Condé and Gaspard de Coligny quickly seize control of Orléans, Rouen, and other cities throughout France.
- March – English merchant Anthony Jenkinson has an audience with Ivan the Terrible in Moscow before continuing his second expedition through the Grand Duchy of Moscow to Qazvin, capital of the Safavid dynasty in Persia.
- May 1 – Jean Ribault, French navigator, lands in Florida and later establishes a Huguenot colony at Charlesfort on Parris Island, off the coast of South Carolina.
- July 12 – Fray Diego de Landa, acting Bishop of Yucatan, burns the sacred books of the Maya.
- September 20 – Treaty of Hampton Court between Queen Elizabeth I of England and Huguenot leader Louis, Prince of Condé.
- September 22 – Maximilian, son of the Emperor Ferdinand I, succeeds as King of Bohemia.
- October – John Hawkins initiates the English trans-Atlantic slave trade, shipping slaves from Sierra Leone on the Guinea Coast to Hispaniola in the Caribbean. As a result, the Spanish prohibit English ships from trading at their new world ports.
- October 4 – English forces under Ambrose Dudley, 3rd Earl of Warwick, land at Le Havre to aid the Huguenots.
- October 26 – Rouen is captured by Royalist forces under Antoine de Bourbon, King of Navarre, who is mortally wounded.
- November 5 – In Scotland, the rebellion of George Gordon, Earl of Huntly is crushed by James Stewart, Earl of Moray, at the Battle of Corrichie.
- November 20 – Maximilian of Bohemia is elected King of the Romans.
- December 19 – Battle of Dreux: Huguenot forces under Condé and Coligny, and Catholic forces under the ageing Anne, duc de Montmorency, and Francis, Duke of Guise, fight a bloody battle, narrowly won by the Catholic side. The official leaders of both armies (Condé and Montmorency) are captured in the battle.
- January – Penelope Blount, Countess of Devonshire (d. 1607)
- January 12 – Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy (d. 1630)
- January 13 – Mark Alexander Boyd, Scottish poet and soldier of fortune (d. 1601)
- January 20 – Ottavio Rinuccini, Italian composer (d. 1621)
- April or May – Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck, Dutch composer (d. 1621)
- May 6 – Pietro Bernini, Italian sculptor (d. 1629)
- July 25 – Katō Kiyomasa, Japanese samurai (d. 1611)
- August 17 – (baptised) – Hans Leo Hassler, German composer (d. 1612)
- October 4 – Christian Sørensen Longomontanus, Danish astronomer (d. 1647)
- October 19 – George Abbot, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1633)
- November 25 – Lope de Vega, Spanish poet and dramatist (d. 1635)
- date unknown
- Isabella Andreini, Italian actress (d. 1604)
- John Bull, English composer (d. 1628)
- Henry Constable, English poet (d. 1613)
- Samuel Daniel, English poet and historian (d. 1619)
- Francis Godwin, English writer and prelate (d. 1633)
- George Gordon, 1st Marquess of Huntly (d. 1636)
- Juan de Jáuregui, attempted assassin of William I of Orange (d. 1582)
- Natsuka Masaie, Japanese daimyo (d. 1600)
- Richard Neile, English churchman (d. 1640)
- Henry Spelman, English antiquary (d. 1641)
- Maeda Toshinaga, Japanese nobleman (d. 1614)
- Cornelis van Haarlem, Dutch painter (d. 1638)
- Xu Guangqi, Chinese agronomist, astronomer, and mathematician (d. 1633)
- January – Ilie II Rareş, Prince of Moldavia (b. 1531)
- January 9 – Amago Haruhisa, Japanese samurai and warlord (b. 1514)
- January 25 – Charles Wriothesley, officer of arms (b. 1508)
- May 14 – Lelio Sozzini, Italian Protestant theologian (b. 1525)
- July 23 – Götz von Berlichingen, German knight and mercenary (b. 1480)
- October 9 – Gabriele Falloppio, Italian anatomist (b. 1523)
- October 13 – Claudin de Sermisy, French composer (b. 1495)
- October – George Gordon, 4th Earl of Huntly (b. 1514)
- November 12 – Pietro Martire Vermigli, Italian theologian (b. 1500)
- November 17 – Antoine de Bourbon, father of Henry IV of France (b. 1518)
- December 6 – Jan van Scorel, Dutch painter (b. 1495)
- December 7 – Adrian Willaert, Flemish composer (b. c. 1490)
- December 17 – Eleonora di Toledo, Grand Duchess of Tuscany (b. 1522)
- date unknown
- probable - Lutfi Pasha, poet and juridical scholar of slave origin