'Allo 'Allo!

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'Allo 'Allo!
Alloallotitle.jpg
'Allo 'Allo! intertitle of "Puddings Can Go Off"
FormatSitcom
Created byJeremy Lloyd and David Croft
Written byJeremy Lloyd
David Croft (1982–1989)
Paul Adam (1991–1992)
Directed byDavid Croft
Robin Carr
Martin Dennis
Susan Belbin
Richard Boden
Mike Stephens
Sue Longstaff
John B. Hobbs
StarringGorden Kaye
Carmen Silvera
Guy Siner
Kim Hartman
Richard Marner
Sam Kelly
Vicki Michelle
Kirsten Cooke
Francesca Gonshaw
Kenneth Connor
Jack Haig
Sue Hodge
Richard Gibson
John Louis Mansi
Rose Hill
Gavin Richards
Arthur Bostrom
Hilary Minster
Derek Royle
Robin Parkinson
David Janson
Country of originUnited Kingdom
Original language(s)English
No. of series9
No. of episodes85 (List of episodes)
Production
Producer(s)David Croft
Mike Stephens
John B. Hobbs
Running time26x25mins, 55x30mins
1x35mins, 3x45mins
Broadcast
Original channelBBC1
Original run25 December 1982 – 14 December 1992
 
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For the 2005 song by Ilona, see Allô, Allô (song).
'Allo 'Allo!
Alloallotitle.jpg
'Allo 'Allo! intertitle of "Puddings Can Go Off"
FormatSitcom
Created byJeremy Lloyd and David Croft
Written byJeremy Lloyd
David Croft (1982–1989)
Paul Adam (1991–1992)
Directed byDavid Croft
Robin Carr
Martin Dennis
Susan Belbin
Richard Boden
Mike Stephens
Sue Longstaff
John B. Hobbs
StarringGorden Kaye
Carmen Silvera
Guy Siner
Kim Hartman
Richard Marner
Sam Kelly
Vicki Michelle
Kirsten Cooke
Francesca Gonshaw
Kenneth Connor
Jack Haig
Sue Hodge
Richard Gibson
John Louis Mansi
Rose Hill
Gavin Richards
Arthur Bostrom
Hilary Minster
Derek Royle
Robin Parkinson
David Janson
Country of originUnited Kingdom
Original language(s)English
No. of series9
No. of episodes85 (List of episodes)
Production
Producer(s)David Croft
Mike Stephens
John B. Hobbs
Running time26x25mins, 55x30mins
1x35mins, 3x45mins
Broadcast
Original channelBBC1
Original run25 December 1982 – 14 December 1992

'Allo 'Allo! is a BBC television sitcom broadcast on BBC1 from 1982 to 1992 (there was no series in 1990), comprising eighty-five episodes. The story is set in a small-town café in Nazi-occupied France during World War II. It is a parody of another BBC programme, the wartime drama Secret Army. 'Allo, 'Allo! was created by David Croft, who also wrote the theme music, and Jeremy Lloyd. Lloyd and Croft wrote the first six series. The remaining series were written by Lloyd and Paul Adam. In 2004, 'Allo 'Allo came 13th in Britain's Best Sitcom. A reunion special, comprising new material, archive clips and specially recorded interviews, was broadcast on 28 April 2007 on BBC Two.[1]

Main plot[edit]

Set during World War II, 'Allo 'Allo! tells the story of René Artois, a French café owner in the town of Nouvion. Military from the Axis powers have occupied the town and stolen all of its valuable artefacts. These include a painting of The Fallen Madonna by Van Klomp (known to those who have seen it as The Fallen Madonna with the Big Boobies). Two officers, Colonel Erich Von Strohm and Captain Hans Geering, have decided to keep the paintings for themselves after the war, and they coerce René into hiding them in his café. Hitler also wants the paintings, and sends Herr Otto Flick of the Gestapo to the town to find them. Flick, in turn, conspires to keep them. The paintings are duplicated by a forger, get mixed up, lost, found and are put in knackwurst (pronounced "cnockworst") sausages, and hidden in the cellar of Café René.

Other valuable artefacts include a painting of the Cracked Vase with the big daisies by Van Gogh; the first cuckoo clock ever made; and some silver.

At the same time, the café is being used as a safe house for two brave but clueless British airmen, Fairfax and Carstairs. René is forced to work with the Resistance, led by Michelle Dubois, who threaten to shoot him for serving Germans in his café. The far-fetched plans of the Résistance to get the airmen back to England repeatedly fail. These are some of the main running gags of the series. As part of these plans, the Résistance have placed a radio in the bedroom of René's mother-in-law, Madame Fanny La Fan, as this is the only room nobody enters unless they have to. This secret communication device between London and the resistance (codename "Nighthawk") is hidden under the bed, and incoming messages are signalled by light bulbs concealed in the bed-knobs – leading the elderly mother-in-law to cry "Ze flashing knobs!". René answers with "'Allo, 'allo, zis is Night'awk, are you receiving me?", hence the title of the show ("allô" is the normal French way of greeting someone over a remote communication system). The Résistance is also helped by Officer Crabtree, a British spy posing as a policeman sent to France because he can speak French. However, he does not speak it very well, resulting in frequent malapropisms. For example, whenever he says "Good morning", it comes out as "Good moaning".

René is also trying to keep his affairs with his waitresses secret from his wife, Edith, who regularly "sings" in the café, despite being an appallingly bad singer (which she does not realise herself, on the contrary...). In addition, the Communist Resistance is plotting against René for serving Germans and for working with the Gaullist Résistance. Ironically, the Communist Resistance only blow things up for money. The only reason they do not shoot René is that their leader, Denise Laroque, is in love with him, a fact he has to hide from both his wife and the waitresses, Yvette Carte-Blanche, Maria Recamier and Mimi Labonq. Furthermore, the seemingly gay German Lieutenant Gruber is also continually flirting with René and finding him in embarrassing situations. These situations are made even more humorous by the fact that René is not exactly the best-looking man in France, is definitely not a hero, and is often forced (against his will) by his wife to undertake missions and secret operations. One memorable situation occurs when Edith points a gun at René to stop him from running away to hide with his cousin; when interrupted by the five German officers, he explains that his wife had been proposing to him.

In one early episode, René is arrested and shot by a German firing squad for blowing up a railway line, on the orders of General Erich Von Klinkerhoffen, a ruthless general from Berlin, but the German officers put dummy bullets in the firing squad's rifles. Although René survives, he has to spend the entire series' run posing as his own twin brother, who is also called René! René's will stipulates that the café belongs to Edith and to get Café René back – or put "his fingers back in his own till", as he puts it – René tries to convince Edith to marry him again. Meanwhile Edith is wooed by the Italian Captain Bertorelli and Monsieur Alfonse, the undertaker who is torn between his love for Edith and his admiration for René, whom he considers a true hero of France.

These few plot devices provide the basic storyline throughout the entire series, upon which are hung classic farce set-ups, physical comedy and visual gags, amusingly ridiculous fake accents, a large amount of sexual innuendo, and a fast-paced running string of broad cultural clichés. Each episode builds on previous ones, requiring viewers to follow the series to fully understand the plot. The series revolved around individual story arcs spread across several episodes, where typically a far-fetched scheme by the Résistance to repatriate the British airmen would become intertwined with the Gestapo's attempts to recover the missing paintings and the German officers' corrupt activities, which would culminate with the three groups' plans frustrating one another and cancelling out each other's effectiveness. Usually, they end up in an even worse situation than the one in which they started. At the start of each subsequent episode, René summarises the plot to date for the audience; a gag based on the "As you remember..." device commonly used in serials. In reruns, some local TV stations have shuffled the episodes, making these plot synopses useful.

Characters[edit]

1988 cast photo

Most of the characters have a catchphrase, gimmick, or saying, which became easily recognisable throughout the series.

Main characters[edit]

Recurring characters[edit]

The late Lord Bath was a big fan of 'Allo 'Allo!, and in 1992 created an exhibition in his ancestral home Longleat. In return the BBC made a copy of the painting of the Fallen Madonna, which may still be seen today.

Character table[edit]

Key

  • A dark grey cell indicates the character was not in that Series.
  • (a) indicates that the character returned in a one episode cameo.
  • The table shows only characters written in with new scenes, not appearances in archive footage.
CharacterCharacter NationalityPilot and Series 1
(1982 and 1984)
Series 2 and Christmas Special 1
(1985)
Series 3
(1986–1987)
Series 4
(1987)
Series 5
(1987)
Series 6
(1989)
Series 7
(1991)
Christmas special 2 and Series 8
(1991 and 1992)
Series 9
(1992)
The Best of 'Allo 'Allo!
(1994)
The Return of 'Allo 'Allo!
(2007)
Rene Artois
French
Gorden Kaye
Edith Melba ArtoisCarmen Silvera
Yvette Carte-BlancheVicki MichelleVicki Michelle
Maria RecamierFrancesca Gonshaw
Mimi LabonqSue HodgeSue Hodge
Michelle "of the Résistance" DuboisKirsten CookeKirsten Cooke
Monsieur Roger LeClercJack Haig
Monsieur Ernest LeClercDerek RoyleRobin ParkinsonRobin Parkinson
Monsieur AlfonseKenneth Connor
Madame Fanny La FanRose Hill
Major-General Erich Von Klinkerhoffen
German
Hilary Minster
Colonel Kurt Von StrohmRichard Marner
Lieutenant Hubert GruberGuy SinerGuy Siner
Captain Hans GeeringSam Kelly(a)Sam Kelly
Herr Otto FlickRichard GibsonDavid Janson
Herr Engelbert Von SmallhausenJohn Louis Mansi
Private Helga GeerhartKim Hartman
Captain Alberto Bertorelli
Italian
Gavin RichardsRoger Kitter
Officer (Captain) Crabtree
English
Arthur BostromArthur Bostrom
RAF Flight Lieutenant FairfaxJohn D. Collins(a)John D. CollinsJohn D. Collins
RAF Flight Lieutenant CarstairsNicholas Frankau(a)Nicholas FrankauNicholas Frankau

Languages[edit]

With four different languages (French, German, Italian, and English) spoken by the characters, representing this to the audience could have been tricky. The programme uses the device of representing each language with English spoken in a theatrical foreign accent.

For example, an exchange between French-speaking characters, conducted in English with a French accent, is totally incomprehensible to the British airmen until Michelle (the only French character who speaks English) switches to Bertie Wooster-esque "top hole, old chap" style banter in an upper-class English accent. The British undercover officer Crabtree, in the permanent disguise of a French-speaking gendarme, speaks abominable French. His mangling of French vowels is represented by similarly distorted English, most famously his customary greeting catchphrase of "Good moaning"; many of his distortions come out as innuendoes, such as "I was pissing by the door, and I thought I would drip in". The Germans, generally, speak in a more guttural way than the French. Bertorelli, the Italian captain, speaks in a nasal tone, generally adding an "-a" at the end of certain words; for instance in his catchphrase, "What a mistake-a to make-a!". Other examples included "We drop-a the bolls", "I kiss-a your hand-a". In spite of the difficulties in communicating with the British characters, the French, Germans, and Italians all understand each other perfectly, the implication apparently being that they all understand French which they use when talking to one another, but in which their own accents remain evident.

When one particular plan calls for Herr Flick and Von Smallhausen to impersonate British Airmen, a gramophone record is used to learn the 'nuances' of English. This essentially consists of the non-word sounds suitably voiced with the signature 'upper-class English accent' employed in the programme. Within the scope of the on-screen action, it is a surprisingly effective masquerade.

In one episode, René is actually forced to speak German. His voice is noticeably more high-pitched, which may be a gag concerning the way the Germans talk.

The last few series introduced a new gag, where Colonel Von Strohm and Lieutenant Gruber are put in situations where they have to speak in a strange manner. In one episode the two try to learn Spanish, which is basically "German" with high-pitched voices and mangled consonants. In another they are forced to wear "suicide teeth" – large bulky dentures containing poison – making them garble their speech to avoid releasing the poison. In yet another, Von Strohm and Gruber are posing as Frenchmen, and are forced to speak French. This comes out as another set of non-words sounding like "Woffel woffel, woffel woffel". A further episode features a Swedish art dealer inspecting The Fallen Madonna, who pronounces "Heil Hitler!" as "Oil Jesus!"

Episodes[edit]

After the Pilot aired in December 1982, a full-length first series of seven episodes was subsequently commissioned and aired from September 1984 onwards. Series two, three and four followed annually, comprising six episodes each.

Series five was commissioned with a view to syndicating the show in America.[4] As a result, it aired as a single long series of twenty-six episodes between July and December 1987. The attempts to air the show in America failed (although the series later became popular on PBS), and so series six had only eight episodes commissioned, which aired from September 1989 onwards.

On 25 January 1990, Gorden Kaye suffered serious head injuries in a car crash brought on by gale-force winds.[4] This delayed the start of the seventh series, which consisted of ten episodes airing from January 1991 onwards. Series 8 (7 episodes) followed in January 1992, and the ninth and final series of six episodes aired later that year from September onwards.

Two Christmas specials were also made. The first was a 45-minute episode, which followed Series 2 in 1985, and the second was also a 45-minute episode, screened at Christmas 1991, preceding Series 8.

In 1994, two years after the series ended, the BBC broadcast The Best of 'Allo 'Allo!, a compilation of clips from the series, linked by new scenes featuring Gorden Kaye and Carmen Silvera, in which René and Edith reminisce about the events of the war.

On 22 March 2007, a one-off special episode entitled The Return of 'Allo 'Allo! was filmed in Manchester, and was broadcast on 28 April 2007 at 9 pm on BBC 2. The storyline involves René writing his memoirs after the war, and the events from the final episode in 1992 have been overlooked. The new scenes were interspersed with clips from the original series and new interviews. The actors who reprised their roles were: Gorden Kaye, Vicki Michelle, Sue Hodge, Kirsten Cooke, Arthur Bostrom, Guy Siner, Robin Parkinson, John D. Collins and Nicholas Frankau. In addition, Richard Gibson and Sam Kelly are interviewed, although they are not reprising their respective roles. The only main characters who didn't appear in the reunion at all (of whom the actor or actress who played the character originally hadn't yet died) were Private Helga Geerhart (played by Kim Hartman) and Herr Engelbert Von Smallhausen (played by John Louis Mansi). Jeremy Lloyd wrote the new material.[1][5]

On 8 March 2008 the BBC announced that German channel ProSiebenSat1 had bought the screening rights for all nine series, which are to be overdubbed into German.[6]

In France, the series was broadcast from 3 July 1989, dubbed into French, in the lunchtime free-to-air window of the pay-TV channel Canal+.

In Catalonia, the series was dubbed into Catalan and aired by the public channel TV3, which had in BBC sitcoms dubbed into Catalan some of their great audience successes in the late eighties. In Catalan script, "Good moaning" was translated as "Bon deia", which would mean something like "good, he said", instead of the original "Bon dia" (good morning).

In Britain, BBC1 still repeats the series, but as a 'schedule filler' on Sunday afternoons. However episodes are run in an apparently random order which can be confusing due to the serial nature of the programme. It is regularly shown on UKTV channel GOLD in series order.

In October 2013 Starting with the pilot BBC TWO showed episodes daily in order for four weeks as part of their "Afternoon Classics" along with Are You Being Served? and Cagney and Lacey.

End credits[edit]

At the end of the each show, the end credits begin with a short vignette shot of each of the main characters with the actor's name displayed below. The shots are not actual clips from the episode but are usually re-enactments of a specific shot or action for each character from that episode. Being an ensemble show, the actor credits are given in the order of their first spoken line for that particular episode. Because every episode begins with René recapping the plot to camera thus far, Gorden Kaye is always first (even if he is not the first seen on screen, such as the start of episode 26 "The Sausages in the Trousers" where Mimi and Edith are first seen, but René has the first line). Gorden Kaye was credited first in all but one of the episodes, where he was credited second behind Carmen Silvera.

Cultural references[edit]

The show's premise was not to make fun of the war but to spoof war-based film and TV dramas, and in particular a BBC1 drama Secret Army, which ran from 1977 to 1979 and dealt with the activities of Belgian "escape line" that returned allied pilots to Britain, working from a Brussels café and later restaurant. Very many of the elements and characters are directly taken from Secret Army, such as the café owner having an affair in the restaurant under the nose of his wife, a bed-ridden woman in a room above who knocks on the floor for attention, a pianist who is also the forger, and the enmity between Gestapo and the German military. Many storylines for 'Allo 'Allo also derive directly from episodes of Secret Army, such as the valuable paintings and the accompanying forgeries, which in an episode from the second series of Secret Army both the Germans and the Resistance are seeking to obtain. Some actors from Secret Army also appear in 'Allo 'Allo!: Richard Marner, Guy Siner, John D. Collins, Hilary Minster and David Beckett. Inspiration was also drawn from patriotic black-and-white British melodramas of the 1940s.

The French village setting is reminiscent of 1972's Clochemerle whilst Rene's intermediary role between the Germans and the Resistance reflects a comic version of Rick from Casablanca (as well as directly matching the proprietor of the café in Secret Army).

Two of the BBC's earlier wartime-based comedies – Dad's Army and It Ain't Half Hot Mum – were also written by David Croft in partnership with Jimmy Perry. Several actors from 'Allo 'Allo! also appeared in these series: Carmen Silvera, Rose Hill, Jack Haig, Joy Allen, Michael Stainton, Robert Aldous, John Leeson, John D. Collins and Robin Parkinson in Dad's Army, and Robin Parkinson, Gorden Kaye, John D. Collins, Iain Rattray and Eric Dodson in It Ain't Half Hot Mum.

The Shelburne Escape and Evasion Line (Operation Bonaparte) of World War II (Comet Line) has some similarities to this series. More than 300 airmen and agents escaped through this line.

Music[edit]

Having a café cabaret in the plot, music was often performed on the show. This usually took place with Madame Edith singing, and either Lt. Gruber or LeClerc at the piano. Occasionally, Gruber sang and played piano at the same time. Characters could also be seen whistling or humming tunes at certain points.

Theme tune[edit]

David Croft and Roy Moore composed the theme tune performed at the start and end of each episode. It features a French-style melody performed on an accordion. The title is London Calling, but according to Guy Siner the first lyrics are:

'Allo 'Allo, we meet again,
And just as before...

Then, we hear the rest of the lyrics as a part of a cabaret in episode 3 of the first series:

We loved, we parted as fate had arranged;
Now there you stand and nothing has changed.
And so it goes, the same refrain, the final encore,
You are my love, my only love,
Once more!

Other music[edit]

The café cabaret music usually took the form of 1930s film and show tunes – reminiscent of the way period songs were also used in Secret Army.

Most popular was "Louise" from the film Innocents in Paris (1953), which featured a number of times and was even sung in the "broken-French" language of Crabtree, who pronounced the title "Loo-woes". Gruber sang a number such as "Can't Help Lovin' Dat Man" from Show Boat or "(I Got a Woman Crazy for Me) She's Funny That Way" by Neil Monet and Richard A. Whiting. He gazed at René in a slightly lustful manner, replacing lyrics such as "woman" and "she" with "boy" and "he". He caused a particular sensation with his straight version of Noël Coward's "Mad About the Boy".

Naturally the "La Marseillaise" and the German National Anthem "Deutschlandlied" featured from time to time, for example where several French peasants sang La Marsellaise to celebrate the expected bombing of the Germans, but the singers flawlessly and without hesitation switch to Das Lied der Deutschen when the Germans come past. Helga also sometimes stripped to a rather raunchy version of the latter tune.

Captain Bertorelli could be seen singing "'O Sole Mio (It's Now or Never)"; and the British airmen in a prisoner of war camp could be seen singing "Hitler Has Only Got One Ball".

In 1986, Gorden Kaye and Vicki Michelle released a version of the hit song Je t'aime... moi non plus. The characters of Yvette and René could be heard talking and canoodling in a comic manner whilst the familiar musical Je t′aime melody played in the background. The song got to number fifty-seven in the UK Singles Chart.[7]

Stage show[edit]

The show gave rise to a successful touring stage-show featuring most of the TV cast. This ran from 1986 to 1992 and included three London stage runs as well as international tours.

In January 1990 Gorden Kaye suffered serious head injuries in a car accident. As a result his understudy, John Larson, played the part in a London Palladium production. Kaye still has a dent in his forehead from a piece of wood that smashed through the car window. He wanted to end the television show after his accident, but was convinced by Jeremy Lloyd to continue.[8] In Australia Gorden Kaye's part was played by Australian comedian/impressionist Max Gillies (later, Gorden Kaye repaid the favour when he took over Max Gillies' role in another play in Australia, when Max Gillies was unable to take part).

The show was last performed for a summer season at Bournemouth's Pier Theatre in 1996.

In 2007 Gorden Kaye, Sue Hodge and Guy Siner reprised their roles in a production of the stage show in Brisbane, Australia. They were joined by Steven Tandy as Colonel Von Strohm and Jason Gann as Herr Flick.[9]

A new touring show, based on the 1992 tour written by Croft and Perry, opened at the Gordon Craig Theatre in Stevenage, Hertfordshire on 29 August 2008 before going on a national tour in 2009.[10] Vicki Michelle is reprising her role as Yvette Carte-Blanche. The Cast also included Jeffrey Holland playing Rene Artois and his wife Judy Buxton playing Michelle. Other cast members included Robin Sebastian as Gruber, James Rossman as Herr Flick, Nell Jerram as Private Helga Geerhart and Claire Andreadis as Mimi Labonq.

The theatrical version is also frequently performed by amateur theatre companies in the UK and elsewhere.

DVD releases[edit]

Australian and New Zealand releases[edit]

In Australia, Roadshow Entertainment, under licence from the BBC began releasing the series on DVD in 2006, on a semi-annual basis. To date, all series have been released on DVD with only "The Return of 'Allo 'Allo!" TV special remaining.

DVD nameRelease dateComments
'Allo 'Allo! – Series 1 & 27 June 20063 disc set
'Allo 'Allo! – Series 3 & 47 September 20063 disc set, includes Christmas special 1
'Allo 'Allo! – Series 59 February 20074 disc set
'Allo 'Allo! – Series 67 November 20072 disc set
'Allo 'Allo! – Series 72 April 20082 disc set
'Allo 'Allo! – Series 86 August 20082 disc set, includes Christmas special 2
'Allo 'Allo! – Series 95 March 20092 disc set, includes The Best of 'Allo 'Allo!
'Allo 'Allo! – The Complete Collection6 August 200918 disc box set
'Allo 'Allo! – Series 1–45 August 20106 disc set

UK releases[edit]

Universal Playback, under licence from the BBC, began releasing the series on DVD in 2002. In the UK six box sets with series 1–9 have been released, as well as a complete box set.

The UK releases have episode titles superimposed over the openings of the episodes (series 1–4). The American releases have no on-screen episode titles, reflecting the way that the shows were originally transmitted.

DVD nameRelease date
'Allo 'Allo! – Series 1 & 28 August 2002
'Allo 'Allo! – Series 3 & 416 February 2004
'Allo 'Allo! – Series 5 Volume 123 October 2006
'Allo 'Allo! – Series 5 Volume 226 December 2006
'Allo 'Allo! – Series 6 & 718 August 2008
'Allo 'Allo! – Series 8 & 926 December 2008
'Allo 'Allo! – The Complete Collection2 November 2009

North American releases[edit]

In January 2004, BBC Worldwide began releasing the show themselves onto DVD in North America, beginning with Series 1. The releases have continued on a somewhat irregular basis (approximately twice-yearly).

DVD NameRelease dates
'Allo 'Allo!: The Complete Series One2004-01-20 (2 discs)
'Allo 'Allo!: The Complete Series Two2005-03-15 (2 discs; includes Christmas special 1)
'Allo 'Allo!: The Complete Series Three2005-08-16 (2 discs)
'Allo 'Allo!: The Complete Series Four2006-01-24
'Allo 'Allo!: The Complete Series Five Part Un2006-07-25 (2 discs)
'Allo 'Allo!: The Complete Series Five Part Deux2006-07-25 (2 discs)
'Allo 'Allo!: The Complete Series Six2007-01-16 (2 discs)
'Allo 'Allo!: The Complete Series Seven2008-01-15 (2 discs)
'Allo 'Allo!: The Complete Series Eight2008-05-06 (2 discs; includes Christmas special 2)
'Allo 'Allo!: The Complete Series Nine2008-10-07 (2 discs; includes the Best of)
'Allo 'Allo!: The Best of (1994)2008-10-07
'Allo 'Allo!: The Return of (2007)TBA

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "'Allo 'Allo! due for screen return". BBC. 8 March 2007. Archived from the original on 16 November 2007. 
  2. ^ "The Return of 'Allo 'Allo". Tinypic.com. Retrieved 20 February 2013. 
  3. ^ "'Allo 'Allo! FAQ". Aa.marktv.org. Retrieved 18 June 2012. 
  4. ^ a b BBC Comedy Guide – 'Allo 'Allo! Retrieved on 22 January 2007. Archived 16 November 2007 at WebCite
  5. ^ "Richard & Judy". Channel 4. 28 March 2007. 
  6. ^ "Germans to see sitcom 'Allo 'Allo". BBC. Retrieved 2 July 2012. 
  7. ^ Chart Stats – Je t′aime Retrieved on 22 January 2007.
  8. ^ "beeb backCHAT Archive: A Chat with Gorden Kaye". Aa.marktv.org. 25 January 1990. Retrieved 18 June 2012. 
  9. ^ M/C Reviews (8 July 2007). "M/C Reviews – Theatre: ’Allo ’Allo – What Went Wrong Here, Then?". Reviews.media-culture.org.au. Retrieved 18 June 2012. 
  10. ^ Mark Brown (4 July 2008). "Listen very carefully – 'Allo 'Allo! is coming back". The Guardian. Retrieved 5 December 2008. 

External links[edit]