Suffixes with the common part
-phil- ( -phile, -philia, -phily, -philic) are used to specify some kind of attraction or affinity to something. They are antonymic to suffixes -phob-. Phil- ( philo-) may also be used as a prefix with a similar meaning.
The suffix and prefix are derived from the
Ancient Greek word (φιλία), "love, affection". philia Biology [edit ] acidophilia / acidophile: Preference of acidic conditions alkaliphilia / alkaliphile: Preference of alkaline environments. anthophilia / anthophile / anthophilic: Attraction to flowers. anthrophile / anthrophilic: Attracted to humans (e.g., parasites). Vorarephilia: Sexual attraction to being eaten by or eating humans. anemophily: a form of pollination whereby pollen is distributed by wind. cryophilia / cryophilic / cryophile: Preference for cold environments, climates, objects and low temperatures; e.g., (Snow Protea). Protea cryophila dendrophilia / dendrophilic / dendrophile: Preference of trees or other plants. entomophilous: Adapted for pollination by insects. extremophilia / extremophile: Preference of living extremal conditions for some microorganisms. geophilia / geophilic / Geophile Referring to organisms that prefer the soil. halophilia / halophile: Attraction/attracted to salt or salt-water. heliophilia / heliophile: Attraction/attracted to sunlight. hydrophilia: Attraction to water. hyperthermophilia / hyperthermophile / hyperthermophilic: Describing organisms that thrive in extremely hot environments. limnophilia / limnophile / limnophilic: Preference of ponds or marshes. lithophilia / lithophile / litophilic: Preference/affinity to stones. mesophilia / mesophile: Preference of moderate temperatures in microorganisms. microaerophilia / microaerophile / Microaerophilic: of organisms that can tolerate or require environments containing low levels of oxygen. myrmecophilia: in names of orchids of genus , "love of ants" myrmecophila nemophilia: Love of the woods/forests, in the name of the genus Nemophilia of flowers. necrophilia necrophile: attraction to the dead nyctophilia: A preference for darkness or night. ombrophilia / ombrophile: Affinity/affined to large amounts of rainfall. petrophilia / petrophile / petrophilic: Preference of living or spending time in rocky areas. photophilia / photophile / photophilic: Preference of living or spending time in lighted conditions. psammophile: A plant loving sandy areas (psammophyte). psychrophilia / psychrophile: Preference of cold temperatures. rheophilia: Preference of living in running water. rhizophilia: Preference of living on roots. sciaphilia or skiaphilia: Preference of living in shady or dark areas (as opposed to photophilia). thermophilia: Love of high temperatures; thriving in high temperatures (e.g. microbes). tropophilia / tropophile / tropophilous: Preference of seasonal extremes of climate. xerophilia: Love of living or spending time in very dry conditions. xylophilia: Love of wood. zoophily: a form of pollination whereby pollen is distributed by animals. Chemistry and physics [edit ] chromophilous: Staining easily electrophile: A substance having an affinity for electrons or negative charge lipophilic: (of a substance) attracted to lipids, as in cell membranes. litophilic: (of a substance) In microfluidics, enriching on channel walls instead of in the middle of the channels. (e.g. air bubbles) nucleophile: A substance having an affinity for positive charge; antonym of electrophile. hydrophilic: (of a substance) having a tendency to interact with or be dissolved by water and other polar substances Hobbies [edit ] National [edit ] Other [edit ] Prefix phil- [edit ]