.338 Federal

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.338 Federal
338 Federal cartridges.jpg
.338 Federal between .308 Winchester (left) and .358 Winchester (right)
TypeRifle
Place of originUSA
Production history
DesignerFederal Cartridge / Sako
ManufacturerFederal Cartridge
Produced2006
Specifications
Parent case.308 Winchester
Case typeRimless, bottleneck
Bullet diameter.338 in (8.6 mm)
Neck diameter.369 in (9.4 mm)
Shoulder diameter.454 in (11.5 mm)
Base diameter.470 in (11.9 mm)
Rim diameter.473 in (12.0 mm)
Rim thickness.049 in (1.2 mm)
Case length2.01 in (51 mm)
Overall length2.75 in (70 mm)
Primer typeLarge rifle
Maximum pressure62,000 psi
Ballistic performance
Bullet weight/typeVelocityEnergy
180 gr (12 g) Accubond2,830 ft/s (860 m/s)3,202 ft·lbf (4,341 J)
185 gr (12 g) TSX2,750 ft/s (840 m/s)3,107 ft·lbf (4,213 J)
210 gr (14 g) Nos Part2,630 ft/s (800 m/s)3,226 ft·lbf (4,374 J)
Source(s): Cartridges of the World [1]
 
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.338 Federal
338 Federal cartridges.jpg
.338 Federal between .308 Winchester (left) and .358 Winchester (right)
TypeRifle
Place of originUSA
Production history
DesignerFederal Cartridge / Sako
ManufacturerFederal Cartridge
Produced2006
Specifications
Parent case.308 Winchester
Case typeRimless, bottleneck
Bullet diameter.338 in (8.6 mm)
Neck diameter.369 in (9.4 mm)
Shoulder diameter.454 in (11.5 mm)
Base diameter.470 in (11.9 mm)
Rim diameter.473 in (12.0 mm)
Rim thickness.049 in (1.2 mm)
Case length2.01 in (51 mm)
Overall length2.75 in (70 mm)
Primer typeLarge rifle
Maximum pressure62,000 psi
Ballistic performance
Bullet weight/typeVelocityEnergy
180 gr (12 g) Accubond2,830 ft/s (860 m/s)3,202 ft·lbf (4,341 J)
185 gr (12 g) TSX2,750 ft/s (840 m/s)3,107 ft·lbf (4,213 J)
210 gr (14 g) Nos Part2,630 ft/s (800 m/s)3,226 ft·lbf (4,374 J)
Source(s): Cartridges of the World [1]

The .338 Federal is a rifle cartridge based on the .308 Winchester case necked up to .33 caliber. It was created by Federal Cartridge and Sako in 2006 and intended as a big game cartridge with reasonable recoil for lightweight rifles.[1]

Comparison[edit]

In terms of performance, the .338 Federal compares favorably with cartridges that have similar capacities and purposes. It has less recoil yet similar muzzle velocity and energy compared to the 7mm Remington Magnum in bullets of the same weight while having greater energy than the .30-06 Springfield. The .300 Winchester Magnum is also a worthwhile comparison despite the .300's considerably higher recoil. Also included in the table below is the older .358 Winchester, another cartridge based on the .308.

.338 Federal Performance Comparison
CartridgeBullet WeightMuzzle velocityMuzzle energyLoad[a]Recoil in 8 lb (3.6 kg) rifle
grgft/sm/sft·lbfJgrgft·lbfJ
.338 Federal210142,6308003,2264,374473.021.7129.43
.338 Federal180122,8308603,2024,341473.019.2726.13
7mm Rem Mag17511.32,8608703,1784,309634.122.4430.42
.300 Win Mag180122,9609003,5024,748734.727.1236.77
.30-06180122,7508403,0224,097563.620.4827.77
.308 Win180122,6007902,7033,665452.916.0221.72
.358 Win200132,4907602,7533,733493.219.0825.87

Rifles[edit]

Sako,[2] Kimber Manufacturing,[3] Tikka, and Ruger[4] offered bolt action rifles. ArmaLite,[5] JP Enterprises,[6] LMT and DPMS Panther Arms[7] offered semi-automatic rifles in .338 Federal as of November 2008.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Cartridges of the World 11th Edition, Book by Frank C. Barnes, Edited by Stan Skinner, Gun Digest Books, 2006, ISBN 0-89689-297-2 pp.75,104
  2. ^ Sako 85 website, retrieved 26 Feb 2010
  3. ^ Kimber 84M webpage, retrieved 17 Nov 2008
  4. ^ Ruger website, retrieved 17 Nov 2008
  5. ^ ArmaLite website, retrieved 21 Feb 2009
  6. ^ [1], retrieved 9 Dec 2012
  7. ^ Panther LR-338L, retrieved 17 Nov 2008

Notes[edit]

External links[edit]