(Don't Fear) The Reaper

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"(Don't Fear) The Reaper"
Single by Blue Öyster Cult
from the album Agents of Fortune
B-side"Tattoo Vampire"
ReleasedJuly 1976
Format7"
Recorded1976
GenreHard rock,[1] psychedelic rock
Length5:08 (Album version)
3:45 (Single/Radio edit)
LabelColumbia
Writer(s)Buck Dharma
Producer(s)David Lucas, Murray Krugman, Sandy Pearlman
Blue Öyster Cult singles chronology
"Born to be Wild" (1975)"(Don't Fear) The Reaper" (1976)"Goin' Through the Motions" / "Searchin' for Celine" (1977)
 
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This article is about the song by Blue Öyster Cult. For the EP by Clint Ruin and Lydia Lunch, see Don't Fear the Reaper (EP). For the album by Witchery, see Don't Fear the Reaper (album).
"(Don't Fear) The Reaper"
Single by Blue Öyster Cult
from the album Agents of Fortune
B-side"Tattoo Vampire"
ReleasedJuly 1976
Format7"
Recorded1976
GenreHard rock,[1] psychedelic rock
Length5:08 (Album version)
3:45 (Single/Radio edit)
LabelColumbia
Writer(s)Buck Dharma
Producer(s)David Lucas, Murray Krugman, Sandy Pearlman
Blue Öyster Cult singles chronology
"Born to be Wild" (1975)"(Don't Fear) The Reaper" (1976)"Goin' Through the Motions" / "Searchin' for Celine" (1977)

"(Don't Fear) The Reaper" is a song by the American rock band Blue Öyster Cult from their 1976 album, Agents of Fortune. It was written and sung by the band's lead guitarist, Donald "Buck Dharma" Roeser and was produced by David Lucas, Murray Krugman, and Sandy Pearlman. The song is built around Dharma's opening, repetitive guitar riff, while the lyrics deal with eternal love and the inevitability of death. Dharma wrote the song while picturing an early death for himself.

The edited single version was Blue Öyster Cult's biggest chart success, reaching number 12 on the Billboard Hot 100 in November 1976. Additionally, critical reception was mainly positive and, in 2004, "(Don't Fear) The Reaper" was listed at number 397 on the Rolling Stone list of the top 500 songs of all time.

Background[edit]

I felt that I had just achieved some kind of resonance with the psychology of people when I came up with that, I was actually kind of appalled when I first realized that some people were seeing it as an advertisement for suicide or something that was not my intention at all. It is, like, not to be afraid of it (as opposed to actively bring it about). It's basically a love song where the love transcends the actual physical existence of the partners.

 — Buck Dharma, lead singer[2]

The song is about the inevitability of death and the foolishness of fearing it, and was written when Dharma was thinking about what would happen if he died at a young age. Lyrics such as "Romeo and Juliet are together in eternity" have led many listeners to interpret the song to be about a murder-suicide pact, but Dharma says the song is about eternal love, rather than suicide. He used Romeo and Juliet as motifs to describe a couple believing they would meet again in the afterlife. He guessed that "40,000 men and women" died each day, and the figure was used several times in the lyrics.[2]

Composition[edit]

"(Don't Fear) The Reaper" was written and sung by the band's lead guitarist, Dharma, and was produced by David Lucas, Murray Krugman, and Sandy Pearlman.[3] The song's distinctive guitar riff is built on the "I-VII-VI" chord progression, in an A minor scale.[4]

The riff was recorded with Krugmann's Gibson ES175 guitar, which was run through a Music Man 410 combo amplifier, and Dharma's vocals were captured with a Telefunken U47 tube microphone. The guitar solo and guitar rhythm sections were recorded in one take, while a four-track tape machine amplified them on the recording. Sound engineer Shelly Yakus remembers piecing together the separate vocals, guitar and rhythm section into a master track, with the overdubbing occurring in that order.[5]

The song features the prominent use of the cowbell percussion instrument. The song was originally recorded without a cowbell, but the sound was overdubbed into the song at a later stage. Bassist Joe Bouchard remembered a producer requesting his brother, drummer Albert Bouchard, to play the cowbell on the track. Joe Bouchard recalled: "Albert thought he was crazy. But he put all this tape around a cowbell and played it. It really pulled the track together."[6] Producer David Lucas claims that the inclusion of the cowbell was his idea,[7] and guitarist Eric Bloom supports Lucas's claim.[8]

Reception[edit]

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A sample of "(Don't Fear) The Reaper" from Blue Öyster Cult's 1976 album, Agents of Fortune.

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The song was on the Hot 100 chart for 20 weeks, reaching number 12 for the weeks beginning November 6 and November 13 in 1976.[9] It was the highest-charting U.S. song for Blue Öyster Cult and helped Agents of Fortune reach number 29 on the Billboard 200.[10] "(Don't Fear) The Reaper" charted even higher in Canada, peaking at number 7.[11] It was not released as a single in the UK until 1978, where it reached number 16 on the UK pop chart.[12]

Critical reception to the song was mostly positive. Denise Sullivan of Allmusic praised the song's "gentle vocals and virtuoso guitar" and its "haunting middle break which delivers the listener straight back to the heart of the song once the thunder is finished."[13] Nathan Beckett called it Blue Öyster Cult's "masterpiece" and compared the vocals to the Beach Boys.[14] Writing for PopMatters, James Mann remarked that "(Don't Fear) The Reaper" was a "landmark, genre-defining masterpiece" that was "as grand and emotional as American rock and roll ever got."[1]

Accolades[edit]

In 1976 Rolling Stone named "(Don't Fear) The Reaper" the song of the year[3] and, in 2004, the magazine placed the song at number 397 on its list of "The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time";[15] however, the 2010 version of the list moved the song down to number 405.[3] In 1997 Mojo listed the song as the 80th best single of all time,[16] while Q ranked "(Don't Fear) The Reaper" number 404 in its 2003 countdown of the "1001 Best Songs Ever".[17]

When The Guardian released its unranked list of the "1001 Songs Everyone Must Hear" in 2009, the song was included. The publication wrote that the song's charm "lies in the disjuncture between its gothic storyline and the sprightly, Byrdsian guitar line that carries it."[18] In his book The Heart of Rock and Soul: The 1001 Greatest Singles Ever Made, rock critic Dave Marsh ranked the song at number 997.[19]

Other versions[edit]

Blue Öyster Cult released live recordings of the song on numerous albums, including the 1978 album Some Enchanted Evening;[20] the 1982 album, Extraterrestrial Live;[21] the 1991 live album, Live 1976;[22] and the 2002 album, A Long Day's Night.[23] Dharma released an acoustic version of the song on the 1994 various artists compilation album Guitar Practicing Musicians 3.[24]

In other media[edit]

In addition to appearing in several films, most notably 1978's Halloween,[13] Stephen King cited the song as the inspiration for his novel The Stand, and it appears as the theme song for the TV miniseries based on the novel.[1]

The song was memorialized in the April 2000 Saturday Night Live (SNL) comedy sketch "More cowbell". The six-minute sketch presents a fictionalized version of the recording of "(Don't Fear) The Reaper" on an episode of VH1's Behind the Music. Will Ferrell wrote the sketch and played Gene Frenkle, an overweight cowbell player. "Legendary" producer Bruce Dickinson, played by Christopher Walken, asked Frenkle to "really explore the studio space" and up the ante on his cowbell playing. The rest of the band are visibly annoyed by Frenkle, but Dickinson tells everyone, "I got a fever, and the only prescription--is more cowbell!" Buck Dharma thought the sketch was fantastic and said he never tired of it.[6]

In October 2013, Banksy featured the song as part of one of his installations, titled "Reaper", in New York City, U.S. (part of Better Out Than In); the song also appears on his YouTube video of the installation.[41]

A segment of the song was performed by The Red Hot Chili Peppers in May 2014, as the conclusion of a drumming contest between the band's drummer Chad Smith and actor Ferrell. In a repeat of the 2000 SNL sketch, Ferrell again played cowbell for the rendition, which appeared on an episode of The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon.[42]

The song is featured prominently in the second season finale of the Netflix original series Orange Is the New Black.

Track listing[edit]

7" Vinyl
  1. "(Don't Fear) The Reaper" (Roeser) – 3:45
  2. "Tattoo Vampire" (Albert Bouchard, Helen Robbins) – 2:40

Personnel[edit]

with:

Chart performance[edit]

Chart (1976)Peak
position
Canadian Singles Chart[11]7
U.S. Billboard Hot 100 Chart[10]12
U.K. Singles Chart[12]16
Irish Singles Chart[43]17

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Mann, James (July 25, 2001). "Blue Oyster Cult: Agents of Fortune / Tyranny and Mutation". PopMatters. Retrieved August 2, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "(Don't Fear) The Reaper by Blue Öyster Cult". Songfacts. Retrieved August 2, 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c "500 Greatest Songs of All Time: No. 405, Blue Öyster Cult, 'Don't Fear the Reaper'". Rolling Stone (Wenner Publishing). Retrieved May 30, 2011. 
  4. ^ Rooksby 2002, p. 93
  5. ^ Forlenza, Jeff (June 1, 2009). "Classic Tracks: Blue Oyster Cult's "(Don't Fear) The Reaper"". Mix. Retrieved August 2, 2012. 
  6. ^ a b Farhi, Paul (January 29, 2005). "Blue Öyster Cult, Playing Along With 'More Cowbell'". Washington Post. Retrieved August 2, 2012. 
  7. ^ George, Eli (June 30, 2011). "Blue Oyster Cult cowbell ringer honored". WIVB-TV. Retrieved August 2, 2012. 
  8. ^ Sauro, Tony (September 17, 2009). "Blue Oyster Cult's innovative use of a cowbell will never be forgotten". The Record (Stockton). Retrieved August 7, 2012. 
  9. ^ "Agents of Fortune". Blue Öyster Cult. Retrieved August 6, 2012. 
  10. ^ a b "Blue Oyster Cult awards". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved August 2, 2012. 
  11. ^ a b "RPM Top Singles". RPM (RPM Music Publications Ltd.) 26 (7). November 13, 1976. Retrieved August 2, 2012. 
  12. ^ a b Betts 2004, p.89
  13. ^ a b Sullivan, Denise. "(Don't Fear) The Reaper review". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved August 2, 2012. 
  14. ^ Beckett 2004, p. 88
  15. ^ "The Rolling Stone 500 Greatest Songs of All Time". Rock List Music. Retrieved May 2, 2010. 
  16. ^ "Mojo - The 100 Greatest Singles Of All Time". Rock List Music. Retrieved August 6, 2011. 
  17. ^ "Q - 1001 best songs ever (2003)". Muzieklijstjes.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved August 6, 2011. 
  18. ^ "Life and death: 1000 songs everyone must hear". The Guardian. March 19, 2009. Retrieved August 6, 2012. 
  19. ^ Marsh 1999, p. 628
  20. ^ Ruhlmann, William. "Some Enchanted Evening review". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved August 7, 2012. 
  21. ^ Ruhlmann, William. "Extraterrestrial Live review". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved August 7, 2012. 
  22. ^ Ruhlmann, William. "Live 1976 review". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved August 7, 2012. 
  23. ^ Horowitz, Hal. "A Long Day's Night review". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved August 7, 2012. 
  24. ^ Erlewine, Stephen. "Guitar Practicing Musicians review". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved August 7, 2012. 
  25. ^ Ravelin, Antti. "Greatest Lovesongs, Vol. 666 review". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved August 7, 2012. 
  26. ^ "Goo Goo Dolls Overview". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved August 7, 2012. 
  27. ^ "Don't Fear the Reaper Overview". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved August 7, 2012. 
  28. ^ Bush, John. "Millennium Fever review". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved August 7, 2012. 
  29. ^ "Rock the Party Overview". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved August 7, 2012. 
  30. ^ "Under Cover Overview". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved August 7, 2012. 
  31. ^ "Flock: The Best of the Mutton Birds Overview". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved August 7, 2012. 
  32. ^ Raggett, Ned. "Empty into White review". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved August 7, 2012. 
  33. ^ Ruhlmann, William. "Golddiggas Headnodders & Pholk Songs review". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved August 7, 2012. 
  34. ^ "'Six of One, Half a Dozen of the Other: 1986-2002 Overview". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved August 7, 2012. 
  35. ^ Schnee, Steve. "Before After review". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved August 7, 2012. 
  36. ^ Deming, Mark. "This Is Pat DiNizio review". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved August 7, 2012. 
  37. ^ Monger, James. "Dr. Stan's Prescription, Volume 2 review". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved August 9, 2012. 
  38. ^ Monger, James. "Covered in Guns review". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved August 7, 2012. 
  39. ^ "Pierce The Veil featured on Punk Goes Classic Rock : Equal Vision Records". Equalvision.com. February 26, 2010. Retrieved September 5, 2013. 
  40. ^ "MAXI Candlemass". Official website. Retrieved July 24, 2013. 
  41. ^ John, Del Signore. "Banksy's Reaper Was Too Much Cowbell For Disgruntled NoHo Neighbors". Gothamist. Retrieved 29 October 2013. 
  42. ^ The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon (22 May 2014). "Will Ferrell and Chad Smith Drum-Off" (Video upload). The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon on YouTube. Google, Inc. Retrieved 27 May 2014. 
  43. ^ "Search the Charts". Irish Recorded Music Association. Retrieved August 2, 2012. 

References[edit]