10th United States Congress

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10th United States Congress
USCapitol1800.jpg
United States Capitol (1800)

Duration: March 4, 1807 – March 4, 1809

Senate President:George Clinton
Senate Pres. pro tem:Samuel Smith
Stephen R. Bradley
John Milledge
House Speaker:Joseph Bradley Varnum
Members:34 Senators
142 Representatives
3 Non-voting members
Senate Majority:Democratic-Republican
House Majority:Democratic-Republican

Sessions
1st: October 26, 1807 – April 25, 1808
2nd: November 7, 1808 – March 3, 1809
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10th United States Congress
USCapitol1800.jpg
United States Capitol (1800)

Duration: March 4, 1807 – March 4, 1809

Senate President:George Clinton
Senate Pres. pro tem:Samuel Smith
Stephen R. Bradley
John Milledge
House Speaker:Joseph Bradley Varnum
Members:34 Senators
142 Representatives
3 Non-voting members
Senate Majority:Democratic-Republican
House Majority:Democratic-Republican

Sessions
1st: October 26, 1807 – April 25, 1808
2nd: November 7, 1808 – March 3, 1809
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The Tenth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1807 to March 4, 1809, during the seventh and eighth years of Thomas Jefferson's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Second Census of the United States in 1800. Both chambers had an overwhelming Democratic-Republican majority.

Major events[edit]

President of the Senate George Clinton
President pro tempore
Stephen R. Bradley
Speaker of the House
Joseph B. Varnum

Major legislation[edit]

Territories organized[edit]

Party summary[edit]

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate[edit]

Party
(Shading shows control)
TotalVacant
Democratic-
Republican

(DR)
Federalist
(F)
End of the previous congress277340
Begin286340
End
Final voting share82.4%17.6%
Beginning of the next congress267330

House of Representatives[edit]

Party
(Shading shows control)
TotalVacant
Democratic-
Republican

(DR)
Federalist
(F)
End of the previous congress113281411
Begin115251402
End271420
Final voting share81.0%19.0%
Beginning of the next congress95471420

Leadership[edit]

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Members[edit]

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate[edit]

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 Senators' terms ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1808; Class 2 Senators' terms began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1810; and Class 3 Senators' terms began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1812.

Connecticut[edit]

Delaware[edit]

Georgia[edit]

Kentucky[edit]

Maryland[edit]

Massachusetts[edit]

New Hampshire[edit]

New Jersey[edit]

New York[edit]

North Carolina[edit]

Ohio[edit]

Pennsylvania[edit]

Rhode Island[edit]

South Carolina[edit]

Tennessee[edit]

Vermont[edit]

Virginia[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Connecticut[edit]

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

Delaware[edit]

Georgia[edit]

Kentucky[edit]

Maryland[edit]

The 5th district was a plural district with two representatives.

Massachusetts[edit]

New Hampshire[edit]

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

New Jersey[edit]

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

New York[edit]

North Carolina[edit]

Ohio[edit]

Pennsylvania[edit]

There were four plural districts, the 1st, 2nd, & 3rd had three representatives each, the 4th had two representatives.

Rhode Island[edit]

Both representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

South Carolina[edit]

Tennessee[edit]

Vermont[edit]

Virginia[edit]

Non-voting members[edit]

Changes in membership[edit]

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate[edit]

There were 5 resignations, 2 deaths, and 1 interim appointment. Neither party had a net change.


State
(class)
VacatorReason for changeSuccessorDate of successor's
formal installation
Georgia
(2)
Abraham Baldwin (DR)Died March 4, 1807George Jones (DR)Appointed August 27, 1807
Connecticut
(3)
Uriah Tracy (F)Died July 19, 1807Chauncey Goodrich (F)Seated October 25, 1807
Rhode Island
(2)
James Fenner (DR)Resigned September, 1807 to become Governor of Rhode IslandElisha Mathewson (DR)Seated October 26, 1807
Vermont
(1)
Israel Smith (DR)Resigned October 1, 1807 to become Governor of VermontJonathan Robinson (DR)Seated October 10, 1807
Georgia
(2)
George Jones (DR)Successor elected November 7, 1807William H. Crawford (DR)Seated November 7, 1807
Ohio
(1)
John Smith (DR)Resigned April 25, 1808Return J. Meigs, Jr. (DR)Seated December 12, 1808
Massachusetts
(1)
John Quincy Adams (F)Resigned June 8, 1808James Lloyd (F)Seated June 9, 1808
Pennsylvania
(1)
Samuel Maclay (DR)Resigned January 4, 1809Michael Leib (DR)Seated January 9, 1809

House of Representatives[edit]

Of the voting members, there were 4 resignations, 4 deaths, and 2 vacancies from the beginning of this Congress. Democratic-Republicans had no net change and Federalists picked up 2 seats.


DistrictVacatorReason for changeSuccessorDate successor
seated
South Carolina
6th
VacantLevi Casey (DR) died before the end of the preceding CongressJoseph Calhoun (DR)Seated June 2, 1807
Delaware
At-large
VacantJames M. Broom (F) resigned before the beginning of this CongressNicholas Van Dyke (F)Seated October 6, 1807
Massachusetts
12th
Barnabas Bidwell (DR)Resigned July 13, 1807 after becoming Attorney General of MassachusettsEzekiel Bacon (DR)Seated September 16, 1807
North Carolina
7th
John Culpepper (F)Seat declared vacant January 2, 1808John Culpepper (F)Seated February 23, 1808
New Jersey
At-large
Ezra Darby (DR)Died January 27, 1808Adam Boyd (DR)Seated March 8, 1808
Indiana Territory
At-large
Benjamin Parke
Resigned March 1, 1808Jesse B. ThomasOctober 22, 1808
Pennsylvania
1st
Joseph Clay (DR)Resigned March 28, 1808Benjamin Say (DR)Seated November 16, 1808
Massachusetts
2nd
Jacob Crowninshield (DR)Died April 15, 1808Joseph Story (DR)Seated May 23, 1808
New York
12th
David Thomas (DR)Resigned May 1, 1808 after becoming New York State TreasurerNathan Wilson (DR)November 7, 1808
Vermont
1st
James Witherell (DR)Resigned May 1, 1808 after becoming judge of Supreme Court for Michigan TerritorySamuel Shaw (DR)Seated September 6, 1808
Rhode Island
At-large
Nehemiah Knight (DR)Died June 13, 1808Richard Jackson, Jr. (F)Seated November 11, 1808
Virginia
17th
John Claiborne (DR)Died October 9, 1808Thomas Gholson, Jr. (DR)Seated November 7, 1808

Employees[edit]

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]